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© Rune Midtgaard

Taxonomy of the family Anguidae
Bibliography of the genus Diploglossus
Biodiversity of the family Anguidae


Greater Galliwasps

Doppelzungenschleichen, Gallwespenschleichen

Store Ringøgler*, Galliwasper

1834 Diploglossus Wiegmann (type species: Tiliqua fasciatus Gray 1831)
1839 Microlepis Gray (type species: Microlepis undulata Gray 1839; syn. Wermuth 1969)
1845 Camilia Gray (type species: Tiliqua jamaicensis Gray 1839; syn. Taylor 1956)
1845 Oneyda Gray (type species: Diploglossus owenii Dumeril & Bibron 1839; syn. Wermuth 1969)
Contents: 14 species, of which 10 (71.4%) are endemic.
Remarks: Dunn (1939) suggested that Celestus should be regarded as a synonym of Diploglossus, a proposal which has been followed by some authors (e.g., Underwood 1959; Wermuth 1969; Hidalgo 1982; Campbell & Camarillo R. 1994), while other authors have retained Celestus as a valid genus (e.g., Smith & Taylor 1950; Stuart 1963; Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970; Strahm & Schwartz 1977; Wilson, Porras & McCranie 1986; Schwartz & Henderson 1988; Savage & Lips 1994; Powell, Henderson, Adler & Dundee 1996). Also the phylogeny of Pyron, Burbrink & Wiens (2013) indicated non-monophyly with respect to Celestus and Ophiodes.
Distribution: Mexico, Central America, South America, West Indies.
Reported from: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo), Colombia (incl. Malpelo), Costa Rica, Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud), Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico (Puebla, Veracruz), Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico.

Diploglossus atitlanensis

Atitlán Galliwasp*



1950 Celestus atitlanensis Smith
Diploglossus atitlanensis Wermuth 1969

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of bivittatus (e.g., Wilson, Porras & McCranie 1986). Revalidated by Campbell & Camarillo (1994).
Distribution: El Salvador, Guatemala.

Diploglossus bilobatus

Talamancan Galliwasp



1874 Celestus bilobatus O'Shaughnessy
Diploglossus bilobatus Bocourt 1879

Distribution: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama.

Diploglossus delasagra

Cuban Pale-necked Galliwasp


Lyshalset Ringøgle*

1843 Diploglossus de la Sagra Cocteau
Celestus de la Sagra Barbour 1937
Diploglossus delasagra Savage & Lips 1994
1885 Diploglossus sagrae Boulenger [substitute name for Diploglossus de la Sagra Cocteau 1843] (Wermuth 1969)

Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud).

Diploglossus fasciatus

Banded Galliwasp

Gebänderte Doppelzungenschleiche*

Båndet Ringøgle*

1831 Tiliqua fasciatus Gray
Euprepis fasciata Reuss 1833
Diploglossus fasciatus Boulenger 1885
1839 Diploglossus houttuynii Duméril & Bibron [substitute name for Tiliqua fasciatus Gray 1831] (Avila-Pires 1995)
1909 Diploglossus resplendens Barbour (Avila-Pires 1995)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo), Peru.

Diploglossus garridoi

Cuban Small-eared Galliwasp


Småøret Ringøgle*

1998 Diploglossus garridoi Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Cuba.

Diploglossus ingridae

Santa Martha Galliwasp*

Santa Martha-Doppelzungenschleiche*

Santa Martha-ringøgle*

2004 Diploglossus ingridae Werler & Campbell
Celestus ingridae Savage, Lips & Ibanez 2008

Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz).

Diploglossus legnotus

Pueblan Galliwasp



1994 Diploglossus legnotus Campbell & Camarillo R.

Distribution: Mexico (Puebla, Veracruz).

Diploglossus lessonae

Brazilian Galliwasp

Brasilianische Doppelzungenschleiche*

Brasiliansk Ringøgle*

1890 Diploglossus lessonae Peracca
1924 Diploglossus tenuifasciatus Parker (Schmidt & Inger 1951)

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe).

Diploglossus millepunctatus

Malpelo Island Galliwasp, Dotted Galliwasp



1874 Diploglossus millepunctatus O'Shaughnessy
1928 Celestus hancocki Slevin (Dunn 1939)
Diploglossus hancocki Burt & Burt 1933

Distribution: Colombia (Malpelo).

Diploglossus monotropis

Coral-mimic Galliwasp, Rainbow-striped Galliwasp



1820 Scincus monotropis Kuhl
Diploglossus monotropis Boulenger 1885
1839 Tiliqua jamaicensis Gray (Taylor 1956)

Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama.

Diploglossus montiserrati

Montserrat Galliwasp



1964 Diploglossus montiserrati Underwood

Distribution: Montserrat.

Diploglossus montisilvestris

Darien Galliwasp*



1973 Diploglossus montisilvestris Myers

Distribution: Panama.

Diploglossus nigropunctatus

Cuban Spotted Galliwasp

Schwarzgefleckte Doppelzungenschleiche*

Sortplettet Ringøgle*

1937 Celestus delasagra nigropunctata Barbour & Shreve
Diploglossus delasagra nigropunctatus Wermuth 1969
Diploglossus nigropunctata Thomas & Hedges 1998

Distribution: Cuba.

Diploglossus pleii

Puerto Rican Galliwasp

Puertoricanische Doppelzungenschleiche*

Puertoricansk Ringøgle*

1839 Diploglossus pleii Dumeril & Bibron
Celestus pleii Schmidt 1928
1868 Celestus degener Cope (Schmidt 1928)

Distribution: Puerto Rico.