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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Hoplocercidae
Bibliography of the genus Enyalioides
Biodiversity of the family Hoplocercidae


Wood Lizards



1885 Enyalioides Boulenger (type species: Enyalus heterolepis Bocourt 1874)
Contents: 16 species, of which 6 (37.5%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Rondonia), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Ecuador, Panama, Peru.

Enyalioides altotambo

Alto Tambo Wood Lizard


Alto Tambo-skovleguan

2015 Enyalioides altotambo Torres-Carvajal, Venegas & Queiroz

Distribution: Ecuador.

Enyalioides anisolepis

Rough-scaled Wood Lizard


Ruskællet Skovleguan

2015 Enyalioides anisolepis Torres-Carvajal, Venegas & Queiroz

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.

Enyalioides azulae

Azul Mountains Wood Lizard



2013 Enyalioides azulae Venegas, Torres-Carvajal, Duran & Queiroz

Distribution: Peru.

Enyalioides binzayedi

Chambirillo Wood Lizard



2013 Enyalioides binzayedi Venegas, Torres-Carvajal, Duran & Queiroz

Distribution: Peru.

Enyalioides cofanorum

Cofan Wood Lizard, (Duellman’s Dwarf Iguana)



1973 Enyalioides cofanorum Duellman

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

Enyalioides feiruzae

Pachitea Wood Lizard, (Feiruz Wood Lizard)



2021 Enyalioides feiruzae Venegas, Chávez, García-Ayachi, Duran & Torres-Carvajal

Distribution: Peru.

Enyalioides heterolepis

Spiny Wood Lizard, (Bocourt's Dwarf Iguana)

Dorniger Waldleguan

Tornet Skovleguan

1874 Enyalus heterolepis Bocourt
Enyalioides heterolepis Boulenger 1885
1905 Enyalioides insulae Barbour (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1911 Enyalioides mocquardi Despax (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Distribution: Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Ecuador, Panama.

Enyalioides heterolepis
© Henrik Bringsøe

Enyalioides laticeps

Broad-headed Wood Lizard, Amazon Wood Lizard, Amazon Forest Dragon

Breitköpfiger Waldleguan

Bredhovedet Skovleguan

1855 Enyalius laticeps Guichenot
Enyalioides laticeps Boulenger 1885
1855 Enyalius planiceps Guichenot (Avila-Pires 1995)
1876 Enyalius coerulescens Cope (Avila-Pires 1995)
1897 Enyalioides festae Peracca (Avila-Pires 1995)
Enyalioides laticeps festae Burt & Burt 1931

Remarks: A single record from Para, Brazil is regarded as doubtful (Avila-Pires 1995).
Distribution: Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

Enyalioides microlepis

Small-scaled Wood Lizard, Brown Wood Lizard

Kleinschuppiger Waldleguan

Finskællet Skovleguan

1881 Enyalius microlepis O'Shaughnessy
Enyalioides microlepis Boulenger 1885

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

Enyalioides oshaughnessyi

Red-eyed Wood Lizard


Rødøjet Skovleguan

1881 Enyalius oshaughnessyi Boulenger
Enyalioides oshaughnessyi Boulenger 1885

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.

Enyalioides palpebralis

Horned Wood Lizard

Gehörnte Waldleguan

Hornet Skovleguan

1883 Enyalius palpebralis Boulenger
Enyalioides palpebralis Boulenger 1885

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas), Peru.

Enyalioides praestabilis

Canelos Wood Lizard, Blue-spotted Wood Lizard



1881 Enyalius praestabilis O'Shaughnessy
Enyalioides praestabilis Boulenger 1885

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

Enyalioides rubrigularis

Red-throated Wood Lizard

Rotkehliger Waldleguan

Rødstrubet Skovleguan

2009 Enyalioides rubrigularis Torres-Carvajal, de Queiroz & Etheridge

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.

Enyalioides rudolfarndti

Pasco Wood Lizard, Throat-sliced Wood Lizard



2011 Enyalioides rudolfarndti Venegas, Duran, Landauro & Lujan

Distribution: Peru.

Enyalioides sophiarothschildae

Río Lejía Wood Lizard, (Rothschild's Wood Lizard)


Río Lejía-skovleguan

2015 Enyalioides sophiarothschildae Torres-Carvajal, Venegas & Queiroz

Distribution: Peru.

Enyalioides touzeti

Azuay Wood Lizard, (Touzet's Wood Lizard)



2008 Enyalioides touzeti Torres-Carvajal, Almendariz, Valencia, Yanez-Munoz & Reyes

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.