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Taxonomy of the family Pareidae
Bibliography of the genus Xylophis
Biodiversity of the family Pareidae


Narrow-headed Snakes, Small-headed Snakes



1853 Platypteryx Dumeril [not Platypteryx Laspeyres 1803 (Insecta)] (type species: Platypteryx perroteti Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
1878 Xylophis Beddome (type species: Xylophis indicus Beddome 1878)
Contents: 5 species, all of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Suprageneric taxonomy of this genus has been confused. Previously assigned to Dipsadidae (Dipsadinae) (e.g., Underwood 1967), Xenodermidae (e.g., McDowell 1987; Wallach 1998; Zaher 1999; Vidal 2002; Lawson, Slowinski, Crother & Burbrink 2005; Cundall & Irish 2008, p. 556, 576; Zaher, Grazziotin, Cadle, Murphy, Moura-Leite & Bonatto 2009; Pyron, Burbrink & Wiens 2013; Dowling & Pinou 2003), Colubrinae (Cundall & Irish 2008, p. 645), or it has been regarded as an elapoid genus incertae sedis (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Transferred to the family Pareidae by Deepak, Ruane & Gower (2018).
Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu).

Xylophis captaini

Kannam Narrow-headed Snake



2008 Xylophis captaini Gower & Winkler

Remarks: Previously confused with deepaki.
Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu).

Xylophis deepaki

Marthandam Narrow-headed Snake, (Deepak's Wood Snake)



2021 Xylophis deepaki Narayanan, Mohapatra, Balan, Das & Gower

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of captaini.
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).

Xylophis mosaicus

Anaimalai Narrow-headed Snake, Anaimalai Wood Snake



2020 Xylophis mosaicus Deepak, Narayanan, Das, Rajkumar, Easa, Sreejith & Gower

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of perroteti.
Distribution: India (Kerala).

Xylophis perroteti

Spotted Narrow-headed Snake, (Striped Narrow-headed Snake)

Gefleckte Schmalkopfnatter

Plettet Smalhovedsnog

1854 Platypteryx perroteti Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Xylophis perroteti Boulenger 1890
1858 Rhabdosoma microcephalum GŁnther (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Previously included the population now assigned to mosaicus.
Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu).

Xylophis stenorhynchus

Striped Narrow-headed Snake, (GŁnther's Narrow-headed Snake)

Gestreifte Schmalkopfnatter

Stribet Smalhovedsnog

1875 Geophis stenorhynchus GŁnther
Xylophis stenorhynchus Boulenger 1890
1878 Xylophis indicus Beddome (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Although reported from Kerala (e.g., Easa & Ramachandran 2004; Inger, Shaffer, Koshy & Bakde 1984; Palot & Radhakrishnan 2003), the only exact record is in Tamil Nadu (Gower & Winkler 2007).
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu).