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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Iguanidae
Bibliography of the genus Brachylophus
Biodiversity of the family Iguanidae


Fiji Iguanas, Pacific Islands Iguanas, Banded Iguanas



1829 Brachylophus Cuvier in Guérin-Ménville (type species: Iguana fasciata Brongniart 1800)
1862 Chloroscartes Günther (type species: Chloroscartes fasciatus Günther 1862; syn. Etheridge 1982)
Contents: 4 species, all of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: Fiji.

Brachylophus bulabula

Fijian Red-eyed Iguana, (Fijian Banded Iguana)


Rødøjet Fijileguan

2008 Brachylophus bulabula Keogh, Edwards, Fisher & Harlow

Remarks: This species represents most populations of what was previously assigned to fasciatus. Although the species identity of the populations from many islands still needs to be verified, all previous records outside the current range of fasciatus (Lau Islands, Moala Islands) are provisionally assigned to bulabula, following the suggested range map provided by Keogh, Edwards, Fisher & Harlow (2008). Records of both bulabula (e.g., Keogh, Edwards, Fisher & Harlow 2008) and fasciatus (e.g., Zug 1991 [based on map]; Morrison 2005) from Gau Island refer to gau (Fisher, Niukula, Watling & Harlow 2017).
Introduced to: Vanuatu.
Distribution: Fiji.

Brachylophus bulabula
© Rune Midtgaard

Brachylophus fasciatus

Lau Banded Iguana, (Fijian Banded Iguana)

Gebänderter Fidschileguan, Kurzkammleguan

Båndet Fijileguan

1800 Iguana fasciata Brongniart
Agama fasciata Daudin 1802
Brachylophus fasciatus Cuvier 1829
Hypsilophus fasciatus Fitzinger 1843
1862 Chloroscartes fasciatus Günther [not Iguana fasciata Brongniart 1800] (Etheridge 1982)
1970 Brachylophus brevicephalus Avery & Tanner (Gibbons 1981)

Remarks: The native range of this species is now restricted to the Lau Islands and the Moala Islands in Fiji, although it has also been introduced to Tonga (Zug 1991, 2013). Most older records refer to bulabula (see remarks under that species), both Fijian records and records from Vanuatu (Ineich 2009). Records of both bulabula and fasciatus from Gau Island refer to gau (Fisher, Niukula, Watling & Harlow 2017). Records from Wallis Islands are erroneous (Ineich & Fisher 2016).
Introduced to: New Caledonia (Grande Terre), Tonga.
Distribution: Fiji.

Brachylophus gau

Gau Iguana



2017 Brachylophus gau Fisher, Niukula, Watling & Harlow

Distribution: Fiji (Gau Island).

Brachylophus vitiensis

Fijian Crested Iguana


Kammet Fijileguan

1981 Brachylophus vitiensis Gibbons

Distribution: Fiji.

Brachylophus vitiensis
© Rune Midtgaard