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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Opluridae
Bibliography of the genus Oplurus
Biodiversity of the family Opluridae


Madagascar Spiny Iguanas, Malagasy Spiny Iguanas, Madagascar Swifts



1829 Oplurus Cuvier (type species: Oplurus torquatus Cuvier 1829)
1843 Doryphorus Fitzinger [not Doryphorus Cuvier 1829 (Reptilia: Iguanidae)] (type species: Oplurus maximiliani Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Etheridge 1982)
1843 Hoplurus Fitzinger [emendation]
Contents: 6 species, of which 5 (83.3%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: Comoro Islands (Grande Comoro), Madagascar.

Oplurus cuvieri

Collared Madagascar Spiny Iguana, (Cuvier's Swift)

Madagassische Halsband-Stachelleguan

Madagassisk Halsbånd-tornleguan

1829 Oplurus torquatus Cuvier [not Tropidurus torquatus Wied 1821] (Etheridge 1982)
1831 Tropidurus cuvieri Gray [substitute name for Oplurus torquatus Cuvier 1829]
Oplurus cuvieri Savage 1952
1837 Oplurus sebae Duméril & Bibron (Savage 1952)
Hoplurus sebae Fitzinger 1843
1845 Hoplurus barnardi Peters (Boulenger 1885)
1942 Hoplurus sebae comorensis Angel (Savage 1952)
Oplurus cuvieri comorensis Savage 1952
Oplurus comorensis Meirte 2004

Remarks: The taxon comorensis was regarded as a separate species by Meirte (2004), but this was not followed by Münchenberg, Wollenberg, Glaw & Vences (2008).
Distribution: Comoro Islands (Grande Comoro), Madagascar.

Oplurus cuvieri
© Rune Midtgaard

Oplurus cyclurus

Southwestern Madagascar Spiny Iguana

Südwestmadagassische Stachelleguan

Sydvestmadagassisk Tornleguan

1820 Uromastyx cyclurus Merrem
Hoplurus cyclurus Boulenger 1885
Oplurus cyclurus Savage 1952
1837 Oplurus maximiliani Duméril & Bibron (Boulenger 1885)
Dorphurus maximiliani Fitzinger 1843

Distribution: Madagascar.

Oplurus cyclurus
© Rune Midtgaard

Oplurus fierinensis

Anzamala Spiny Iguana



1869 Oplurus fierinensis Grandidier
Hoplurus fierinensis Angel 1942

Distribution: Madagascar.

Oplurus grandidieri

Vananitalo Spiny Iguana



1900 Hoplurus grandidieri Mocquard
Oplurus grandidieri Savage 1952

Distribution: Madagascar.

Oplurus grandidieri
© Rune Midtgaard

Oplurus quadrimaculatus

Four-spotted Spiny Iguana

Vierfleckiger Stachelleguan

Firplettet Tornleguan

1851 Oplurus quadrimaculatus Dumeril & Bibron in Dumeril & Dumeril
Centrura quadrimaculatus Duméril 1856
Hoplurus quadrimaculatus Boulenger 1885
1869 Oplurus montanus Grandidier (Boulenger 1885)

Distribution: Madagascar.

Oplurus saxicola

Madagascar Rock Spiny Iguana

Madagassische Felsenstachelleguan

Madagassisk Klippe-tornleguan

1869 Oplurus saxicola Grandidier
Hoplurus saxicola Angel 1942

Distribution: Madagascar.