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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Corytophanidae
Bibliography of the genus Corytophanes
Biodiversity of the family Corytophanidae








Genus
Corytophanes

Helmeted Basilisks, Helmeted Iguanas

Helmleguane

Hjelmbasilisker*, Hjelmleguaner

1827 Corytophanes Boie (type species: Agama cristata Merrem 1821)
1830 Corythophanes Wagler [emendation]
1831 Chamaeleopsis Wiegmann (type species: Chamaeleopsis hernandezii Wiegmann 1831; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
Contents: 3 species, none of which are endemic.
Distribution: Mexico, Central America, NW. South America.
Reported from: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama.

Corytophanes cristatus

Smooth-headed Helmeted Basilisk, Elegant Helmeted Basilisk

Glattköpfige Helmleguan*

Glathovedet Hjelmbasilisk*

1820 Agama cristata Merrem
Corytophanes cristatus Boie 1827*
1833 Corythophanes cristatus Gravenhorst 1833

Distribution: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama.


Corytophanes hernandesii

Forest Helmeted Basilisk, (Hernandez' Helmeted Basilisk)

Nordvestliche Helmleguan*

Nordvestlig Hjelmbasilisk*

1831 Chamaeleopsis hernandesii Wiegmann
Corytophanes hernandesii Fitzinger 1843
1837 Corythophanes chamaeleopsis Duméril & Bibron (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1856 Corythophanes hernandezii Lichtenstein & von Martens 1856 [invalid emendation]
1874 Corythophanes mexicanus Bocourt [substitute name for Chamaeleopsis hernandesii Wiegmann 1831] (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Remarks: Smith (1971) credited Deppe (1830) as the author of this species, however, this was rejected by McCranie, Townsend & Wilson (2004). The latter authors, along with Bauer & Adler (2001), are followed herein, considering Wiegmann (1831) to be the author, although it is not clear whether Gray (1831) [also refered to as "Wiegmann in Gray" (1831)] may have predated Wiegmann (1831).
Specific epithet sometimes incorrectly spelled "hernandezii" (e.g., Lichtenstein & von Martens 1956; Beltrán 1953; Pérez-Higareda 1981; Alvarez del Toro 1982; Ramirez-Bautista, Flores-Villela & Casas-Andreu 1982; McCranie & Espinal 1998).
Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Yucatan).


Corytophanes percarinatus

Keeled Helmeted Basilisk

Gekielte Helmleguan*

Křlskćllet Hjelmbasilisk*

1856 Corythophanes percarinatus Dumeril

Remarks: A record from Ecuador is regarded as doubtful.
Distribution: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas).