Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Uropeltidae
Bibliography of the genus Rhinophis
Biodiversity of the family Uropeltidae








Genus
Rhinophis

Sharp-nosed Shieldtails

Scharfschnauzen-Schildschwänze

Skarpsnudede Skjoldhaler

1820 Rhinophis Hemprich (type species: Anguis oxyrynchus Schneider 1801)
1839 Pseudotyphlops Schlegel (type species: Uropeltis philippinus Müller 1832; syn. Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)
1853 Dapatnaya Kelaart (type species: Dapatnaya lanka-divana Kelaart 1853; syn. Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)
1858 Crealia Gray (type species: Mytilia melanogaster Gray 1858; syn. Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)
1858 Mitylia Gray (type species: Mitylia gerrardi Gray 1858; syn. McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
Mytilia Gray 1858 [unjustified emendation]
1858 Morina Gray [not Morina Gimmerthal 1842 (Insecta); lapsus for Mitylia Gray 1858, according to Smith 1943]
Contents: 23 species, all of which are endemic.
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka.

Rhinophis blythii

Sri Lankan Montane Shieldtail, (Blyth's Shieldtail)

Srilankanische Gebirgs-Schildschwanz

Srilankansk Bjergskjoldhale

1853 Rhinophis blythii Kelaart
1858 Mytilia templetonii Gray (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis dorsimaculatus

Polkadot Shieldtail

Großfleckiger Schildschwanz

Storplettet Skjoldhale

1941 Rhinophis dorsimaculatus Deraniyagala

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis drummondhayi

Uva Patnas Shieldtail, (Drummond-Hay's Shieldtail)

Uva Patnas-Schildschwanz

Uva Patnas-skjoldhale

1921 Rhinophis drummondhayi Wall

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis erangaviraji

Rakwana Hills Shieldtail, (Eranga Viraj's Shieldtail)

Rakwana-Schildschwanz

Rakwana-skjoldhale

2009 Rhinophis erangaviraji Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Wickramasinghe & Ranwella

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis fergusonianus

Cardamom Shieldtail

Cardamom-Schildschwanz

Cardamom-skjoldhale

1896 Rhinophis fergusonianus Boulenger

Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Rhinophis goweri

Bodamalai Shieldtail

Bodamali-Schildschwanz

Bodamali-skjoldhale

2013 Rhinophis goweri Aengals & Ganesh

Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).


Rhinophis gunasekarai

Matale Shieldtail

Matale-Schildschwanz

Matale-skjoldhale

2020 Rhinophis gunasekarai Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Wickramasinghe & Gower

Distribution: Sri Lanka.





Rhinophis homolepis

Even-scaled Shieldtail, (Hemprich's Shieldtail)

Gleichschuppige Schildschwanz

Ensskællet Skjoldhale

1820 Anguis homolepis Hemprich
Rhinophis homolepis Hemprich 1829
1853 Dapatnaya trevelyanii Kelaart (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)
Rhinophis trevelyanus [unjustified emendation] Günther 1864
1858 Mitylia gerrardi Gray (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)

Other common names:
trevelyana: Trevelyan's Shieldtail
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of trevelyanii (e.g., Gans 1966). McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré (1999) explained the confusion of the taxonomic history of this species.
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis lineatus

Striped Shieldtail, (Striped Rhinophis)

Gestreifte Schildschwanz

Stribet Skjoldhale

2011 Rhinophis lineatus Gower & Maduwage

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis melanogaster

Sri Lankan Black-bellied Shieldtail, (Gray's Shieldtail)

Srilankanische Schwarzbauch-Schildschwanz

Srilankansk Sortbuget Skjoldhale

1858 Mytilia melanogaster Gray
Rhinophis melanogaster Smith 1943
Silybura melanogaster Beddome 1886
Uropeltis melanogaster Smith 1943

Remarks: Reassigned to the genus Rhinophis by Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera (2016).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis melanoleucus

Lakkidi Shieldtail

Lakkidi-Schildschwanz

Lakkidi-skjoldhale

2020 Rhinophis melanoleucus Cyriac, Narayanan, Sampaio, Umesh & Gower

Distribution: India (Kerala).





