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Taxonomy of the family Iguanidae Biodiversity of the family Iguanidae

Bibliography of the family
(Greater Iguanas)

(Reptilia: Sauria)

Note: In order to limit redundancy, relevant literature indexed in the related bibliographies in the left column may not have been included in this page. For a comprehensive search of literature, these bibliographies should therefore also be consulted.

Anonymous. 2006. Iguana Specialist Group Meeting. 6-7 November 2005 South Andros, Bahamas. Iguana (West Hartford) 13(2): 116-129.

Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K.; Martins, E.P. (eds.). 2004. Iguanas: biology and conservation. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 356 pp.

Altmanova, M.; Kratochvil, L.; Pokorna, M. 2012. Evolution of sex chromosomes and karyotypes in iguanids (Squamata: Iguanidae sensu lato). Chromosome Research 20(6): 810-811.

Avery, D.F.; Tanner, W.W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Science Bulletin Brigham Young University (Biology) 12(3): 1-79.

Barbour, T. 1932. About iguanas. Copeia 1932: 97.

Bels, V.L. 1984. Ethological problems of the anoline lizards in captivity. Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia 78: 85-100.

Bissinger, B.E.; Simon, C.A. 1979. Comparison of tongue extrusions in representatives of six families of lizards. Journal of Herpetology 13(2): 133-139.

Bosch, H.A.J. in den; Werning, H. 1991. Leguane. Herpetologischer Fachverlag, Münster. 120 pp.

Bosch, H.A.J. in den; Werning, H. 1996. Green Iguanas and other iguanids. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune, New Jersey. 224 pp.

Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2. Iguanidae, Xenosauridae, Zonuridae, Anguidae, Anniellidae, Helodermatidae, Varanidae, Xantusiidae, Teiidae, Amphisbaenidae. British Museum (Natural History), London. 497 pp.

Brandt, R.; Navas, C.A. 2011. Life-history evolution on Tropidurinae lizards: influence of lineage, body size and climate. PLoS ONE 6(5): e20040, 1-7.

Brygoo, E.R. 1990. Les types d'iguanides (reptiles, sauriens) du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle. Catalogue critique. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Section A Zoologie Biologie et Ecologie Animales 11(3): 1-112.

Burghardt, G.M. 2004. Iguana research: looking back and looking ahead. pp. 1-12. In: Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K.; Martins, E.P. (eds.). Iguanas: biology and conservation. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 356 pp.

Burghardt, G.M.; Rand, A.S. (eds.). 1982. Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Bustard, R. 1959. Iguanas. Aquarist 24: 100.

Cannatella, D.C.; Queiroz, K. de 1989. Phylogenetic systematics of the anoles: is a new taxonomy warranted? Systematic Zoology 38(1): 57-69.

Carey, W.M. 1973. Some notable longevity records for captive iguanas. International Zoo Yearbook 13: 154-156.

Carpenter, C.C. 1967. Aggression and social structure in iguanid lizards. pp. 87-105. In: Milstead, W.W. (ed.). Lizard ecology a symposium. University of Missouri Press, Columbia. 300 pp.

Carpenter, C.C. 1982. The aggressive displays of iguanine lizards. pp. 215-231. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Cei, J.M.; Videla, F. 2002. Singulares hallazgos evolutivos y taxonomicos en generos de iguanidos relevantes de la herpetofauna andina y de zonas limitrofes. Multequina 11: 65-73.

Chibnik, L. 1968. Iguanas. Herpetology 2(3): 17.

Coborn, J. 1994. Green Iguanas & other Iguanids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 47 pp.

Cooper, W.E. 1994. Multiple functions of extraoral lingual behaviour in iguanian lizards: prey capture, grooming and swallowing, but not prey detection. Animal Behaviour 47(4): 765-775.

Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguanidae. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 23: 261-271.

Cruz, F.B.; Antenucci, D.; Luna, F.; Abdala, C.S.; Vega, L.E. 2011. Energetics in Liolaemini lizards: implications of a small body size and ecological conservatism. Journal of Comparative Physiology B Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology 181(3): 373-382.

Dost, U. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und Zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana Rundschreiben 18(1): 16-24.

Dugan, B.; Wiewandt, T.V. 1982. Socio-ecological determinants of mating strategies in iguanine lizards. pp. 303-319. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Edmonds, L. 1991. Iguanas and friends. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 39(10): 136-145.

