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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Salvadora
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Salvadora

Patch-nosed Snakes

Pflasternasennattern

Flignæsesnoge

1853 Salvadora Baird (type species: Salvadora grahamiae Baird & Girard 1853)
Contents: 9 species, of which 4 (44.4%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: SW. USA, Mexico, N. Central America.
Reported from: Guatemala, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas), USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah).

Salvadora bairdii

Central Mexican Patch-nosed Snake, (Baird's Patch-nosed Snake)

Zentralmexicanische Pflasternasennatter

Centralmexicansk Flignæsesnog

1860 Salvadora bairdii Jan
1941 Salvadora bogerti Smith (syn. Hernández-Jiménez, Flores-Villela, Aguilar-Bremauntz & Campbell 2021)

Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas).


Salvadora deserticola

Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake

Big-Bend-Pflasternasennatter

Big Bend-flignæsesnog

1940 Salvadora hexalepis deserticola Schmidt
Salvadora deserticola Bogert & Degenhardt 1961
1941 Salvadora hexalepis celeris Smith (syn. Hernández-Jiménez, Flores-Villela, Aguilar-Bremauntz & Campbell 2021)

Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora), USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas).


Salvadora grahamiae

Mountain Patch-nosed Snake, Plateau Patch-nosed Snake, Eastern Patch-nosed Snake

Berg-Pflasternasennatter

Bjerg-flignæsesnog

1853 Salvadora grahamiae Baird & Girard

Remarks: Previously included lineata.
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, Veracruz), USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas).


Salvadora gymnorhachis

Mixe Patch-nosed Snake

Mixe-Pflasternasennatter

Mixe-flignæsesnog

2019 Salvadora gymnorhachis Hernández-Jiménez, Flores-Villela & Campbell

Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca).





Salvadora hexalepis

Western Patch-nosed Snake

Westliche Pflasternasennatter

Vestlig Flignæsesnog

1866 Phimothyra hexalepis Cope
Salvadora hexalepis Schmidt 1940
1935 Salvadora grahamiae virgultea Bogert
Salvadora hexalepis virgultea Schmidt 1940
1945 Salvadora hexalepis klauberi Bogert
1945 Salvadora hexalepis mojavensis Bogert

Other common names:
hexalepis: Desert Patch-nosed Snake
klauberi: Baja California Patch-nosed Snake
mojavensis: Mojave Patch-nosed Snake
virgultea: Coast Patch-nosed Snake
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur [incl. Isla Carmen], Sinaloa, Sonora), USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah).


Salvadora intermedia

Oaxacan Patch-nosed Snake

Oaxaca-Pflasternasennatter

Oaxaca-flignæsesnog

1940 Salvadora intermedia Hartweg
1941 Salvadora intermedia richardi Smith (syn. Hernández-Jiménez, Flores-Villela, Aguilar-Bremauntz & Campbell 2021)

Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla).


Salvadora lemniscata

Pacific Patch-nosed Snake

Pazifische Pflasternasennatter

Pacifisk Flignæsesnog

1890 Drymobius pulcherrimus Bocourt [not Masticophis pulcherrimus Cope 1874; syn. Hernández-Jiménez, Flores-Villela, Aguilar-Bremauntz & Campbell 2021]
Salvadora pulcherrima Smith 1939
1895 Drymobius lemniscatus Cope
Salvadora lemniscata Bogert 1939

Remarks: A record from Colima (Lemos-Espinal, Smith, Pierce & Painter 2020) refer to mexicana (Reyes-Velasco, Grünwald, Jones & Ahumada-Carrillo 2020).
Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca).


Salvadora lineata

Lined Patch-nosed Snake, Texas Patch-nosed Snake

Gestreifte Pflasternasennatter

Stribet Flignæsesnog

1940 Salvadora lineata Schmidt
Salvadora grahamiae lineata Hartweg 1940

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of grahamiae (e.g., Hartweg 1940). Revalidated as a separate species by Hernández-Jiménez, Flores-Villela, Aguilar-Bremauntz & Campbell (2021).
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas), USA (Texas).





Salvadora mexicana

Common Mexican Patch-nosed Snake

Gewöhnliche Mexicanische Pflasternasennatter

Almindelig Mexicansk Flignæsesnog

1854 Zamenis mexicanus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Salvadora mexicana Günther 1863

Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Zacatecas),