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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Pythonidae
Bibliography of the genus Morelia
Biodiversity of the family Pythonidae








Genus
Morelia

Carpet Pythons & allies

Rautenpythons, Teppichschlangen

Tęppepytoner m.fl.

1842 Morelia Gray (type species: Coluber spilotus Lacepede 1804, by monotypy; McDowell 1975; Williams & Wallach 1989)
1874 Chondropython Meyer (type species: Chondropython azureus Meyer 1874; syn. Underwood & Stimson 1990)
2009 Jackpython Hoser (type species: Python carinatus Smith 1981)
Contents: 5 species, of which 2 (40.0%) are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included Simalia. Underwood & Stimson (1990) synonymized Chondropython, Bothrochilus, and Liasis with Morelia. Bothrochilus and Liasis have subsequently been recognized as valid genera again (e.g., Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014).
Distribution: E. Malay Archipelago, Australia.
Reported from: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands], South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia), Indonesia (Aru Islands, Biak, Misool, Numfoor, Salawati, Supiori, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago, d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).

Morelia azurea

Northern Green Tree Python, Northern Green Python

Nördlicher Grüner Baumpython

Nordlig Grųn Trępyton

1874 Chondropython azureus Meyer
Morelia azurea Schleip & O'Shea 2010
1878 Chondropython pulcher Sauvage
Morelia azurea pulcher Natusch, Esquerré, Lyons, Hamidy, Lemmon, Lemmon, Riyanto, Keogh & Donnellan 2019
2019 Morelia azurea utaraensis Natusch, Esquerré, Lyons, Hamidy, Lemmon, Lemmon, Riyanto, Keogh & Donnellan

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of viridis (e.g., Stimson 1969). Schleip & O'Shea (2010), followed by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014), considered azurea to be a valid species, based on Rawlings & Donnellan (2003) and Rawlings, Rabosky, Donnellan & Hutchinson (2008).
Distribution: Indonesia (Biak, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Morelia bredli

Centralian Carpet Python, (Bredl’s Carpet Python, Bredl’s Python)

Zentralaustralischer Python

Centralaustralsk Tęppepyton*, (Bredls Tęppepyton)

1981 Python bredli Gow
Morelia bredli Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983
Morelia spilota bredli Swanson 2007

Remarks: Kluge (1993) considered bredli a synonym of spilota, but commented that more study was needed. Some authors have regarded bredli as a subspecies of spilota (e.g., Wilson & Swan 2003, 2010). However, most publications list bredli as a separate species (e.g., McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999; Schleip & O'Shea 2010; Cogger 2014; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014).
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory).


Morelia carinata

Rough-scaled Python

Rauschuppenpython

Ruskęllet Pyton*

1981 Python carinatus Smith
Morelia carinata Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983

Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).


Morelia spilota

Carpet Python

Teppichpython

Tęppepython

1804 Coluber spilotus Lacepede
Morelia spilotes Krefft 1869
Morelia spilota Werner 1910
1820 Python punctatus Merrem (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1828 Python peronii Wagler (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1842 Morelia variegata Gray (Schleip & O'Shea 2010)
Morelia argus variegata Mitchell 1951
Morelia spilotes variegata Mitchell 1955
1909 Python spilotes macrospila Werner (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1981 Python spilotus imbricatus Smith
Morelia spilota imbricata Cogger 1983
Morelia imbricata Wells & Wellington 1984
1984 Morelia cheynei Wells & Wellington (Schleip & O'Shea 2010)
Morelia spilota cheynei Barker & Barker 1994
1984 Morelia mcdowelli Wells & Wellington (Schleip & O'Shea 2010)
Morelia spilota mcdowelli Barker & Barker 1994
1985 Morelia metcalfei Wells & Wellington (Schleip & O'Shea 2010)
Morelia spilota metcalfei Barker & Barker 1994
2000 Morelia harrisoni Hoser (subspecies inquirenda; Schleip & O'Shea 2010)
Morelia spilota harrisoni Schleip & O'Shea 2010
2004 Morelia mippughae Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)
2012 Morelia wellsi Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Other common names:
cheynei: Jungle Carpet Python
imbricata: Southwestern Carpet Python, Western Carpet Python, Southern Carpet Python
mcdowelli: Eastern Carpet Python, Coastal Carpet Python
metcalfei: Murray/Darling Carpet Python, Inland Carpet Python
spilota: Diamond Python
variegata: Northern Carpet Python, Northwestern Carpet Python, Top End Carpet Python
Remarks: Previously included bredli. Often, but erroneously, referred to as Morelia argus in older literature (e.g., Stimson 1969), based on the name Coluber arges Linnaeus 1858, a nomen dubium (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999). Shea & Sadlier (1999) regarded cheynei, mcdowelli and metcalfei as synonyms of variegata. A record from Tokelau is regarded as erroneous (McDowell 1975). Presumably extinct in the Australian Capital Territory (subsp. variegata), since the has been no records for more than 70 years (Bennett 1997).
Extinct in: Australia (Australian Capital Territory).
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands], South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia), Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Morelia viridis

Southern Green Tree Python, Southern Green Python, (Papuan Tree Python)

Südlicher Grüner Baumpython

Sydlig Grųn Trępyton

1872 Python viridis Schlegel
Chondropython viridis Meyer 1874
Morelia viridis Underwood & Stimson 1990
2004 Chondropython viridis shireenae Hoser
2009 Chondropython viridis adelynhoserae Hoser

Remarks: Previously included azurea. A record from the Solomon Islands (Burt & Burt 1932) is regarded as erroneous (McDowell 1975).
Distribution: Australia (Queensland), Indonesia (Aru Islands, Biak, Misool, Numfoor, Salawati, Supiori, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).