Reptiles of
Kenya  

Related checklists:  Lamu - Manda

Bibliography of the reptiles of Kenya Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Kenya Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Kenya

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia) 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 0.4 %
Crocodilians (Crocodylia) 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 1 0 0.0 % 0.4 %
Lizards (Sauria) 10 0 0.0 % 37 0 0.0 % 122 17 13.9 % 43.6 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 8 0 0.0 % 52 1 1.9 % 138 12 8.7 % 49.3 %
Turtles (Testudines) 5 0 0.0 % 11 0 0.0 % 18 1 5.6 % 6.4 %
Total 25 0 0.0 % 102 1 1.0 % 280 30 10.7 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Worm Lizards (Amphisbaenia)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Amphisbaenidae (Typical Worm Lizards)
Genus Geocalamus (Wedge-snouted Worm Lizards)
 
Geocalamus acutus

Voi Wedge-snouted Worm Lizard

Broadley & Howell 1991 Gans & Kraklau 1989 Gans 2005 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Crocodilians (Crocodylia)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Crocodylidae (Crocodiles)
Genus Crocodylus (Typical Crocodiles)
 
Crocodylus niloticus

Nile Crocodile

Fuchs, Mertens & Wermuth 1974 King & Burke 1989 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wermuth & Mertens 1977

Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Agamidae (Agamas and Dragons)
Genus Acanthocercus (Ridgeback Agamas)
 
Acanthocercus annectans

Eritrean Ridgeback Agama

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Acanthocercus gregorii

Kenyan Ridgeback Agama

Günther 1894 Wagner, Greenbaum & Bauer 2012 Wagner, Greenbaum, Bauer, Kusamba & Leaché 2018 Wermuth 1967
 
Acanthocercus minutus

Shewa Ridgeback Agama

Wagner, Greenbaum, Bauer, Kusamba & Leaché 2018 Wermuth 1967
 
Acanthocercus ugandaensis

Uganda Ridgeback Agama

Wagner, Greenbaum & Bauer 2012 Wagner, Greenbaum, Bauer, Kusamba & Leaché 2018
Genus Agama (Typical Agamas)
 
Agama armata

Zambezi Spiny Agama

Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Agama caudospinosa

Elmenteita Rock Agama

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Wagner 2010 Wagner 2014 Werner, Krause & Böhme 2008
 
Agama finchi

West Kenyan Rainbow Agama

Böhme, Wagner, Malonza, Lötters & Köhler 2005 Leaché, Grummer, Miller, Krishnan, Fujita, Böhme, Schmitz, LeBreton, Ineich, Chirio, Ofori-boateng, Eniang, Greenbaum, Rödel & Wagner 2016 Wagner, Freund, Modry, Schmitz & Böhme 2011
  *
Agama hulbertorum

Ngong Hills Rock Agama

Wagner 2014
 
Agama kaimosae

Kaimosi Agama

Loveridge 1935 Wagner 2014 Wagner, Burmann & Böhme 2008
 
Agama lionotus

Kenyan Rock Agama

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wagner 2014 Werner, Krause & Böhme 2008
 
Agama mwanzae

Mwanza Rock Agama

Wagner 2014 Werner, Krause & Böhme 2008
 
Agama persimilis

Somali Painted Agama

Lanza 1978 Lanza 1990 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wagner & Bauer 2011
 
Agama rueppelli

Arboreal Agama

Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wagner & Bauer 2011 Wermuth 1967
 Family Chamaeleonidae (Chameleons)
Genus Chamaeleo (Typical Chameleons)
 
Chamaeleo dilepis

Flap-necked Chameleon

Chirio & LeBreton 2007 Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Chamaeleo gracilis

Graceful Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Chamaeleo laevigatus

Smooth Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
Genus Kinyongia (East African Dwarf Chameleons)
  *
Kinyongia asheorum

Mount Nyiro Bearded Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Necas, Sindaco, Koreny, Kopecna, Malonza & Modry 2009 Tilbury 2010
  *
Kinyongia boehmei

Taita Blade-horned Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Lutzmann & Necas 2002 Mariaux, Lutzmann & Stipala 2008 Tilbury 2010
  *
Kinyongia excubitor

Mount Kenya Hornless Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Kinyongia tavetana

Kilimanjaro Two-horned Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Loveridge 1957 Mariaux, Lutzmann & Stipala 2008 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Kinyongia tenuis

Usambara Soft-horned Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
Genus Rhampholeon (African Leaf Chameleons)
 
Rhampholeon boulengeri

Central African Leaf Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
Genus Rieppeleon (Short-tailed Leaf Chameleons)
 
