Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Sphenomorphus
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Sphenomorphus

Indo-Pacific Forest Skinks, (Slender Skinks)

Waldskinke

Indo-Pacifiske Skovskinker

1843 Sphenomorphus Fitzinger (type species: Gongylus melanopogon Dumeril & Bibron 1839)
1845 Elania Gray [not Elania Sundevall 1835] (type species: Scincus mülleri Schlegel 1837; syn. Mittleman 1952)
1853 Lissonota Blyth [not Lissonota Gravenhorst 1829] (type species: Lissonota maculata Blyth 1853; syn. Mittleman 1952)
1914 Parotosaurus Boulenger (type species: Lygosoma annectens Boulenger 1897; syn. Greer & Parker 1967)
1937 Ictiscincus Smith [substitute name for Elania Gray 1845] (Mittleman 1952; Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
2008 Livorimica Eremchenko (type species: Livorimica bacboensis Eremchenko 2008; syn. Nguyen, Schmitz, Nguyen, Orlov, Böhme & Ziegler 2011)
Contents: 118 species, of which 87 (73.7%) are endemic.
Remarks: For a long time Sphenomorphus was used as a catch-all genus, comprising a large number of species, of which many were not closely related, however. Several of these have now been separated into new or revalidated genera (Calyptotis, Concinnia, Ctenotus, Eremiascincus, Eulamprus, Glaphyromorphus, Insulasaurus, Lankascincus, Leptoseps, Otosaurus, Parvoscincus, Pinoyscincus, Silvascincus, Tumbunascincus, Tytthoscincus, as well as some species (assata, cherriei, incerta, rara, devorator) now assigned to Scincella) and more genera will undoubtedly be separated in the future, when further knowledge of this large group of skinks is obtained. Includes one Asian species (bacboensis), formerly placed in a separate genus, Livorimica, and another (tetradactylus), formerly placed in Leptoseps.
Distribution: S. and E. Asia, Malay Archipelago, W. Pacific Ocean.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang), East Timor, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal), Indonesia (Adonara, Alor, Ambon, Aru Islands, Babar Islands, Bacan, Bali, Banda Islands, Batanta, Besar (off Flores), Buton, Damar, Flores, Gorong Archipelago, Groot-Bastaard, Halmahera, Java, Kabaena, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Komodo, Misool, Morotai, Nias, Numfoor, Padar, Panaitan, Peucang, Rinca, Salawati, Semau, Seram, Sipura, Sula Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Supiori, Ternate, Tinjil, Togian Islands, Waigeo, West Timor, Western New Guinea, Wetar, Yapen), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Aur, Pemanggil, Tioman)]), Myanmar, Nepal, Palau, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus), Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel, Sudest], Woodlark, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville, Buka], Trobriand Islands), Philippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Leyte, Mantique, Mindanao, Panay, Samar, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan, Bitinan, Bongao, Bubuan, Butinian, Jolo, Sangasanga, Takela, Tawi-Tawi]), Singapore, Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands), Sri Lanka, Taiwan (incl. Lanyu Island), Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).

Sphenomorphus acutus

Sharp-nosed Forest Skink, Pointed-headed Skink

Spitzschnäuziger Waldskink

Spidssnudet Skovskink

1864 Lygosoma acutum Peters
Hinulia acutum Günther 1879
Sphenomorphus acutus Taylor 1922

Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar).


Sphenomorphus aignanus

Misima Forest Skink

Misima-Waldskink

Misima-skovskink

1898 Lygosoma aignanum Boulenger
Sphenomorphus aignanus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel]), Woodlark, Trobriand Islands).


Sphenomorphus alfredi

Savu Forest Skink, (Alfred's Forest Skink)

Savu-Waldskink

Savu-skovskink

1898 Lygosoma alfredi Boulenger
Sphenomorphus alfredi Mittleman 1952

Remarks: According to Inger, Tan, Lakim & Yambun (2001), alfredi may not be a Bornean species, in which case the distribution is unknown. Nevertheless, it is provisionally retained herein as a species from Sabah.
Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Sphenomorphus amabilis

Amiable Forest Skink

Nymphen-Waldskink

Nymfe-skovskink

1895 Lygosoma amabile Müller [1894]
Sphenomorphus amabilis Malkmus 1993

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nigrolabris (e.g., Rooij 1915). Revalidated as a separate species by Malkmus (1993, 2000), followed by Koch (2012).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).


Sphenomorphus amblyplacodes

West Irian Forest Skink

Westpapuanischer Waldskink

Vestpapuansk Skovskink

1932 Lygosoma amblyplacodes Vogt
Sphenomorphus amblyplacodes Greer & Parker 1967

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of S. megaspilus papuensis (now a synonym of meyeri) by Loveridge (1948).
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus annamiticus

Annam Forest Skink

Annam-Waldskink

Annam-skovskink

1901 Lygosoma annamiticum Boettger
Sphenomorphus annamiticus Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Poyarkov, Neang, Orlov, Thammachoti & Hun 2019

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of stellatus (e.g., Taylor 1963). Revalidated as a separate species by Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Poyarkov, Neang, Orlov, Thammachoti & Hun (2019).
Distribution: Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam.





Sphenomorphus annectens

Moroka Forest Skink

Moroka-Waldskink

Moroka-skovskink

1897 Lygosoma annectens Boulenger
Otosaurus annectens Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus annectens Greer & Parker 1967

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus anomalopus

Penang Forest Skink, Long-toed Forest Skink, Sumatran Forest Skink

Penang-Waldskink

Penang-skovskink

1890 Lygosoma anomalopum Boulenger
Otosaurus anomalopus Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus anomalopus Mittleman 1952
1896 Lygosoma paradoxum Werner (Boulenger 1912)

Distribution: Indonesia (Nias, Sumatra), Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island]).


Sphenomorphus anotus

Morobe Forest Skink

Morobe-Waldskink

Morobe-skovskink

1973 Sphenomorphus anotus Greer

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus apalpebratus

Meghalaya Forest Skink

Meghalaya-Waldskink

Meghalaya-skovskink

2013 Sphenomorphus apalpebratus Datta-Roy, Das, Bauer, Tron & Karanth

Distribution: India (Meghalaya).


Sphenomorphus bacboensis

Bacbo Dwarf Skink, Bacbo Skink, Vietnamese Small Lygosomine

Bacbo-Waldskink

Bacbo-skovskink

2008 Livorimica bacboensis Eremchenko
Sphenomorphus bacboensis Nguyen, Schmitz, Nguyen, Orlov, Böhme & Ziegler 2011

Remarks: Previously confused with Scincella melanosticta (Nguyen, Nguyen, Böhme & Ziegler 2010).
Distribution: Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus bignelli

Kolombangara Forest Skink

Kolombangara-Waldskink

Kolombangara-skovskink

1932 Sphenomorphus bignelli Schmidt

Distribution: Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal).


Sphenomorphus brunneus

Chimbu Forest Skink

Chimbu-Waldskink

Chimbu-skovskink

1974 Sphenomorphus brunneus Greer & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus buenloicus

Buon Luoi Forest Skink

Buon-Luoi-Waldskink

Buon Luoi-skovskink

1983 Sphenomorphus buenloicus Darevsky & Nguyen

Distribution: Cambodia, Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus buettikoferi

Mount Liang Kubung Forest Skink, (Büttikofer's Forest Skink)

Liang-Kubung-Waldskink

Liang Kubung-skovskink

1905 Lygosoma büttikoferi Lidth de Jeude
Sphenomorphus buttikoferi Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan).


Sphenomorphus cameronicus

Cameron Highlands Forest Skink

Cameron-Waldskink

Cameron-skovskink

1924 Sphenomorphus cameronicus Smith
Lygosoma cameronicum Smith 1930

Remarks: Status uncertain (Denzer & Manthey 1991).
Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Sphenomorphus capitholythos

Kai Islands Forest Skink

Kai-Waldskink

Kai-skovskink

1926 Lygosoma keiensis Kopstein [not Lygosoma cyanogaster keiensis Sternfeld 1918] (Shea & Michels 2008)
Sphenomorphus keiensis Greer & Parker 1967
2008 Lygosoma capitholythos [substitute name for Lygosoma keiensis Kopstein 1926] Shea & Michels 2008

Remarks: Records from New Guinea (e.g., Whitaker, Whitaker & Mills 1982 [as keiensis]; Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990 [as keiensis]) are considered erroneous and refer to other species.
Distribution: Indonesia (Kai Islands).


Sphenomorphus celebense

Sulawesi Forest Skink

Sulawesi-Waldskink

Sulawesi-skovskink

1894 Lygosoma celebense Müller
Otosaurus celebense Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus celebense Greer & Parker 1967

Remarks: Status uncertain (Reptile Database).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).


Sphenomorphus cinereus

Ashy Forest Skink

Aschgrauer Waldskink

Askegrå Skovskink

1974 Sphenomorphus cinereus Greer & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus concinnatus

Elegant Forest Skink

Venus-Waldskink

Venus-skovskink

1887 Lygosoma concinnatus Boulenger
Sphenomorphus concinnatus Barbour 1912
Otosaurus concinnatum Smith 1937
1918 Lygosoma (Otosaurus) wolfi Sternfeld [not Lygosoma (Hinulia) maindroni wolfi Sternfeld 1918] (Burt & Burt 1932)
1924 Otosaurus sternfeldi Mertens [substitute name for Lygosoma (Otosaurus) wolfi Sternfeld 1918]

Remarks: See under wolfi.
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (North Solomon Islands: Bougainville), Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal).


Sphenomorphus consobrinus

Bacan Forest Skink

Bacan-Waldskink

Bacan-skovskink

1878 Lygosoma consobrinum Peters & Doria
Sphenomorphus consobrinus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Bacan, Halmahera, Morotai).


Sphenomorphus courcyanus

Indian Brown Forest Skink

Indischer Brauner Waldskink

Indisk Brun Skovskink

1912 Lygosoma courcyanum Annandale
Sphenomorphus courcyanus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: China (Tibet), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram).


Sphenomorphus cranei

Santa Isabel Forest Skink, (Crane's Skink)

Santa-Isabel-Waldskink

Santa Isabel-skovskink

1932 Sphenomorphus cranei Schmidt

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (North Solomon Islands: Bougainville), Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal).


Sphenomorphus crassus

Thick Forest Skink

Dicker Waldskink

Tyk Skovskink

2001 Sphenomorphus crassa Inger, Tan, Lakim & Yambun

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Sphenomorphus cryptotis

Depressed-eared Forest Skink, Earless Forest Skink

Ohrloser Waldskink

Øreløs Skovskink

2004 Sphenomorphus cryptotis Darevsky, Orlov & Cuc

Distribution: Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus cyanolaemus

Blue-throated Forest Skink, Blue-headed Forest Skink, Blue-throated Litter Skink, Blue-sided Slender Skink, Blue-bellied Litter Skink

Blaukehl-Waldskink

Blåstrubet Skovskink

1965 Sphenomorphus cyanolaemus Inger & Hosmer

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia).


Sphenomorphus darlingtoni

Begonia Skink

Begonia-Waldskink

Begonia-skovskink

1945 Tropidophorus darlingtoni Loveridge
Sphenomorphus darlingtoni Greer & Parker 1967

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus dekkerae

Doberai Forest Skink

Doberai-Waldskink

Doberai-skovskink

2017 Sphenomorphus dekkerae Shea

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea).





Sphenomorphus derooyae

Doorman Peak Forest Skink

Doorman-Peak-Waldskink

Doorman Peak-skovskink

1927 Lygosoma de rooyae De Jong
Sphenomorphus derooyae Mittleman 1952

Remarks: This species has often been confused in the literature with wolfi, but is now believed to be restricted to the New Guinea mainland (Allison & Bigilale 2001). Previously included papuae.
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus diwata

Diwata Mountains Forest Skink

Diwata-Waldskink

Diwata-skovskink

1967 Lygosoma diwata Brown & Rabor
Sphenomorphus diwata Brown & Alcala 1980

Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao).


Sphenomorphus dussumieri

Malabar Forest Skink, (Dussumier's Litter Skink, Common Indian Forest Skink)

Malabar-Waldskink

Malabar-skovskink

1839 Lygosoma dussumieri Dumeril & Bibron
Eumeces dussumieri Beddome 1870
Hinulia dussumieri Stoliczka 1872
Lygosoma dussumieri Deraniyagala 1931
Sphenomorphus dussumieri Taylor 1950
1905 Lygosoma dussumieri concolor Annandale (Smith 1935)

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka.


Sphenomorphus fasciatus

Philippine Banded Forest Skink

Philippinischer Gebänderter Waldskink

Filippinsk Båndet Skovskink

1845 Hinulia fasciata Gray
Lygosoma fasciatum Peters 1872
Sphenomorphus fasciatus Taylor 1917

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi), Philippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Leyte, Mantique, Mindanao, Panay, Samar, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan, Takela]).


Sphenomorphus forbesii

Sogere Slender Forest Skink, Slender Litter Skink

Sogere-Waldskink

Sogere-skovskink

1888 Lygosoma forbesii Boulenger
Sphenomorphus forbesi Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus fragilis

Hall Sound Forest Skink

Hall-Sound-Waldskink

Hall Sound-skovskink

1877 Lygosoma fragile Macleay
Sphenomorphus fragilis Greer & Parker 1979

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus fragosus

Bougainville Black-Lined Forest Skink

Schwarzstreifiger Bougainville-Waldskink

Sortstribet Bougainville-skovskink

1967 Sphenomorphus fragosus Greer & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville]).


Sphenomorphus fuscolineatus

Dark-lined Forest Skink

Dunkelstreifiger Waldskink

Mørkstribet Skovskink

2004 Sphenomorphus fuscolineatus Greer & Shea

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus grandisonae

Thai Dwarf Forest Skink, (Grandison's Forest Skink)

Thailändischer Zwerg-Waldskink

Thailandsk Dværgskovskink

1962 Sphenomorphus grandisonae Taylor

Distribution: Thailand.


Sphenomorphus granulatus

Southeast Papuan Forest Skink

Südostpapuanischer Waldskink

Sydøstpapuansk Skovskink

1903 Lygosoma granulatum Boulenger
Otosaurus granulatum Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus granulatus Greer & Parker 1967

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus haasi

Sarawak Forest Skink, (Haas' Litter Skink, Haas' Forest Skink)

Sarawak-Waldskink

Sarawak-skovskink

1965 Sphenomorphus haasi Inger & Hosmer

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Sphenomorphus helenae

Nothaburi Forest Skink, (Helen’s Forest Skink)

Nonthaburi-Waldskink

Nonthaburi-skovskink

1927 Sphenomorphus helenae Cochran
Lygosoma helenæ Smith 1935

Distribution: Thailand.


Sphenomorphus incognitus

Koshun Forest Skink

Koshun-Waldskink

Koshun-skovskink

1912 Lygosoma incognita Thompson
Sphenomorphus incognitus Mittleman 1952
1912 Sphenomorphus boulengeri Van Denburgh (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1925 Sphenomorphus leveretti Schmidt (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Remarks: Some authors have regarded boulengeri as the valid name for this species (e.g., Sharma 2002, Ota & Lue 1994). Sharma (2002) stated that some previous records of indicus in the eastern Himalayas refer to this species.
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Tibet, Yunnan), India (West Bengal), Taiwan, Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus indicus

Common Indian Forest Skink, Himalayan Forest Skink, East Himalayan Forest Skink, Himalayan Litter Skink, Large Forest Skink, (Brown Forest Skink, Common Indian Forest Skink)

Indischer Waldskink

Almindelig Indisk Skovskink

1853 Hinulia indica Gray
Eumeces indicus Anderson 1871
Lygosoma indicum Boulenger 1887
Sphenomorphus indicus Stejneger 1907
1887 Lygosoma zebratum Boulenger (Smith 1935)
1905 Lygosoma cacharense Annandale (Taylor 1963)
1912 Lygosoma formosensis Thompson (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1912 Sphenomorphus indicus formosensis Van Denburgh (Zhao & Adler 1993)
Sphenomorphus formosensis Pope 1929
1922 Lygosoma indicum multilineatum Werner (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1922 Lygosoma indicum taeniatum Werner (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Remarks: A complex of morphologically close species which needs study (Schleich & Kästle (eds.) 2002).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands], Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, West Bengal), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago]), Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan (incl. Lanyu Island), Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Sphenomorphus jeudei

Northeast Papuan Forest Skink

Nordostpapuanischer Waldskink

Nordøstpapuansk Skovskink

1897 Lygosoma tigrina Lidth de Jeude [not Hinulia tigrina De Vis 1888]
1914 Lygosoma jeudii Boulenger [substitute name for Lygosoma tigrina Lidth de Jeude 1897]
Lygosoma jeudei Rooij 1915 [emendation]
Lygosoma pratti jeudei Loveridge 1948
Sphenomorphus jeudei Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus jobiensis

Yapen Forest Skink

Yapen-Waldskink

Yapen-skovskink

1874 Lygosoma jobiensis Meyer
Lygosoma jobiense Boulenger 1887
Sphenomorphus jobiensis Barbour 1912
Otosaurus jobiense Smith 1937
Lygosoma variegatum jobiense Loveridge 1948
1874 Eumeces aruensis Doria (Zweifel 1980)
Lygosoma aruense Loveridge 1948
Sphenomorphus aruensis Mittleman 1952
1887 Lygosoma rufum Boulenger (Loveridge 1948 [as syn. of aruensis])

Remarks: Probably a species complex (Donnellan & Aplin 1989; Allison, Bickford, Richards & Torr 1998, Allison & Bigilale 2001). In New Ireland, at least two different forms are covered by the name jobiensis (Allison & Bigilale 2001). Loveridge (1948) considered rufum a synonym of aruanum (now a synonym of undulatus). Loveridge (1948) applied the name aruense to populations later described as leptofasciatus (Greer & Parker 1974; Zweifel 1980).
Distribution: Indonesia (Aru Islands, Morotai, Salawati, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus), Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel], Trobriand Islands).


Sphenomorphus kinabaluensis

Kinabalu Forest Skink, Gunung Kinabalu Forest Skink, Kinabalu Litter Skink

Kinabalu-Waldskink

Kinabalu-skovskink

1895 Lygosoma kinabaluensis Bartlett
Otosaurus kinabaluense Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus kinabaluensis Inger 1958

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Sphenomorphus latifasciatus

Broad-banded Forest Skink

Breitbändiger Waldskink

Bredbåndet Skovskink

1874 Lygosoma latifasciatum Meyer
Lygosoma mülleri latifasciatum De Rooij 1915
Sphenomorphus latifasciatus Mittleman 1952
1879 Elania annulata Sauvage (Boulenger 1887)
1911 Lygosoma tornieri Vogt (G. Shea in the Reptile Database, viewed 2013 03 31)
Sphenomorphus tornieri Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus leptofasciatus

Narrow-banded Forest Skink

Schmalbändiger Waldskink

Smalbåndet Skovskink

1974 Sphenomorphus leptofasciatus Greer & Parker

Remarks: Loveridge (1948) applied the name aruense to populations later described as leptofasciatus (Greer & Parker 1974; Zweifel 1980).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus lineopunctulatus

Southeast Asian Spot-lined Forest Skink, Line-spotted Forest Skink

Süostasiatischer Fleckenstreifen-Waldskink

Sydøstasiatisk Pletstribet Skovskink

1962 Sphenomorphus lineopunctulatus Taylor

Distribution: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand.


Sphenomorphus longicaudatus

Long-tailed Forest Skink

Langschwanz-Waldskink

Langhalet Skovskink

1915 Lygosoma longicaudatum De Rooij
Sphenomorphus longicaudatus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus loriae

Bartholomew Range Forest Skink

Bartholomew-Waldskink

Bartholomew-skovskink

1897 Lygosoma loriae Boulenger
Sphenomorphus loriae Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus louisiadensis

Rossel Island Forest Skink

Rossel-Waldskink

Rossel-skovskink

1903 Lygosoma louisiadense Boulenger
Sphenomorphus louisiadensis Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Louisiade Archipelago: Rossel).


Sphenomorphus maculatus

Spotted Forest Skink, Spotted Litter Skink, Streamside Skink, Sikkimese Forest Skink, (Common Forest Skink, Maculated Forest Skink)

Gefleckter Waldskink

Plettet Skovskink

1853 Lissonota maculata Blyth
Mabuia maculata Günther 1864
Hinulia maculata Theobald 1868
Lygosoma maculatum Boulenger 1887
Sphenomorphus maculatus Pope 1935
1905 Lygosoma mitanense Annandale (Taylor 1963)
1932 Lygosoma melanochlorum Vogt (Shea & Greer 1998; Yamasaki, Hikida, Nabhitabhata, Panha & Ota 2001)

Remarks: Presence in West Malaysia needs confirmation, since reports (e.g., Diong, Kiew & Lim 1995; Ibrahim, Anuar, Norhayati, Shukor, Shahriza, Nurul'Ain, Nor-Zalipah & Rayan 2006) are based on sightings only (Grismer 2011). The type locality of melanochlorus ("New Guinea") is regarded as erroneous (Shea & Greer 1998).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Tibet, Yunnan), India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, West Bengal), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus maculicollus

White-throated Forest Skink

Weißkehliger Waldskink

Hvidstrubet Skovskink

1967 Sphenomorphus maculicollus Bacon

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Sphenomorphus maindroni

Common Papuan Forest Skink

Gewöhnlicher Papuanischer Waldskink

Almindelig Papuansk Skovskink

1879 Lygosoma maindroni Sauvage
Sphenomorphus maindroni Hediger 1934
Lygosoma consobrinum maindroni Loveridge 1948

Remarks: This species has often been confused in the literature with wolfi, but is now believed to be restricted to the New Guinea mainland (Allison & Bigilale 2001).
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus malaisei

Burmese Forest Skink

Burmesischer Waldskink

Burmesisk Skovskink

1937 Lygosoma malaisei Rendahl
Sphenomorphus malaisei Zug, Leviton, Vindum, Wogan & Koo 2010

Distribution: Myanmar.


Sphenomorphus malayanus

Sumatra Forest Skink

Sumatra-Waldskink

Sumatra-skovskink

1888 Lygosoma malayanum Doria
Sphenomorphus malayanus Mittleman 1952

Remarks: Now considered restricted to Sumatra. West Malaysian populations previously assigned to this species have now been described as a separate species, senja. Also reported from Vietnam (e.g., Bobrov 1993, 1995; Darevsky & Nguyen 1983; Tran, Nguyen & Ho 1981), however, this may be due to a confusion with rufocaudatus, so malayanus is not considered present in the country (David & Ineich 2009; Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2009; Bain & Hurley 2011).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Sphenomorphus megaspilus

Large-spotted Forest Skink

Großfleckiger Waldskink

Storplettet Skovskink

1877 Hinulia megaspila Günther
Lygosoma megaspila Loveridge 1948
Sphenomorphus megaspilus Mittleman 1952
1918 Lygosoma jobiense elegans Sternfeld [not Hinulia elegans Gray 1838; not Lygosoma elegans Boulenger 1897] (Loveridge 1948)

Remarks: Previously included amblyplacodes.
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus melanopogon

