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Taxonomy of the family Anguidae
Bibliography of the genus Ophisaurus
Biodiversity of the family Anguidae








Genus
Ophisaurus

North American Glass Lizards, (Glass Snakes)

Nordamerikanische Glasschleichen

Nordamerikanske Glasøgler*

1803 Ophisaurus Daudin (type species: Anguis ventralis Linnaeus 1766)
1811 Bipes Oppel [not Bipes Latreille 1802 (Bipedidae)] (type species: Bipes pallasii Oppel 1811 [nomen nudum]; syn. Wermuth 1969)
1820 Hyalinus Merrem (type species: Anguis ventralis Linnaeus 1766; syn. Wermuth 1969)
Contents: 6 species, all of which are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included Dopasia, Hyalosaurus and Pseudopus. Klembara (1981) resurrected Pseudopus on the basis of paleontological evidence. Macey, Schulte, Larson, Tuniyev, Orlov & Papenfuss (1999) found Ophisaurus to be paraphyletic, leaving two options: either to include all species of the subfamily Anguinae in the genus Anguis, or to separate the genera Hyalosaurus and Pseudopus from Ophisaurus. Most recent works seem to follow the latter arrangement (e.g., Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008), although some have retained the traditional nomenclature (e.g., Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000).
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin).

Ophisaurus attenuatus

Slender Glass Lizard

Schlanke Glasschleiche

Slank Glasøgle*

1880 Ophisaurus ventralis attenuatus Baird
Ophisaurus attenuatus Boulenger 1885
1880 Ophisaurus ventralis attenuatus var. sulcatus Cope (Schmidt 1953)
1952 Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus McConkey
Ophisaurus longicaudus Collins 1991

Other common names:
attenuatus: Western Slender Glass Lizard
longicaudus: Eastern Slender Glass Lizard
Remarks: Collins (1991) suggested recognition of longicaudus as a separate species. This has only been followed by few authors (e.g., Smith 1994).
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin).


Ophisaurus ceroni

Veracruz Glass Lizard*, (Ceron's Glass Lizard)

Veracruz-Glasschleiche*

Veracruz-glasøgle*

1965 Ophisaurus ceroni Holman

Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz).


Ophisaurus compressus

Island Glass Lizard

Küstenglasschleiche

Kyst-glasøgle*

1900 Ophisaurus ventralis compressus Cope
Ophisaurus compressus McConkey 1952

Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia, South Carolina).


Ophisaurus incomptus

Plain-necked Glass Lizard

San Luis Potosí-Glasschleiche*

San Luis Potosí-glasøgle*

1955 Ophisaurus incomptus McConkey

Remarks: A specimen from Veracruz, tentatively assigned to incomptus by McConkey (1955), was based on ceroni (Holman 1965).
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas).


Ophisaurus mimicus

Mimic Glass Lizard

Mimik-Glasschleiche*

Mimik-glasøgle*

1987 Ophisaurus mimicus Palmer

Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina).


Ophisaurus ventralis

Eastern Glass Lizard

Östliche Glasschleiche

Østlig Glasøgle*

1766 Anguis ventralis Linnaeus
Ophisaurus ventralis Daudin 1803
1829 Ophisaurus punctatus Cuvier [nomen nudum] (Boulenger 1885)
1829 Ophisaurus striatulus Cuvier [nomen nudum] (Boulenger 1885)
1838 Ophisaurus lineatus Gray (Boulenger 1885)

Introduced to: Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman).
Remarks: Gentry's (1956) record of ventralis in Tennessee probably refers to attenuatus, which he does not include for the state. These two species were confused until the 1950's. According to Holman (1971) and Conant & Collins (1991) only attenuatus occurs in Tennessee. McConkey (1954) listed records from Missouri which Anderson (1965) regarded as questionable, but fossil specimens have subsequently been found near St. Louis (Holman 1971). Introduced and possibly established in Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands (Schwartz & Henderson 1991).
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Virginia).