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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Tropidosaura
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae


South African Mountain Lizards


Sydafrikanske Bjergfirben

1826 Tropidosaura Fitzinger (type species: Lacerta montana Gray 1831)
1925 Basutosaura Hewitt (type species: Basutosaura cottrelli Hewitt 1925; syn. Fitzsimons 1943)
Contents: 4 species, of which 2 (50.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: Lesotho, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape).

Tropidosaura cottrelli

Drakensberg Mountain Lizard, (Cottrell's Mountain Lizard)



1925 Basutosaura cottrelli Hewitt
Tropidosaura cottrelli Fitzsimons 1943

Distribution: Lesotho, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal).

Tropidosaura essexi

Lesotho Mountain Lizard, (Essex's Mountain Lizard)



1927 Tropidosaura essexi Hewitt

Distribution: Lesotho, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal).

Tropidosaura gularis

Cape Mountain Lizard



1927 Tropidosaura gularis Hewitt

Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, Western Cape).

Tropidosaura montana

Common South African Mountain Lizard

Südafrikanische Gebirgseidechse

Almindeligt Sydafrikansk Bjergfirben

1831 Lacerta montana Gray
Tropidosaura montana Duméril & Bibron 1839
1839 Tropidosaura capensis Dumeril & Bibron (Berg 2017)
Notopholis ? capensis Gray 1845 (Fitzsimons 1943)
1849 ? Tropidosaura burchelli Smith (Fitzsimons 1943)
1926 Tropidosaura montana rangeri Hewitt
1947 Tropidosaura montana natalensis Fitzsimons

Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape).