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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Dactyloidae
Bibliography of the genus Deiroptyx
Biodiversity of the family Dactyloidae








Genus
Deiroptyx

Greater Antillean Anoles

Großer Karibischer Anolis

Store Caribiske Anoler

1843 Deiroptyx Fitzinger (type species: Anolis vermiculatus Cocteau in Dumeril & Bibron 1837)
1843 Eupristes Fitzinger (type species: Anolis equestris Merrem 1820; syn. Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012)
Contents: 32 species, all of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of Anolis (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970). Revalidated by Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage (2012). Not considered valid by Köhler & Hedges 2016).
Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud), Dominican Republic, Haiti (incl. Ile Grande Cayemite, Ile de la Gonâve, Île-à-Vache). Puerto Rico.

Deiroptyx aliniger

Hispaniolan Orange-armpit Anole

Orangebrust-Anolis

Orangebrystet Anole

1939 Anolis chloro-cyanus aliniger Mertens
Anolis aliniger Williams 1965
Deiroptyx aliniger Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Previously included the populations now assigned to apletolepis.
Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Deiroptyx apletolepis

La Selle Green Anole

Grüner La-Selle-Anolis

Grøn La Selle-anole

2016 Anolis apletolepis Köhler & Hedges
Derioptyx apletolepis [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of aliniger.
Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Deiroptyx bahorucoensis

Bahoruco Long-snouted Anole

Spitzschnäuziger Bahoruco-Anolis

Spidssnudet Bahoruco-anole

1933 Anolis bahorucoensis Noble & Hassler
Anolis hendersoni baharucoensis [sic] Williams 1963
Anolis bahorucoensis Schwartz & Thomas 1975
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1978 Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi Schwartz
Deiroptyx bahorucoensis southerlandi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Deiroptyx baracoae

Baracoa Giant Anole

Baracoa-Riesenanolis

Baracoa-kæmpeanole

1964 Anolis equestris baracoae Schwartz
Anolis baracoae Schwartz & Garrido 1972
Deiroptyx baracoae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx bartschi

Pinar del Rio Cliff Anole, Cuban Cave Anole

Kubanischer Höhlenanolis

Cubansk Huleanole

1928 Deiroptyx bartschi Cochran
Anolis bartschi Etheridge 1960

Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx callainus

East Dominican Green Anole, Northern Green Anole, Leaf Anole, (Hispaniolan Green Anole, Haitian Green Anole)

Ostdominikanischer Laubanolis

Østdominicansk Grøn Anole

2020 Anolis callainus Köhler & Hedges
Deiroptyx callainus Midtgaard 2020 (this work)

Remarks: Previously referred to as chlorocyana, however, the syntypes of that taxon proved to be conspecific with coelestina. Consequently, the species previously referred to as coelestina is now called chlorocyana, since the latter name has nomenclatural priority over the former (Köhler & Hedges 2020). Formerly (as chlorocyana) included cyanosticta, peynadoi, and the populations now assigned to leucodera.
Introduced to: Surinam, USA (Florida).
Distribution: Dominican Republic.





Deiroptyx chlorocyana

Tiburon Green Anole, Southern Green Anole, White-lipped Anole

Grüner Tiburon-Anolis

Grøn Tiburon-anole

1837 Anolis chloro-cyanus Dumeril & Bibron
Anolis chlorocyanus Savage & Guyer 1989
Deiroptyx chlorocyana Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1856 Anolis laeviceps Lichtenstein (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988 [by implication])
1863 Anolis coelestinus Cope (syn. Köhler & Hedges 2020)
Deiroptyx coelestina Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1919 Anolis latirostris Schmidt (syn. Köhler & Hedges 2016; Köhler & Hedges 2020 [by implication])

Remarks: Previously referred to as coelestina, however, the syntypes of that taxon proved to be conspecific with chlorocyana. Consequently, the species referred to as chlorocyana, since that latter name has nomenclatural priority over coelestina (Köhler & Hedges 2020).
Introduced to: USA (Florida).
Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx chlorodia

Pedernales Green Anole

Grüner Pedernales-Anolis

Grøn Pedernales-anole

2016 Anolis chlorodius Köhler & Hedges
Derioptyx chlorodia [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of coelestina.
Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Deiroptyx cyanosticta

Turquoise-speckled Green Anole

Turkisgesprenkelter Laubanolis

Turkisprikket Grøn Anole

1939 Anolis chlorocyanus cyanostictus Mertens
Deiroptyx chlorocyana cyanosticta Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
Anolis cyanostictus Köhler & Hedges 2016
Deiroptyx cyanosticta Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Deiroptyx darlingtoni

La Hotte Twig Anole, Sword-tailed Anole

La-Hotte-Zweiganolis

La Hotte-kvistanole

1935 Xiphocercus darlingtoni Cochran
Anolis darlingtoni Williams 1962
Deiroptyx darlingtoni Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx demissa

Grande Cayemite Green Anole

Grüner Cayemite-Anolis

Grøn Cayemite-Anole

1969 Anolis coelestinus demissus Schwartz
Deiroptyx coelestina demissa Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
Anolis demissus Köhler & Hedges 2016
Deiroptyx demissa Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Haiti (Ile Grande Cayemite).


