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Taxonomy of the genus Alsophis Biodiversity of the family Colubridae

Bibliography of the genus
Alsophis (Eastern Caribbean Racers)

(Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae)

Note: In order to limit redundancy, relevant literature indexed in the related bibliographies in the left column may not have been included in this page. For a comprehensive search of literature, these bibliographies should therefore also be consulted.


Alsophis in general

Barbour, T. 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club 11: 73-85.

Burton, R.A. 1939. Some West Indian snakes of the genus Alsophis. Copeia 1939: 231.

Cadle, J.E. 1984. Molecular systematics of Neotropical xenodontine snakes. 1. South American xenodontines. Herpetologica 40(1): 8-20.

Crother, B.I. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships among West Indian xenodontine snakes (Serpentes; Colubridae) with comments on the phylogeny of some mainland xenodontines. Contemporary Herpetology 1999(2): (alpha.selu.edu/~pcsd4805/ch/1999/2/index/htm).

Garrido, O.H. 1980. Notas sobre mordidas dejubo, Alsophis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Miscelanea Zoologica (Havana) 11: 2-3.

Grant, C. 1932. The genus Alsophis in the Puerto Rico area. Journal Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 16: 149-151.

Hedges, S.B.; Couloux, A.; Vidal, N. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28.

Henderson, R.W. 2004. Lesser Antillean snake faunas: distribution, ecology, and conservation concerns. Oryx 38(3): 311-320.

Henderson, R.W.; Sajdak, R.A. 1996. Diets of West Indian Racers (Colubridae: Alsophis): composition and biogeographic implications. Contributions to Herpetology 12: 327-338.

Hubbs, C.L. 1932. The use of the generic name Ophis for an eel, a snake and a mollusc. Copeia 1932: 26-27.

Schwartz, A.; Thomas, R. 1960. Four new snakes (Tropidophis, Dromicus, Alsophis) from the Isla de Pinos and Cuba. Herpetologica 16: 73-90.

Thomas, R.A. 1977. A new generic arrangement for Incaspis and mainland South American Alsophis and the status of two additional Peruvian species. Copeia 1977(4): 648-652.

Zaher, H. 1999. Hemipenial morphology of the South American xenodontine snakes, with a proposal for a monophyletic Xenodontinae and a reappraisal of colubroid hemipenes. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 240: 1-168.

Zaher, H.; Grazziotin, F.G.; Cadle, J.E.; Murphy, R.W.; Moura-Leite, J.C. de; Bonatto, S.L. 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia (Sao Paulo) 49(11): 115-153.

Alsophis antiguae

Daltry, J.C. 2006. Control of the black rat Rattus rattus for the conservation of the Antiguan Racer Alsophis antiguae on Great Bird Island, Antigua. Conservation Evidence 3: 30-31.

Daltry, J.C. 2006. Reintroduction of the critically endangered Antiguan Racer Alsophis antiguae to Green Island, Antigua. Conservation Evidence 3: 38-40.

Daltry, J.C. 2006. Reintroduction of the critically endangered Antiguan Racer Alsophis antiguae to Rabbit Island, Antigua. Conservation Evidence 3: 35-37.

Daltry, J.C. 2006. The effect of black rat Rattus rattus control on the population of the Antiguan Racer snake Alsophis antiguae on Great Bird Island, Antigua. Conservation Evidence 3: 32-34.

Daltry, J.C.; Anthonyson, D.; Morton, M.N. 2010. Re-introduction of the Antiguan racer to offshore islands of Antigua, West Indies. pp. 98-103. In: Soorae, P.S. (ed.). Global re-introduction perspectives: 2010. Additional case-studies from around the globe. IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group, Abu Dhabi. 352 pp.

Daltry, J.C.; Bloxam, Q.; Cooper, G.; Day, M.L.; Hartley, J.; Henry, M.; Lindsay, K.; Smith, B.E. 2001. Five years of conserving the 'world's rarest snake', the Antiguan Racer Alsophis antiguae. Oryx 35(2): 119-127.

Daltry, J.C.; Lindsay, K.; Lawrence, S.N.; Morton, M.N.; Otto, A.; Thibou, A. 2017. Successful reintroduction of the critically endangered Antiguan racer Alsophis antiguae to offshore islands in Antigua, West Indies. International Zoo Yearbook 51(1): 97-106

Daltry, J.C.; Mayer, G.C. 2010. Alsophis antiguae. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. www.iucnredlist.org (viewed 20 November 2012).

