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Taxonomy of the family Sphaerodactylidae
Bibliography of the genus Sphaerodactylus
Biodiversity of the family Sphaerodactylidae








Genus
Sphaerodactylus

Least Geckos, Reef Geckos, Sphaeros, American Dwarf Geckos

Kugelfingergeckos

Nymfegekkoer

1830 Sphaerodactylus Wagler (type species: Lacerta sputator Sparrman 1784)
1831 Sphaeriodactylus Gray [substitute name for Sphaerodactylus Wagler 1830]
Contents: 107 species, of which 87 (81.3%) are endemic.
Distribution: S. Mexico, Central America, NW. South America, West Indies.
Reported from: Anguilla (incl. Anguilla Island, Little Scrub, Sombrero), Antigua & Barbuda (incl. Antigua, Barbuda, Redonda), Bahamas (incl. Great Inagua Bank [incl. Great Inagua], Little Bahama Bank, East Plana Cay], Belize, British Virgin Islands (incl. Anegada, Carrot Rock), Cayman Islands (Cayman Brac, Grand Cayman, Little Cayman), Colombia (incl. San Andres), Costa Rica (incl. Isla del Coco), Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud), Dominica, Dominican Republic (incl. Isla Alto Velo), Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe (incl. Desirade, Iles de la Petite Terre [incl. Terre-de-Bas], Iles des Saintes, Marie-Galante), Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite, Ile de la Gonâve, Île-à-Vache), Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Barbareta, Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Guanaja, Isla Morat, Roatan, Utila], Islas del Cisne [Isla Grande, Isla Pequeña]), Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo [incl. Cozumel], Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan), Montserrat, Navassa, Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama, Puerto Rico (incl. Culebra, Desecheo, Mona, Monito, Vieques), Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Nevis, Saint Kitts), Saint Lucia (incl. Maria Islands), Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Sint Eustatius, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands, Turks Islands), U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. Saint Croix), Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Sphaerodactylus alphus

Guanaja Odd-scaled Least Gecko

Rauhschuppiger Guanaja-Kugelfingergecko

Grovskællet Guanaja-nymfegekko

2013 Sphaerodactylus alphus McCranie & Hedges

Distribution: Honduras (Islas de la Bahia: Guanaja).


Sphaerodactylus altavelensis

Alta Velo Least Gecko

Alta-Velo-Kugelfingergecko

Alta Velo-nymfegekko

1933 Sphaerodactylus altavelensis Noble & Hassler
1968 Sphaerodactylus brevirostratus Shreve (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1968 Sphaerodactylus brevirostratus enriquilloensis Shreve (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1983 Sphaerodactylus altavelensis lucioi Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic (incl. Isla Alto Velo), Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus argivus

Cayman Islands Least Gecko, Cayman Ground Gecko

Cayman-Kugelfingergecko

Cayman-nymfegekko

1888 Sphaerodactylus argivus Garman
Sphaerodactylus argus argivus Barbour 1937
1934 Sphaerodactylus bartschi Cochran (Thomas 1975)
Sphaerodactylus argus bartschi Barbour 1937
Sphaerodactylus argivus bartschi Thomas 1975
1940 Sphaerodactylus lewisi Grant (Thomas 1975)
Sphaerodactylus argus lewisi Dunn & Saxe 1950

Other common names:
argivus: Cayman Brac Ground Gecko
bartschi: Little Cayman Ground Gecko
lewisi: Grand Cayman Ground Gecko
Distribution: Cayman Islands (Cayman Brac, Grand Cayman, Little Cayman).


Sphaerodactylus argus

Ocellated Least Gecko, Jamaican Stippled Least Gecko

Gewöhnlicher Argus-Kugelfingergecko

Almindelig Argus-nymfegekko

1850 Sphaerodactylus argus Gosse
1940 Sphaerodactylus argus henriquesi Grant
1950 Sphaerodactylus argus andresensis Dunn & Saxe

Other common names:
argus: Antillean Ocellated Dwarf Gecko
Introduced to: Mexico (Yucatan), Nicaragua (Islas del Maiz [Isla Grande del Maiz]), Panama, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Bahamas, Colombia (San Andres), Cuba, Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus ariasae

Jaragua Least Gecko

Jaragua-Kugelfingergecko

Jaragua-nymfegekko

2001 Sphaerodactylus ariasae Hedges & Thomas

Remarks: This species and parthenopion are the smallest amniote vertebrates (Hedges & Thomas 2001), along with some species of Brookesia (Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences 2012).
Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus armasi

Spotted-head Least Gecko

Kopffleckiger Kugelfingergecko

Hovedplettet Nymfegekko

1974 Sphaerodactylus armasi Schwartz & Garrido

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus armstrongi

Southern Forest Least Gecko

Südhispaniolanischer Wald-Kugelfingergecko

Sydhispaniolansk Skov-nymfegekko

1933 Sphaerodactylus armstrongi Noble & Hassler
1983 Sphaerodactylus armstrongi hypsinephes Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus asterulus

Haitian Stippled Least Gecko

Haitianischer Gepunkteter Kugelfingergecko

Haitiansk Prikket Nymfegekko

1980 Sphaerodactylus asterulus Schwartz & Graham

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus beattyi

Saint Croix Least Gecko

Saint-Croix-Kugelfingergecko

Saint Croix-nymfegekko

1937 Sphaerodactylus beattyi Grant
1966 Sphaerodactylus beattyi seamani Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. Saint Croix).


