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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Siphlophis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Siphlophis

Liana Snakes

Amerikanische Lianennattern

Sydamerikanske Liansnoge*

1827 Lycodon Boie in Boie [not Lycodon Boie in Fitzinger 1826 (Serpentes); not Lycodon Boie in Boie 1826 (Serpentes)] (type species: Coluber audax Daudin 1803)
1843 Siphlophis Fitzinger (type species: Coluber audax Daudin 1803)
1843 Tripanurgos Fitzinger (type species: Coluber leucocephalus Mikan 1820; syn. Zaher & Prudente 2003)
1853 Lycognathus Dumeril (type species: Coluber audax Daudin 1803)
1935 Callopistria Amaral (type species: Callopistria rubrovertebralis Amaral 1935)
1940 Alleidophis Prado (type species: Alleidophis worontzowi Prado 1940)
Contents: 7 species, of which 4 (57.1%) are endemic.
Distribution: S. Central America, South America.
Reported from: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Sao Sebastiao]), Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.

Siphlophis ayauma

Devil's Head Liana Snake*, Devil's Head Spotted Night Snake

Teufelkopf-Lianennatter*

Djævlehoved-liansnog*

2014 Siphlophis ayauma Sheehy, Yánez-Muñoz, Valencia & Smith

Distribution: Ecuador.


Siphlophis cervinus

Common Liana Snake, Checker-bellied Snake, Checkerbelly

Gewöhnliche Lianennatter*

Almindelig Sydamerikansk Liansnog*

1768 Coronella cervina Laurenti
Lycognathus cervinus Werner 1924
Siphlophis cervinus Hoge 1964
1803 Coluber audax Daudin (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1820 Coluber maximiliani Merrem (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1854 Lycognathus scolopax Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1916 Clelia euprepa Griffin (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1920 Drepanodon attenuatus Barbour & Noble (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Siphlophis compressus

Red-headed Liana Snake*, Red-headed Water Snake, Red Vine Snake, Tropical Flat Snake

Rotkopf-Lianennatter*

Rødhovedet Liansnog*, Rødøjet Træsnog

1803 Coluber compressus Daudin
Trypanurgos compressus [sic] Boulenger 1896
Tripanurgos compressus Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
Siphlophis compressus Zaher & Prudente 1999
1820 Coluber leucocephalus Mikan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Remarks: The localities in Roraima mentioned by Zaher & Prudente (1999) are actually in Rondonia.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Roraima, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Siphlophis leucocephalus

White-headed Liana Snake*, Common Spotted Night Snake

Weißkopf-Lianennatter*

Hvidhovedet Liansnog*

1863 Leptodira leucocephala Günther
Siphlophis leucocephalus Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970
1896 Lycognathus rhombeatus Boulenger (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Goias, Minas Gerais, Tocantins).


Siphlophis longicaudatus

Long-tailed Liana Snake*

Langschwanz-Lianennatter*

Langhalet Liansnog*

1907 Tropidodipsas longicaudata Andersson
Dipsas longicaudata Peters 1960
Siphlophis longicaudatus Hoge 1964
1964 Siphlophis cinereus Lema (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Goias, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo).


Siphlophis pulcher

Guanabara Liana Snake*, Guanabara Spotted Night Snake

Guanabara-Lianennatter*

Guanabara-liansnog*

1820 Coluber pulcher Raddi
Siphlophis pulcher Hoge 1964
1854 Lycognathus geminatus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1863 Oxyrhopus rhombeatus Peters (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1935 Callopistria rubrovertebralis Amaral (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Sao Sebastiao]).


Siphlophis worontzowi

Amazon Liana Snake*, (Worontzow's Spotted Night Snake)

Amazonas-Lianennatter*

Sydlig Amazonas-liansnog*

1940 Alleidophis worontzowi Prado
Siphlophis worontzowi Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Remarks: There is an unverifiable record from Mato Grosso do Sul (Vechio, Junior, Neto & Rodrigues 2015). The locality in Roraima mentioned by Zaher & Prudente (1999) is actually in Rondonia.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Tocantins), Peru.