Gibson, R.C. 1997. Conservation of the Antiguan Racer Alsophis antiguae. The captive component. pp. 81-90. In: Wilkie, A.H. (ed.). Reptile and amphibian culture: proceedings of the 1997 International Herpetological Society's Symposium. International Herpetological Society, Stourbridge. 96 pp.

Henderson, R.W. 1990. A new subspecies of Alsophis antiguae (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Great Bird Island (Antigua), Lesser Antilles. Caribbean Journal of Science 25(3-4) [1988]: 119-122.

Henderson, R.W.; Powell, R.; Daltry, J.C.; Day, M.L. 1996. Alsophis antiguae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 632: 1-3.

Meier, G. 2001. Íkologische Restaurierung von Inselbiotopen im Karibik-Staat Antigua. ZGAP Mitteilungen 17(2): 24-26.

Sajdak, R.A.; Henderson, R.W. 1991. Status of West Indian Racers in the Lesser Antilles. Oryx 25(1): 33-38.

Alsophis antillensis

Brongersma, L.D. 1937. Herpetological notes. XIV. The types of Psammophis antillensis Schlegel 1837. XV. The type of Dipsas dieperinkii Schlegel 1837, and the genus Pseustes Fitzinger 1843. XVI. On a small collection of Amphibia from Central East Borneo. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 1937(20): 1-10.

Grant, C. 1949. A new name for Alsophis antillensis. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 30 1946[1949]: 118-125.

Sajdak, R.A.; Henderson, R.W. 1991. Status of West Indian Racers in the Lesser Antilles. Oryx 25(1): 33-38.

Alsophis manselli

Buley, K.R. 2003. Natural history notes: Leptodactylus fallax (Mountain Chicken). Ophiophagy. Herpetological Review 34(4): 358-359.

Alsophis rijgersmaei

Howard, K.G.; Eaton, J.M.; Larimer, S.C.; Townsend, J.H. 2001. Geographic distribution: Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Herpetological Review 32(2): 121.

Powell, R.; Passaro, R.J.; Henderson, R.W. 1992. Noteworthy herpetological records from Saint Maarten, Netherlands Antilles. Caribbean Journal of Science 28(3-4): 234-235.

Questel, K. 2011. Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 23: 1.

Questel, K. 2013. Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Behavior. Caribbean Herpetology 48: 1.

Sajdak, R.A.; Henderson, R.W. 1991. Status of West Indian Racers in the Lesser Antilles. Oryx 25(1): 33-38.

Townsend, J.H.; Powell, R.; Henderson, R.W. 2000. Alsophis rijgersmaei. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 717: 717.1-717.3.

Alsophis rufiventris

Heinz, H.M.; Maley, A.J.; Savit, A.Z.; Henderson, R.W.; Powell, R. 2004. Behaviour and time allotment in the West Indian snake Alsophis rufiventris (Colubridae). Herpetological Bulletin 89: 22-25.

Heinz, H.M.; Savit, A.Z.; Maley, A.J.; Henderson, R.W.; Powell, R. 2005. Natural history notes: Alsophis rufiventris (Red-bellied Racer). Foraging and diet. Herpetological Review 36(2): 186-187.

Maley, A.J. 2004. Species profile: Red-bellied Racer (Alsophis rufiventris). Iguana (West Hartford) 11(3): 147.

Maley, A.J.; Savit, A.Z.; Heinz, H.M.; Powell, R.; Henderson, R.W. 2006. Alsophis rufiventris. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 818: 1-4.

Sajdak, R.A.; Henderson, R.W. 1991. Status of West Indian Racers in the Lesser Antilles. Oryx 25(1): 33-38.

Savit, A.Z.; Maley, A.J.; Heinz, H.M.; Henderson, R.W.; Powel, R. 2005. Distribution and activity periods of Alsophis rufiventris (Colubridae) on The Quill, St. Eustatius, Netherlands Antilles. Amphibia-Reptilia 26(3): 418-421.

Alsophis sibonius

Knapp, C.R.; Shirk, P.L. 2010. Natural history notes: Alsophis sibonius (NCN). Copulation. Herpetological Review 41(3): 361.

Muelleman, P.J.; White, L.A.; Henderson, R.W.; Powell, R. 2009. Activity patterns of Alsophis sibonius and Liophis juliae (Dipsadidae) in Cabrits National Park, Dominica, West Indies. South American Journal of Herpetology 4(1): 55-60.

White, L.A.; Muelleman, P.J.; Henderson, R.W.; Powell, R. 2008. Behaviour, time management, and foraging modes of a West Indian Racer, Alsophis sibonius. Herpetological Bulletin 106: 20-25.