Black-bearded Forest Skink

Schwarzbärtiger Waldskink

Sortskægget Skovskink

1839 Gongylus melanopogon Dumeril & Bibron
Lygosoma melanopogon Boulenger 1887
Sphenomorphus melanopogon Mittleman 1952
1839 Scincus naevius Duméril & Bibron (Shea 2012)
Tiliqua naevia Gray 1841
Hinulia naevia Gray 1845
Lygosoma naevium Peters & Doria 1878
1891 Lygosoma florense Weber (Shea 2012)
Sphenomorphus florensis Barbour 1912
1910 Lygosoma kühnei Roux (Shea 2012)
Lygosoma striolatum kühnei Loveridge 1948
Sphenomorphus kuhnei Mittleman 1952
Sphenomorphus kuehnei Kramer 1979 [emendation]
1927 Sphenomorphus florense barbouri Dunn (Shea 2012)
1927 Sphenomorphus florensis nitidus Dunn (Shea 2012)
1927 Sphenomorphus florensis weberi Dunn (Shea 2012)

Other common names:
florensis: Flores Forest Skink
Remarks: Records from Sulawesi (Rooij 1915) were referred to variegatus by Brongersma (1934), but most likely represent other species (Koch 2012). Presence in Kai Islands is based on the type series of Lygosoma kühnei, which may have wrong locality data (Shea 2012). Presence in Besar and Rinca is based on literature records, which seem to be unconfirmed by voucher specimens, hence, needs confirmation (Shea 2012). Records from Aru Islands and New Guinea refer to meyeri (Shea 2012).
Distribution: East Timor, Indonesia (Adonara, Alor, Babar Islands, Banda Islands, Besar (off Flores), Damar, Flores, Gorong Archipelago, Groot-Bastaard, Kai Islands, Komodo, Numfoor, Padar, Rinca, Semau, Sumba, Sumbawa, Tinjil, West Timor, Wetar).


Sphenomorphus meyeri

Aru Islands Forest Skink

Aru-Waldskink

Aru-skovskink

1874 Lygosoma meyeri Doria
Sphenomorphus meyeri Allison & Kraus 2006
1877 Hinulia papuensis Macleay (Shea 2012)
Lygosoma megaspila papuense Loveridge 1948

Remarks: Validity confirmed by Shea (2012). Includes populations previously identified as melanopogon (Shea 2012).
Distribution: Indonesia (Aru Islands, Batanta, Salawati, Supiori, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus microtympanus

Small-eared Forest Skink

Kleinohren-Waldskink

Småøret Skovskink

1973 Sphenomorphus microtympanus Greer

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus milnense

Milne Bay Forest Skink

Milne-Bay-Waldskink

Milne Bay-skovskink

1903 Lygosoma milnense Boulenger
Sphenomorphus milnense Greer & Parker 1967

Remarks: Listed as a synonym of aignanus by the Reptile Database (reptile-database.reptarium.cz, viewed 10 August 2015).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus mimicus

Mimic Dwarf Forest Skink

Mimik-Zwerg-Waldskink

Mimik-dværgskovskink

1962 Sphenomorphus mimicus Taylor

Distribution: Thailand, Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus mimikanus

Mimika River Forest Skink

Mimika-Waldskink

Mimika-skovskink

1914 Lygosoma mimikanum Boulenger
Otosaurus mimikanum Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus mimikanus Greer & Parker 1967

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea.


Sphenomorphus minutus

Papuan Dwarf Forest Skink

Papuanischer Zwerg-Waldskink

Papuansk Dværgskovskink

1874 Lygosoma minuta Meyer
Sphenomorphus minutus Mittleman 1952
1927 Lygosoma comtum Roux (Shea & Greer 1999)
1927 Lygosoma minuta var. obtusirostrum De Jong (Shea & Greer 1999)
1927 Lygosoma minutum var. rotundirostrum De Jong (Shea & Greer 1999)

Distribution: Indonesia (Morotai, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Sudest]).


Sphenomorphus modiglianii

Mentawai Forest Skink, (Modigliani's Forest Skink)

Mentawai-Waldskink

Mentawai-skovskink

1895 Lygosoma modiglianii Boulenger
Sphenomorphus modigliani Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Sipura).


Sphenomorphus muelleri

East Indonesian Forest Skink, (Müller's Skink)

Ostindonesischer Waldskink

Østindonesisk Skovskink

1837 Scincus mülleri Schlegel
Lygosoma muelleri Boulenger 1887
Sphenomorphus muelleri Mittleman 1952
1890 Homolepida englishi De Vis (Rooij 1915)

Distribution: Indonesia (Aru Islands, Kai Islands, Numfoor, Seram, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus multisquamatus

Many-scaled Forest Skink, Fine-scaled Slender Skink

Vielschuppiger Waldskink

Mangeskællet Skovskink

1958 Sphenomorphus multisquamatus Inger
Sphenomorphus multisquamulatus [sic] Greer & Parker 1967

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Sphenomorphus murudensis

Mount Murud Forest Skink, Gunung Murud Litter Skink

Murud-Waldskink

Murud-skovskink

1925 Sphenomorphus murudensis Smith
Otosaurus murudensis Smith 1937

Distribution: Malaysia (Sarawak).


Sphenomorphus necopinatus

Bogor Forest Skink

Bogor-Waldskink

Bogor-skovskink

1942 Lygosoma necopinatum necopinatum Brongersma
Sphenomorphus necopinatus Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990
1942 Lygosoma necopinatum garutense Brongersma

Distribution: Indonesia (Java).


