312 Family Elapidae [part 1: terrestrial species] (Cobras, Mambas, etc.) / RepFocus
Taxonomy: families
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Snakes (Serpentes)

   Genera


Acanthophis
Death Adders


Antaioserpens
Robust Burrowing Snakes


Aspidelaps
Shield-nosed Cobras


Aspidomorphus
Papuan Crowned Snakes


Austrelaps
Australian Copperheads


Brachyurophis
Australian Shovel-nosed Snakes


Bungarus
Kraits


Cacophis
Australian Dwarf Crowned Snakes


Calliophis
South Asian Coral Snakes


Demansia
Australian-Papuan Whip Snakes


Dendroaspis
Mambas


Denisonia
Mud Adder & Ornamental Snake


Drysdalia
Australian Crowned Snakes


Echiopsis
Bardick


Elapognathus
Western Crowned Snake, etc.


Elapsoidea
African Garter Snakes


Furina
Australian Naped Snakes


Hemachatus
Ring-necked Spitting Cobra


Hemiaspis
Australian Swamp Snakes


Hemibungarus
Barred Coral Snakes


Hoplocephalus
Broad-headed Snakes


Leptomicrurus
Black-backed Coral Snakes


Loveridgelaps
Solomons Small-eyed Snake


Micropechis
Papuan Small-eyed Snake


Micruroides
Western Coral Snake


Micrurus
American Coral Snakes


Naja
Typical Cobras


Neelaps
Australian Black-naped Snake, etc.


Notechis
Australian Tiger Snake


Ogmodon
Fijian Burrowing Snake


Ophiophagus
King Cobra


Oxyuranus
Taipans


Parapistocalamus
Bougainville Coral Snake


Paroplocephalus
Lake Cronin Snake


Pseudechis
Australian Black Snakes & King Brown Snakes


Pseudohaje
Tree Cobras


Pseudonaja
Australian Brown Snakes


Rhinoplocephalus
Australian Small-eyed Snakes


Salomonelaps
Solomon Islands Coral Snake


Simoselaps
Australian Coral Snakes


Sinomicrurus
East Asian Coral Snakes


Suta
Australian Hooded Snakes & Curl Snakes


Toxicocalamus
Papuan Worm-eating Snakes


Tropidechis
Rough-scaled Snake


Vermicella
Bandy-bandys


Walterinnesia
Black Desert Cobras



Biodiversity of the family Elapidae
(part 1: terrestrial species)
Bibliography of the family Elapidae
(part 1: terrestrial species)

Elapidae
(part 1: terrestrial species)
Cobras, Mambas, etc.
Giftnattern     Giftsnoge




Contents:
  312 species of which 182 (58.3%) are endemic - 47 genera of which 23 (48.9%) are endemic (as of December 31st, 2018).

Remarks: In addition to the terrestrial species, the family Elapidae now includes the sea snakes, formerly considered as one or two separate family, Hydrophiidae and (or including) Laticaudidae. Current knowledge support the inclusion of all these snakes in one family, Elapidae, separating them only on the subfamily level (e.g., Goin, Goin & Zug 1978; Slowinski, Knight & Rooney 1997; Pyron, Burbrink & Wiens 2013; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Nevertheless, the sea snakes are clearly distinguishable from the terrestrial species, even to layman, in their morphological adaptation of the oar-shaped tail to their almost strictly marine life style and habitat. For this reason, the terrestrial and marine species are treated separately herein, although recognized as part of the same family. Of historical interest, Smith, Smith & Sawin (1977), based on unpublished material from Samuel McDowell, completely rearranged the taxonomy of Elapidae and Hydrophiidae, retaining both families, but resulting in an arrangement which included terrestrial as well as marine genera in both families. For suggested classifications placing genera outside the family Elapidae, see under each genus.

Distribution:  North America, Central America, South America, Africa, Middle East, S. Asia, Malay Archipelago, Australia, W. Pacific Ocean.

Reported from:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.