Sphaerodactylus becki

Navassa Least Gecko

Navassa-Kugelfingergecko

Navassa-nymfegekko

1919 Sphaerodactylus becki Schmidt

Distribution: Navassa.


Sphaerodactylus bromeliarum

Cuban Bromeliad Least Gecko

Bromelien-Kugelfingergecko

Epifyt-nymfegekko

1972 Sphaerodactylus bromeliarum Peters & Schwartz

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus caicosensis

Turks and Caicos Banded Least Gecko

Caicos-Kugelfingergecko

Caicos-nymfegekko

1934 Sphaerodactylus caicosensis Cochran

Distribution: Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands).


Sphaerodactylus callocricus

Rough-banded Least Gecko

Rauhbändiger Kugelfingergecko

Grovbåndet Nymfegekko

1976 Sphaerodactylus callocricus Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus celicara

Baracoa Eyespot Least Gecko

Baracoa-Kugelfingergecko

Baracoa-nymfegekko

1982 Sphaerodactylus celicara Garrido & Schwartz

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus cinereus

Haitian Broad-banded Least Gecko

Haitianischer Breitbändiger Kugelfingergecko

Haitiansk Bredbåndet Nymfegekko

1830 Sphaerodactylus cinereus Wagler
1931 Sphaerodactylus stejnegeri Cochran (Graham & Schwartz 1978)
Sphaerodactylus cinereus stejnegeri Graham & Schwartz 1978

Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus clenchi

Orange-spotted Least Gecko

Orangefleckiger Kugelfingergecko

Orangeplettet Nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus clenchi Shreve
1983 Sphaerodactylus clenchi apocoptus Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus cochranae

Haitises Striped Least Gecko

Gestreifter Haitises-Kugelfingergecko

Stribet Haitises-nymfegekko

1946 Sphaerodactylus cochranae Ruibal

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus continentalis

Continental Least Gecko

Kontinentaler Kugelfingergecko

Kontinental Nymfegekko

1896 Sphaerodactylus argus continentalis Werner
Sphaerodactylus continentalis Smith & Toro 1962

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of millepunctatus (e.g., Harris & Kluge 1984). Revalidated as a separate species by McCranie & Hedges (2012). Records from Guanaja, Roatan, and Utila (Islas de la Bahia, Honduras) refer to guanajae, leonardovaldesi, and poindexteri, respectively. Records from Cozumel Island (Quintana Roo, Mexico) may represent a separate species (McCranie & Hedges 2012, 2013), but are included here, pending further studies.
Introduced to: USA (Louisiana, Maryland).
Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo [incl. Cozumel], Tabasco).


Sphaerodactylus copei

Haitian Big-scaled Least Gecko

Haitianischer Großschuppiger Kugelfingergecko

Haitiansk Storskællet Nymfegekko

1869 Sphaerodactylus copei Steindachner
1862 Sphaerodactylus anthracinus Cope (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1887 Sphaerodactylus picturatus Garman (Schwartz & Thomas 1965)
Sphaerodactylus copei picturatus Schwartz & Thomas 1965
1888 Sphaerodactylus asper Garman (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1965 Sphaerodactylus copei cataplexis Schwartz & Thomas
1965 Sphaerodactylus copei enochrus Schwartz & Thomas
1968 Sphaerodactylus copei polyommatus Thomas
1975 Sphaerodactylus copei astreptus Schwartz
1975 Sphaerodactylus copei deuterus Schwartz
1975 Sphaerodactylus copei pelastes Schwartz
1975 Sphaerodactylus copei websteri Schwartz

Introduced to: Bahamas.
Distribution: Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite, Ile de la Gonâve, Île-à-Vache).


Sphaerodactylus corticola

Central Bahamas Least Gecko

Zentralbahamanischer Kugelfingergecko

Centralbahamansk Nymfegekko

1888 Sphaerodactylus corticolus Garman
1968 Sphaerodactylus corticola apporox Schwartz
1968 Sphaerodactylus corticola campter Schwartz
1968 Sphaerodactylus corticola soter Schwartz

Distribution: Bahamas (incl. East Plana Cay).