Rieppeleon brevicaudatus

Bearded Leaf Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Rieppeleon kerstenii

Kenya Leaf Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
Genus Trioceros (Equatorial Chameleons)
 
Trioceros bitaeniatus

Two-striped Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Trioceros conirostratus

Sudanese Unicorn Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Tilbury 2010
 
Trioceros ellioti

Montane Side-striped Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Trioceros hoehnelii

High-casqued Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 
Trioceros jacksonii

Kikuyu Three-horned Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
  *
Trioceros kinangopensis

Kinangop Peak Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Stipala, Lutzmann, Malonza, Wilkinson, Godley, Nyamache & Evans 2012
  *
Trioceros marsabitensis

Mount Marsabit Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
  *
Trioceros narraioca

Mount Kulal Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Necas, Modry & Slapeta 2003 Tilbury 2010
  *
Trioceros ntunte

Mount Nyiru Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Necas, Modry & Slapeta 2005 Tilbury 2010
  *
Trioceros nyirit

Mtelo Massif Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Stipala, Lutzmann, Malonza, Borghesio, Wilkinson, Godley & Evans 2011
 
Trioceros rudis

Ruwenzori Side-striped Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Tilbury 2010
  *
Trioceros schubotzi

Mount Kenya Side-striped Chameleon

Glaw 2015 Klaver & Böhme 1997 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Tilbury 2010
 Family Cordylidae (Girdled Lizards)
Genus Chamaesaura (African Grass Lizards)
 
Chamaesaura anguina

Highland Grass Lizard

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wermuth 1968
Genus Cordylus (Girdled Lizards)
 
Cordylus beraduccii

Maasai Girdled Lizard

Broadley & Branch 2002
 
Cordylus tropidosternum

Tropical Girdled Lizard

Broadley & Branch 2002 Greenbaum, Stanley, Kusamba, Moninga, Goldberg & Bursey 2012 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Eublepharidae (Eyelid Geckos)
Genus Holodactylus (East African Clawed Geckos)
 
Holodactylus africanus

Masai Clawed Gecko

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Gekkonidae (Typical Geckos)
Genus Chondrodactylus (Comb-toed Geckos)
 
Chondrodactylus laevigatus

Karas Thick-toed Gecko

Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018
 
Chondrodactylus turneri

Zambezi Thick-toed Gecko

Kolby 2002 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Cnemaspis (Afro-Asian Rock and Forest Geckos)
 
Cnemaspis africana

Usambara Forest Gecko

Broadley & Howell 1991 Perret 1986 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Cnemaspis dickersonae

Ituri Four-lined Forest Gecko

Perret 1986 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Cnemaspis elgonensis

Elgon Forest Gecko

Perret 1986 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Hemidactylus (Half-toed Geckos)
 
Hemidactylus angulatus

West African House Gecko

Chirio & LeBreton 2007 Loveridge 1947 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as brooki]
  *
Hemidactylus barbierii

Lake Turkana Half-toed Gecko

Sindaco, Razzetti, Ziliani, Wasonga, Carugati & Fasola 2007
 
Hemidactylus barbouri

Kenyan Coastal Half-toed Gecko

Broadley & Howell 1991 Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus bavazzanoi

Somali Banded Gecko

Lanza 1990 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus funaiolii

Archer's Post Gecko

Lanza 1990 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus isolepis

Ethiopian Even-scaled Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus mabouia

Cosmopolitan House Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus macropholis

Large-scaled Warty Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Hemidactylus modestus

Tana River Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Hemidactylus mrimaensis

Kaya Half-toed Gecko

Malonza & Bauer 2014
 
Hemidactylus platycephalus

Flat-headed Tropical House Gecko

Lanza 1990 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus robustus

Red Sea Half-toed Gecko

Carranza & Arnold 2012 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus ruspolii

Turnip-tailed Black-and-Yellow Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus squamulatus

Nyika Half-toed Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemidactylus tropidolepis

Ogaden Half-toed Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Homopholis (African Velvet Geckos)
 
Homopholis fasciata

Banded Velvet Gecko

Broadley, Jackman & Bauer 2014 Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Lygodactylus (African-Neotropical Dwarf Geckos)
 
Lygodactylus angolensis

Angola Dwarf Gecko

Broadley & Howell 1991 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus capensis

Cape Dwarf Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus grandisonae

Murri Dwarf Gecko

Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus gutturalis

Chevron-throated Dwarf Gecko

Chirio & LeBreton 2007 Wagner & Böhme 2007
 
Lygodactylus keniensis

Kenya Dwarf Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus laterimaculatus

Side-spotted Dwarf Gecko

Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus luteopicturatus

Yellow-headed Dwarf Gecko

Broadley & Howell 1991 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus manni

