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Taxonomy of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]
Bibliography of the genus Pseudonaja
Biodiversity of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]








Genus
Pseudonaja

Australian Brown Snakes

Australische Braunschlangen*, Braunottern, Australische Scheinkobras

Australske Brunslanger*

1858 Pseudonaja Günther (type species: Pseudonaja nuchalis Günther 1858)
1861 Euprepiosoma Fitzinger (type species: Furina textilis Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
2002 Dugitophis Wells (type species: Pseudonaja affinis Günther 1872)
2002 Notopseudonaja Wells (type species: Cacophis modesta Günther 1872; syn. Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)
2002 Placidaserpens Wells (type species: Demansia guttata Parker 1926; syn. Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)
Contents: 9 species, of which 8 (88.9%) are endemic.
Distribution: New Guinea, Australia.
Reported from: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia), Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Pseudonaja affinis

Dugite, Spotted Brown Snake

Gefleckte Braunschlange*

Plettet Brunslange*

1872 Pseudonaja affinis Günther
Demansia textilis affinis Loveridge 1944
Demansia nuchalis affinis Worrell 1961
Pseudonaja nuchalis affinis Worrell 1963
1961 Demansia nuchalis tanneri Worrell
Pseudonaja nuchalis tanneri Worrell 1963
Pseudonaja affinis tanneri Storr, Smith & Johnstone 1986
Pseudonaja tanneri Wells & Wellington 1984
1989 Pseudonaja affinis exilis Storr
2009 Pseudonaja affinis charlespiersoni Hoser

Other common names:
exilis: Rottnest Island Dugite
tanneri: Recherche Island Dugite, Tanner's Brown Snake
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Western Australia).


Pseudonaja aspidorhyncha

Shield-fronted Brown Snake, Strap-snouted Brown Snake, Patch-nosed Brown Snake

Schildnasen-Braunschlange*

Skjoldnæse-brunslange*

1879 Diemenia aspidorhyncha McCoy
Pseudonaja aspidorhyncha Wells & Wellington 1984
1915 Diemenia carinata Longman (Skinner 2009)
Pseudonaja carinata Wells & Wellington 1985
1951 Demansia acutirostris Mitchell (Skinner 2009)
Pseudonaja acutirostris Wells & Wellington 1985
2002 Pseudonaja gowi Wells (Skinner 2009; Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nuchalis (e.g., Golay & al. 1993). Revalidated by Skinner (2009). Exact range unclear, pending a review of museum specimens assigned to "nuchalis" which may represent aspidorhyncha, mengdeni, or nuchalis (in restricted sense) (Wilson & Swan 2010).
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria).


Pseudonaja guttata

Speckled Brown Snake

Gesprenkelte Braunschlange*

Spættet Brunslange*

1926 Demansia guttata Parker
Pseudonaja guttata Worrell 1963
2009 Pseudonaja guttata whybrowi Hoser

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia).


Pseudonaja inframacula

Peninsula Brown Snake

Südaustralische Braunschlange*

Sydaustralsk Brunslange*

1925 Demansia textilis inframacula Waite
Pseudonaja textilis inframacula Worrell 1963
Pseudonaja affinis inframacula Storr, Smith & Johnstone 1986
Pseudonaja inframaculata [lapsus] Wells & Wellington 1984
Pseudonaja inframacula Wells & Wellington 1985

Distribution: Australia (South Australia).


Pseudonaja ingrami

Blue-mouthed Brown Snake*, (Ingram's Brown Snake)

Blaumaul-Braunschlange*

Blåmundet Brunslange*

1908 Diemenia ingrami Boulenger
Demansia ingrami Kinghorn 1964
Pseudonaja ingrami Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia).


Pseudonaja mengdeni

Western Brown Snake, Gwardar, (Mengden's Brown Snake)

Westliche Braunschlange*

Vestlig Brunslange*

1985 Pseudonaja mengdeni Wells & Wellington
1985 Pseudonaja kellyi Wells & Wellington (Skinner 2009)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of nuchalis (e.g., Golay & al. 1993). Revalidated by Skinner (2009). Exact range unclear, pending a review of museum specimens assigned to "nuchalis" which may represent aspidorhyncha, mengdeni, or nuchalis (in the restricted sense) (Wilson & Swan 2010).
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia).