Sphenomorphus neuhaussi

Huon Peninsula Forest Skink

Huon-Waldskink

Huon-skovskink

1911 Lygosoma neuhaussi Vogt
Lygosoma pratti neuhaussi Loveridge 1948
Sphenomorphus neuhaussi Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus nigriventris

Black-bellied Forest Skink

Schwarzbauch-Waldskink

Sortbuget Skovskink

1915 Lygosoma nigriventre De Rooij
Sphenomorphus nigriventris Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus nigrolabris

Black-lipped Litter Skink

Schwarzlippen-Waldskink

Sortlæbet Skovskink

1873 Hinulia nigrolabris Günther
Lygosoma nigrilabre Boulenger 1887
Otosaurus nigrilabre Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus nigrolabrus [sic] Mittleman 1952
Sphenomorphus nigrilabris Koch 2012

Remarks: Previously included amabilis.
Distribution: Indonesia (Sula Islands, Sulawesi).


Sphenomorphus nigrolineatus

Black-striped Forest Skink

Schwarzstreifiger Waldskink

Sortstribet Skovskink

1897 Lygosoma nigrolineatum Boulenger
Sphenomorphus nigrolineatus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus oligolepis

Small-scaled Forest Skink, (Mimika Forest Skink)

Kleinschuppiger Waldskink

Finskællet Skovskink

1914 Lygosoma oligolepis Boulenegr
Sphenomorphus oligolepis Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Seram, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus orientale

Nat Ma Taung Forest Skink

Nat-Ma-Taung-Waldskink

Nat Ma Taung-skovskink

1940 Lygosoma orientale Shreve
Sphenomorphus orientale Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Myanmar.


Sphenomorphus papuae

Mount Lamington Forest Skink

Lamington-Waldskink

Lamington-skovskink

1928 Lygosoma papuae Kinghorn
Sphenomorphus papuae Greer & Shea 2004

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of derooyae (e.g., Cogger 1979; Shea & Sadlier 1999).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus phuquocensis

Phu Quoc Forest Skink

Phu-Quoc-Waldskink

Phu Quoc-skovskink

2020 Sphenomorphus phuquocensis Grismer, Nazarov, Bobrov & Poyarkov

Distribution: Vietnam (Phu Quoc Island).





Sphenomorphus praesignis

Blotched Forest Skink, Bukit Larut Forest Skink

Larut-Waldskink

Larut-skovskink

1900 Lygosoma praesigne Boulenger
Mabuia praesigne Smith 1916
Tiliqua praesigne Smedley 1931
Sphenomorphus presignis [sic] Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia), Thailand.


Sphenomorphus pratti

Dinawa Forest Skink

Dinawa-Waldskink

Dinawa-skovskink

1903 Lygosoma pratti Boulenger
Sphenomorphus pratti Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain], Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus preylangensis

Prey Lang Forest Skink

Prey-Lang-Waldskink

Prey Lang-skovskink

2019 Sphenomorphus preylangensis Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Poyarkov, Neang, Orlov, Thammachoti & Hun

Distribution: Cambodia.





Sphenomorphus puncticentralis

Java Black-spotted Forest Skink

Javanischer Schwarzflecken-Waldskink

Javansk Sortplettet Skovskink

1994 Sphenomorphus puncticentralis Iskandar
Sphenomorphus puncticentris [sic] Iskandar 1994

Distribution: Indonesia (Java).


Sphenomorphus rufus

Reddish Forest Skink

Rötlicher Waldskink

Rødlig Skovskink

1887 Lygosoma rufum Boulenger
Sphenomorphus rufus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Aru Islands, Western New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus sabanus

Sabah Forest Skink, Sabah Litter Skink, Sabah Slender Skink

Sabah-Waldskink

Sabah-skovskink

1958 Sphenomorphus sabanus Inger

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah).


Sphenomorphus sanctus

Yellow-lined Forest Skink, Java Forest Skink

Gelbstrefiger Waldskink

Gulstribet Skovskink

1839 Gongylus sanctum Dumeril & Bibron
Lygosoma sanctum Weber 1891
Sphenomorphus sanctus Barbour 1912
1957 Sphenomorphus sanctus tenggeranus Mertens

Remarks: Presence in West Malaysia, although reported by Boulenger (1912) and several subsequent works (e.g., Denzer & Manthey 1991; Chan-ard, Grossmann, Gumprecht & Schulz 1999; Das & Yaakob 2007; Grismer 2008), remains unconfirmed (Grismer 2011).
Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Java, Panaitan, Peucang, Sumatra).


Sphenomorphus sarasinorus

Bontorio Forest Skink

Bontorio-Waldskink

Bontorio-skovskink

1897 Lygosoma sarasinorum Boulenger
Otosaurus sarasinorum Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus sarasinorus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).


Sphenomorphus schlegeli

Komodo Forest Skink

Komodo-Waldskink

Komodo-skovskink

1927 Homolepida schlegeli Dunn
Omolepida schlegeli Mertens 1930
Sphenomorphus schlegeli Darevsky 1964
1964 Sphenomorphus oxycephalus Darevsky (Auffenberg 1980)

Distribution: Indonesia (Flores, Komodo, Rinca).


Sphenomorphus schultzei

Sepik River Forest Skink

Sepik-Waldskink

Sepik-skovskink

1911 Lygosoma schultzei Vogt
Sphenomorphus schultzei Mittleman 1952
1927 Lygosoma beauforti De Jong (Greer & Parker 1974)

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus scotophilus

Selangor Forest Skink, (Spotted Forest Skink)

Selangor-Waldskink

Selangor-skovskink

1900 Lygosoma scotophilum Boulenger
Sphenomorphus scotophilus Mittleman 1952
1901 Lygosoma floweri Laidlaw (Taylor 1963)

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia [incl. Penang Island, Seribuat Archipelago (incl. Aur, Pemanggil, Tioman)]), Thailand.


Sphenomorphus scutatus

Palau Forest Skink, Palau Ground Skink

Palau-Waldskink

Palau-skovskink

1867 Lygosoma scutatum Peters
Sphenomorphus scutatus Greer & Parker 1974

Distribution: Palau.