Saranda Dwarf Gecko

Broadley & Howell 1991 Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 [as ukerewensis] Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus picturatus

Painted Dwarf Gecko

Broadley & Howell 1991 Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Travers, Jackman & Bauer 2014
 
Lygodactylus scheffleri

Kibwezi Dwarf Gecko

Loveridge 1947 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus scorteccii

Somali Painted Dwarf Gecko

Lanza 1990 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygodactylus somalicus

Northeastern Somali Dwarf Gecko

Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Lygodactylus wojnowskii

Mount Kenya Dwarf Gecko

Malonza, Granthon & Williams 2016
Genus Stenodactylus (Afro-Asian Thin-toed Geckos)
 
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus

Elegant Thin-toed Gecko

Arnold 1980 Loveridge 1947 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Gerrhosauridae (Plated Lizards)
Genus Broadleysaurus (Rough-scaled Plated Lizard)
 
Broadleysaurus major

Rough-scaled Plated Lizard

Bates, Tolley, Edwards, Davids, Silva & Branch 2013 Broadley 1987 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wermuth 1968
Genus Gerrhosaurus (Typical Plated Lizards)
 
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis

Yellow-throated Plated Lizard

Bates, Tolley, Edwards, Davids, Silva & Branch 2013 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Gerrhosaurus intermedius

Eastern Black-lined Plated Lizard

Bates, Tolley, Edwards, Davids, Silva & Branch 2013 Loveridge 1957 [as n. nigrolineatus] Spawls & Rotich 1997 [as nigrolineatus] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as nigrolineatus]
 Family Lacertidae (Typical Lizards)
Genus Adolfus (African Forest Lizards)
 
Adolfus africanus

Multi-scaled Forest Lizard

Köhler, Wagner, Visser & Böhme 2003 Wagner & Böhme 2007
  *
Adolfus alleni

Mount Kenya Meadow Lizard

Arnold 1989 Greenbaum, Villanueva, Kusamba, Aristote & Branch 2011 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wagner, Greenbaum, Malonza & Branch 2014
 
Adolfus jacksoni

East African Forest Lizard

Arnold 1989 Greenbaum, Beer, Hughes, Wagner, Anderson, Villanueva, Malonza, Kusumba, Muninga, Aristote & Branch 2018 Greenbaum, Villanueva, Kusamba, Aristote & Branch 2011 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Adolfus kibonotensis

Kilimanjaro Forest Lizard

Greenbaum, Beer, Hughes, Wagner, Anderson, Villanueva, Malonza, Kusumba, Muninga, Aristote & Branch 2018
 
Adolfus masavaensis

Masava Meadow Lizard

Wagner, Greenbaum, Malonza & Branch 2014
  *
Adolfus mathewsensis

Mathews Range Forest Lizard

Greenbaum, Beer, Hughes, Wagner, Anderson, Villanueva, Malonza, Kusumba, Muninga, Aristote & Branch 2018
Genus Gastropholis (Keel-bellied Lizards)
 
Gastropholis prasina

Green Keel-bellied Lizard

Arnold 1989 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Gastropholis vittata

Striped Keel-bellied Lizard

Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Heliobolus (Bushveld Lizards)
 
Heliobolus neumanni

Ethiopian Bushveld Lizard

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Heliobolus spekii

East African Bushveld Lizard

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Szczerbak 1975
Genus Latastia (African Long-tailed Lizards)
 
Latastia lanzai

Dinsor Long-tailed Lizard

Spawls & Rotich 1997
 
Latastia longicaudata

Common Long-tailed Lizard

Bischoff 1991 Loveridge 1957 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Nucras (Sandveld Lizards)
 
Nucras boulengeri

Uganda Sandveld Lizard

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Philochortus (Shield-backed Ground Lizards)
 
Philochortus rudolfensis

Turkana Shield-backed Ground Lizard

Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Pseuderemias (Sand Runners)
 
Pseuderemias smithi

Ethiopian Sand Runner

Bischoff 1992 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Szczerbak 1975
 
Pseuderemias striata

Striped Sand Runner

Bischoff 1992 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Szczerbak 1975
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Acontias (Greater Legless Skinks)
 
Acontias percivali

East African Legless Skink

Broadley & Greer 1969 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Chalcides (Cylindrical Skinks)
 
Chalcides bottegi

Ethiopian Cylindrical Skink

Carranza, Arnold, Geniez, Roca & Mateo 2008 Greenbaum, Campbell & Raxworthy 2006 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Cryptoblepharus (Indo-Pacific Snake-eyed Skinks)
 
Cryptoblepharus africanus

African Coral-rag Snake-eyed Skink

Fuhn 1970 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as boutonii]
Genus Eumecia (East African Short-legged Skinks)
 
Eumecia anchietae

Western Short-legged Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Feylinia (African Snake Skinks)
 
Feylinia currori

Western Forest Snake Skink

Wagner & Böhme 2007 Wagner & Schmitz 2006
Genus Lepidothyris (Red-flanked Skinks)
 
Lepidothyris hinkeli

Eastern Red-flanked Skink

Wagner, Böhme, Pauwels & Schmitz 2009
Genus Leptosiaphos (Slender Leaf-litter Skinks)
 
Leptosiaphos kilimensis

Kilimanjaro Five-toed Skink

Broadley 1989 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Lygosoma (Supple Skinks)
 
Lygosoma afrum

Mozambique Writhing Skink

Broadley 1966 Broadley 1994 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygosoma mabuiforme

Kenya Writhing Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygosoma pembanum

Pemba Writhing Skink

Broadley 1994 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygosoma somalicum

Somali Savanna Writhing Skink

Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygosoma sundevallii

Common Savanna Writhing Skink

Broadley 1966 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lygosoma tanae

Tana River Supple Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Panaspis (African Snake-eyed Skinks)
 
Panaspis wahlbergii

Savanna Snake-eyed Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Trachylepis (African-American Grass and Forest Skinks)
 
Trachylepis bayonii

Equatorial Mountain Grass Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis brevicollis

Short-necked Skink

Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wasonga & Malonza 2006
 
Trachylepis dichroma

Tanzanian Short-necked Skink

Wasonga & Malonza 2006
 
Trachylepis irregularis

Alpine Meadow Skink

Broadley 1977 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis maculilabris

Common Speckled-lipped Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis margaritifer

African Rainbow Skink

Broadley & Bauer 1998 Broadley 2000 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis megalura

Grass-top Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis planifrons

Teita Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata

African Five-lined Skink

Broadley & Bauer 1998 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis striata

Eastern Striped Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Trachylepis varia

Savanna Variable Skink

Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Sphaerodactylidae (Least Geckos, etc.)
Genus Pristurus (Semaphore Geckos)
 
Pristurus crucifer

Cross-marked Semaphore Gecko

Arnold 1993 Arnold 2009 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Varanidae (Monitor Lizards)
Genus Varanus (Monitor Lizards)
 
Varanus albigularis

White-throated Monitor

Bayless 2002 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Varanus niloticus

Nile Monitor

Bayless 2002 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Rotich 1997 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Eryx (Sand Boas)
 
Eryx colubrinus

Egyptian Sand Boa

Broadley & Howell 1991 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Stimson 1969
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Crotaphopeltis (Herald Snakes)
 
Crotaphopeltis braestrupi

Tana Herald Snake

Lanza 1990 Rasmussen 1985 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Crotaphopeltis degeni

Yellow-flanked Herald Snake

Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Rasmussen 1985 Rasmussen, Chirio & Ineich 2000 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia

Common Herald Snake

Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Rasmussen 1985 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Dasypeltis (African Egg Eaters)
 
Dasypeltis atra

Forest Egg Eater

Bates & Broadley 2018 Broadley & Howell 1991 Hughes 1983 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Dasypeltis confusa

Diamondback Egg Eater

Bates & Broadley 2018
 
Dasypeltis medici

East African Egg Eater

Bates & Broadley 2018 Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Gans 1959 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Dasypeltis scabra

Common African Egg Eater

Bates & Broadley 2018 Gans 1959 Hughes 1983 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Dipsadoboa (Nocturnal Tree Snakes)
 
Dipsadoboa flavida

Northern Marbled Nocturnal Tree Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a [as D. a. aulica] Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 [as Chamaetortus a. aulicus] Rasmussen 1989 Spawls 1978 [as Chamaetortus a. aulicus] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Dispholidus (Boomslang)
 
Dispholidus typus

Boomslang

David & Ineich 1999 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Grayia (Equatorial African Water Snakes)
 
Grayia smythii

Equatorial Water Snake

Hughes 1983 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Grayia tholloni

Nandi Water Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Hapsidophrys (Emerald Snakes)
 
Hapsidophrys lineatus

Black-lined Green Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Meizodon (African Smooth Snakes)
 
Meizodon coronatus

West African Crowned Snake

Loveridge 1957 Papenfuss 1969 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978
  *
Meizodon krameri

Tana Delta Smooth Snake

Schätti 1985 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Meizodon plumbiceps

Black-headed Smooth Snake

Lanza 1990 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Schätti 1985 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Meizodon regularis

Eastern Crowned Smooth Snake

Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Schätti 1985 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Meizodon semiornatus

Semi-ornate Smooth Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Schätti 1985 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Natriciteres (African Marsh Snakes)
 
Natriciteres olivacea

Olive Marsh Snake

Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Philothamnus (African Green Snakes)
 
Philothamnus battersbyi

Northeastern Green Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Lanza 1990 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Philothamnus carinatus

Barred Green Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Philothamnus heterolepidotus

Slender Green Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Philothamnus hoplogaster

Southeastern Green Snake

Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Philothamnus nitidus

Shiny Forest Green Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Philothamnus punctatus

Speckled Green Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Lanza 1990 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Philothamnus semivariegatus

Variegated Bush Snake

Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Platyceps (Flat-headed Whip Snakes)
 
Platyceps brevis

Somali Dwarf Whip Snake

Loveridge 1957 Schätti & Charvet 2003 Schätti 1988 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Platyceps florulentus

Egyptian Whip Snake

Hughes 1983 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Schätti 1988 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Rhamnophis (Dagger-tooth Tree Snakes)
 
Rhamnophis aethiopissa

Large-eyed Green Tree Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley & Wallach 2002 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Scaphiophis (African Hook-nosed Snakes)
 
Scaphiophis albopunctatus

Common African Hook-nosed Snake

Broadley 1994 Hughes 1983 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Telescopus (Cat Snakes & Tiger Snakes)
 
Telescopus dhara

Large-eyed Cat Snake

Crochet, Rasmussen, Wilms, Geniez, Trape & Böhme 2008 Gravlund 2000 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Telescopus semiannulatus

Southern Tiger Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Thelotornis (African Vine Snakes)
 
Thelotornis mossambicanus

Eastern Vine Snake

Broadley 1983a Broadley 2001 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Thelotornis usambaricus

Usambara Vine Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2002 Broadley 2001
Genus Thrasops (Black Tree Snakes)
 
Thrasops jacksonii

Common Black Tree Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley & Wallach 2002 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Thrasops schmidti

Eastern Black Tree Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2002 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978
Genus Toxicodryas (African Tree Cat Snakes)
 
Toxicodryas blandingii

Black-and-Yellow Tree Snake

Hughes 1983 Pitman 1974 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Toxicodryas pulverulenta

Powdered Cat Snake

Hughes 1983 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Elapidae [part 1: terrestrial species] (Cobras, Mambas, etc.)
Genus Dendroaspis (Mambas)
 
Dendroaspis intermedius

Eastern Green Mamba

Broadley & Howell 1991 [as angusticeps] Broadley 1983a [as angusticeps] David & Ineich 1999 [as angusticeps] Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 [as angusticeps] Loveridge 1957 [as angusticeps] Spawls & Branch 1995 [as angusticeps] Spawls 1978 [as angusticeps] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as angusticeps]
 
Dendroaspis jamesonii

Central African Green Mamba

David & Ineich 1999 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Dendroaspis polylepis

Black Mamba

David & Ineich 1999 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Elapsoidea (African Garter Snakes)
 
Elapsoidea loveridgei

Northeastern Garter Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1971a David & Ineich 1999 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Jakobsen 1997 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Naja (Typical Cobras)
 
Naja ashei

East African Spitting Cobra

Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014 Wüster & Broadley 2007
 
Naja haje

Egyptian Cobra

Hughes 1983 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Trape, Chirio, Broadley & Wüster 2009
 
Naja nigricollis

Black-necked Spitting Cobra

Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014 Wüster & Broadley 2007 Wüster, Crookes, Ineich, Mané, Pook, Trape & Broadley 2007
 
Naja nubiae

Nubian Spitting Cobra

Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 
Naja pallida

Eastern Pallid Spitting Cobra

Broadley & Howell 1991 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014 Wüster, Crookes, Ineich, Mané, Pook, Trape & Broadley 2007
 
Naja subfulva

Brown Forest Cobra

Broadley 1983a [as melanoleuca] David & Ineich 1999 [as melanoleuca] Hughes 1983 [as melanoleuca] Lanza 1990 [as melanoleuca] Loveridge 1957 [as melanoleuca] Spawls & Branch 1995 [as melanoleuca] Spawls 1978 [as melanoleuca] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as melanoleuca] Wüster, Chirio, Trape, Ineich, Jackson, Greenbaum, Barron, Kusamba, Nagy, Storey, Hall, Wüster, Barlow & Broadley 2018
Genus Pseudohaje (Tree Cobras)
 
