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Taxonomy of the family Chamaeleonidae
Bibliography of the genus Calumma
Biodiversity of the family Chamaeleonidae








Genus
Calumma

Madagascar Chameleons

Madagascarchamäleons

Madagascar-kamæleoner

1865 Calumma Gray (type species: Chamaeleon cucullatus Gray 1831)
1865 Crassonota Gray (type species: Chamaeleon nasutus Dumeril & Bibron 1836; syn. Klaver & Böhme 1997)
Contents: 42 species, all of which are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included Archaius. Formerly assigned to Chamaeleo (e.g., Mertens 1966). Grammatical gender of Calumma is neuter, not feminine, as previously thought (Lutzmann & Lutzmann (2004; Walbröl & Walbröl 2004; Glaw & Vences 2007).
Introduced to: Mauritius.
Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).

Calumma amber

Amber Chameleon

Bernstein-Chamäleon

Rav-kamæleon

2006 Calumma amber Raxworthy & Nussbaum

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma ambreense

Mount Ambre Chameleon

Ambre-Gebirgschamäleon

Ambre-bjergkamæleon

1974 Chamaeleo oshaughnessyi ambreensis Ramanantsoa
Calumma oshaughnessyi ambreense Walbröl & Walbröl 2004
Calumma ambreense Glaw & Vences 2007

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma andringitraense

Andringitra Belly-striped Chameleon

Andringitra-Chamäleon

Andringitra-bugstribekamæleon

1972 Chamaeleo gastrotaenia andringitraensis Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue
Calumma gastrotaenia andringitraensis Klaver & Böhme 1997
Calumma andringitraensis Böhme 1997
Calumma andringitraense Walbröl & Walbröl 2004

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma boettgeri

Nosy Bé Chameleon, (Boettger's Chameleon)

Nosy Bé-Chamäleon

Nosy Be-kamæleon

1888 Chamaeleon boettgeri Boulenger
Chamaeleo boettgeri Mertens 1966
Calumma boettgeri Klaver & Böhme 1986
1903 Chamaeleo macrorhinus Barbour (Mocquard 1909; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).


Calumma brevicorne

East Coast Short-horned Chameleon

Kurzhorn-Chamäleon

Østlig Korthornet Kamæleon

1879 Chamaeleon brevicornis Günther
Chamaeleo brevicornis Brygoo 1971
Calumma brevicornis Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma brevicorne Walbröl & Walbröl 2004
1970 Chamaeleo brevicornis tsarafidyi Brygoo & Domergue (Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Remarks: Previously included hilleniusi.
Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma capuroni

Anosyennes Chameleon

Anosyennes-Chamäleon

Anosyennes-kamæleon

1972 Chamaeleo capuroni Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue
Calumma capuroni Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma crypticum

Cryptic Chameleon

Kryptische Chamäleon

Kryptisk Kamæleon

2006 Calumma crypticum Raxworthy & Nussbaum

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma cucullatum

Hooded Chameleon

Kapuzen-Chamäleon

Hættekamæleon

1831 Chamaeleon cucullatus Gray
Chamaeleo cucullatus Mertens 1966
Calumma cucullata Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma cucullatum Walbröl & Walbröl 2004

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma emelinae

Angozongahy Nosed Chameleon

Angozongahy-Schnauzen-Chamäleon

Angozongahy-snudekamæleon

2020 Calumma emelinae Prötzel, Scherz, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma fallax

Ikongo Chameleon

Ikongo-Chamäleon

Ikongo-kamæleon

1900 Chamaeleon fallax Mocquard
Chamaeleo fallax Mertens 1966
Calumma fallax Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma furcifer

Fork-nosed Chameleon

Gabelschnauzen-Chamäleon

Gaffelsnudet Kamæleon

1880 Chamaeleon furcifer Vaillant & Grandidier
Chamaeleon furcifer Werner 1911
Calumma furcifer Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma furciferum Walbröl & Walbröl 2004 [unjustified emendation]
1913 Chamaeleon chauvini Methuen & Hewitt (Angel 1942; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma gallus

Mahanoro Chameleon

Mahanoro-Chamäleon

Mahanoro-kamæleon

1877 Chamaeleon gallus Günther
Chamaeleo gallus Mertens 1966
Calumma gallus Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma gastrotaenia

