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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Iguanidae
Bibliography of the genus Cyclura
Biodiversity of the family Iguanidae


Caribbean Ground Iguanas, Island Iguanas


Caribiske Jordleguaner

1824 Cyclura Harlan (type species: Cyclura carinata Harlan 1824)
1830 Metapoceros Wagler (type species: Lacerta cornuta Bonnaterre 1789; syn. Etheridge 1982)
1837 Aloponotus Dumeril & Bibron (type species: Aloponotus ricordii Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Etheridge 1982)
Contents: 11 living species, of which 10 (90.9%) are endemic. In addition to this, 1 species (onchiopsis), which was endemic, is considered extinct.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: West Indies.
Reported from: Bahamas, British Virgin Islands (Anegada), Cayman Islands (Cayman Brac, Grand Cayman, Little Cayman), Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud), Dominican Republic, Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite), Jamaica, Puerto Rico (incl. Mona), Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands, Turks Islands), U.S. Virgin Islands.

Cyclura carinata

Southern Bahamas Rock Iguana, Keeled Iguana, Turks Island Iguana


Sydbahamansk Klippeleguan

1824 Cyclura carinata Harlan
Iguana carinata Gray in Cuvier 1831
1931 Cyclura carinata bartschi Cochran (Bryan, Gerber, Welch & Stephen 2007)

Other common names:
bartschi: Booby Cay Iguana
Distribution: Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands, Turks Islands).

Cyclura caymanensis

Lesser Cayman Islands Iguana, Cayman Brac Iguana, Cayman Island Brown Iguana, Sister Isles Iguana

Brauner Leguan

Brun Klippeleguan

1916 Cyclura caymanensis Barbour & Noble
Cyclura macleayi caymanensis Grant 1940
Cyclura nubila caymanensis Schwartz & Thomas 1975

Remarks: Echternacht (in Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012) treated caymanensis as a separate species, although without discussion.
Introduced to: Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman).
Distribution: Cayman Islands (Cayman Brac, Little Cayman).

Cyclura collei

Jamaican Iguana, Jamaican Rock Iguana



1845 Cyclura collei Gray
1848 Cyclura lophoma Gosse (Grant 1940)

Distribution: Jamaica.

Cyclura cornuta

Rhinoceros Iguana, Rhinoceros Rock Iguana


Næsehornsleguan, (Hornet Jordleguan)

1789 Lacerta cornuta Bonnaterre
Iguana cornuta Lacepede 1789
Metapoceros cornutus Wagler 1830
Hypsilophus cornutus Fitzinger 1843
Cyclura cornuta Cope 1886

Remarks: Previously included onchiopsis and stejnegeri.
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite).

Cyclura cornuta
© Rune Midtgaard

Cyclura cychlura

Northern Bahamas Rock Iguana, Bahamas Ground Iguana

Nordbahamischer Felsenleguan, (Bahamischer Felsen-Nordleguan)

Nordbahamansk Klippeleguan

1829 Iguana cychlura Cuvier
Cyclura cychlura Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1862 Cyclura baelopha Cope (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
1916 Cyclura inornata Barbour & Noble (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Cyclura cychlura inornata Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1923 Cyclura figginsi Barbour (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Cyclura cychlura figginsi Schwartz & Thomas 1975

Other common names:
cychlura: Andros Ground Iguana
figginsi: Exuma Island Ground Iguana
Distribution: Bahamas.

Cyclura lewisi

Blue Rock Iguana, Grand Cayman Blue Iguana

Blauer Leguan

Blå Klippeleguan

1940 Cyclura macleayi lewisi Grant
Cyclura nubila lewisi Schwartz & Thomas 1975
Cyclura lewisi Burton 2004

Distribution: Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman).

Cyclura nubila

Cuban Rock Iguana, Cuban Ground Iguana, (Cayman Islands Iguana)


Cubansk Klippeleguan

1831 Iguana nubila Gray
Cyclura nubila Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1837 Cyclura harlani Duméril & Bibron [part] (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
1845 Cyclura macleayii Gray (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)

Remarks: Previously included caymanensis and lewisi.
Introduced to: Puerto Rico, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud).

Cyclura onchiopsis

Navassa Rock Iguana

Navassa Insel-Grundleguan


1885 Cyclura onchiopsis Cope
Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1885 Cyclura nigerrima Cope (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Powell (1999). Almost certainly extinct (Powell & Henderson 1999).
Distribution: Navassa.

Cyclura pinguis

Anegada Rock Iguana, Anegada Ground Iguana, Anegada Iguana

Anegada Grundleguan


1917 Cyclura pinguis Barbour

Remarks: Extinct from former range outside the British Virgin Islands. Anegada is home to the only surviving natural population of pinguis, but the species has been reintroduced to other islands in the British West Indies (Edgar 2010).
Extinct in: Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Introduced to: British Virgin Islands (Guana Island, Little Thatch Island, Moskito Island, Necker Island, Norman Island).
Distribution: British Virgin Islands (Anegada).

Cyclura ricordii

Banded Rock Iguana, Hispaniolan Ground Iguana, (Ricord's Iguana)



1837 Aloponotus ricordii Dumeril & Bibron
Hypsilophus ricordii Fitzinger 1843
Cyclura ricordii Cochran 1924

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.

Cyclura rileyi

Central Bahamas Rock Iguana, Watling Island Ground Iguana

Acklins Grundleguan

Centralbahamansk Klippeleguan

1903 Cyclura rileyi Stejneger
1916 Cyclura nuchalis Barbour & Noble (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Cyclura rileyi nuchalis Schwartz & Thomas 1975
1920 Cyclura cristata Schmidt (Schwartz & Thomas 1975)
Cyclura rileyi cristata Schwartz & Thomas 1975

Distribution: Bahamas.

Cyclura stejnegeri

Mona Island Rock Iguana, Mona Island Iguana



1916 Cyclura stejnegeri Barbour & Noble
Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri Barbour 1937

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Powell (1999).
Distribution: Puerto Rico (Mona).