Pseudohaje goldii

Central African Tree Cobra

David & Ineich 1999 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Hughes 1983 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Elapidae [part 2: marine species] (Sea Snakes)
Genus Hydrophis (Typical Sea Snakes)
 
Hydrophis platurus

Yellow-bellied Sea Snake

David & Ineich 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Lamprophiidae (House Snakes, etc.)
Genus Amblyodipsas (Purple-glossed Snakes & Quill-snouted Snakes)
 
Amblyodipsas polylepis

Common Purple-glossed Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1971d Loveridge 1957 [as Calamelaps unicolor warreni] Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
  *
Amblyodipsas teitana

Taita Hills Purple-glossed Snake

Broadley 1971g Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Amblyodipsas unicolor

Equatorial Purple-glossed Snake

Broadley 1971d Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
Genus Aparallactus (African Centipede Eaters)
 
Aparallactus capensis

Cape Centipede Eater

Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Aparallactus guentheri

East African Black Centipede Eater

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Aparallactus jacksonii

Sudan Centipede Eater

Broadley & Howell 1991 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Aparallactus lunulatus

Reticulated Centipede Eater

Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
  *
Aparallactus turneri

Malindi Centipede Eater

Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
Genus Atractaspis (Stiletto Snakes)
 
Atractaspis bibronii

Southern Stiletto Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Broadley 1991b David & Ineich 1999 Laurent 1950 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Atractaspis engdahli

Kismayu Stiletto Snake

David & Ineich 1999 Lanza 1990 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Atractaspis fallax

False Stiletto Snake

David & Ineich 1999 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Hughes 1983 Lanza 1990 Laurent 1950 Spawls & Branch 1995 [as microlepidota] Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Atractaspis irregularis

Variable Stiletto Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 David & Ineich 1999 Golay, Smith, Broadley, Dixon, McCarthy, Rage, Schätti & Toriba 1993 Hughes 1983 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Laurent 1950 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
Genus Boaedon (Afro-Arabian House Snakes)
 
Boaedon capensis

Brown House Snake

Hughes 1997
 
Boaedon fuliginosus

Common African House Snake

Hughes 1983 Hughes 1997 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Dromophis (Olympic Snakes)
 
Dromophis lineatus

Lined Olympic Snake

Hoevers 1981 Hughes 1983 Hughes 2004 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Duberria (African Slug Eaters)
 
Duberria lutrix

Common Slug Eater

Broadley & Howell 1991 Hoevers 1981 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Gracililima (Black File Snake)
 
Gracililima nyassae

Black File Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Hemirhagerrhis (Bark Snakes)
 
Hemirhagerrhis hildebrandtii

Kenyan Bark Snake

Broadley & Hughes 2000
 
Hemirhagerrhis kelleri

Stripe-bellied Bark Snake

Broadley & Hughes 2000 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Hemirhagerrhis nototaenia

Southeastern Bark Snake

Broadley & Hughes 2000 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Hormonotus (Yellow Forest Snake)
 
Hormonotus modestus

Yellow Forest Snake

Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Limaformosa (Venus File Snakes)
 
Limaformosa chanleri

Unicolor File Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 [as unicolor] Broadley, Tolley, Conradie, Wishart, Trape, Burger, Kusamba, Zassi-Boulou & Greenbaum 2018 Lanza & Broadley 2014 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as unicolor] Stejneger 1893
 
Limaformosa savorgnani

Central African Forest File Snake

Lanza & Broadley 2014 Lanza 1983 Lanza 1990 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 [as capensis] Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978
Genus Lycophidion (African Wolf Snakes)
 
Lycophidion capense

Cape Wolf Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley & Hughes 1993 Broadley 1996b Hughes 1983 Laurent 1968 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lycophidion depressirostre

Flat-snouted Wolf Snake

Broadley & Hughes 1993 Broadley 1996b Laurent 1968 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lycophidion meleagre

Speckled Wolf Snake

Broadley 1996b
 
Lycophidion ornatum

Ornate Wolf Snake

Broadley & Hughes 1993 Broadley 1996b Hughes 1983 Laurent 1968 Loveridge 1957 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Lycophidion taylori

Somali Wolf Snake

Broadley & Hughes 1993 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Micrelaps (Afro-Asian Black-headed Snakes)
 
Micrelaps bicoloratus

Kenya Two-coloured Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Loveridge 1957 Rasmussen 2002 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Micrelaps vaillanti

Somali Black-headed Snake

Largen & Rasmussen 1993 [as boettgeri] Pitman 1974 [as boettgeri] Rasmussen 2002 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as boettgeri]
Genus Polemon (African Snake Eaters)
 
Polemon christyi

Eastern Snake Eater

Hughes 1983 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Prosymna (Shovel-snout Snakes)
 
