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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Coniophanes
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Coniophanes

Black-striped Snakes

Schwarzstreifennattern

Sortstribesnoge

1860 Coniophanes Hallowell (type species: Coronella fissidens Günther 1858)
1863 Glaphyrophis Jan (type species: Glaphyrophis pictus Jan 1863)
1885 Hydrocalamus Cope (type species: Homalopsis quinque-vittatus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
Contents: 17 species, of which 11 (64.7%) are endemic.
Distribution: Texas, Mexico, Central America, NW. South America.
Reported from: Belize, Colombia (incl. San Andres), Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Guanaja, Roatan, Utila]), Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz {Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama, Peru, USA (Texas).

Coniophanes alvarezi

Chiapan Stripeless Snake

Ungestreifte Chiapas-Natter

Ustribet Chiapas-snog

1989 Coniophanes alvarezi Campbell

Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas).


Coniophanes andresensis

San Andres Yellow-bellied Snake, San Andres Ground Snake

Gelbbäuchige San-Andres-Natter

Gulbuget San Andres-snog

1937 Coniophanes fissidens andresensis Bailey
Coniophanes andresensis Dunn & Saxe 1950
1937 Coniophanes brevifrons Bailey (Dunn & Saxe 1950; Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Remarks: Also reported from Providencia Island (Daniel 1955), but presence there needs verification. Not mentioned by Flores-Villela & Smith (2009). Regarded as a synonym of fissidens by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014).
Distribution: Colombia (San Andres).


Coniophanes bipunctatus

Two-spotted Snake, Mottled-jaw Spot-bellied Snake

Zweifleckige Schwarzstreifennatter

Toplettet Sortstribesnog

1858 Coronella bipunctata Günther
Coniophanes bipunctatus Cope 1866
1863 Glaphyrophis pictus Jan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1940 Coniophanes bipunctatus biseriatus Smith

Other common names:
bipunctatus: Günther's Two-spotted Snake
biseriatus: Smith's Two-spotted Snake
Remarks: Not mentioned for San Luis Potosi by Lemos-Espinal, Smith & Woolrich-Piña (2018).
Distribution: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Guanaja, Roatan]), Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan), Nicaragua, Panama.


Coniophanes dromiciformis

Ecuadorian Black-striped Snake

Ecuadorianische Schwarzstreifennatter

Ecuadoriansk Sortstribesnog

1863 Tachymenis dromiciformis Peters
Coniophanes dromiciformis Cope 1866
1892 Coniophanes signatus Garman (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Remarks: Although reported from Peru (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Henle & Ehrl 1991), presence in the country is questionable (Cadle 1989).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Coniophanes fissidens

Central American Yellow-bellied Snake, Brown Debris Snake, Brown Spotbelly

Gelbbäuchige Schwarzstreifennatter

Gulbuget Sortstribesnog

1858 Coronella fissidens Günther
Coniophanes fissidens Cope 1860
Erythrolamprus fissidens Andersson 1901
1860 Coniophanes proterops Cope
Coniophanes fissidens proterops Smith 1941
1860 Coniophanes punctigularis Cope
Coniophanes fissidens punctigularis Smith 1941
1878 Dromicus chitalonensis Müller (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1941 Coniophanes fissidens dispersus Smith
1949 Coniophanes fissidens convergens Shannon & Smith
1960 Coniophanes fissidens obsoletus Minton & Smith
2019 Rhadinaea eduardoi Mata-Silva, Rocha, Ramírez-Bautista, Berriozabal-Islas & Wilson (syn. Palacios-Aguilar & Garcia-Vazquez 2020)

Other common names:
convergens: Veracruz Yellow-bellied Snake
dispersus: Smith's Yellow-bellied Snake
fissidens: White-lipped Spot-bellied Snake
obsoletus: Puntarenas Yellow-bellied Snake
proterops: Cope's Yellow-bellied Snake
punctigularis: Spot-throated Lizard Eater
Distribution: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz), Nicaragua, Panama.


Coniophanes imperialis

Regal Black-striped Snake, Black-banded Snake

König-Schwarzstreifennatter

Konge-sortstribesnog

1859 Taeniophis imperialis Baird
Coniophanes imperialis Cope 1861
1863 Glaphyrophis lateralis Jan (Smith & Taylor 1945)
1864 Dromicus clavatus Peters
Coniophanes imperialis clavatus Bailey 1937
1938 Coniophanes imperialis copei Hartweg & Oliver

Other common names:
clavatus: Red-bellied Black-striped Snake
copei: Cope's Black-striped Snake
imperialis: Tamaulipan Black-striped Snake
Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Utila]), Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan), USA (Texas).


Coniophanes joanae

Panamanian Black-striped Snake, Panamanian Highland Snake

Panamaische Schwarzstreifennatter

Panamansk Sortstribesnog

1966 Coniophanes joanae Myers

Distribution: Panama.


