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© Rune Midtgaard

Taxonomy of the family Anomalepididae
Bibliography of the genus Liotyphlops
Biodiversity of the family Anomalepididae


Smooth Blind Snakes, (Slender Blind Snakes)


Glatte Ormeslanger*

1857 Rhinotyphlops Peters [not Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger 1843 (Serpentes: Typhlopidae)] (type species: Rhinotyphlops albirostris Peters 1857)
1881 Liotyphlops Peters [substitute name for Rhinotyphlops Peters 1857]
Contents: 12 species, of which 9 (75.0%) are endemic.
Distribution: S. Central America, South America.
Reported from: Argentina, Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo [incl. Sao Sebastiao], Tocantins), Colombia, Costa Rica, Curacao, Ecuador, French Guiana, Panama, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Liotyphlops albirostris

White-nosed Blind Snake, (Central American Slender Blind Snake)


Hvidsnudet Ormeslange*

1857 Rhinotyphlops albirostris Peters
Liotyphlops albirostris Peters 1881
Helminthophis albirostris Boulenger 1893
1883 Typhlops emunctus Garman (Hahn 1980)
Helmithophis emunctus Cope 1887
1889 Helminthophis petersii Boulenger (Dixon & Kofron 1983)
Liotyphlops petersii Dunn 1944
1903 Helminthophis canellei Mocquard (Hahn 1980)
1916 Helminthophis bondensis Griffin (Hahn 1980)
1944 Liotyphlops cucutae Dunn (Dixon & Kofron 1983)
1952 Liotyphlops caracasensis Roze (Dixon & Kofron 1983)
1958 Liotyphlops rowanii Smith & Grant (Dixon & Kofron 1983)

Remarks: Almendáriz (1992) regarded petersi as a separate species. Distribution in Costa Rica is unclear, since the species is known from only a single specimen without exact locality information (Savage 2002). The specimen is likely to have come from southeastern Costa Rica, being closest to the nearest Panamanian records.
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Curacao, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela.

Liotyphlops anops

Bogota Blind Snake*



1899 Helminthophis anops Cope
Liotyphlops anops Dunn 1944
1944 Liotyphlops metae Dunn (Dixon & Kofron 1983)

Distribution: Colombia.

Liotyphlops argaleus

Cundinamarca Blind Snake*, (Meta Slender Blind Snake)



1983 Liotyphlops argaleus Dixon & Kofron

Distribution: Colombia.

Liotyphlops beui

Butantan Blind Snake*, (Dark Slender Blind Snake)



1924 Helminthophis beui Amaral
Liotyphlops beui Dixon & Kofron 1984

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of ternetzii (e.g., Hahn 1980).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Espirito Santo, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo), Paraguay.

Liotyphlops caissara

São Sebastião Blind Snake*


São Sebastião-ormeslange*

2010 Liotyphlops caissara Centeno, Swaya & Germano

Distribution: Brazil (Sao Paulo: Sao Sebastiao).

Liotyphlops haadi

Southern Colombian Blind Snake*

Südkolumbianische Blindschlange*

Sydcolombiansk Ormeslange*

2008 Liotyphlops haadi Haad, Franco & Maldonado

Distribution: Colombia.

Liotyphlops schubarti

São Paulo Blind Snake*


São Paulo-ormeslange*

1948 Liotyphlops schubarti Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Sao Paulo).

Liotyphlops sousai

Santa Catarina Blind Snake*


Santa Catarina-ormeslange*

2018 Liotyphlops sousai Marra Santos & Reis

Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina).

Liotyphlops taylori

Mato Grosso Blind Snake*


Mato Grosso-ormeslange*

2018 Liotyphlops taylori Marra Santos & Reis

Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso).

Liotyphlops ternetzii

Paraguayan Blind Snake*, (Ternetz' Blind Snake)

Paraguayische Blindschlange*

Paraguayisk Ormeslange*

1896 Helminthophis ternetzii Boulenger
Liotyphlops ternetzii Smith & Grant 1958
1924 Helminthophis incertus Amaral 1924 (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
Liotyphlops incertus Vanzolini 1948
1928 Helminthophis collenettei Parker (Hahn 1980)

Remarks: Status of incertus is uncertain. Regarded as a synonym of ternetzii by some authors (e.g., Dixon & Kofron 1984; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999) but as a valid species by others (e.g., Hahn 1980; Chippeaux 1986; Vanzolini 1986). If valid, specimens from Para, Brazil may represent incertus (Vanzolini 1986).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Sao Paulo, Tocantins), French Guiana, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Liotyphlops trefauti

Alagoas Blind Snake*



2007 Liotyphlops trefauti Freire, Caramaschi & Argôlo

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Pernambuco).

Liotyphlops wilderi

Minas Gerais Blind Snake*


Minas Gerais-ormeslange*

1883 Typhlops wilderi Garman
Helminthophis wilderi Hammar 1908
Liotyphlops wilderi Vanzolini 1948
1889 Helminthophis guentheri Boulenger (Dixon & Kofron 1983)
Liotyphlops guentheri Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970

Remarks: Now restricted to Brazil (Dixon & Kofron 1983; Cacciali, Scott, Aquino-Ortiz, Fitzgerald & Smith 2016). Records from Colombia (Perez-Santos & Moreno 1988) are erroneous. Records from Paraguay refer to beui (Cacciali, Scott, Aquino-Ortiz, Fitzgerald & Smith 2016).
Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio de Janeiro).