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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Macroprotodon
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae


False Smooth Snakes, Hooded Snakes


Eurasiske Hættesnoge

1850 Macroprotodon Dumeril & Bibron (type species: Macroprotodon mauritanicus Guichenot 1850)
Contents: 4 species, none of which are endemic.
Remarks: Species limits within the genus have been subject of much confusion. See Wade (2001) for a review.
Distribution: N. Africa, S. Europe, Israel.
Reported from: Algeria, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Gibraltar, Israel, Italy (Pelagie Islands: Lampedusa), Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Western Sahara.

Macroprotodon abubakeri

Oran False Smooth Snake*



2001 Macroprotodon abubakeri Wade

Remarks: Previously confused with all three other species of Macroprotodon. See Wade (2001) for a review.
Distribution: Algeria, Morocco.

Macroprotodon brevis

Western False Smooth Snake, Iberian False Smooth Snake

Iberische Kapuzennatter

Vestlig Hættesnog*

1862 Coronella brevis Günther
Macroprotodon cucullatus brevis Pasteur & Bons 1960
Macroprotodon brevis Wade 2001
1990 Macroprotodon cucullatus ibericus Busack & McCoy
Macroprotodon brevis ibericus Carranza, Arnold, Wade & Fahd 2004

Distribution: Gibraltar, Morocco, Portugal, Spain.

Macroprotodon cucullatus

Eastern False Smooth Snake, African False Smooth Snake, Hooded Snake, Mediterranean Hooded Snake, Cowl Snake

Östliche Kapuzennatter*

Østlig Hættesnog*

1809 Coluber cucullatus Geoffroy
Lycognathus cucullatus Duméril & Bibron 1854
Coronella cucullata Günther 1858
Psammophylax cucullatus Jan 1862
Macroprotodon cucullatus Haimann 1822
1854 Lycognathus textilis Duméril & Bibron (Wade 2011)
Coronella textilis Strauch 1862
Psammophylax cucullatus textilis Jan & Sordelli 1866
Macroprotodon textilis Rochebrune 1884
Macroprotodon cucullatus textilis Vasconcelos & Harris 2006
1882 Macroprotodon maroccanus Peters (Böhme (ed.) 1999)
1927 Macroprotodon cucullatus melanocephala Mosauer & Wallis (Wade 2011)

Remarks: Previously included brevis, mauritanicus, and populations now assigned to abubakeri. A record from Mauritania (Boulenger 1919; repeated by Kramer & Schnurrenberger 1963; Papenfuss 1969; and Schleich, Kästle & Kabisch 1996) was probably based on specimens from Morocco (Padial 2006).
Distribution: Algeria, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Israel, Italy (Pelagie Islands: Lampedusa), Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara.

Macroprotodon mauritanicus

Algerian False Smooth Snake*

Nordafrikanische Kapuzennatter

Algiersk Hættesnog*

1850 Macroprotodon mauritanicus Guichenot
Macroprotodon cucullatus mauritanicus Wade 1988
1854 Lycognathus taeniatus Duméril & Bibron (Wade 2011)
Coronella taeniata Strauch 1862

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Wade (2001).
Introduced to: Spain (Balearic Islands [Mallorca, Minorca]).
Distribution: Algeria, Tunisia.