Espinosa Lopez, G.; Chamizo Lara, A.R. 1999. Genetics. pp. 59-76. In: Rodriguez Schettino, L. (ed.). The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. 428 pp.

Espinoza, R.E.; Wiens, J.J.; Tracy, C.R. 2004. Recurrent evolution of herbivory in small, cold-climate lizards: Breaking the ecophysiological rules of reptilian herbivory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(48): 16819-16824.

Etheridge, R.E. 1965. The abdominal skeleton of lizards in the family Iguanidae. Herpetologica 21: 161-168.

Etheridge, R.E. 1982. Checklist of the iguanine and Malagasy iguanid lizards. pp. 7-37. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Etheridge, R.E.; Espinoza, R.E. 2000. Taxonomy of the Liolaeminae (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae) and a semi-annotated bibliograpy [bibliography]. Smithsonian Herpetological Information Service 126: 1-64.

Etheridge, R.E.; Queiroz, K. de 1988. A phylogeny of Iguanidae. pp. 283-367. In: Estes, R. & Pregill, G. (eds.). Phylogenetic relationships of the lizard families. Essays commemorating Charles L. Camp. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 631 pp.

Falk, A. 2001. Leguane. Ulmer, Stuttgart. 96 pp.

Fife, J.A. 2010. Iguanas - A Pictorial Guide to Iguanas of the World and their Care in Captivity. Living Art Publishing, Ada, Oklahoma. 145 pp.

Fitch, H.S.; Henderson, R.W. 2003. A backward glance at iguana exploitation. Iguana (West Hartford) 10(3): 63-66.

Fitch, H.S.; Henderson, R.W.; Hillis, D.M. 1982. Exploitation of iguanas in Central America. pp. 397-417. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Flaspohler, R.J. 1971. The evolutionary basis for species discrimination in iguanid lizards. Dissertation Abstracts International (B) 31: 5073.

Frost, D.R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropiduridae). American Museum Novitates 3033: 1-68.

Frost, D.R.; Etheridge, R. 1989. A phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of iguanian lizards (Reptilia: Squamata). University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication 81: 1-65.

Frost, D.R.; Etheridge, R. 1993. A consideration of iguanian lizards and the objectives of systematics: a reply to Lazell. Herpetological Review 24(2): 50-54.

Frost, D.R.; Etheridge, R.E.; Janies, D.; Titus, T.A. 2001. Total evidence, sequence alignment, evolution of polychrotid lizards, and a reclassification of the Iguania (Squamata: Iguania). American Museum Novitates 3343: 1-38.

Frye, F.L.; Townsend, W. 1993. Iguanas: a guide to their biology and captive care. Krieger, Malabar, Florida. 145 pp.

Gorman, G.C.; Atkins, L.; Holzinger, T. 1967. New karyotype data on 15 genera of lizards in the family Iguanidae with a discussion of taxonomic and cytological implications. Cytogenetics 6: 286-299.

Günther, A. 1908. Agamidae and Iguanidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (London) 2: 523-524.

Hall, W.P. 1983. Modes of speciation and evolution in the sceloporine iguanid lizards. 1. Epistemology of the comparative approach and introduction to the problem. pp. 643-679. In: Rhodin, A.G.J. & Miyata, K. (eds.). Advances in herpetology and evolutionary biology. Essays in honor of Ernest E. Williams. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 725 pp.

Hass, C.A.; Hedges, S.B.; Maxson, L.R. 1993. Molecular insights into the relationships and biogeography of West Indian anoline lizards. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 21(1)(Special Issue): 97-114.

Hazard, L.C. 2004. Sodium and potassium secretion by iguana salt glands: acclimation or adaptation? pp. 84-91. In: Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K.; Martins, E.P. (eds.). Iguanas: biology and conservation. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 356 pp.

Henkel, F.W.; Schmidt, W. 2006. Leguane. Biologie, Haltung, Zucht. 2nd rev. ed. Ulmer, Stuttgart. 160 pp.

Hertz, P.E.; Arima, Y.; Harrison, A.; Huey, R.B.; Losos, J.B.; Glor, R.E. 2013. Asynchronous evolution of physiology and morphology in Anolis lizards. Evolution 67(7): 2101-2113.