Prosymna ambigua

Central African Shovel-snout

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1980 Hughes 1983 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Prosymna ruspolii

Southern Somali Shovel-snout

Broadley 1980 Lanza 1990 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Prosymna stuhlmannii

East African Shovel-snout

Broadley 1980 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Psammophis (Old World Sand Snakes and Grass Snakes)
 
Psammophis biseriatus

Eastern Link-marked Sand Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Psammophis mossambicus

East African Olive Grass Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 [as phillipsi] Broadley 1977 [as phillipsi] Hughes 1983 [as P. phillipsi] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wagner & Böhme 2007 [as P. phillipsi]
 
Psammophis orientalis

Eastern Stripe-bellied Sand Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1977 Broadley 1983a Broadley 2002 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Psammophis pulcher

Venus Sand Snake

Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Psammophis rukwae

Lake Rukwa Sand Snake

Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Psammophis sudanensis

Sudan Sand Snake

Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Psammophis tanganicus

Tanganyika Sand Snake

Pitman 1974 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Psammophis trivirgatus

Southern Speckled Sand Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 [as punctulatus] Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Psammophylax (Skaapstekers)
 
Psammophylax multisquamis

Kenyan Striped Skaapsteker

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1976 Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Pseudaspis (African Mole Snake)
 
Pseudaspis cana

African Mole Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Rhamphiophis (Beaked Snakes)
 
Rhamphiophis rostratus

Rufous Beaked Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1983a Chirio & Ineich 1991 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Rhamphiophis rubropunctatus

Red-spotted Beaked Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Chirio & Ineich 1991 Lanza 1990 Largen & Rasmussen 1993 Loveridge 1957 Pitman 1974 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Leptotyphlopidae (Thread Snakes)
Genus Epacrophis (Thorn-tailed Thread Snakes)
  *
Epacrophis boulengeri

Lamu Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b Loveridge 1957 Spawls 1978
  *
Epacrophis drewesi

Isiolo Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999
Genus Leptotyphlops (Typical Thread Snakes)
 
Leptotyphlops aethiopicus

Ethiopian Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b
 
Leptotyphlops emini

Karagwe Thread Snake

Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls 1978
 
Leptotyphlops keniensis

Mount Kenya Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b
 
Leptotyphlops macrops

Large-eyed Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 1996 Broadley & Wallach 2007 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999
 
Leptotyphlops merkeri

Mount Kilimanjaro Thread Snake

Adalsteinsson, Branch, Trape, Vitt & Hedges 2009 Broadley & Wallach 2007b
 
Leptotyphlops nigroterminus

Black-tipped Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b
 
Leptotyphlops pitmani

Uganda Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b
Genus Myriopholis (Many-scaled Thread Snakes)
 
Myriopholis braccianii

Eritrean Mountain Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b
 
Myriopholis longicauda

Southern African Long-tailed Thread Snake

Broadley & Broadley 1999 Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley & Watson 1976 Broadley 1983a Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls 1978 [as Leptotyphlops fiechteri] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Myriopholis macrorhyncha

Large-snouted Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b Hahn 1978 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013
 
Myriopholis parkeri

Ethiopian Many-scaled Thread Snake

Boundy 2013
 
Myriopholis tanae

Tana Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007b
 Family Pythonidae (Pythons)
Genus Python (Typical Pythons)
 
Python natalensis

Southern Rock Python

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley 1984 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Python sebae

Northern Rock Python

Broadley 1984 Hughes 1983 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Typhlopidae (Typical Blind Snakes)
Genus Afrotyphlops (African Giant Blind Snakes)
 
Afrotyphlops angolensis

Golden Blind Snake

Broadley & Howell 1991 Broadley & Wallach 2009 Hahn 1980 Hughes 1983 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Afrotyphlops brevis

Somali Giant Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2009 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Afrotyphlops calabresii

Hargeisa Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2009
  *
Afrotyphlops kaimosae

Kakamega Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2009 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Afrotyphlops lineolatus

Lineolate Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2009 Hahn 1980 Hughes 1983 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Afrotyphlops mucruso

Zambezi Giant Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2009 Broadley 1983a Hahn 1980 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Afrotyphlops nanus

Kenyan Dwarf Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2009 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Afrotyphlops punctatus

Spotted Blind Snake

Hughes 1983 Spawls 1978
Genus Letheobia (African Gracile Blind Snakes)
 
Letheobia lumbriciformis

Zanzibar Gracile Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007a McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999
  *
Letheobia mbeerensis

Mbeere Gracile Blind Snake

Malonza, Bauer & Ngwava 2016
 
Letheobia swahilica

Swahili Gracile Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007a
Genus Rhinotyphlops (African Beaked Blind Snakes)
 
