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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Iguanidae
Bibliography of the genus Conolophus
Biodiversity of the family Iguanidae


Galapagos Land Iguanas


Landleguaner, Kamleguaner, Drusehoveder

1834 Conolophus Fitzinger (type species: Amblyrhynchus demarlii Dumeril & Bibron 1837)
1845 Trachycephalus Gray (type species: Amblyrhynchus subcristatus Gray 1831; syn. Etheridge 1982)
Contents: 3 species, all of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: Galapagos Islands (Baltra, Fernandina, Isabela, Plaza Sur, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, South Seymour).

Conolophus marthae

Galapagos Pink Land Iguana



2009 Conolophus marthae Gentile & Snell

Distribution: Galapagos Islands (Isabela).

Conolophus pallidus

Santa Fé Land Iguana, Barrington Island Land Iguana


Santa Fé-landleguan

1903 Conolophus pallidus Heller

Distribution: Galapagos Islands (Santa Fe).

Conolophus subcristatus

Galapagos Crested Land Iguana, (Galapagos Land Iguana)


Kammet Landleguan

1831 Amblyrhynchus subcristatus Gray
Trachycephalus subcristatus Gray 1845
Conolophus subcristatus Steindachner 1876
1837 Amblyrhynchus demarlii Duméril & Bibron (Etheridge 1982)
Hypsilophus demarlii Fitzinger 1843
1899 Conolophus subcristatus pictus Rothschild & Hartert (Van Denburgh & Slevin 1913)

Remarks: The population on Baltra is repatriated, and the one on South Seymour is translocated (Zug 2013). Previously occurred also on Rabida and Santiago (Zug 2013).
Extinct in: Galapagos Islands (Rabida, Santiago).
Distribution: Galapagos Islands (Baltra, Fernandina, Isabela, Plaza Sur, Santa Cruz, South Seymour).