Deiroptyx divia

Blue Pine Anole

Blauer Kieferanolis

Blå Fyrreanole

2016 Anolis divius Köhler & Hedges
Deiroptyx diviua [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Deiroptyx dolichocephala

La Hotte Long-snouted Anole

Spitzschnäuziger La-Hotte-Anolis

Spidssnudet La Hotte-anole

1963 Anolis hendersoni dolichocephalus Williams
Anolis dolichocephalus Schwartz & Thomas 1975
Deiroptyx dolichocephala Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1978 Anolis dolichocephalus portusalus Schwartz
Deiroptyx dolichocephala portusala Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1978 Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola Schwartz
Deiroptyx dolichocephala sarmenticola Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx eladioi

Pedernales Twig Anole

Pedernales-Zweiganolis

Pedernales-kvistanole

2016 Anolis eladioi Köhler & Hedges
Derioptyx eladioi [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of singularis.
Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Deiroptyx equestris

Knight Anole, Cuban Giant Anole

Ritteranolis

Ridderanole

1820 Anolis equestris Merrem
Deiroptyx equestris Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1827 Anolius [sic] rhodolaemus Bell (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1958 Anolis equestris thomasi Schwartz
Deiroptyx equestris thomasi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis equestris buidei Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx equestris buidei Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis equestris juraguensis Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx equestris juraguensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis equestris persparsus Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx equestris perspara [sic] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis equestris vereonensis Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx equestris vereonensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1975 Anolis equestris potior Schwartz & Thomas 1975 [substitute name for Anolis equestris santa mariae Garrido 1975]
Deiroptyx equestris potior Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1975 Anolis equestris santamariae Garrido [not Anolis jubar santamariae Garrido 1973] (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1981 Anolis equestris cingoleguas Garrido
Deiroptyx equestris cingoleguas Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
2001 Anolis equestris brujensis Garrido in Garrido, Moreno & Estrada
Deiroptyx equestris brujensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
2001 Anolis equestris cyaneus Garrido & Estrada in Garrido, Moreno & Estrada
Deiroptyx equestris cyanea Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
2001 Anolis equestris sabinalensis Garrido & Moreno in Garrido, Moreno & Estrada
Deiroptyx equestris sabinalensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Other common names:
equestris: Western Knight Anole
Introduced to: Bahamas (incl. Little Bahama Bank), Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman), Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands), USA (Florida, Hawaii).
Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx equestris
© Rune Midtgaard

Deiroptyx gonavensis

Gonâve Twig Anole

Gonâve-Zweiganolis

Gonâve-kvistanole

2016 Anolis gonavensis Köhler & Hedges
Deiroptyx gonavensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of singularis.
Distribution: Haiti (Ile de la Gonâve).


Deiroptyx hendersoni

La Selle Long-snouted Anole

Spitzschnäuziger La-Selle-Anolis

Spidssnudet La Selle-anole

1923 Anolis hendersoni Cochran
Deiroptyx hendersoni Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1978 Anolis hendersoni ravidormitans Schwartz
Deiroptyx hendersoni ravidormitans Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx leucodera

White-throated Green Anole

Weißkehliger Grüner Anolis

Hvidstrubet Grøn Anole

2016 Anolis leucodera Köhler & Hedges
Derioptyx leucodera [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of chlorocyana.
Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx luteogularis

Western Cuban Giant Anole

Westkubanischer Riesenanolis

Vestcubansk Kæmpeanole

1935 Anolis luteogularis Noble & Hassler
Deiroptyx luteogularis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1935 Anolis equestris hassleri Barbour & Shreve (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
Anolis luteogularis hassleri Schwartz & Garrido 1972
Deiroptyx luteogularis hassleri Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1970 Anolis equestris guanahacabibensis Peters (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
1972 Anolis luteogularis calceus Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis calcea Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis luteogularis coctilis Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis coctilis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis luteogularis delacruzi Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis delacruzi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis luteogularis jaumei Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis jaumei Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis luteogularis nivevultus Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis nivevulta Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1972 Anolis luteogularis sectilis Schwartz & Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis sectilis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1975 Anolis luteogularis sanfelipensis Garrido
Deiroptyx luteogularis sanfelipensis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud).