Coniophanes lateritius

West Mexican Stripeless Snake, (Cope's Stripeless Snake)

Vestmexicanische Ungestreifte Natter

Vestmexicansk Ustribet Snog

1861 Coniophanes lateritius Cope
2001 Coniophanes sarae Ponce-Campos & Smith (syn. Palacios-Aguilar & Flores-Villela 2020)

Remarks: Previously included melanocephala. Older records from Guerrero (e.g., Smith & Taylor 1945; Smith & Grant 1958c; Pérez-Ramos, Riva & Uribe-Peña 2000) were based on a locality in Morelos, as pointed out by Wellman (1959), however, they represent melanocephalus (Ponce-Campos & Smith 2001). Since then, however, lateritius has been recorded from the state (e.g., Palacios-Aguilar & Flores-Villela 2018). Older records from Colima (e.g., Duellman 1958b; Casas-Andreu 1982) were undocumented (Ponce-Campos & Smith 2001). The first verified record from the state was published by Reyes-Velasco, Hermosillo-Lopez, Grünwald & Avila-Lopez (2009). Although published after the revalidation of melanocephalus (Ponce-Campos & Smith 2001), a record from Morelos of lateritius (Alcaraz-Cruz, Chávez-Juárez & Valenzuela 2004) is herein tentatively regarded as representing melanocephalus, since Morelos is far outside the range of lateritius, and since melanocephalus is already known from Morelos.
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora).


Coniophanes longinquus

Peruvian Black-striped Snake, Peruvian Running Snake, Remote Black-striped Snake

Peruvianische Schwarzstreifennatter

Peruviansk Sortstribesnog

1989 Coniophanes longinquus Cadle

Remarks: Not mentioned by Flores-Villela & Smith (2009).
Distribution: Peru.


Coniophanes melanocephalus

Black-headed Stripeless Snake

Schwarzköpfige Ungestreifte Natter

Sorthovedet Ustribet Snog

1869 Tachymenis melanocephala Peters
Coniophanes lateritius melanocephalus Smith & Grant 1958
Coniophanes melanocephalus Ponce-Campos & Smith 2001

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lateritius (e.g., Smith & Taylor 1945). Revalidated by Ponce-Campos & Smith (2001).
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla).


Coniophanes meridanus

Peninsular Stripeless Snake

Mérida-Natter

Mérida-snog

1936 Coniophanes meridanus Schmidt & Andrews

Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan).


Coniophanes michoacanensis

Michoacan Black-striped Snake

Michoacan-Schwarzstreifennatter

Michoacan-sortstribesnog

2009 Coniophanes michoacanensis Flores-Villela & Smith

Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Michoacan).


Coniophanes piceivittis

Oaxacan Black-striped Snake, (Cope's Black-striped Snake)

Oaxaca-Schwarzstreifennatter

Oaxaca-sortstribesnog

1869 Coniophanes piceivittis Cope
1950 Coniophanes frangivirgatus Peters (Flores-Villela & Smith 2009)
Coniophanes piceivittis frangivirgatus Liner 1994

Other common names:
frangivirgatus: Peters's Black-striped Snake
piceivittis: Southern Black-striped Snake
Remarks: Previously included taeniatus and taylori. Records from Belize (e.g., Campbell & Vannini 1989) refer to schmidti which has sometimes been treated as a subspecies of piceivittis.
Distribution: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz), Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]).


Coniophanes quinquevittatus

Five-striped Black-striped Snake, Striped Spot-bellied Snake, (Five-striped Snake)

Fünfstreifige Schwarzstreifennatter

Femstribet Sortstribesnog

1854 Homalopsis quinque-vittatus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Calopisma quinquevittatum Jan 1865
Coniophanes quinquevittatus Bailey 1939
1865 Calopisma quinquevittatum mexicana Jan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1871 Hydrops lubricus Cope (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan).


Coniophanes schmidti

Faded Black-striped Snake, (Schmidt's Black-striped Snake)

Helle Schwarzstreifennatter

Bleg Sortstribesnog

1937 Coniophanes schmidti Bailey

Remarks: Possibly a subspecies of piceivittis (see Wilson & Meyer 1982, 1985).
Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Yucatan).


Coniophanes taeniatus

Veracruz Black-striped Snake

Veracruz-Schwarzstreifennatter

Veracruz-sortstribesnog

1869 Tachymenis taeniata Peters
Coniophanes taeniata Palacios-Aguilar & Flores-Villela 2020

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of piceivittis (e.g., Smith & Taylor 1945). Revalidated by Palacios-Aguilar & Flores-Villela (2020).
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz).





Coniophanes taylori

Guerreran Black-striped Snake, (Taylor's Black-striped Snake)

Guerrero-Schwarzstreifennatter

Guerrero-sortstribesnog

1951 Coniophanes piceivittis taylori Hall
Coniophanes taylori Flores-Villela & Smith 2009

Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca).