Taxonomy: families
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Lizards (Sauria)


Marine Iguana

Fiji Iguanas

Yucatan Spiny-tailed Iguanas

Galapagos Land Iguanas

Northern Spiny-tailed Iguanas

Caribbean Ground Iguanas

Desert Iguanas

Green Iguanas

North American Chuckwallas

Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (
Latest update: May 12th, 2024.

Biodiversity of the family Iguanidae Bibliography of the family Iguanidae


Greater Iguanas
Grossleguane*     Storleguaner*

Contents: Endemicity:
9 genera of which 3 (33.3%) are endemic  0% 100%
47 species of which 34 (72.3%) are endemic  0% 100%

Remarks: Previously included the genera now assigned to the families Corytophanidae, Crotaphytidae, Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Leiocephalidae, Leiosauridae, Liolaemidae, Opluridae, Phrynosomatidae, Polychrotidae, and Tropiduridae. Frost & Etheridge (1989) proposed a division of the family Iguanidae (sensu lato) into eight separate families, later followed by another work (Frost, Etheridge, Janies & Titus 2001) in which the number of families was raised to eleven. Although these arrangements have been followed by most authors, others have retained the traditional classification (e.g., Hedges & Vidal in Hedges & Kumar 2009). See further discussion in Macey, Larson, Ananjeva & Papenfuss (1997).

Distribution:  North, Central, and South America, West Indies, Galapagos, Fiji.

Reported from:
Anguilla, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador (incl. Galapagos Islands), El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, USA, Venezuela, Wallis & Futuna.