Sphaerodactylus cricoderus

Turquino Collared Least Gecko

Turquino-Kugelfingergecko

Turquino-nymfegekko

1992 Sphaerodactylus cricoderus Thomas, Hedges & Garrido

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus cryphius

Desert Pygmy Least Gecko

Wüsten-Kugelfingergecko

Ørken-nymfegekko

1977 Sphaerodactylus cryphius Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus dacnicolor

Eastern Jamaican Sharp-nosed Least Gecko

Östliche Spitzschnäuziger Kugelfingergecko

Østlig Spidssnudet Nymfegekko

1910 Sphaerodactylus dacnicolor Barbour
Sphaerodactylus oxyrhinus dacnicolor Thomas 1975

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Henderson & Powell (2009), although without discussion.
Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus darlingtoni

Northern Forest Least Gecko

Nordhispaniolanischer Wald-Kugelfingergecko

Nordhispaniolansk Skov-nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus darlingtoni Shreve
1968 Sphaerodactylus noblei Shreve (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Sphaerodactylus darlingtoni noblei Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1983 Sphaerodactylus darlingtoni bobilini Thomas & Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus darlingtoni mekistus Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus difficilis

Hispaniolan Eyespot Least Gecko

Hispaniolanischer Augenfleck-Kugelfingergecko

Hispaniolansk Argus-nymfegekko

1914 Sphaerodactylus difficilis Barbour
1983 Sphaerodactylus difficilis anthracomus Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus difficilis diolenius Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus difficilis euopter Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus difficilis lycauges Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus difficilis peratus Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus difficilis typhlopous Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus dimorphicus

Santiago de Cuba Least Gecko

Santiago-Kugelfingergecko

Santiago-nymfegekko

2004 Sphaerodactylus dimorphicus Fong G. & Diaz

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus docimus

Cabo Cruz Banded Least Gecko

Cabo-Cruz-Kugelfingergecko

Cabo Cruz-nymfegekko

1985 Sphaerodactylus docimus Schwartz & Garrido

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus dunni

Honduran Least Gecko, (Dunn's Least Gecko)

Honduranischer Kugelfingergecko

Honduransk Nymfegekko

1936 Sphaerodactylus dunni Schmidt

Distribution: Honduras.


Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus

Snout-shield Least Gecko

Schildnasen-Kugelfingergecko

Skjoldsnudet Nymfegekko

1966 Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus Thomas

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus elegans

Ashy Gecko

Aschgrauer Kugelfingergecko

Askegrå Nymfegekko, Askegrå Gekko

1834 Sphaerodactylus elegans MacCleay
1836 Sphaeriodactylus punctatissimus [sic] Duméril & Bibron (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
Sphaerodactylus elegans punctatissimus Schwartz & Garrido 1985
1862 Sphaerodactylus alopex Cope (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud), Dominican Republic, Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite, Ile de la Gonâve).


Sphaerodactylus elegantulus

Antigua Bank Least Gecko

Antigua-Kugelfingergecko

Antigua-nymfegekko

1917 Sphaerodactylus elegantulus Barbour

Distribution: Antigua & Barbuda (incl. Antigua, Barbuda).


Sphaerodactylus epiurus

Hispaniolan Tailspot Least Gecko

Schwanzfleckiger Kugelfingergecko

Haleplettet Nymfegekko

1993 Sphaerodactylus epiurus Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus exsul

Swan Islands Least Gecko

Swan-Inseln-Kugelfingergecko

Swan Islands-nymfegekko

1914 Sphaerodactylus exsul Barbour
Sphaerodactylus notatus exsul Schwartz 1966

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Powell & Henderson (in Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012), although without discussion.
Distribution: Honduras (Islas del Cisne [Isla Grande, Isla Pequeña]).


Sphaerodactylus fantasticus

Southern Leeward Least Gecko, Fantastic Dwarf Gecko

Zentralantillischer Kugelfingergecko

Centralantillisk Nymfegekko

1836 Sphaeriodactylus fantasticus Dumeril & Bibron
Sphaerodactylus fantasticus Boulenger 1885
1962 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus ligniservulus King
1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus anidrotus Thomas
1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus fuga Thomas
1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus hippomanes Thomas
1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus karukera Thomas
1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus orescius Thomas
1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus tartaropylorus Thomas

Remarks: Previously included phyzacinus.
Distribution: Dominica, Guadeloupe (incl. Desirade, Iles de la Petite Terre [incl. Terre-de-Bas], Iles des Saintes, Marie-Galante), Montserrat.


Sphaerodactylus gaigeae

Chevronate Least Gecko

Sparren-Kugelfingergecko

Sparre-nymfegekko

1932 Sphaerodactylus gaigeae Grant

Distribution: Puerto Rico (incl. Vieques).


Sphaerodactylus gilvitorques

Jamaican Collared Least Gecko

Jamaikanischer Halsband-Kugelfingergecko

Jamaicansk Halsbånd-nymfegekko

1862 Sphaerodactylus gilvitorques Cope

Remarks: Distribution uncertain, but probably Jamaica (Schwartz & Henderson 1991). Known from only a single specimen. Possibly extinct (Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012).
Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus glaucus

Central American Collared Least Gecko, Spotted Bark Gecko, (Collared Dwarf Gecko)

Zentralamerikanischer Halsband-Kugelfingergecko

Centralamerikansk Halsbånd-nymfegekko

1865 Sphaerodactylus glaucus Cope
1873 Sphaerodactylus inornatus Peters (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
Sphaerodactylus glaucus inornatus Smith & MacDougall 1954
1887 Sphaerodactylus torquatus Strauch (Harris & Kluge 1984)
Sphaerodactylus glaucus torquatus Smith & Taylor 1949

Introduced to: USA (Louisiana).
Distribution: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan).


Sphaerodactylus goniorhynchus

Jamaican Forest Least Gecko

Jamaikanischer Wald-Kugelfingergecko

Jamaicansk Skov-nymfegekko

1895 Sphaerodactylus goniorhynchus Cope

Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis

Puerto Rican Eyespot Least Gecko

Puertoricanischer Augenfleck-Kugelfingergecko

Puertoricansk Argus-nymfegekko

1904 Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis Stejneger
Sphaerodactylus macrolepis grandisquamis Thomas & Schwartz 1966
1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis ateles Thomas & Schwartz
Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis ateles Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble 2019
1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis guarionex Thomas & Schwartz
Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis guarionex Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble 2019
1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis mimetes Thomas & Schwartz
Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis mimetes Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble 2019
1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis spanius Thomas & Schwartz
Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis spanius Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble 2019
1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis stibarus Thomas & Schwartz
Sphaerodactylus grandisquamis stibarus Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble 2019

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subspecies of macrolepis (e.g., Thomas & Schwartz 1966). Revalidated as a separate species by Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble (2019).
Distribution: Puerto Rico (Puerto Rican mainland, Cays off the Eastern Coast of Puerto Rico [Isla Piñeros]).





Sphaerodactylus graptolaemus

Costa Rica Least Gecko

Costarikanischer Kugelfingergecko

Costaricansk Nymfegekko

1984 Sphaerodactylus graptolaemus Harris & Kluge

Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama.


Sphaerodactylus guanajae

Guanaja Even-scaled Least Gecko

Gleichschuppiger Guanaja-Kugelfingergecko

Ensskællet Guanaja-nymfegekko

2012 Sphaerodactylus guanajae McCranie & Hedges

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of continentalis (e.g., Meyer & Wilson 1973; Wilson & Hahn 1973) or millepunctatus (e.g., Harris & Kluge 1984; McCranie, Wilson & Köhler 2005; McCranie, Townsend & Wilson 2006).
Distribution: Honduras (Islas de la Bahia: Guanaja).


Sphaerodactylus heliconiae

Colombian Least Gecko

Kolumbianischer Kugelfingergecko

Colombiansk Nymfegekko

1982 Sphaerodactylus heliconiae Harris

Distribution: Colombia.


Sphaerodactylus homolepis

Yellow-tailed Dwarf Gecko, (Caribbean Least Gecko)

Gelbschwanz-Kugelfingergecko

Gulhalet Nymfegekko

1886 Sphaerodactylus homolepis Cope
1916 Sphaerodactylus homolepis var. carinatus Andersson (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1916 Sphaerodactylus lineolatus var. imbricatus Andersson [not Sphaerodactylus imbricatus Fischer 1882] (Harris & Kluge 1984)
Sphaerodactylus imbricatus Taylor 1956
1965 Sphaerodactylus mertensi Wermuth [substitute name for Sphaerodactylus lineolatus imbricatus Andersson 1916] (Harris & Kluge 1984)

Introduced to: Colombia.
Distribution: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama.


Sphaerodactylus inaguae

Inagua Least Gecko

Inagua-Kugelfingergecko

Inagua-nymfegekko

1932 Sphaerodactylus inaguae Noble & Klingel

Distribution: Bahamas (Great Inagua Bank [incl. Great Inagua]).


Sphaerodactylus inigoi

Vieques Eyespot Least Gecko

Vieques-Augenfleck-Kugelfingergecko

Vieques-Argus-nymfegekko

1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis inigoi Thomas & Schwartz
Sphaerodactylus inigoi Daza, Pinto, Thomas, Herrera-Martinez, Scantlebury, Padilla García, Balaraman, Perry & Gamble 2019

Distribution: Puerto Rico (Vieques).





Sphaerodactylus intermedius

North Cuban Banded Least Gecko, North Coast Banded Least Gecko

Nordkubanische Gebänderter Kugelfingergecko

Nordcubansk Båndet Nymfegekko

1919 Sphaerodactylus intermedius Barbour & Ramsden
1958 Sphaerodactylus decoratus drapetiscus Schwartz (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
Sphaerodactylus drapetiscus Ruibal 1959

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus kirbyi

Bequia Least Gecko

Bequia-Kugelfingergecko

Bequia-nymfegekko

1994 Sphaerodactylus kirbyi Lazell

Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island).


Sphaerodactylus klauberi

Puerto Rican Upland Least Gecko

Puertoricanischer Gebirgs-Kugelfingergecko

Puertoricansk Bjerg-nymfegekko

1931 Sphaerodactylus klauberi Grant

Distribution: Puerto Rico.