Rhinotyphlops ataeniatus

Somali Gracile Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007a McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999
 
Rhinotyphlops unitaeniatus

Yellow-striped Gracile Blind Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007a
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Atheris (African Bush Vipers)
  *
Atheris desaixi

Mount Kenya Bush Viper

Broadley 1998b David & Ineich 1999 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Atheris hispida

Rough-scaled Bush Viper

Broadley 1998b David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1983 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
 
Atheris squamigera

Southern Green Bush Viper

Broadley 1998b David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1983 Lawson 1999 Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014
Genus Bitis (African Adders)
 
Bitis arietans

Common Puff Adder

David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1983 Lanza 1990 Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Bitis gabonica

Gaboon Adder

Broadley & Howell 1991 Hughes 1983 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Bitis nasicornis

African Nose-horned Viper

Broadley & Howell 1991 David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
  *
Bitis worthingtoni

Kenya Horned Viper

Loveridge 1957 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Causus (Night Adders)
 
Causus defilippii

Snouted Night Adder

Broadley & Howell 1991 David & Ineich 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Causus lichtensteinii

Forest Night Adder

David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Causus resimus

Green Night Adder

Broadley & Howell 1991 David & Ineich 1999 Lanza 1990 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Causus rhombeatus

Rhombic Night Adder

David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1983 Loveridge 1957 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Echis (Carpet Vipers)
 
Echis pyramidum

North East African Carpet Viper

David & Ineich 1999 Hughes 1976 Lanza 1990 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Pook, Joger, Stümpel & Wüster 2009 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978
Genus Montatheris (Kenya Montane Viper)
  *
Montatheris hindii

Kenya Montane Viper

David & Ineich 1999 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Spawls & Branch 1995 Spawls 1978 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
 
Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Frazier 1982 (in Bjorndal, ed.) King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
Genus Chelonia (Green Sea Turtle)
 
Chelonia mydas

Green Sea Turtle

Frazier 1982 (in Bjorndal, ed.) King & Burke 1989 Pritchard 1979 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Eretmochelys (Hawksbill Sea Turtle)
 
Eretmochelys imbricata

Hawksbill Sea Turtle

Frazier 1982 (in Bjorndal, ed.) King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
Genus Lepidochelys (Ridley Sea Turtles)
 
Lepidochelys olivacea

Olive Ridley Sea Turtle

Frazier 1982 (in Bjorndal, ed.) King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Genus Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
 
Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Frazier 1982 (in Bjorndal, ed.) King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Pelomedusidae (African Side-necked Turtles)
Genus Pelomedusa (African Helmeted Turtles)
 
Pelomedusa neumanni

Kenyan Helmeted Turtle

Boycott & Bourquin 2008 [as subrufa] Petzold, Vargas-Ramírez, Kehlmaier, Vamberger, Branch, Preez, Hofmeyr, Meyer, Schleicher, Siroký & Fritz 2014 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as subrufa]
 
Pelomedusa subrufa

Common Helmeted Turtle

Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
Genus Pelusios (African Mud Turtles)
  *
Pelusios broadleyi

Lake Turkana Mud Turtle

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Pelusios castanoides

Yellow-bellied Mud Turtle

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 McCord, Joseph-Ouni & Bour 2004b Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Pelusios sinuatus

East African Serrated Mud Turtle

Broadley & Boycott 2009 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Pelusios williamsi

Lake Victoria Mud Turtle

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Kinixys (Hinge-back Tortoises)
 
Kinixys belliana

Central African Hinge-back Tortoise

Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
 
Kinixys nogueyi

Western Savanna Hinge-back Tortoise

Iverson 1992 [as belliana] King & Burke 1989 [as belliana] McCord, Joseph-Ouni & Tabaka 2005 [as belliana] Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 [as belliana]
 
Kinixys spekii

Eastern Savanna Hinge-back Tortoise

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 
Kinixys zombensis

Southeastern Hinge-back Tortoise

McCord, Joseph-Ouni & Tabaka 2005 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017
Genus Malacochersus (African Pancake Tortoise)
 
Malacochersus tornieri

African Pancake Tortoise

Fritz & Havas 2006 Iverson 1992 King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002 Wermuth & Mertens 1977
Genus Stigmochelys (Leopard Tortoise)
 
Stigmochelys pardalis

Leopard Tortoise

King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002
 Family Trionychidae (Softshell Turtles)
Genus Trionyx (African Softshell Turtle)
 
Trionyx triunguis

African Softshell Turtle

King & Burke 1989 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002