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Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Scelotes
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Scelotes

Dwarf Burrowing Skinks

Zwergwühlskinke*

Dværggraveskinker*

1826 Scelotes Fitzinger (type species: Bipes anguineus Merrem 1820)
1830 Zygnis Wagler [not Zygnis Oken 1816 (nomen rejectum); not Zygnis Fitzinger 1826 (Reptilia: Scincidae)] (type species: Anguis bipes Linnaeus 1766; syn. Greer 1970)
1849 Lithophilus Smith [not Lithophilus Frölich 1799] (type species: Lithophilus inornatus Smith 1849; syn. Greer 1970)
1854 Herpetosaura Peters (type species: Herpetosaura arenicola Peters 1854; syn. Greer 1970)
1861 Sepomorphus Peters (type species: Sepomorphus caffer Peters 1861; syn. Greer 1970)
1887 Herpetoseps Boulenger (type species: Herpetoseps anguinus Boulenger 1887; syn. Greer 1970)
Contents: 21 species, of which 14 (66.7%) are endemic. In addition to this, 1 endemic species (guentheri) is considered extinct.
Distribution: S. and E. Africa.
Reported from: Botswana, Eswatini, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua]), Namibia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, Western Cape), Tanzania, Zimbabwe.

Scelotes anguina

Algoa Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Algoa-Zwergwühlskink*

Algoa-dværggraveskink*

1887 Herpetoseps anguinus Boulenger
Herpetosaura anguina Boulenger 1910
Scelotes anguina Hewitt 1921
Scelotes anguineus Branch 1998

Remarks: Specific epithet spelt anguineus by some authors (e.g., Branch 1998; Bates, Branch, Bauer, Burger, Marais, Alexander & Villiers [eds.] 2014).
Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape).


Scelotes arenicolus

Zululand Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Zululand-Zwergwühlskink*

Zululand-dværggraveskink*

1854 Herpetosaura arenicola Peters
Scelotes arenicola Boulenger 1887
1849 Lithophilus bicolor Smith (Branch & Bauer 2005; Bauer 2016)
Scelotes bicolor Boulenger 1887

Distribution: Mozambique, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).


Scelotes bidigittatus

Lowveld Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Lowveld-Zwergwühlskink*

Lowveld-dværggraveskink*

1930 Scelotes bidigittatus Fitzsimons
Herpetosaura bidigittata Witte & Laurent 1943

Distribution: Eswatini, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga).


Scelotes bipes

Silvery Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Silberne Zwergwühlskink*

Sølv-dværggraveskink*

1766 Anguis bipes Linnaeus
Lacerta bipes Gmelin 1789
Chamaesaura bipes Schneider 1799
Scelotes bipes Gray 1845
1802 Seps schneideri Daudin (Witte & Laurent 1943)
1820 Bipes anguineus Merrem (Witte & Laurent 1943)
1839 Scelotes linnaei Duméril & Bibron (Witte & Laurent 1943)
1939 Scelotes bipes namaquensis Fitzsimons (Fitzsimons 1943; Witte & Laurent 1943)

Distribution: South Africa (Western Cape).


Scelotes bourquini

Natal Dwarf Burrowing Skink*, (Bourquin's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Natal-Zwergwühlskink*

Natal-dværggraveskink*

1994 Scelotes bourquini Broadley

Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).


Scelotes caffer

Cape Three-toed Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Dreizehiger Zwergwühlskink*

Tretået Dværggraveskink*

1861 Sepomorphus caffer Peters
Scelotes ? caffer Boulenger 1887
Scelotes caffer Boulenger 1910
Herpetosaura caffer Witte & Laurent 1943
1887 Scelotes tridactylus Boulenger (Fitzsimons 1943)
Herpetosaura tridactyla Witte & Laurent 1943

Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Scelotes capensis

Namibian Dwarf Burrowing Skink, Western Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Namibischer Zwergwühlskink*

Namibisk Dværggraveskink*

1849 Gongylus capensis Smith
Seps capensis Günther 1871
Scelotes capensis Boulenger 1887
Herpetosaura capensis Witte & Laurent 1943
1907 Sepsina weberi Roux (Fitzsimons 1943)
Herpetosaura weberi Witte & Laurent 1943
1929 Scelotes capensis depressus Hewitt (Fitzsimons 1943)
Herpetosaura capensis depressa Witte & Laurent 1943

Distribution: Namibia, South Africa (Northern Cape).


Scelotes duttoni

Benguerua Island Dwarf Burrowing Skink*, (Dutton's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Benguerua-Zwergwühlskink*

Benguerua-dværggraveskink*

1990 Scelotes duttoni Broadley

Distribution: Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua]).


Scelotes farquharsoni

Quedeni Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Quedeni-Zwergwühlskink

Quedeni-dværggraveskink

2020 Scelotes farquharsoni Raw

Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).