Deiroptyx monticola

La Hotte Bush Anole

La-Hotte-Buschanolis

La Hotte-buskanole

1936 Anolis monticola Shreve
Deiroptyx monticola Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1967 Anolis monticola quadrisarta Thomas & Schwartz
Deiroptyx monticola quadrisarta Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx noblei

Oriente Giant Anole

Oriente-Riesenanolis

Oriente-kæmpeanole

1935 Anolis equestris noblei Barbour & Shreve
Anolis noblei Schwartz & Garrido 1972
Deiroptyx noblei Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1964 Anolis equestris galeifer Schwartz (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
Anolis noblei galeifer Schwartz & Garrido 1972

Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx occulta

Puerto Rican Twig Anole

Puertoricanischer Zweiganolis

Puertoricansk Kvistanole

1965 Anolis occultus Williams & Rivero
Deiroptyx occulta Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Puerto Rico.


Deiroptyx pecuaria

Île-à-Vache Green Anole

Île-à-Vache-Anolis

Île-à-Vache-anole

1969 Anolis coelestinus pecuarius Schwartz
Deiroptyx coelestina pecuaris [sic] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
Anolis pecuarius Köhler & Hedges 2016
Deiroptyx pecuaris [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Not mentioned by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Haiti (Île-à-Vache).


Deiroptyx peynadoi

Central Hispaniolan Green Anole

Zentralhispaniolanischer Laubanolis

Centralhispaniolansk Grøn Anole

1939 Anolis chloro-cyanus peynadoi Mertens
Anolis peynadoi Köhler & Hedges 2016
Deiroptyx peynadoi Midtgaard 2019

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of chlorocyanus (e.g., Schwartz & Henderson 1988). Not mentioned by Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage (2018) or by Poe, Nieto-Montes de Oca, Torres-Carvajal, Queiroz, Velasco, Truett, Gray, Ryan, Köhler, Ayala-Varela & Latella (2017).
Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti (incl. Ile de la Gonâve).


Deiroptyx pigmaequestris

Pygmy Giant Anole

Zwerg-Ritteranolis

Dværg-ridderanole

1975 Anolis pigmaequestris Garrido
Deiroptyx pigmaequestris Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx prasinoria

Green Twig Anole

Grüner Zweiganolis

Grøn Kvistanole

2016 Anolis prasinorius Köhler & Hedges
Derioptyx prasinoria [lapsus] Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of singularis.
Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Deiroptyx rimarum

Artibonite Bush Anole

Artibonite-Buschanolis

Artibonite-buskanole

1967 Anolis rimarum Thomas & Schwartz
Deiroptyx rimarum Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx rupinae

Banded Red-bellied Anole

Gebänderter Rotbauch-Anolis

Rødbuget Bånd-anole

1974 Anolis rupinae Williams & Webster
Deiroptyx rupinae Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx singularis

Pourcine Twig Anole, (Hispaniolan Twig Anole)

Pourcine-Zweiganolis

Pourcine-kvistanole

1965 Anolis singularis Williams
Deiroptyx singularis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Remarks: Previously included the populations now assigned to eladioi, gonavensis, and prasinoria.
Distribution: Haiti.


Deiroptyx smallwoodi

Green-blotched Giant Anole

Grünfleckiger Riesenanolis

Grønplettet Kæmpeanole

1964 Anolis equestris smallwoodi Schwartz
Anolis smallwoodi Schwartz & Garrido 1972
Deiroptyx smallwoodi Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1964 Anolis equestris palardis Schwartz (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
Anolis smallwoodi palardis Schwartz & Garrido 1972
Deiroptyx smallwoodi palardis Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012
1964 Anolis equestris saxuliceps Schwartz (syn. Schwartz & Henderson 1988)
Anolis smallwoodi saxuliceps Schwartz & Garrido 1972
Deiroptyx smallwoodi saxuliceps Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2012

Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx vermiculata

Cuban Stream Anole, Cuban Water Anole

Kubanischer Wasseranolis

Cubansk Vandanole

1837 Anolis vermiculatus Cocteau in Dumeril & Bibron
Deiroptyx vermiculatus Barbour 1937

Distribution: Cuba.


Deiroptyx viridia

Barahona Green Anole

Grüner Barahona-Anolis

Grøn Barahona-anole

2016 Anolis viridius Köhler & Hedges
Deiroptyx viridia Nicholson, Crother, Guyer & Savage 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of coelestina.
Distribution: Dominican Republic.