Hollingsworth, B.D. 2004. The evolution of iguanas: an overview of relationships and a checklist of species. pp. 19-44. In: Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K.; Martins, E.P. (eds.). Iguanas: biology and conservation. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 356 pp.

Hotton, N. 1955. A survey of adaptive relationships of dentition to diet in the North American Iguanidae. American Midland Naturalist 53(1): 88-114.

Hudson, R. 2006. The International Iguana Foundation: providing critical support to endangered iguanas. Herpetological Review 37(4): 402-403.

Hunsaker, D.; Burrage, B.R. 1969. The significance of interspecific social dominance in Iguanid lizards. American Midland Naturalist 81: 500-511.

Iguana Taxonomy Working Group. 2011. Iguanas of the world (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Ver. 1. Iguana Specialist Group. http://www.iucnisg.org/.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1998. Opinion 1909. Holotropis herminieri Dumeril & Bibron, 1837 (currently Leiocephalus herminieri), Proctotretus bibronii T. Bell, 1842 (currently Liolaemus bibronii) (Reptilia, Squamata): specific names conserved, and Liolaemus bellii Gray, 1845 placed on the official list. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 55(3): 201-203.

IUCN Species Survival Committee. Captive Breeding Specialist Group. 1993. Conservation assessment and management plan and global captive action plan summaries: Iguaninae and Varanidae, Boidae and Pythonidae, Columbiformes, Galliformes, Caprinae and Tragulidae, Cervidae, 25 March 1993. Iucn/ssc Captive Breeding Specialist Group, Place of Publication Not Given. 252pp.

Iverson, J.B. 1982. Adaptations to herbivory in iguanine lizards. pp. 60-76. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Jaksic, F.M. 1979. A que tamaño se hace herbivora una lagartija? Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta de Betín 11 [1978]: 113-116.

Knapp, C.R.; Gomez-Zlatar, P. 2006. Iguanidae or Iguaninae? A taxonomic summary and literature-use analysis. Herpetological Review 37(1): 29-34.

Knapp, C.R.; Hines, K.N.; Gerber, G.; Iverson, J.B. 2006. West Indian iguanas: an update. Iguana (West Hartford) 13(4): 278-282.

Köhler, G. 1993. Zuchtprogramme in der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Leguane IGUANA in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde. Iguana Rundschreiben 6(2)(12): 31-48.

Köhler, G. 2000. Leguan-Farming. Draco 1(4): 73-76.

Köhler, G. 2013. [Anole lizard diversity in Central America and Mexico]. (In German). Senckenberg - Natur - Forschung - Museum 143(7-8): 246-249.

Kutschera, U.; Kleinhans, S. 2013. Alfred Russel Wallace and the destruction of island life: the Iguana tragedy. Theory in Biosciences 342(4): 259-265.

Lang, M. 1989. Phylogenetic and biogeographic patterns of basiliscine iguanians (Reptilia: Squamata: 'Iguanidae'). Bonner Zoologische Monographien 28: 1-172.

Larsen, K.R.; Tanner, W.W. 1975. Evolution of the sceloporine lizards (Iguanidae). Great Basin Naturalist 35(1): 1-20.

Lazell, J.D. 1992. The family Iguanidae: disagreement with Frost and Etheridge (1989). Herpetological Review 23(4): 109-112.

Losos, J.B.; Miles, D.B. 2002. Testing the hypothesis that a clade has adaptively radiated: iguanid lizard clades as a case study. American Naturalist 160(2): 147-157.

Lyman, V.A. 1951. More notes on iguanas. Herpetologica 7: 72.

Macey, J.R.; Larson, A.; Ananjeva, N.B.; Papenfuss, T.J. 1997. Evolutionary shifts in three major structural features of the mitochondrial genome among iguanian lizards. Journal of Molecular Evolution 44(6): 660-674.

Matveyeva, T.N.; Ananjeva, N.B. 1995. The distribution and number of the skin sense organs of agamid, iguanid and gekkonid lizards. Journal of Zoology (London) 235(2): 253-268.

M'Closkey, R.T.; Hecnar, S.J. 1994. Interspecific spatial overlap. Oikos 71(1): 65-74.

Meehan, H.J.; McConkey, K.R.; Drake, D.R. 2002. Potential disruptions to seed dispersal mutualisms in Tonga, Western Polynesia. Journal of Biogeography 29(5-6): 695-712.