Sphaerodactylus ladae

Spotted Agave Least Gecko

Agaven-Kugelfingergecko

Agave-nymfegekko

1988 Sphaerodactylus ladae Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus lazelli

Cap-Haitien Least Gecko

Cap-Haitien-Kugelfingergecko

Cap-Haitien-nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus lazelli Shreve

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus leonardovaldesi

Roatan Least Gecko

Roatan-Kugelfingergecko

Roatan-nymfegekko

2012 Sphaerodactylus leonardovaldesi McCranie & Hedges

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of continentalis (e.g., Meyer & Wilson 1973; Wilson & Hahn 1973) or millepunctatus (e.g., Harris & Kluge 1984; Grismer, Grismer, Marson, Matteson, Sihotang, Crane, Dayov, Mayer, Simpson & Kaiser 2001; McCranie, Wilson & Köhler 2005; McCranie, Townsend & Wilson 2006).
Distribution: Honduras (Islas de la Bahia [Barbareta, Isla Morat, Roatan]).


Sphaerodactylus leucaster

Broken-striped Least Gecko

Strichlierter Kugelfingergecko

Stiplet Nymfegekko

1973 Sphaerodactylus leucaster Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus levinsi

Desecheo Least Gecko, Desecheo Gecko

Desecheo-Kugelfingergecko

Desecheo-nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus levinsi Heatwole

Distribution: Puerto Rico (Desecheo).


Sphaerodactylus lineolatus

Panama Least Gecko

Panamaischer Kugelfingergecko

Panamansk Nymfegekko

1856 Sphaeriodactylus lineolatus Lichtenstein & Martens in Lichtenstein
1862 Sphaerodactylus casicolus Cope (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Remarks: Records from Belize refer to millepunctatus (Stafford & Meyer 2000). Doubtfully recorded from Ecuador.
Distribution: Colombia, Panama.


Sphaerodactylus macrolepis

Virgin Islands Eyespot Least Gecko

Virgin-Islands-Augenfleck-Kugelfingergecko

Virgin-Islands-Argus-nymfegekko

1859 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis Günther
1882 Sphaerodactylus imbricatus Fischer [1881] (Wermuth 1965; Kluge 2001)
1931 Sphaerodactylus danforthi Grant (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1966 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis phoberus Thomas & Schwartz

Remarks: Previously included grandisquamis, inigoi, and parvus (e.g., Schwartz & Henderson 1988).
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Anguilla, British Virgin Islands (incl. Anegada, Carrot Rock), Puerto Rico (incl. Culebra, Vieques), U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. Saint Croix).


Sphaerodactylus mariguanae

Southern Bahamas Least Gecko

Südbahamanischer Kugelfingergecko

Sydbahamansk Nymfegekko

1934 Sphaerodactylus mariguanae Cochran

Introduced to: Turks & Caicos Islands (Turks Islands: Grand Turk).
Distribution: Bahamas (Mayaguana Bank).


Sphaerodactylus microlepis

Saint Lucia Least Gecko

Saint-Lucia-Kugelfingergecko

Saint Lucia-nymfegekko

1862 Sphaeriodactylus microlepis Reinhardt & Lütken
Sphaerodactylus microlepis Boulenger 1885
1862 Sphaeriodactylus microlepis Reinhardt & Lütken
1873 Sphaerodactylus melanospilos Bocourt (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1965 Sphaerodactylus microlepis thomasi Schwartz

Remarks: Presence in Dominica is based on a single specimen (Malhotra, Thorpe, Hypolite & James in Hailey, Wilson & Horrocks 2011), which is herein considered an introduction, following Powell & Henderson (eds., 2012).
Introduced to: Dominica.
Distribution: Saint Lucia (incl. Maria Islands).


Sphaerodactylus micropithecus

Monito Least Gecko

Monito-Kugelfingergecko

Monito-nymfegekko

1977 Sphaerodactylus micropithecus Schwartz

Distribution: Puerto Rico (Monito).


Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus

Spotted Least Gecko, Spotted Dwarf Gecko, Spotted Gecko, Dwarf Bark Gecko

Kleinfleckiger Kugelfingergecko

Finplettet Nymfegekko

1861 Sphaeriodactylus millepunctatus Hallowell
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus Taylor 1956

Remarks: Previously included continentalis. Records from Guanaja, Roatan, and Utila (Islas de la Bahia, Honduras) refer to guanajae, leonardovaldesi, and poindexteri, respectively.
Introduced to: USA (Mississippi).
Distribution: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua (incl. Islas del Maiz: Isla Grande del Maiz).


Sphaerodactylus molei

Trinidad Speckled Least Gecko, (Speckled Least Gecko)

Gesprenkelter Trinidad-Kugelfingergecko

Spættet Trinidad-nymfegekko

1894 Sphaerodactylus molei Boettger
1900 Sphaerodactylus buergeri Werner (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1927 Sphaerodactylus venezuelanus Roux (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Distribution: Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Sphaerodactylus monensis

Mona Least Gecko

Mona-Kugelfingergecko

Mona-nymfegekko

1901 Sphaerodactylus microlepis var. monensis Meerwarth
Sphaerodactylus monensis Stejneger 1904

Distribution: Puerto Rico (Mona).


Sphaerodactylus nicholsi

Puerto Rican Crescent Least Gecko, (Nichol's Least Gecko)

Halbmond-Kugelfingergecko

Halvmåne-nymfegekko

1931 Sphaerodactylus nicholsi Grant

Introduced to: Puerto Rico.
Distribution: Puerto Rico.


Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus

Cuban Three-banded Least Gecko, Black-spotted Ground Gecko

Kubanischer Dreibändiger Kugelfingergecko

Cubansk Trebåndet Nymfegekko

1845 Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus Gray
1888 Sphaerodactylus decoratus Garman (Thomas & Schwartz 1974)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus decoratus Thomas & Schwartz 1974
1904 Sphaerodactylus flavicaudus Barbour (Thomas & Schwartz 1974)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus flavicauda Thomas & Schwartz 1974
1921 Sphaerodactylus gibbus Barbour (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus gibbus Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1959 Sphaerodactylus alayoi Grant (Garrido & Jaume 1984)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi Garrido & Jaume 1984
1966 Sphaerodactylus decoratus atessares Thomas & Schwartz (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1966 Sphaerodactylus decoratus granti Thomas & Schwartz (Thomas & Schwartz 1974)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti Thomas & Schwartz 1974
1966 Sphaerodactylus decoratus lissodesmus Thomas & Schwartz (Thomas & Schwartz 1974)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus Thomas & Schwartz 1974
1966 Sphaerodactylus decoratus strategus Thomas & Schwartz (Thomas & Schwartz 1974)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus Thomas & Schwartz 1974
1966 Sphaerodactylus torrei ocujal Thomas & Schwartz (Garrido & Jaume 1984)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal Thomas & Schwartz 1974
Sphaerodactylus ocujal Estrada in Powell & Henderson 2012
1972 Sphaerodactylus decoratus porrasi Schwartz (Thomas & Schwartz 1974)
Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus porrasi Thomas & Schwartz 1974

Other common names:
gibbus: Exuma Islands Black-spotted Ground Gecko
Remarks: Estrada (in Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012) treated ocujal as a separate species, but without discussion.
Distribution: Bahamas, Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus notatus

Reef Gecko, Brown-speckled Least Gecko

Riffgecko

Revgekko

1859 Sphaeriodactylus notatus Baird
Sphaerodactylus notatus Cope 1862
1966 Sphaerodactylus notatus amaurus Schwartz
1966 Sphaerodactylus notatus atactus Schwartz
1966 Sphaerodactylus notatus peltastes Schwartz

Other common names:
amaurus: Great Bahama Bank Reef Gecko
notatus: Florida Reef Gecko
Remarks: Previously included exsul.
Introduced to: Colombia, Jamaica, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Bahamas (incl. Great Inagua Bank [incl. Great Inagua], Little Bahama Bank), Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud).


Sphaerodactylus nycteropus

Haitian Flathead Least Gecko

Haitianischer Flachkopf-Kugelfingergecko

Haitiansk Fladhovedet Nymfegekko

1977 Sphaerodactylus nycteropus Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus ocoae

Ocoa Least Gecko

Ocoa-Kugelfingergecko

Ocoa-nymfegekko

1977 Sphaerodactylus ocoae Schwartz & Thomas

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus oliveri

Escambray Spotted Least Gecko

Escambray-Kugelfingergecko

Escambray-nymfegekko

1944 Sphaerodactylus oliveri Grant

Remarks: Previously included storeyae.
Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus omoglaux

Fond Parisien Least Gecko, Haitian Border Least Gecko

Fond-Parisien-Kugelfingergecko

Fond Parisien-nymfegekko

1982 Sphaerodactylus omoglaux Thomas

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus oxyrhinus

Western Jamaican Sharp-nosed Least Gecko

Westlicher Spitzschnauzen-Kugelfingergecko

Vestlig Spidssnudet Nymfegekko

1850 Sphaerodactylus oxyrhinus Gosse

Remarks: Previously included dacnicolor.
Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus pacificus

Cocos Island Least Gecko, Pacific Least Gecko

Cocos-Island-Kugelfingergecko

Cocos Island-nymfegekko

1903 Sphaerodactylus pacificus Stejneger

Distribution: Costa Rica (Isla del Coco).


Sphaerodactylus parkeri

Jamaican Banded Least Gecko, (Parker's Banded Least Gecko)

Jamaikanischer Gebänderter Kugelfingergecko

Jamaicansk Båndet Nymfegekko

1939 Sphaerodactylus parkeri Grant

Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus parthenopion

Virgin Islands Dwarf Least Gecko

Virgin-Islands-Zwergkugelfingergecko

Virgin Islands-dværgnymfegekko

1965 Sphaerodactylus parthenopion Thomas

Remarks: This species and ariasae are the smallest amniote vertebrates (Hedges & Thomas 2001), along with some species of Brookesia (Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences 2012).
Distribution: British Virgin Islands.


Sphaerodactylus parvus

Anguilla Bank Least Gecko

Anguilla-Kugelfingergecko

Anguilla-nymfegekko

1962 Sphaerodactylus macrolepis parvus King
Sphaerodactylus parvus Powell & Henderson 2001

Distribution: Anguilla (incl. Anguilla Island), Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin.


