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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Kinosternidae
Bibliography of the genus Staurotypus
Biodiversity of the family Kinosternidae


Giant Musk Turtles, Cross-breasted Turtles, Mexican Musk Turtles



1830 Staurotypus Wagler (type species: Terrapene triporcata Wiegmann 1828)
1864 Stauremys Gray (type species: Staurotypus salvinii Gray 1864; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)

Contents: 2 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: S. Mexico, N. Central America.
Reported from: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz).

Staurotypus salvinii

Pacific Giant Musk Turtle, Pacific Coast Giant Musk Turtle, Chiapan Giant Musk Turtle, Central American Musk Turtle

Südliche Kreuzbrust-Schildkröte, (Salvin-Kreuzbrust-Schildkröte)

Sydlig Kæmpe-moskusskildpadde

1864 Staurotypus (Stauremys) salvinii Gray
Stauremys salvinii Gray 1870
1872 Staurotypus marmoratus Fischer (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1872 Staurotypus severus Cope (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Staurotypus severus Bocourt 1876

Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca).

Staurotypus salvinii
© Rune Midtgaard

Staurotypus triporcatus

Caribbean Giant Musk Turtle, Northern Giant Musk Turtle, Mexican Giant Musk Turtle, Mexican Cross-breasted Turtle, Three-keeled Musk Turtle

Grosse Kreuzbrust-Schildkröte

Nordlig Kæmpe-moskusskildpadde, Trekølet Mellemamerikansk Slamskildpadde

1828 Terrapene triporcata Wiegmann
Staurotypus triporcatus Wagler 1830
Emys triporcata Gray in Griffith 1831
Kinosternon triporcatum Gray 1831
Clemmys triporcata Fitzinger 1835
1872 Claudius pictus Cope (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz).