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Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Psammodromus
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae








Genus
Psammodromus

Western Mediterranean Sand Lizards, Plated Lacertids

Sandläufer

Vestmediterrane Sandløberfirben

1826 Psammodromus Fitzinger (type species: Psammodromus hispanicus Fitzinger 1826)
1829 Algira Cuvier (type species: ?; syn. Boulenger 1921)
1830 Aspistis (Apistes?)# Wagler [not Aspistis Hoffm.] (type species: Lacerta edwarsiana Dugès 1829; syn. Boulenger 1921)
1830 Notopholis Wiegmann [substitute name for Apistis Wagler 1830] (Loveridge 1957)
1830 Psammuros Wagler (type species: ?; syn. Boulenger 1921)
1880 Zerzoumia Lataste (type species: Zerzoumia blanci Lataste 1880; syn. Arnold 1989)
Contents: 6 species, of which 2 (33.3%) are endemic.
Introduced to: Italy (Pelagie Islands: Conigli Islet), Spain (Balearic Islands: Mallorca).
Distribution: Algeria, Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia.

Psammodromus algirus

Greater Sand Lizard, Large Sand Lizard, Algerian Sand Lizard

Algerischer Sandläufer

Algiersk Sandløberfirben

1766 Lacerta algira Linnaeus
Scincus algira Daudin 1802
Tropidosaura algira Fitzinger 1826
Psammuros algira Wagler 1830
Algira algira Boettger 1883
Psammodromus algirus Boulenger 1887
1829 Algyra barbarica Guérin-Méneville (Mertens & Wermuth 1960)
1886 Psammodromus algirus doriae Bedriaga (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1887 Tropidosaura algira nollii Fischer (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1931 Psammodromus algirus ketamensis Galan (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
2006 Psammodromus jeanneae Busack, Salvador & Lawson (Speybroeck & Crochet 2007; Verdú-Ricoy, Carranza, Salvador, Busack & Díaz 2010)
2006 Psammodromus manuelae Busack, Salvador & Lawson (Speybroeck & Crochet 2007; Verdú-Ricoy, Carranza, Salvador, Busack & Díaz 2010)

Remarks: This species has been suggested to be restricted to Africa by some authors. European populations (France, Portugal, Spain) previously assigned to algirus are thought to represent a species complex of which only two (jeanneae, manuelae, both from Spain) have been formally described. These two nominal species are currently regarded as synonyms of algirus (e.g., Speybroeck & Crochet 2007; Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008; Speybroeck, Beukema & Crochet 2010). Even if proven valid species, further studies are needed to clarify the status of the remaining European polulations (Busack, Salvador & Lawson 2006). Pending a more thorough study, European populations are herein treated as algirus. Erroneously recorded by Welch (1982) from Mauritania (Padial 2006).
Introduced to: Italy (Pelagie Islands: Conigli Islet), Spain (Balearic Islands: Mallorca).
Distribution: Algeria, Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia.


Psammodromus blanci

Northwest African Sand Lizard*

Nordwestafrikanischer Sandläufer*

Nordvestafrikansk Sandløberfirben*

1880 Zerzoumia blanci Lataste
Algira blanci Boettger 1883
Psammodromus blanci Boulenger 1887

Distribution: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.


Psammodromus edwarsianus

Eastern Iberian Sand Lizard*

Ostiberischer Sandläufer*

Østiberisk Sandløberfirben*

1829 Lacerta edwarsiana Dugès
Notopholis edwardsiana [sic] Wiegmann 1834
Psammodromus edwardsianus [sic] Bonaparte 1839
Psammodromus hispanicus edwardsianus [sic] Mertens 1925
Psammodromus edwardsianus [sic] Fitze, Gonzalez-Jimena, San-Jose, Mauro & Zardoya 2012
Psammodromus edwarsianus Crochet 2015
1839 Psammodromus edwardsii Duméril & Bibron (Boulenger 1921)
Psammodromus hispanicus edwardsii Welch 1983

Remarks: Crochet (2015) pointed out that the correct spelling of the specific epithet is edwarsianus, not edwardsianus, as seen in most older literature.
Distribution: France, Spain.


Psammodromus hispanicus

Central Iberian Sand Lizard*, (Spanish Sand Lizard)

Spanischer Sandläufer

Centraliberisk Sandløberfirben*, (Spansk Sandløberfirben)

1826 Psammodromus hispanicus Fitzinger
1838 ? Algira penetata Gray (Boulenger 1921)
1839 Psammodromus cinereus Bonaparte (Salvador in Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Lacerta cinerea Schinz 1840

Remarks: Previously included edwarsianus and populations now assigned to occidentalis (Fitze, Gonzalez-Jimena, San-Jose, Mauro & Zardoya 2012).
Distribution: Spain.


Psammodromus microdactylus

Green Sand Lizard, (Green Psammodromus)

Marokkanischer Sandläufer

Grønt Sandløberfirben*

1881 Algira microdactyla Boettger
Psammodromus microdactylus Boulenger 1887

Remarks: Sometimes regarded as a synonym of blanci (Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008).
Distribution: Morocco.


Psammodromus occidentalis

Western Iberian Sand Lizard*

Westiberischer Sandläufer*

Vestiberisk Sandløberfirben*

2012 Psammodromus occidentalis Fitze, Gonzalez-Jimena, San-Jose, Mauro & Zardoya

Distribution: Portugal, Spain.