Sphenomorphus senja

Malayan Forest Skink, Titiwangsa Forest Skink

Malaiischer Waldskink

Malaysisk Skovskink

2015 Sphenomorphus senja Grismer & Quah

Remarks: The populations assigned to this species were previously inluded in malayanus, a species now restricted to Sumatra.
Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Sphenomorphus sheai

Kon Tum Forest Skink, (Shea's Forest Skink)

Kon-Tum-Waldskink

Kon Tum-skovskink

2013 Sphenomorphus sheai Nguyen, Nguyen, Devender, Bonkowski & Ziegler

Distribution: Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus shelfordi

Mount Penrisen Forest Skink, (Shelford's Forest Skink)

Penrisen-Waldskink

Penrisen-skovskink

1900 Lygosoma shelfordi Boulenger
Sphenomorphus shelfordi Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Malaysia (Sarawak).


Sphenomorphus simus

Papuan Black-sided Forest Skink, Common Forest Skink

Papuanischer Schwarzseitiger Waldskink

Papuansk Sortsidet Skovskink

1879 Lygosoma sima Sauvage
Lygosoma simum Boulenger 1887 [emendation]
Otosaurus simum Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus simus Mittleman 1952
1928 Lygosoma misolense Vogt (Shea 2017)
Sphenomorphus misolense Greer & Parker 1967
1932 Lygosoma totocarinatum Vogt (Shea & Greer 1999)
1948 Lygosoma variegatum stickeli Loveridge (Shea & Greer 1999)
1958 Sphenomorphus melanopleurus Inger (Shea & Greer 1999)
Sphenomorphus stickeli melanopleurus Inger 1961

Remarks: The taxon misolense was previously regarded as a synonym of jobiensis (e.g., Loveridge 1948), later treated as a separate species (e.g., Greer & Parker 1967; Bauer, Shea & Günther 2003; Linkem, Diesmos & Brown 2010), but most recently synonymized with simus by Shea (2017).
Distribution: Indonesia (Misool, Numfoor, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain, New Ireland], Eastern New Guinea).


Sphenomorphus solomonis

Solomon Forest Skink, Solomon Ground Skink

Salomonen-Waldskink

Salomon-skovskink

1887 Lygosoma solomonis Boulenger
Sphenomorphus solomonis Barbour 1912
1895 Lygosoma brevipes Boettger (Greer & Parker 1974)
Sphenomorphus brevipes Barbour 1912
1912 Lygosoma moszkowskii Vogt (Greer & Parker 1974)
Lygosoma pardale moszkowskii Loveridge 1948
1912 Lygosoma schoedei Vogt (Greer & Parker 1974)
1914 Lygosoma eremita Werner (Reptile Database, viewed 25 April 2013, tentative synonymy)

Distribution: Indonesia (Halmahera, Morotai, Ternate, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima], Woodlark, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville, Buka]), Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands).


Sphenomorphus stellatus

Starry Forest Skink, Starred Forest Skink, Perak Forest Skink, Cambodian Forest Skink

Sternen-Waldskink

Stjerne-skovskink

1900 Lygosoma stellatum Boulenger
Sphenomorphus stellatus Mittleman 1952

Remarks: Previously included annamiticus. Now restricted to West Malaysia (Grismer, Wood, Quah, Anuar, Poyarkov, Neang, Orlov, Thammachoti & Hun 2019).
Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Sphenomorphus striatopunctatus

Sri Lanka Spot-lined Forest Skink

Srilankanischer Gefleckter Waldskink

Srilankansk Pletstribet Skovskink

1907 Lygosoma punctatolineatum Boulenger [not Lygosoma punctatolineatum Boulenger 1893]
1925 Lygosoma striatopunctatum Ahl [substitute name for Lygosoma punctatolineatum Boulenger 1907]
Sphenomorphus striatopunctulatus Taylor 1950

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of Lankascincus taprobanensis by Greer (1991), but Das & de Silva (2005) listed it as a valid species of the genus Sphenomorphus.
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Sphenomorphus striolatus

Flores Forest Skink

Flores-Waldskink

Flores-skovskink

1891 Lygosoma striolatum Weber
Sphenomorphus striolatus Barbour 1912

Distribution: Indonesia (Damar, Flores, Komodo, Rinca).


Sphenomorphus sungaicolus

Malaysian Riparian Skink

Malaysischer Flußskink

Malaysisk Flodskink

2016 Sphenomorphus sungaicolus Sumarli, Grismer, Wood, Ahmad, Rizal, Ismail, Izam, Ahmad & Linkem

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia).


Sphenomorphus taiwanensis

Taiwanese Forest Skink

Taiwanischer Waldskink

Taiwansk Skovskink

1987 Sphenomorphus taiwanensis Chen & Lue

Distribution: Taiwan.


Sphenomorphus tanahtinggi

Mount Lumaku Forest Skink, (Montane Forest Skink)

Lumaku-Waldskink

Lumaku-skovskink

2001 Sphenomorphus tanahtinggi Inger, Tan, Lakim & Yambun

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Sphenomorphus tanneri

Pale-spotted Forest Skink, (Tanner's Skink)

Hellgefleckter Waldskink

Lysplettet Skovskink

1967 Sphenomorphus tanneri Greer & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain, New Ireland], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville]), Solomon Islands.


Sphenomorphus taylori

Bougainville Yellow-banded Forest Skink

Gelbbändiger Bougainville-Waldskink

Gulbåndet Bougainville-skovskink

1930 Sphenomorphus taylori Burt
Otosaurus taylori Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (North Solomon Islands: Bougainville).


Sphenomorphus tenuiculus

Narrow-necked Forest Skink

Dünnhals-Waldskink

Tyndhalset Skovskink

1890 Lygosoma tenuiculum Mocquard
Sphenomorphus tenuiculus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Malaysia (Sabah).


Sphenomorphus tersus

Pale Forest Skink, Thai Forest Skink, Nakhon Si Thammarat Forest Skink

Heller Waldskink

Lys Skovskink

1916 Lygosoma tersum Smith
Sphenomorphus tersus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Malaysia (West Malaysia), Thailand.


Sphenomorphus tetradactylus

Vietnamese Four-fingered Forest Skink

Vierzehiger Waldskink

Firtået Skovskink

2005 Leptoseps tetradactylus Darevsky & Orlov
Sphenomorphus tetradactylus Nguyen, Schmitz, Nguyen, Orlov, Böhme & Ziegler 2011

Distribution: Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus tonkinensis

Tonkin Forest Skink

Tonkin-Waldskink

Tonkin-skovskink

2011 Sphenomorphus tonkinensis Nguyen, Schmitz, Nguyen, Orlov, Böhme & Ziegler

Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi), Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Sphenomorphus transversus

Kunua Banded Forest Skink

Kunua-Waldskink

Kunua-skovskink

1971 Sphenomorphus transversus Greer & Parker

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (North Solomon Islands: Bougainville).


Sphenomorphus tridigitus

Three-toed Forest Skink, Tridigital Forest Skink

Dreizehiger Waldskink

Tretået Skovskink

1939 Siaphos tridigitum Bourret
Leptoseps tridigitus Nguyen, Ho & Nguyen 2005
Sphenomorphus tridigitus Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990

Remarks: Generic assignment uncertain (Greer 1973).
Distribution: Laos, Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus tritaeniatus

Three-striped Forest Skink, Three-banded Forest Skink

Dreistreifiger Waldskink

Trestribet Skovskink

1937 Lygosoma tritaeniatum Bourret
Sphenomorphus tritaeniatus Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990

Distribution: Vietnam.


Sphenomorphus tropidonotus

Luhu Forest Skink

Luhu-Waldskink

Luhu-skovskink

1897 Lygosoma tropidonotum Boulenger
Otosaurus tropidonotus Smith 1937
Sphenomorphus tropidonotus Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Buton, Sulawesi, Togian Islands).


Sphenomorphus undulatus

Wavy-backed Forest Skink

Wellen-Waldskink

Bølget Skovskink

1878 Lygosoma undulatum Peters & Doria
Sphenomorphus undulatus Mittleman 1952
1910 Lygosoma aruanum Roux (Greer & Parker 1974)
Sphenomorphus aruanus Mittleman 1952
1926 Lygosoma amboinense Kopstein (Greer & Parker 1974)
Sphenomorphus amboinense Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990
1927 Lygosoma dammermani Kopstein (Greer & Parker 1974)
Sphenomorphus dammermani Welch, Cooke & Wright 1990

Remarks: Populations from the Solomon Islands may represent an undescribed species (McCoy 1980, 2006).
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Kai Islands, Seram, Sula Islands, Supiori, Western New Guinea, Wetar), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea), Solomon Islands.


Sphenomorphus vanheurni

Ijang Mountains Forest Skink, (Van Heurn's Forest Skink)

Ijang-Waldskink

Ijang-skovskink

1942 Lygosoma vanheurni Brongersma
Sphenomorphus vanheurni Mertens 1957
1957 Sphenomorphus vanheurni balicus Mertens

Distribution: Indonesia (Bali, Java).


Sphenomorphus variegatus

Philippine Black-spotted Forest Skink

Philippinischer Schwarzfleckiger Waldskink

Filippinsk Sortplettet Skovskink

1867 Lygosoma variegatum Peters
Hinulia variegata Günther 1879
Sphenomorphus variegatus Barbour 1912
Otosaurus variegatum Smith 1937
1878 Lygosoma naevium Peters & Doria (Taylor 1922)

Remarks: According to Inger (1958), variegatus is restricted to the Philippines, but this author failed to consider the Sulawesi and Buton populations (Koch 2012), and moreover, variegatus has subsequently been reported also from Waigeo. These populations outside the Philippines, however, are most likely to represent undescribed species.
Distribution: Indonesia (Buton, Sulawesi, Waigeo), Philippines (Bohol, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar, Sulu Islands [incl. Basilan, Bitinan, Bongao, Bubuan, Butinian, Jolo, Sangasanga, Tawi-Tawi]).


Sphenomorphus wolfi

Bismarck Archipelago Forest Skink

Bismarck-Waldskink

Bismarck-skovskink

1918 Lygosoma (Hinulia) maindroni wolfi Sternfeld
Sphenomorphus wolfi Greer & Parker 1967

Remarks: Notice that Sternfeld (1918) described two forms of the genus Lygosoma with the specific/subspecific epithet wolfi. The other form, Lygosoma (Otosaurus) wolfi Sternfeld 1918 from the Solomon Islands, was synonymized with concinnatus by Burt & Burt (1932), although Mittleman (1952) listed it as a valid species, using the combination Otosaurus wolfi. Moreover, Kinghorn (1928) apparently overlooked Sternfeld's work. This species has often been confused in the literature with maindroni or derooyae, which are now both believed to be restricted to the New Guinea mainland (Allison & Bigilale 2001).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland]).


Sphenomorphus wollastoni

South Papuan Forest Skink

Südpapuanischer Waldskink

Sydpapuansk Skovskink

1914 Lygosoma wollastoni Boulenger
Lygosoma pratti wollastoni Loveridge 1948
Sphenomorphus wollastoni Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea.


Sphenomorphus woodfordii

Fauro Forest Skink

Fauro-Waldskink

Fauro-skovskink

1887 Lygosoma woodfordii Boulenger
Sphenomorphus woodfordi Barbour 1921

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (North Solomon Islands: Bougainville), Solomon Islands.


Sphenomorphus yersini

Khanh Hoa Forest Skink

Khanh-Hoa-Waldskink

Khanh Hoa-skovskink

2018 Sphenomorphus yersini Nguyen, Nguyen, Nguyen, Orlov & Murphy

Distribution: Vietnam.





Sphenomorphus zimmeri

Mekongga Mountains Forest Skink

Mekongga-Waldskink

Mekongga-skovskink

1933 Lygosoma zimmeri Ahl
Sphenomorphus zimmeri Bauer, Shea & Günther 2003

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).