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© Rune Midtgaard

Taxonomy of the family Carphodactylidae
Bibliography of the genus Nephrurus
Biodiversity of the family Carphodactylidae


Knob-tailed Geckos, Kidney-tailed Geckos, (Barking Geckos)

Knopfschwanzgeckos, Keulenschwanzgeckos


1876 Nephrurus Günther (type species: Nephrurus asper Günther 1876)
Contents: 10 species, all of which are endemic.
Remarks: Bauer (1990) included Underwoodisaurus in this genus, but the change was not followed by Cogger (1992, 1996).
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia).

Nephrurus amyae

Centralian Knob-tailed Gecko, (Rough Knob-tailed Gecko, Spiny Knob-tailed Gecko)

Zentralaustralischer Knopfschwanzgecko

Centralaustralsk Nyrehalegekko

1994 Nephrurus amyae Couper & Gregson

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory).

Nephrurus asper

Eastern Prickly Knob-tailed Gecko, (Rough Knob-tailed Gecko, Spiny Knob-tailed Gecko)

Östlicher Knopfschwanzgecko

Østlig Nyrehalegekko

1876 Nephrurus asper Günther

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Nephrurus cinctus

Northern Banded Knob-tailed Gecko

Nördliche Gebänderter Knopfschwanzgecko

Nordlig Båndet Nyrehalegekko

1963 Nephrurus wheeleri cinctus Storr
Nephrurus cinctus Wells & Wellington 1984

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of wheeleri. Raised to status as a separate species by Kealley, Doughty, Edwards & Brennan (2020), although already Wells & Wellington (1984) had regarded it as such.
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).

Nephrurus deleani

Pernatty Knob-tailed Gecko



1983 Nephrurus deleani Harvey

Distribution: Australia (South Australia).

Nephrurus laevissimus

Pale Knob-tailed Gecko, (Smooth Knob-tailed Gecko)

Heller Knopfschwanzgecko

Lys Nyrehalegekko

1958 Nephrurus laevissimus Mertens

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia).

Nephrurus levis

Three-lined Knob-tailed Gecko, (Smooth Knob-tailed Gecko)


Trebåndet Nyrehalegekko

1886 Nephrurus levis Vis
1886 Nephrurus platyurus Boulenger (Bauer 1994)
1887 Nephrurus laevis Boulenger [emendation] (Bauer 1994)
1963 Nephrurus levis occidentalis Storr
Nephrurus occidentalis Wells & Wellington 1984
1963 Nephrurus levis pilbarensis Storr
Nephrurus pilbarensis Wells & Wellington 1984

Other common names:
occidentalis: West Coast Knob-tailed Gecko
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia).

Nephrurus sheai

Northern Knob-tailed Gecko, (Spiny Knob-tailed Gecko)

Nördlicher Knopfschwanzgecko

Nordlig Nyrehalegekko

1994 Nephrurus sheai Couper & Gregson

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia).

Nephrurus stellatus

Starred Knob-tailed Gecko, Spotted Knob-tailed Gecko, Southern Knob-tailed Gecko, Stellate Knob-tailed Gecko

Gepunkteter Knopfschwanzgecko

Prikket Nyrehalegekko

1968 Nephrurus stellatus Storr

Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Western Australia).

Nephrurus vertebralis

Midline Knob-tailed Gecko


Rygstribet Nyrehalegekko

1963 Nephrurus vertebralis Storr

Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).

Nephrurus wheeleri

Southern Banded Knob-tailed Gecko

Südliche Gebänderter Knopfschwanzgecko

Sydlig Båndet Nyrehalegekko

1932 Nephrurus wheeleri Loveridge

Remarks: Previously included cinctus.
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).