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Rune Midtgaard


Biodiversity of the reptile genera of
Thailand
excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Crocodilians (Crocodylia)
Family Crocodylidae
(Crocodiles)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Crocodylus (Typical Crocodiles) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Family Gavialidae
(Gharials)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Tomistoma (Malayan Gharial) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Lizards (Sauria)
Family Agamidae
(Agamas and Dragons)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Acanthosaura (Pricklenapes) 5 1 20.0 % 1.2 %
Aphaniotis (Earless Agamas) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Bronchocela (Long-tailed Agamas) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Calotes (Forest Agamas) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Diploderma (Eastern Mountain Agamas) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Draco (Gliding Dragons) 10 0 0.0 % 2.4 %
Gonocephalus (Western Anglehead Agamas) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Leiolepis (Butterfly Agamas) 6 1 16.7 % 1.4 %
Mantheyus (Phu Wua Rock Agama) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Physignathus (Indochinese Water Dragon) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Pseudocalotes (Long-headed Agamas) 3 1 33.3 % 0.7 %
Family Anguidae
(Slowworms. etc.)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Dopasia (Oriental Glass Lizards) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Dibamidae
(Blind Skinks)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Dibamus (Oriental Blind Skinks) 2 2 100.0 % 0.5 %
Family Eublepharidae
(Eyelid Geckos)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Aeluroscalabotes (Cat Gecko) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Gekkonidae
(Typical Geckos)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Cnemaspis (Afro-Asian Rock and Forest Geckos) 17 10 58.8 % 4.0 %
Cyrtodactylus (Australasian Bent-toed Geckos) 35 22 62.9 % 8.3 %
Dixonius (Southeast Asian Leaf-toed Geckos) 4 2 50.0 % 0.9 %
Gehyra (Four-clawed Geckos) 4 3 75.0 % 0.9 %
Gekko (Typical Geckos) 7 3 42.9 % 1.7 %
Hemidactylus (Half-toed Geckos) 5 0 0.0 % 1.2 %
Hemiphyllodactylus (Slender Geckos) 4 3 75.0 % 0.9 %
Ptychozoon (Gliding Geckos) 5 1 20.0 % 1.2 %
Family Lacertidae
(Typical Lizards)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Takydromus (Oriental Grass Lizards) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Scincidae
(Skinks)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Brachymeles (Indo-Malayan Slender Skinks) 1 1 100.0 % 0.2 %
Dasia (Indo-Malayan Tree Skinks) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Eutropis (South Asian Sun Skinks) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Isopachys (Oriental Snake Skinks) 4 3 75.0 % 0.9 %
Jarujinia (Ratchaburi Two-legged Skink) 1 1 100.0 % 0.2 %
Larutia (Malay Slender Forest Skinks) 1 1 100.0 % 0.2 %
Leptoseps (Four-toed Slender Skinks) 1 1 100.0 % 0.2 %
Lipinia (Indo-Pacific Striped Skinks) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Lygosoma (Supple Skinks) 10 2 20.0 % 2.4 %
Plestiodon (Blue-tailed Skinks) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Scincella (South Asian and American Ground Skinks) 7 2 28.6 % 1.7 %
Sphenomorphus (Indo-Pacific Forest Skinks) 10 2 20.0 % 2.4 %
Toenayar (Nine-keeled Sun Skink) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Tropidophorus (Stream Skinks) 8 3 37.5 % 1.9 %
Family Varanidae
(Monitor Lizards)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Varanus (Monitor Lizards) 5 0 0.0 % 1.2 %
Snakes (Serpentes)
Family Acrochordidae
(Australasian File Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Acrochordus (Australasian File Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Family Colubridae
(Typical Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Ahaetulla (Oriental Whip Snakes) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Amphiesma (Buff-striped Keelback) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Boiga (Australasian Cat Snakes) 9 1 11.1 % 2.1 %
Calamaria (Oriental Reed Snakes) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Chrysopelea (Flying Tree Snakes) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Coelognathus (Oriental Rat Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Dendrelaphis (Bronzebacks) 9 0 0.0 % 2.1 %
Dryophiops (Malayan Vine Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Elaphe (Palearctic-Oriental Rat Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Fowlea (Fishing Keelbacks) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Gongylosoma (Southeast Asian Ground Snakes) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Gonyosoma (Oriental Green Rat Snakes & Rainbow Tree Snake) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Hebius (Oriental Equatorial Keelbacks) 7 1 14.3 % 1.7 %
Isanophis (Isan Keeled Stream Snake) 1 1 100.0 % 0.2 %
Liopeltis (Stripe-necked Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Lycodon (Oriental Wolf Snakes) 12 1 8.3 % 2.8 %
Macrocalamus (Peninsular Mountain Reed Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Macropisthodon (Hooded Keelbacks) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Oligodon (Kukri Snakes) 15 4 26.7 % 3.5 %
Opisthotropis (Mountain Stream Keelbacks) 2 1 50.0 % 0.5 %
Oreocryptophis (Red Mountain Rat Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Paratapinophis (Brown Stream Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Plagiopholis (Blotch-necked Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Pseudorabdion (Dwarf Reed Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Pseudoxenodon (Mock Cobras) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Ptyas (Giant Rat Snakes) 6 0 0.0 % 1.4 %
Rhabdophis (Asian Keelbacks) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Sibynophis (Oriental Black-headed Snakes) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Sinonatrix (Asian Water Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Xenelaphis (Asian Brown Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Xenochrophis (Oriental Painted Keelbacks) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Cylindrophiidae
(Asian Pipe Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Cylindrophis (Oriental Pipe Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Elapidae_1