Pseudonaja modesta

Ringed Brown Snake, Five-ringed Snake

Ring-Braunschlange*

Ring-brunslange*

1872 Cacophis modesta Günther
Diemenia modesta Boulenger 1896
Demansia modesta Loveridge 1934
Pseudonaja modesta Wells & Wellington 1985
1884 Brachysoma sutherlandi De Vis (Golay & al. 1993)
Pseudelaps sutherlandi Boulenger 1896
Pseudonaja sutherlandi Wells & Wellington 1984
1885 Furina ramsayi Macleay [not Hoplocephalus ramsayi Krefft 1864] (Golay & al. 1993)
Pseudonaja ramsayi Wells & Wellington 1984
2013 Notopseudonaja modesta wellsi Hoser

Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia).


Pseudonaja nuchalis

Northern Brown Snake, Collared Brown Snake, (Gwardar, Western Brown Snake)

Nördliche Braunschlange*

Nordlig Brunslange*

1858 Pseudonaja nuchalis Günther
Diemenia nuchalis Boulenger 1896
Demansia textilis nuchalis Loveridge 1934
Demansia nuchalis Glauert 1950
1911 Pseudelaps bancrofti De Vis (Skinner 2009)
Pseudonaja bancrofti Wells & Wellington 1985
1985 Pseudonaja imperitor Wells & Wellington (Skinner 2009)
1985 Pseudonaja jukesi Wells & Wellington (Skinner 2009)
1985 Pseudonaja vanderstraateni Wells & Wellington (Skinner 2009)

Remarks: Previously included aspidorhyncha and mengdeni (e.g., Golay & al. 1993). Exact range unclear, pending a review of museum specimens assigned to "nuchalis" which may represent aspidorhyncha, mengdeni, or nuchalis (in the restricted sense) (Wilson & Swan 2010), but currently restricted to northern Australia (Skinner 2009; Wilson & Swan 2010), hence no longer known as Western Brown Snake or Gwardar, which are names now used for mengdeni.
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia).


Pseudonaja textilis

Eastern Brown Snake, Common Brown Snake

Östliche Braunschlange, Gewöhnliche Braunschlange

Østlig Brunslange*

1854 Furina textilis Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Pseudonaja textilis Krefft 1862
Pseudoelaps textilis Jan in Jan & Sordelli 1872
Diemenia textilis Boulenger 1896
1856 Pseudoelaps superciliosus Fischer (Skinner 2009)
Demansia superciliosa Peters 1863
Diemenia superciliosa Günther 1863
1858 Demansia annulata Günther (Skinner 2009)
1859 Pseudoelaps sordellii Jan (Skinner 2009)
1862 Diemansia kubingii Günther (Skinner 2009)
Diemenia kubingii Müller 1885
1863 Pseudoelaps superciliosus beckeri Jan (Skinner 2009)
Pseudoelaps beckeri Jan in Jan & Sordelli 1872
1867 Cacophis güntheri Steindachner (Skinner 2009)
1867 Diemenia superciliaris McCoy (Golay & al. 1993)
1879 Furina bicucullata McCoy (Skinner 2009)
Pseudonaja bicucullata Wells & Wellington 1985
1896 Pseudechis cupreus Boulenger (Skinner 2009)
Cannia cuprea Wells & Wellington 1984
1985 Pseudonaja ohnoi Wells & Wellington (Skinner 2009)
2003 Pseudonaja elliotti Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)
2003 Pseudonaja textilis pughi Hoser
2009 Pseudonaja textilis cliveevatti Hoser
2009 Pseudonaja textilis jackyhoserae Hoser
2009 Pseudonaja textilis leswilliamsi Hoser
2009 Pseudonaja textilis rollinsoni Hoser

Remarks: O'Shea, Doria, Petri & Kaiser (2016) reported a specimen collected in Papua New Guinea and accessioned to Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Genova, Italy, in 1876. The specimen confirms that the species is not a wartime or post-war introduction to New Guinea, as often assumed in earlier publications, but naturally occurring populations.
Introduced to: New Zealand.
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia, Victoria), Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).