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Taxonomy of the family Chamaeleonidae
Bibliography of the genus Furcifer
Biodiversity of the family Chamaeleonidae








Genus
Furcifer

Rascal Chameleons*

Schlingel-Chamäleons*

Slyngelkamæleoner*

1839 Diceros Swainson [not Diceros Gray 1821 (Mammalia), not Diceros Burmeister 1842 (Insecta: Coleoptera)] (type species: Diceros bifurcatus Swainson 1839)
1843 Furcifer Fitzinger (type species: Chamaeleo bifidus Brongniart 1800)
1865 Apola Gray (type species: Chamaeleo lateralis Gray 1831; syn. Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1865 Cyneosaura Gray (type species: Chamaeleo pardalis Cuvier 1829; syn. Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1865 Dicranosaura Gray (type species: Chamaeleo bifurcus Gray [=Chamaeleo bifidus Brongniart 1800]; syn. Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1865 Sauroceras Gray (type species: Chamaeleon rhinoceratus Gray 1845; syn. Klaver & Böhme 1997)
Contents: 24 species, all of which are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included in Chamaeleo.
Distribution: Comoro Islands (Grande Comoro), Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Mayotte.

Furcifer angeli

Ankarafantsika Chameleon*

Ankarafantsika-Chamäleon*

Ankarafantsika-kamæleon*

1968 Chamaeleo angeli Brygoo & Domergue
Furcifer angeli Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer antimena

Southwestern Madagascar Chameleon*

Südwestliche Madagascar-Chamäleon*

Sydvestlig Madagascarkamæleon*

1872 Chamaeleo antimena Grandidier
Furcifer antimena Klaver & Böhme 1986
1913 Chamaeleon rhinoceratus lineatus Methuen & Hewitt (Brygoo & Domergue 1968; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer balteatus

White-banded Chameleon*

Weißband-Chamäleon*

Hvidbåndet Kamæleon*

1851 Chamaeleo balteatus Dumeril & Bibron in Dumeril & Dumeril
Chamaeleon balteus [sic] Angel 1942
Furcifer balteatus Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer belalandaensis

Belalanda Chameleon*

Belalanda-Chamäleon*

Belalanda-kamæleon*

1970 Chamaeleo belalandaensis Brygoo & Domergue
Furcifer belalandaensis Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer bifidus

Madagascar Two-horned Chameleon

Madagascar-Zweihornchamäleon*

Tohornet Madagascar-kamæleon*

1800 Chamaeleo bifidus Brongniart
Chamaeleon bifidus Werner 1911
Furcifer bifidus Klaver & Böhme 1986
1820 Chamaeleo bifurcus Kuhl (Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1839 Diceros bifurcatus Swainson [substitute name for Chamaeleo bifurcus Kuhl 1820] (Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1843 Chamaeleo brongniartii Fitzinger [substitute name for Chamaeleo bifidus Brongniart 1800] (Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1865 Dicranosaura bifurca var. crassicornis Gray (Klaver & Böhme 1997; Glaw, Köhler & Vences 2009)
Dicranosaura bifurca var. crassirostris [lapsus] Brygoo 1971

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer campani

Mount Tsiafakfo Chameleon*, (Campan's Chameleon)

Tsiafakfo-Chamäleon*

Tsiafakfo-kamæleon*

1872 Chamaeleon campani Grandidier
Chamaeleo campani Mertens 1966
Furcifer campani Klaver & Böhme 1986
1881 Chamaeleo octotaeniatus Boettger (Boulenger 1887; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer cephalolepis

Grande Comoro Chameleon*

Grande Comoro-Chamäleon*

Grande Comoro-kamæleon*

1880 Chamaeleon cephalolepis Günther
Chamaeleo cephalolepis Mertens 1966
1986 Furcifer cephalolepis Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Comoro Islands (Grande Comoro).


Furcifer labordi

Western Madagascar Chameleon*, (Labord's Chameleon)

Westliche Madagascar-Chamäleon*

Vestlig Madagascarkamæleon*

1872 Chamaeleo labordi Grandidier
Chamaeleon labordi Werner 1911
Chamaeleo rhinoceratus labordi Mertens 1966
Furcifer labordi Klaver & Böhme 1986
1942 Chamaeleo barbouri Hechenbleikner (Hillenius 1959; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer lateralis

Carpet Chameleon, Jewel Chameleon

Teppichchamäleon

Tæppekamæleon*

1831 Chamaeleo lateralis Gray
Chamaeleon lateralis Werner 1911
Furcifer lateralis Klaver & Böhme 1986
1921 Chamaeleo lambertoni Angel (Hillenius 1959; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Remarks: Previously included major.
Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer major

Tanandava Chameleon*

Tanandava-Chamäleon*

Tanandava-kamæleon*

1971 Chamaeleo lateralis major Brygoo
Furcifer major Florio, Ingram, Rakotondravony, Louis & Raxworthy 2012

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of lateralis (e.g., Klaver & Böhme 1997).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer minor

Lesser Chameleon*

Kleine Chamäleon*

Lille Madagascarkamæleon*

1879 Chamaeleon minor Günther
Chamaeleo minor Mertens 1966
Furcifer minor Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer monoceras

Betsako Chameleon*

Betsako-Chamäleon*

Betsako-kamæleon*

1913 Chamaeleon monoceras Boettger
Chamaeleo monoceras Mertens 1966
Furcifer monoceras Klaver & Böhme 1986

Remarks: Previously considered a tentative synonym of rhinoceratus (e.g., Glaw & Vences 2007; Glaw 2015). Revalidated as a separate species by Sentís, Chang, Scherz, Prötzel & Glaw (2018).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer nicosiai

Tsingy de Bemaraha Chameleon*

Tsingy de Bemaraha-Chamäleon*

Bemaraha-kamæleon*

1999 Furcifer nicosiai Jesu, Mattioli & Schimmenti

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer oustaleti

Brown Giant Chameleon*, (Madagascar Giant Chameleon, Oustalet's Chameleon)

Braune Riesenchamäleon*

Brun Kæmpekamæleon*

1894 Chamaeleon oustaleti Mocquard
Chamaeleo oustaleti Mertens 1966
Furcifer oustaleti Klaver & Böhme 1986

Introduced to: Kenya, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer pardalis

Panther Chameleon

Pantherchamäleon

Panterkamæleon

1829 Chamaeleo pardalis Cuvier
Chamaeleon pardalis Werner 1911
Furcifer pardalis Klaver & Böhme 1986
1832 Chamaeleo ater Lesson (Duméril & Bibron 1836; Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1836 Chamaeleo niger Duméril & Bibron [error for Chamaeleo ater Lesson 1832] (Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1888 Chamaeleon guentheri Boulenger (Brygoo 1969)
1891 Chamaeleon longicauda Günther (Mocquard 1909; Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1899 Chamaeleon axillaris Werner (Werner 1902; Klaver & Böhme 1997)
1923 Chamaeleon krempfi Chabanaud (Chabanaud 1923; Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Introduced to: Mauritius, Reunion, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).


Furcifer petteri

Ankarana Chameleon*, (Petter's Chameleon)

Ankarana-Chamäleon*

Ankarana-kamæleon*

1966 Chamaeleo willsii petteri Brygoo & Domergue
Chamaeleo petteri Ramanantsoa 1978
Furcifer petteri Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be).


Furcifer polleni

Mayotte Chameleon*, (Pollen's Chameleon)

Mayotte-Chamäleon*

Mayotte-kamæleon*

1873 Chamaeleon polleni Peters
Furcifer polleni Klaver & Böhme 1986

Introduced to: Comoro Islands (Anjouan).
Distribution: Mayotte.


Furcifer rhinoceratus

Rhinoceros Chameleon*

Nashorn-Chamäleon*

Næsehornskamæleon*

1845 Chameleo rhinoceratus Gray
Chamaeleon rhinoceratus Werner 1911
Chamaeleo rhinoceratus Mertens 1966
Furcifer rhinoceratus Klaver & Böhme 1986

Remarks: Previously included monoceras and voeltzkowi.
Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer timoni

Antsiranana Chameleon*

Antsiranana-Chamäleon*

Antsiranana-kamæleon*

2009 Furcifer timoni Glaw, Köhler & Vences

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer tuzetae

Befandriana Chameleon*

Befandriana-Chamäleon*

Befandriana-kamæleon*

1972 Chamaeleo tuzetae Brygoo, Bourgat & Domergue
Furcifer tuzetae Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer verrucosus

Spiny Chameleon, Giant Spiny Chameleon, Warty Chameleon

Warzenchamäleon

Vortekamæleon*

1829 Chamaeleo verrucosus Cuvier
Chamaeleon verrucosus Werner 1911
Furcifer verrucosus Klaver & Böhme 1986
1894 Chamaeleon semicristatus Boettger (Klaver & Böhme 1997)
Chamaeleo verrucosus semicristatus Mertens 1966
Furcifer verrucosus semicristatus Klaver & Böhme 1997

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer viridis

Ambinanitelo Green Chameleon*

Grüne Chamäleon*

Grøn Kamæleon*

2012 Furcifer viridis Florio, Ingram, Rakotondravony, Louis & Raxworthy

Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer voeltzkowi

Antema Chameleon*

Antema-Chamäleon*

Antema-kamæleon*

1893 Chamaeleon voeltzkowi Boettger
Chamaeleo rhinoceratus voeltzkowi Mertens 1966
Furcifer voeltzkowi Sentís, Chang, Scherz, Prötzel & Glaw 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of rhinoceratus (e.g., Hillenius 1959; Glaw & Vences 2007; Glaw 2015). Revalidated as a separate species by Sentís, Chang, Scherz, Prötzel & Glaw (2018).
Distribution: Madagascar.


Furcifer willsii

Imerina Chameleon*

Imerina-Chamäleon*

Imerina-kamæleon*

1890 Chamaeleon willsii Günther
Chamaeleo willsi Mertens 1966
Furcifer willsi Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Madagascar.