(Cobras. Mambas. etc.)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Bungarus (Kraits) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Calliophis (South Asian Coral Snakes) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Naja (Typical Cobras) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Ophiophagus (King Cobra) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Sinomicrurus (East Asian Coral Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Elapidae_2
(Sea Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Aipysurus (Olive Sea Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Hydrophis (Typical Sea Snakes) 22 0 0.0 % 5.2 %
Kolpophis (Granular Sea Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Laticauda (Sea Kraits) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Microcephalophis (Small-headed Sea Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Thalassophis (Scale-snouted Sea Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Gerrhopilidae
(Indo-Malayan Blind Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Gerrhopilus (Indo-Malayan Blind Snakes) 1 1 100.0 % 0.2 %
Family Homalopsidae
(Australasian Mud Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Bitia (Keel-bellied Estuarine Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Cantoria (Yellow-banded Mangrove Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Cerberus (Dog-faced Water Snakes) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Enhydris (Asian Mud Snakes) 4 2 50.0 % 0.9 %
Erpeton (Tentacled Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Fordonia (White-bellied Mangrove Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Gerarda (Glossy Marsh Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Homalopsis (Masked Water Snakes) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Hypsiscopus (Orange-bellied Mud Snake & Matanna Mud Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Subsessor (Southeast Asian Mud Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Lamprophiidae
(House Snakes. etc.)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Psammodynastes (Asian Mock Vipers) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Psammophis (Old World Sand Snakes and Grass Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Pareidae
(Oriental Slug Eaters)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Aplopeltura (Blunt-headed Slug Eater) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Asthenodipsas (Malayan Slug Eaters) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Pareas (Typical Oriental Slug Eaters) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Family Pythonidae
(Pythons)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Malayopython (Malayan Pythons) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Python (Typical Pythons) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Family Typhlopidae
(Typical Blind Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Argyrophis (Southeast Asian Blind Snakes) 5 2 40.0 % 1.2 %
Indotyphlops (South Asian Blind Snakes) 4 1 25.0 % 0.9 %
Ramphotyphlops (Western Pacific Blind Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Viperidae
(Vipers)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Calloselasma (Malayan Pitviper) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Craspedocephalus (Ridge-nosed Tree Pitvipers) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Daboia (Daboias) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Ovophis (Asian Mountain Pitvipers) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Parias (Malay Archipelago Pitvipers) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Popeia (South Asian Bamboo Pitvipers) 4 1 25.0 % 0.9 %
Protobothrops (Habus & allies) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Trimeresurus (Oriental Pitvipers) 6 1 16.7 % 1.4 %
Tropidolaemus (Temple Pitvipers) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Viridovipera (Green Tree Pitvipers) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Family Xenodermidae
(Asian Litter Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Parafimbrios (Laotian Bearded Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Xenodermus (Rough-backed Litter Snake) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Xenopeltidae
(Asian Sunbeam Snakes)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Xenopeltis (Asian Sunbeam Snakes) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Turtles (Testudines)
Family Cheloniidae
(Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Chelonia (Green Sea Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Eretmochelys (Hawksbill Sea Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Lepidochelys (Ridley Sea Turtles) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Dermochelyidae
(Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Geoemydidae
(Eastern Pond Turtles)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Batagur (River Terrapins) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Cuora (Asian Box Turtles) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Cyclemys (Asian Leaf Turtles) 4 0 0.0 % 0.9 %
Heosemys (Forest Turtles) 3 0 0.0 % 0.7 %
Malayemys (Southeast Asian Snail-eating Turtles) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Notochelys (Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Siebenrockiella (Black Marsh Turtle & Philippine Pond Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Platysternidae
(Big-headed Turtle)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Platysternon (Big-headed Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Family Testudinidae
(Tortoises)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Indotestudo (Asian Tortoises) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Manouria (Indochinese Tortoises) 2 0 0.0 % 0.5 %
Family Trionychidae
(Softshell Turtles)
Species Endemic
species
Endemism
(species)
Species in % of all
reptile species in
Thailand
Amyda (Southeast Asian Softshell Turtles) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Chitra (Narrow-headed Softshell Turtles) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Dogania (Malayan Softshell Turtle) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Lissemys (South Asian Flapshell Turtles) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %
Pelochelys (Indomalayan Giant Softshell Turtles) 1 0 0.0 % 0.2 %