Common Belly-striped Chameleon, Short-nosed Chameleon

Gewöhnliche Bauchstreifen-Chamäleon

Almindelig Bugstribekamæleon

1888 Chamaeleon gastrotaenia Boulenger
Chamaeleo gastrotaenia Brygoo 1971
Calumma gastrotaenia Klaver & Böhme 1986
1900 Chamaeleon grandidieri Mocquard (Werner 1902; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma gehringi

Bealanana Chameleon

Bealanana-Chamäleon

Bealanana-kamæleon

2017 Calumma gehringi Prötzel, Vences, Scherz, Vieites & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma glawi

Vohiparara Chameleon

Vohiparara-Chamäleon

Vohiparara-kamæleon

1997 Calumma glawi Böhme

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma globifer

Antananarivo Chameleon

Antananarivo-Chamäleon

Antananarivo-kamæleon

1879 Chamaeleon globifer Günther
Chamaeleo globifer Mertens 1966
Calumma globifer Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma globiferum Walbröl & Walbröl 2004 [unjustified emendation]

Introduced to: Indonesia (Bali).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma guibei

Tsaratanana Nosed Chameleon

Tsaratanana-Schnauzen-Chamäleon

Tsaratanana-snudekamæleon

1959 Chamaeleo guibei Hillenius
Calumma guibei Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma guillaumeti

Highland Belly-striped Chameleon

Hochland-Bauchstreifen-Chamäleon

Højlands-bugstribekamæleon

1973 Chamaeleo gastrotaenia guillaumeti Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue
Calumma gastrotaenia guillaumeti Klaver & Böhme 1997
Calumma guillaumeti Böhme 1997

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma hafahafa

Bizarre-nosed Chameleon

Bizarrschnauzen-Chamäleon

Bizarsnudet Kamæleon

2006 Calumma hafahafa Raxworthy & Nussbaum

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma hilleniusi

Ankaratra Short-horned Chameleon, (Hillenius' Short-horned Chameleon)

Ankaratra-Kurzhorn-Chamäleon

Ankaratra Korthornet Kamæleon

1973 Chamaeleo brevicornis hilleniusi Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue
Calumma hilleniusi Glaw & Vences 1994
Calumma brevicornis hilleniusi Klaver & Böhme 1997

Remarks: Although indicating that hilleniusi might be a separate species, Klaver & Böhme (1997) listed the taxon as a subspecies of brevicornis.
Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma jejy

Marojejy Peak Chameleon

Marojejy-Gipfelchamäleon

Marojejy-bjergkamæleon

2006 Calumma jejy Raxworthy & Nussbaum

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma juliae

Moramanga Chameleon

Moramanga-Chamäleon

Moramanga-kamæleon

2018 Calumma juliae Prötzel, Hawlitschek, Scherz, Ratsoavina & Glaw 2018

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma lefona

Spear-nosed Chameleon

Speernasen-Chamäleon

Spydnæset Kamæleon

2018 Calumma lefona Prötzel, Hawlitschek, Scherz, Ratsoavina & Glaw 2018

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma linotum

Ambatondradama Crestless Chameleon

Ambatondradama-Chamäleon

Ambatondradama-kamæleon

1924 Chamaeleon linotus Müller
Chamaeleo linotus Mertens 1966
Calumma linota Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma linotum Walbröl & Walbröl 2004

Remarks: Previously considered a poorly defined species or a possible synonym of boettgeri. Validity as a separate species confirmed by Prötzel, Ruthensteiner, Scherz & Glaw (2015).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma malthe

Green-eared Chameleon

Grünohren-Chamäleon

Grønøret Kamæleon

1879 Chamaeleon malthe Günther
Chamaeleo malthe Mertens 1966
Calumma malthe Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma marojezense

Marojejy Stripe-bellied Chameleon

Marojejy-Bauchstreifen-Chamäleon

Marojejy-bugstribekamæleon

1970 Chamaeleo gastrotaenia marojezensis Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue
Calumma gastrotaenia marojezensis Klaver & Böhme 1997
Calumma marojezensis Böhme 1997
Calumma marojezense Walbröl & Walbröl 2004

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma nasutum

Andasibe Nosed Chameleon

Andasibe-Schnauzen-Chamäleon

Andasibe-snudekamæleon

1836 Chamaeleon nasutus Dumeril & Bibron
Chamaeleon nasutus Werner 1911
Chamaeleo nasutus Mertens 1966
Calumma nasuta Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma nasutum Walbröl & Walbröl 2004

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma oshaughnessyi

Betsileo Chameleon, (O'Shaughnessy's Chameleon)

