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ę Rune Midtgaard

Taxonomy of the family Amphisbaenidae
Bibliography of the genus Monopeltis
Biodiversity of the family Amphisbaenidae


Spade-snouted Worm Lizards, (Wedge-snouted Worm Lizard)

Spatenschnńuzige Doppelschleichen*

Spadesnudede Orme°gler*, Enkeltskjoldede Orme°gler

1848 Monopeltis Smith (type species: Monopeltis capensis Smith 1848)
1852 Phractogonus Hallowell (type species: Phractogonus galeatus Hallowell 1852; syn. Gans 2005)
1865 Monotrophis Gray (type species: Monopeltis capensis Smith 1848; syn. Gans 2005)

Contents: 20 species, of which 5 (25.0%) are endemic.
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis adercae

Lualaba Spade-snouted Worm Lizard



1953 Monopeltis adercae Witte
1956 Monopeltis adercai Laurent [emendation]

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.

Monopeltis anchietae

Mossamedes Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*, (Angolan Spade-snouted Worm Lizard, Anchietaĺs Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)



1873 Lepidosternon anchietae Bocage
Monopeltis anchietae Boulenger 1885
1910 Monopeltis quadriscutata Werner (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)
1931 Monopeltis okavangensis Monard (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)
1937 Monopeltis devisi Monard (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia.

Monopeltis capensis

Cape Spade-snouted Worm Lizard



1848 Monopeltis capensis Smith
Monotrophis capensis Gray 1865
Lepidosternon capense Strauch 1881

Distribution: Botswana, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Limpopo, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis decosteri

Delagoa Bay Worm Lizard, (De Coster's Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)

Delagoa Bay-Doppelschleiche*

Delagoa Bay-orme°gle*

1910 Monopeltis decosteri Boulenger

Distribution: Mozambique, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga), Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis galeata

Helmeted Spade-snouted Worm Lizard, Gabon Helmeted Worm Lizard, (Hallowell's Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)

Spatenschnńuzige Helm-Doppelschleiche*


1852 Phractogonus galeatus Hallowell
Lepidosternum galeatum Strauch 1881
Monopeltis galeata Boulenger 1885
1879 Monopeltis magnipartitus Peters (Gans & Lehman 1973)
1881 Lepidosternum dumerilii Strauch (Gans & Lehman 1973)
1903 Monopeltis boveei Mocquard (Gans & Lehman 1973)
1903 Monopeltis unirostralis Mocquard (Gans & Lehman 1973)

Distribution: Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon.

Monopeltis guentheri

Western Congo Worm Lizard

Westkongolesische Doppelschleiche*

Vestcongolesisk Spadesnudet Orme°gle*

1885 Monopeltis guentheri Boulenger
1887 Monopeltis boulengeri Boettger (Gans & Latifi 1971)

Distribution: Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa.

Monopeltis infuscata

Dusky Spade-snouted Worm Lizard, Infuscate Spade-snouted Worm Lizard

Dunkle Spatenschnńuzige Doppelschleiche*

M°rk Spadesnudet Orme°gle*

1997 Monopeltis infuscata Broadley

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis jugularis

Equatorial Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*, (Gabon Spade-snouted Worm Lizard, Peters' Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)

─kvatoriale Spatenschnńuzige Doppelschleiche*

Ăkvatorial Spadesnudet Orme°gle*

1880 Monopeltis jugularis Peters
Lepidosternon jugulare Strauch 1881
1881 Lepidosternon koppenfelsii Strauch (Gans & Lehman 1973)
1893 Monopeltis semipunctata Boettger (Gans & Lehman 1973)

Remarks: Erroneously reported from Gabon (Pauwels & Vande weghe 2008).
Distribution: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni).

Monopeltis kabindae

Cabinda Spade-snouted Worm Lizard



1942 Monopeltis kabindae Witte & Laurent

Distribution: Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa.

Monopeltis leonhardi

Kalahari Spade-snouted Worm Lizard, (Leonhard's Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)


Spadesnudet Kalahari-orme°gle*

1910 Monopeltis leonhardi Werner
1932 Monopeltis vernayi FitzSimons (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)

Distribution: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (Limpopo, Northern Cape), Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis luandae

Luanda Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*



1976 Monopeltis luandae Gans

Distribution: Angola.

Monopeltis mauricei

Botswana Spade-snouted Worm Lizard, (Maurice Worm Lizard)



1935 Monopeltis mauricei Parker
Monopeltis sphenorhynchus mauricei Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of sphenorhynchus (e.g., Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976). Revalidated as a separate species by Broadley (2001).
Distribution: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa (North West Province, Northern Cape), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis perplexus

Western Angolan Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*

Westangolische Doppelschleiche*

Vestangolansk Spadesnudet Orme°gle*

1976 Monopeltis perplexus Gans

Distribution: Angola.

Monopeltis remaclei

Lukulu Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*, (Witte's Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)



1933 Monopeltis remaclei Witte

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.

Monopeltis rhodesiana

Zimbabwe Spade-snouted Worm Lizard


Zimbabweansk Orme°gle*

1976 Monopeltis capensis rhodesianus Broadley, Gans & Visser
Monopeltis rhodesianus Broadley 1988

Distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis scalper

Carved Spade-snouted Worm Lizard



1876 Phractogonus scalper GŘnther
Lepidosternon scalprum Strauch 1881
Monopeltis scalper Boulenger 1885
1913 Monopeltis gerardi Boulenger (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)
Monopeltis scalper gerardi Laurent 1964
1954 Monopeltis scalper bulsi Laurent

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.

Monopeltis schoutedeni

Kunungu Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*, (Middle Congo Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)



1933 Monopeltis schoutedeni Witte

Distribution: Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Gabon.

Monopeltis sphenorhynchus

Slender Spade-snouted Worm Lizard

Grazile Spatenschnńuzige Doppelschleiche*

Slank Spadesnudet Orme°gle*

1879 Monopeltis sphenorhynchus Peters
Lepidosternon sphenorhynchus Strauch 1881
1937 Monopeltis capensis gazei Fitzsimons (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)
1937 Monopeltis habenichti Fitzsimons (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)
1941 Monopeltis ocularis Fitzsimons (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)

Other common names:
habenichti: Manhinga Worm Lizard
ocularis: Bechuanaland Worm Lizard
Remarks: Previously included mauricei. The status of a single record from Northern Cape is uncertain (Bates, Branch, Bauer, Burger, Marais, Alexander & Villiers [eds.] 2014).
Distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago), Namibia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Northern Cape), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Monopeltis vanderysti

Wombali Spade-snouted Worm Lizard*, (Vanderyst Spade-snouted Worm Lizard)



1922 Monopeltis vanderysti Witte
1922 Monopeltis lujae Witte (Broadley, Gans & Visser 1976)
1954 Monopeltis vanderysti closei Laurent
1954 Monopeltis vanderysti vilhenai Laurent

Distribution: Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa.

Monopeltis zambezensis

Zambezi Spade-snouted Worm Lizard


Spadesnudet Zambezi-orme°gle*

1974 Monopeltis zambezensis Gans & Broadley

Remarks: May occur in Mozambique, for which country it was mentioned by Schneider, Buramuge, Aliasse & Serfontein (2005), however, the two sources this was based on actually did not specifically claim that the species is found in Mozambique. Vouchers are needed to confirm its presence in the country.
Distribution: Zambia, Zimbabwe.