Rhinophis mendisi

Balangoda Shieldtail

Balangoda-Schildschwanz

Balangoda-skjoldhale

2020 Rhinophis mendisi Gower

Distribution: Sri Lanka.





Rhinophis oxyrynchus

Sharp-nosed Shieldtail, (Schneider's Shieldtail)

Gewöhnliche Scharfschnauzen-Schildschwanz

Almindelig Skarpsnudet Skjoldhale

1801 Anguis oxyrynchus Schneider
Rhinophis oxyrhynchos [unjustified emendation] Wagler 1830
Pseudotyphlops oxirhynchus [unjustified emendation] Schlegel 1839
Typhlops oxyrhinchus [unjustified emendation] Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854
1853 Dapatnaya lankadivana Kelaart (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)
1858 Mytilia unimaculata Gray (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)

Remarks: The type locality of this species ("Trankebar", India) is presumably incorrect (Whitaker & Captain 2004). Most authors have misspelled the species name (Williams & Wallach 1989).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis philippinus

Sri Lankan Hill Shieldtail, (Peter's Shieldtail)

Srilankanische Hochland-Schildschwanz

Srilankansk Højlands-skjoldhale

1829 Typhlops philippinus Cuvier
Rhinophis philippinus Müller 1832
Rhinophis homolepis philippinus Mahendra 1984
1861 Rhinophis planiceps Peters (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis phillipsi

Gammaduva Shieldtail, (Phillips' Shieldtail)

Gammaduva-Schildschwanz

Gammaduva-skjoldhale

1929 Silybura phillipsi Nicholls
Uropeltis phillipsi Smith 1943
Rhinophis phillipsi Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis porrectus

Elongate Shieldtail, (Willey's Shieldtail)

Grazile Schildschwanz

Slank Skjoldhale

1921 Rhinophis porrectus Wall

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of punctatus (e.g., Gans 1966). Revalidated by Silva (1980), followed by others (e.g.; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis punctatus

Spotted Shieldtail, (Müller's Shieldtail)

Gefleckte Schildschwanz

Plettet Skjoldhale

1832 Rhinophis punctatus Müller

Remarks: Previously included porrectus (e.g., Gans 1966).
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis roshanpererai

Badulla Shieldtail

Badulla-Schildschwanz

Badulla-skjoldhale

2017 Rhinophis roshanpererai Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Rajeev & Gower

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis saffragamus

Greater Shieldtail, Large Shieldtail

Große Schildschwanz

Stor Skjoldhale

1832 Uropeltis philippinus Müller [not Typhlops philippinus Cuvier 1829]
Pseudotyphlops philippinus Schlegel 1829
1853 Uropeltis saffragamus Kelaart
Rhinophis saffragamus Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016
1853 Uropeltis grandis Kelaart (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)
1853 Uropeltis pardalis Kelaart (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)

Remarks: Until recently placed in a separate genus and referred to as Pseudotyphlops philippinus. When Pseudotyphlops was synonymized with Rhinophis (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016), a new species name was needed for philippinus since there was already another species in the genus with the same specific epithet, Rhinophis philippinus (see above). The latter species was described earlier than Pseudotyphlops philippinus, which gives it nomenclatural priority. The next available name for Pseudotyphlops philippinus was Uropeltis saffragamus, thus making Pseudotyphlops philippinus become Rhinophis saffragamus.
Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis sanguineus

Red-tailed Shieldtail, (Red-bellied Shieldtail)

Rotschwanz-Schildschwanz

Rødhalet Skjoldhale

1863 Rhinophis sanguineus Beddome
1863 Rhinophis microlepis Beddome (Pyron, Ganesh, Sayyed, Sharma, Wallach & Somaweera 2016)

Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Rhinophis travancoricus

Travancore Shieldtail

Travancore-Schildschwanz

Travancore-skjoldhale

1893 Rhinophis travancoricus Boulenger

Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu).


Rhinophis tricoloratus

Ratnapura Shieldtail

Ratnapura-Schildschwanz

Ratnapura-skjoldhale

1975 Rhinophis tricolorata Deraniyagala

Distribution: Sri Lanka.


Rhinophis zigzag

Zigzag Shieldtail

Zigzag-Schildschwanz

Zigzag-skjoldhale

2011 Rhinophis zigzag Gower & Maduwage

Distribution: Sri Lanka.