Scelotes fitzsimonsi

Kosi Bay Dwarf Burrowing Skink*, (FitzSimons's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Kosi-Zwergwühlskink*

Kosi-dværggraveskink*

1994 Scelotes fitzsimonsi Broadley

Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).


Scelotes gronovii

Cape One-toed Dwarf Burrowing Skink*, (Gronovi's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Einzehiger Zwergwühlskink*

Entået Dværggraveskink*

1802 Seps gronovii Daudin
Scelotes gronovii Boulenger 1898

Remarks: Heideman, Mulcahy, Sites, Hendricks & Daniels (2011) redefined species boundaries within the genus Scelotes and restricted the range of the already threatened kasneri and gronovii.
Distribution: South Africa (Western Cape).


Scelotes guentheri (extinct)

Durban Dwarf Burrowing Skink*, (Günther's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Durban-Zwergwühlskink*

Durban-dværggraveskink*

1887 Scelotes guentheri Boulenger
Herpetosaura güntheri Witte & Laurent 1943

Remarks: Considered extinct (Bauer, Conradie & Marais 2018). No specimens of this species have been found in over 130 years, despite directed searches near the type locality.
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).


Scelotes inornatus

Durban Dwarf Burrowing Skink, South African Plain Skink, (Smith's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Schmuckloser Zwergwühlskink*

Prydløs Dværggraveskink*

1849 Lithophilus inornatus Smith
Herpetosaura inornata Günther 1873
Scelotes inornatus Boulenger 1887
1921 Scelotes natalensis Hewitt (Broadley 1994)
Herpetosaura natalensis Witte & Laurent 1943

Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).


Scelotes insularis

Bazaruto Archipelago Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Bazaruto-Zwergwühlskink*

Bazaruto-dværggraveskink*

1990 Scelotes arenicola insularis Broadley
Scelotes insularis Broadley 1994

Distribution: Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [incl. Benguerua]).


Scelotes kasneri

Cape Two-toed Dwarf Burrowing Skink*, (Kasner's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Zweizehiger Zwergwühlskink*

Totået Dværggraveskink*

1939 Scelotes kasneri Fitzsimons

Remarks: Heideman, Mulcahy, Sites, Hendricks & Daniels (2011) redefined species boundaries within the genus Scelotes and restricted the range of the already threatened kasneri and gronovii.
Distribution: South Africa (Western Cape).


Scelotes limpopoensis

Limpopo Dwarf Burrowing Skink, Limpopo Sand Skink

Limpopo-Zwergwühlskink*

Limpopo-dværggraveskink*

1930 Scelotes limpopoensis Fitzsimons
Herpetosaura limpopoensis Witte & Laurent 1943
1987 Scelotes limpopoensis albiventris Jacobsen

Other common names:
albiventris: White-bellied Dwarf Burrowing Skink
Distribution: Botswana, South Africa (Limpopo), Zimbabwe.


Scelotes mirus

Montane Dwarf Burrowing Skink, Transvaal Sand Skink

Hochland-Zwergwühlskink*

Højlands-dværggraveskink*

1907 Herpetosaura mira Roux
Scelotes mira Hewitt 1921

Distribution: Eswatini, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga).


Scelotes montispectus

Bloubergstrand Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Bloubergstrand-Zwergwühlskink*

Bloubergstrand-dværggraveskink*

2003 Scelotes montispectus Bauer, Whiting & Sadlier

Distribution: South Africa (Western Cape).


Scelotes mossambicus

Mozambique Dwarf Burrowing Skink, (Hewitt's Dwarf Burrowing Skink)

Mosambikanischer Zwergwühlskink*

Mozambiqisk Dværggraveskink*

1882 Herpetosaura inornata var. mossambica Peters
Scelotes inornatus mossambicus Bruton & Haacke 1980
Scelotes mossambicus Broadley 1994
1925 Scelotes brevipes Hewitt (Broadley 1994)
Herpetosaura brevipes Witte & Laurent 1943

Distribution: Eswatini, Mozambique, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga).


Scelotes sexlineatus

Striped Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Gestreifter Zwergwühlskink*

Stribet Dværggraveskink*

1824 Seps sexlineatus Harlan
Scelotes bipes sexlineatus Welch 1982
Scelotes sexlineatus Branch 1988

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of bipes (e.g., Witte & Laurent 1943).
Distribution: South Africa (Northern Cape, Western Cape).


Scelotes uluguruensis

Uluguru Dwarf Burrowing Skink, Uluguru Fossorial Skink, Uluguru Five-toed Scelotes

Uluguru-Zwergwühlskink*

Uluguru-dværggraveskink*

1928 Scelotes uluguruensis Barbour & Loveridge
Proscelotes uluguruensis Witte & Laurent 1943

Distribution: Tanzania.


Scelotes vestigifer

Coastal Dwarf Burrowing Skink

Küsten-Zwergwühlskink*

Kyst-dværggraveskink*

1994 Scelotes vestigifer Broadley

Distribution: Mozambique, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).