Betsileo-Chamäleon

Bestsileo-kamæleon

1881 Chamaeleon o'shaughnessii Günther [incorrect original spelling]
Chamaeleo oshaughnessyi Mertens 1966
Calumma oshaughnessyi Klaver & Böhme 1986

Remarks: Previously included ambreense.
Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma parsonii

Green Giant Chameleon, (Parson's Chameleon)

Grüne Riesen-Chamäleon, (Parsons Chamäleon)

Grøn Kæmpekamæleon

1824 Chamael. parsonii Cuvier
Chamaeleon parsonii Werner 1911
Calumma parsonii Klaver & Böhme 1986
1832 Chamaeleo madecasseus Lesson (Duméril & Bibron 1836; Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1887 Chamaeleon parsonsii Boulenger [invalid emendation]
1913 Chamaeleon parsonii var. cristifer Methuen & Hewitt (Klaver & Böhme 1997)
Calumma parsonii cristifer Klaver & Böhme 1997
Calumma parsonii cristiferum Walbröl & Walbröl 2004 [unjustified emendation]

Introduced to: Indonesia (Bali), Mauritius.
Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma peltierorum

Mahajanga Chameleon, (Peltiers' Chameleon)

Mahajanga-Chamäleon

Mahajanga-kamæleon

2006 Calumma peltierorum Raxworthy & Nussbaum

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma peyrierasi

Mount Marojejy Slope Chameleon

Marojejy-Berghangchamäleon

Marojejy-bjergsidekamæleon

1973 Chamaeleo peyrierasi Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue
Calumma peyrierasi Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma radamanus

Ambatond'Radama Nosed Chameleon

Ambatond'Radama-Schnauzen-Chamäleon

Ambatond'Radama-snudekamæleon

1933 Chamaeleo radamanus Mertens
Calumma radamanus Prötzel, Scherz, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw 2020

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nasutum (e.g., Angel 1942; Mertens 1966; Klaver & Böhme 1997). Revalidated by Prötzel, Scherz, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw (2020).
Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma ratnasariae

Bealanana Nosed Chameleon

Bealanana-Schnauzen-Chamäleon

Bealanana-snudekamæleon

2020 Calumma ratnasariae Prötzel, Scherz, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma roaloko

Inaroka Chameleon, Two-toned Soft-nosed Chameleon

Inaroka-Chamäleon

Inaroka-kamæleon

2018 Calumma roaloko Prötzel, Lambert, Andrianasolo, Hutter, Cobb, Scherz & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma tarzan

Tarzan Chameleon

Tarzanchamäleon

Tarzan-kamæleon

2010 Calumma tarzan Gehring, Pabijan, Ratsoavina, Köhler, Vences & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma tjiasmantoi

Ranomafana Nosed Chameleon

Ranomafana-Schnauzen-Chamäleon

Ranomafana-snudekamæleon

2020 Calumma tjiasmantoi Prötzel, Scherz, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma tsaratananense

Tsaratanana Lobed Chameleon

Tsaratanana-Lappen-Chamäleon

Tsaratanana-lappekamæleon

1967 Chamaeleo tsaratananensis Brygoo & Domergue
Calumma tsaratananensis Klaver & Böhme 1986
Calumma tsaratananense Walbröl & Walbröl 2004

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma tsycorne

Blunt-nosed Chameleon

Kurzschnauzen-Chamäleon

Stumpsnudet Kamæleon

2006 Calumma tsycorne Raxworthy & Nussbaum

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma uetzi

Rainbow Chameleon

Regenbogen-Chamäleon

Regnbuekamæleon

2018 Calumma uetzi Prötzel, Hawlitschek, Scherz, Ratsoavina & Glaw 2018

Distribution: Madagascar.





Calumma vatosoa

Tsararano Chameleon

Tsararano-Chamäleon

Tsararano-kamæleon

2001 Calumma vatosoa Andreone, Mattioli, Jesu & Randrianirina

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma vencesi

Ambolokopatrika Chameleon

Ambolokopatrika-Chamäleon

Ambolokopatrika-kamæleon

2001 Calumma vencesi Andreone, Mattioli, Jesu & Randrianirina

Distribution: Madagascar.


Calumma vohibola

Vohibola Chameleon

Vohibola-Chamäleon

Vohibola-kamæleon

2011 Calumma vohibola Gehring, Ratsoavina, Vences & Glaw

Distribution: Madagascar.