Sphaerodactylus perissodactylus

Martin Garcia Least Gecko

Martin-Garcia-Kugelfingergecko

Martin Garcia-nymfegekko

1988 Sphaerodactylus perissodactylus Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus phyzacinus

Les Saintes Least Gecko, Les Saintes Dwarf Gecko

Les-Saintes-Kugelfingergecko

Les Saintes-nymfegekko

1965 Sphaerodactylus fantasticus phyzacinus Thomas
Sphaerodactylus phyzacinus Thorpe, Jones, Malhotra & Surget-Groba 2008

Distribution: Guadeloupe (Iles des Saintes).


Sphaerodactylus pimienta

Cuban Pepper Least Gecko

Pimienta-Kugelfingergecko

Pimienta-nymfegekko

1998 Sphaerodactylus pimienta Thomas, Hedges & Garrido

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus plummeri

Barahona Big-scaled Least Gecko

Großschuppiger Barahona-Kugelfingergecko

Storskællet Barahona-nymfegekko

1992 Sphaerodactylus plummeri Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus poindexteri

Utila Least Gecko

Utila-Kugelfingergecko

Utila-nymfegekko

2013 Sphaerodactylus poindexteri McCranie & Hedges

Distribution: Honduras (Islas de la Bahia: Utila).


Sphaerodactylus ramsdeni

Cuban Forest Least Gecko

Kubanischer Wald-Kugelfingergecko

Cubansk Skov-nymfegekko

1959 Sphaerodactylus ramsdeni Ruibal

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus randi

Barahona Speckled Least Gecko

Gesprenkelter Barahona-Kugelfingergecko

Spættet Barahona-nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus notatus randi Shreve
Sphaerodactylus randi Schwartz 1977
1977 Sphaerodactylus randi methorius Schwartz
1977 Sphaerodactylus randi strahmi Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus rhabdotus

Hispaniolan Two-striped Least Gecko

Hispaniolanischer Zweistreifen-Kugelfingergecko

Hispaniolansk Tostribet Nymfegekko

1970 Sphaerodactylus rhabdotus Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus richardi

Cuban Banded Least Gecko, (Richard's Banded Least Gecko)

Kubanischer Gebänderter Kugelfingergecko

Cubansk Båndet Nymfegekko

1993 Sphaerodactylus richardi Hedges & Garrido

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus richardsonii

Montego Banded Least Gecko

Montego-Kugelfingergecko

Montego-nymfegekko

1845 Sphaerodactylus richardsoni Gray
1939 Sphaerodactylus richardsoni gossei Grant

Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus roosevelti

Guanica Khaki Least Gecko, (Roosevelt's Least Gecko)

Guanica-Kugelfingergecko

Guanica-nymfegekko

1931 Sphaerodactylus roosevelti Grant

Distribution: Puerto Rico (incl. Vieques).


Sphaerodactylus rosaurae

Islas de la Bahia Least Gecko, Bay Islands Least Gecko

Islas-de-la-Bahia-Kugelfingergecko

Islas de la Bahia-nymfegekko

1940 Sphaerodactylus rosaurae Parker

Remarks: Records from Guanaja (Islas de la Bahia, Honduras) refer to alphus (McCranie & Hedges 2013).
Distribution: Honduras (Islas de la Bahia [Barbareta, Cayos Cochinos (Cayo Cochino Pequeño), Isla Morat, Roatan, Utila]).


Sphaerodactylus ruibali

Guantanamo Bay Least Gecko

Guantanamo-Kugelfingergecko

Guantanamo-nymfegekko

1959 Sphaerodactylus ruibali Grant

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus sabanus

Northern Leeward Least Gecko

Nordantillischer Kugelfingergecko

Nordantillisk Nymfegekko

1938 Sphaerodactylus sabanus Cochran

Distribution: Saba, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Nevis, Saint Kitts), Sint Eustatius.


Sphaerodactylus samanensis

Haitises Banded Least Gecko

Gebänderter Haitises-Kugelfingergecko

Båndet Haitises-nymfegekko

1932 Sphaerodactylus samanensis Cochran

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus savagei

Altagracia Speckled Least Gecko

Gesprenkelter Altagracia-Kugelfingergecko

Spættet Altagracia-nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus notatus savagei Shreve
Sphaerodactylus savagei Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1968 Sphaerodactylus notatus juanilloensis Shreve (Thomas & Schwartz 1975)
Sphaerodactylus savagei juanilloensis Thomas & Schwartz 1975

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus scaber

Double-collared Least Gecko

Zweibändiger Kugelfingergecko

Dobbeltbåndet Nymfegekko

1919 Sphaerodactylus scaber Barbour & Ramsden

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus scapularis

Ecuadorian Least Gecko

Ecuadorianischer Kugelfingergecko

Ecuadoriansk Nymfegekko

1902 Sphaerodactylus scapularis Boulenger

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Sphaerodactylus schuberti

Neiba Agave Least Gecko

Neiba-Kugelfingergecko

Neiba-nymfegekko

1998 Sphaerodactylus schuberti Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Sphaerodactylus schwartzi

Monitongas Collared Least Gecko

Monitongas-Kugelfingergecko

Monitongas-nymfegekko

1992 Sphaerodactylus schwartzi Thomas, Hedges & Garrido

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus semasiops

Cockpit Eyespot Least Gecko

Jamaikanischer Augenfleck-Kugelfingergecko

Jamaicansk Argus-nymfegekko

1975 Sphaerodactylus semasiops Thomas

Distribution: Jamaica.


Sphaerodactylus shrevei

Northwest Haiti Blotched Least Gecko

Nordwesthaitianischer Gefleckter Kugelfingergecko

Nordvesthaitiansk Plettet Nymfegekko

1961 Sphaerodactylus shrevei Lazell

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus siboney

Siboney Grey-headed Least Gecko

Siboney-Kugelfingergecko

Siboney-nymfegekko

2004 Sphaerodactylus siboney Fong G. & Diaz

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus sommeri

Northwest Haiti Banded Least Gecko

Nordwesthaitianischer Gebänderter Kugelfingergecko

Nordvesthaitiansk Båndet Nymfegekko

1981 Sphaerodactylus sommeri Graham

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus sputator

Leeward Banded Least Gecko

Antillischer Gebänderter Kugelfingergecko

Antillisk Båndet Nymfegekko

1784 Lacerta sputator Sparrman
Sphaeriodactylus sputator Gray in Griffith 1831
Sphaerodactylus sputator Boulenger 1885
1888 Sphaerodactylus pictus Garman (Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Remarks: Taxonomic status of the Sombrero population is uncertain (e.g., Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012).
Distribution: Anguilla (Anguilla Island, Little Scrub, Sombrero), Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Nevis, Saint Kitts), Saint Martin, Sint Eustatius.


Sphaerodactylus storeyae

Juventud Least Gecko, Isle of Pines Least Gecko

Juventud-Kugelfingergecko

Juventud-nymfegekko

1944 Sphaerodactylus storeyae Grant
Sphaerodactylus oliveri storeyae Schwartz 1961

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Hedges & Garrido (1993).
Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud).


Sphaerodactylus streptophorus

Hispaniolan Small-eared Least Gecko

Hispaniolanischer Kleinohriger Kugelfingergecko

Hispaniolansk Småøret Nymfegekko

1977 Sphaerodactylus streptophorus Thomas & Schwartz
1983 Sphaerodactylus streptophorus sphenophanes Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus thompsoni

Barahona Limestone Least Gecko

Karst-Kugelfingergecko

Karst-nymfegekko

1976 Sphaerodactylus thompsoni Schwartz & Franz

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus torrei

Cuban Broad-banded Least Gecko

Kubanischer Breitbanden-Kugelfingergecko

Cubansk Bredbåndet Nymfegekko

1914 Sphaerodactylus torrei Barbour
1958 Sphaerodactylus spielmani Grant (Thomas & Schwartz 1966)
Sphaerodactylus torrei spielmani Thomas & Schwartz 1966

Distribution: Cuba.


Sphaerodactylus townsendi

Puerto Rican Sandy Least Gecko

Sand-Kugelfingergecko

Sand-nymfegekko

1931 Sphaerodactylus townsendi Grant

Distribution: Puerto Rico (incl. Culebra, Vieques), U.S. Virgin Islands.


Sphaerodactylus underwoodi

Turks Islands Least Gecko

Turks-Kugelfingergecko

Turks-nymfegekko

1968 Sphaerodactylus underwoodi Schwartz

Distribution: Turks & Caicos Islands (Turks Islands).


Sphaerodactylus vincenti

Windward Least Gecko

Sydantillischer Kugelfingergecko

Sydantillisk Nymfegekko

1891 Sphaerodactylus vincenti Boulenger
1915 Sphaerodactylus festus Barbour (King 1962)
Sphaerodactylus vincenti festus King 1962
1921 Sphaerodactylus monilifer Barbour (Schwartz 1965)
Sphaerodactylus vincenti monilifer Schwartz 1965
1965 Sphaerodactylus vincenti adamas Schwartz
1965 Sphaerodactylus vincenti diamesus Schwartz
1965 Sphaerodactylus vincenti josephinae Schwartz
1965 Sphaerodactylus vincenti pheristus Schwartz
1965 Sphaerodactylus vincenti psammius Schwartz
1965 Sphaerodactylus vincenti ronaldi Schwartz

Remarks: Some authors have treated festus as a separate species (Surget-Groba & Thorpe 2013; Henderson, Powell & Dewynter 2017).
Distribution: Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia (incl. Maria Islands), Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Saint Vincent).


Sphaerodactylus williamsi

Haitian Striped Least Gecko

Haitianischer Gestreifter Kugelfingergecko

Haitiansk Stribet Nymfegekko

1983 Sphaerodactylus williamsi Thomas & Schwartz

Distribution: Haiti.


Sphaerodactylus zygaena

Tiburon Coastal Least Gecko

Tiburon-Kugelfingergecko

Tiburon-nymfegekko

1977 Sphaerodactylus zygaena Schwartz & Thomas

Distribution: Haiti.