Mesquita, D.O.; Colli, G.R.; Pantoja, D.L.; Shepard, D.B.; Vieira, G.H.C.; Vitt, L.J. 2015. Juxtaposition and disturbance: disentangling the determinants of lizard community structure. Biotropica 47(5): 595-605.

Miles, D.B. 1994. Covariation between morphology and locomotory performance in sceloporine lizards. pp. 207-235. In: Vitt, L.J. & Pianka, E.R. (eds.). Lizard ecology: historical and experimental perspectives. Princeton University Press, Princeton. 403 pp.

Miles, D.R.; Dunham, A.E. 1992. Comparative analyses of phylogenetic effects in the life-history patterns of iguanid reptiles. American Naturalist 139(4): 848-869.

Moehn, L.D. 1974. The effect of quality of light on agonistic behaviour of iguanid and agamid lizards. Journal of Herpetology 8(2): 175-183.

Monzel, M. 2000. Inseln - Hot Spots der Biodiversität als Lebensraum einer einzigartigen Leguanfauna. Draco 1(4): 29-37.

Nabhan, G.P. 2002. Cultural dispersal of plants and reptiles. pp. 407-416. In: Case, T.J.; Cody, M.L.; Ezcurra, E. (eds.). A new island biogeography of the Sea of Cortes. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, etc. 669 pp.

Nagy, K.A. 1982. Energy requirements of free-living iguanid lizards. pp. 49-59. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Oldham, J.C.; Smith, H.M. 1983. Relationships among iguanine lizards (Sauria: Iguanidae) as suggested by appendicular myology. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 19(3): 73-82.

Olson, R.E.; Marx, B.; Rome, R. 1986. Descriptive dentition morphology of lizards of Middle & North America. 1: Scincidae, Teiidae, and Helodermatidae. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 22(3): 97-124.

Olson, R.E.; Marx, B.; Rome, R. 1987. Descriptive dentition morphology of lizards of middle and North America 2: Iguanidae. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 23(1): 12-34.

Ord, T.J.; Blumstein, D.T. 2002. Size constraints and the evolution of display complexity: why do large lizards have simple displays? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76(1): 145-161.

Ord, T.J.; Stamps, J.A.; Losos, J.B. 2013. Convergent evolution in the territorial communication of a classic adaptive radiation: Caribbean Anolis lizards. Animal Behaviour 85(6): 1415-1426.

Osborn, D. 1962. Terrarium studies on Iguanidae. Bulletin of the Philadelphia Herpetological Society 10(4) [1963]: 8.

Petren, K.; Case, T.J. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of body size evolution and biogeography in Chuckwallas (Sauromalus) and other iguanines. Evolution 51(1): 206-219.

Porter, T. 1986. Dehydration in desert iguanids. Chicago Herpetological Society Newsletter 1986(August): 1 p. (Unpaginated).

Pounds, J.A.; Jackson, J.F.; Shively, S.H. 1983. Allometric growth of the hind limbs of some terrestrial iguanid lizards. American Midland Naturalist 110(1): 201-207.

Queiroz, K. de 1982. The scleral ossicles of sceloporine iguanids: a reexamination with comments on their phylogenetic significance. Herpetologica 38(2): 302-311.

Queiroz, K. de 1987. Phylogenetic systematics of iguanine lizards. A comparative osteological study. University of California Publications in Zoology 118: 1-203.

Rand, A.S. 1967. The adaptive significance of territoriality in iguanid lizards. pp. 106-115. In: Milstead, W.W. (ed.). Lizard ecology - a symposium. University of Missouri Press, Columbia, Missouri. 300 pp.

Rand, A.S. 1972. The temperatures of iguana nests and their relation to the incubation optima and to nesting sites and season. Herpetologica 28(3): 252-253.

Reeder, T.W.; Wiens, J.J. 1996. Evolution of the lizard family Phrynosomatidae as inferred from diverse types of data. Herpetological Monographs 10: 43-84.

Renous-Lécuru, S.; Jullien, R. 1972. Contribution a la connaissance de l'histoire des iguanides (reptiles, squamates) par la confrontation de divers criteres: types d'innervation reconnus aux deux membres, presence ou absence de pores femoraux et preanaux. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Zoologie) (Paris) 23: 253-272.

Rensch, B.; Adrian-Hinsberg, C. 1963. Die visuelle Lernkapazität von Leguanen. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 20: 34-42.

Revell, L.J.; Johnson, M.A.; Schulte, J.A.; Kolbe, J.J.; Losos, J.B. 2007. A phylogenetic test for adaptive convergence in rock-dwelling lizards. Evolution 61(12): 2898-2912.

Ribeiro-Júnior, M.A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983(1): 1–110.

Rogner, M. 1992. Echsen 1. Haltung, Pflege und Zucht im Terrarium. Geckos, Flossenfüsse, Agamen, Chamäleons und Leguane. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. 281 pp.

Rogner, M. 1997. Lizards. Vol. 1. Husbandry and reproduction in the vivarium. Geckoes, flap-footed lizards, agamas, chameleons, and iguanas. Krieger, Malabar, Florida. 317 pp. (Translation of German 1992 original).

Savage, J.M. 1958. The iguanid lizard genera Urosaurus and Uta, with remarks on the related groups. Zoologica (New York) 43: 41-54.

Savage, J.M.; Guyer, C. 1991. Nomenclatural notes on anoles (Sauria: Polychridae): stability over priority. Journal of Herpetology 25(3): 365-366.

Savage, J.M.; Guyer, C. 2004. Application of anole lizard generic names proposed by Wagler, 1830 and Fitzinger, 1843. Amphibia-Reptilia 25(3): 303-305.

Schleich, H.H.; Kästle, W. 1985. Ultrastrukturen der Zehenunterseiten einiger arborikoler Iguaniden (Reptilia, Sauria, Iguanidae). Spixiana 8(3): 251-258.

Schlüter, U. 2000. Daten zur Reproduktion von Tropidurini. Iguana Rundschreiben 13(2)(24): 18-22.

Schlüter, U. 2000. Geschlechtsunterschiede bei Leguanen. Draco 1(4): 18-28.

Schmidt, S. 1995. Drei Damara-Tiermarchen. Mitteilungen Namibia Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft 36(1-2): 1-5.

Schmidt, W.; Henkel, F.W. 1995. Leguane. Biologie, Haltung und Zucht. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. 248 pp.

Schulte, J.A.; Macey, J.R.; Larson, A.; Papenfuss, T.J. 1998. Molecular tests of phylogenetic taxonomies: a general procedure and example using four subfamilies of the lizard family Iguanidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 10(3): 367-376.

Shallenberger, E.W. 1970. Tameness in insular animals: a comparison of approach distances of insular and mainland iguanid lizards. Dissertation Abstracts International (B) 31: 2373.

Shaw, C.E. 1960. Lizards with a hundred-million-year history. Zoonooz 33(8): 3-5.

Sites, J.W.; Davis, S.K.; Guerra, T.; Iverson, J.B.; Snell, H.L. 1996. Character congruence and phylogenetic signal in molecular and morphological data sets: a case study in the living iguanas (Squamata, Iguanidae). Molecular Biology and Evolution 13(8): 1087-1105.

Smith, H.M.; Bell, E.L. 1996. Case 2976. Holotropis herminieri Dumeril & Bibron, 1837 (currently Leiocephalus herminieri) and Proctotretus bibronii T. Bell, 1842 (currently Liolaemus bibronii) (Reptilia, Squamata): proposed conservation of the specific names. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 53(2): 112-115.

The editors of Draco. 2000. Leguane. Draco 1(4): 1-76.

Townsend, T.M.; Mulcahy, D.G.; Noonan, B.P.; Sites, J.W.; Kuczynski, C.A.; Wiens, J.J.; Reeder, T.W. 2011. Phylogeny of iguanian lizards inferred from 29 nuclear loci, and a comparison of concatenated and species-tree approaches for an ancient, rapid radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61(2): 363-380.

Troyer, K. 1983. The biology of iguanine lizards: present status and future directions. Herpetologica 39(3): 317-328.

Vieira, G.H.C.; Colli, G.R.; Bao, S.N. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of corytophanid lizards (Iguania, Squamata, Reptilia) based on partitioned and total evidence analyses of sperm morphology, gross morphology and DNA data. Zoologica Scripta 34(6): 605-625.

Vitt, L.J. 1997. Tropidurid lizards in the Amazon. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine 49: 24-31.

Werning, H. 1992. Freilandbeobachtungen an Iguaniden im Westen Nordamerikas. Iguana Rundschreiben 1992(2): 25-30.

Werning, H. 2000. Leguane. Draco 1(4): 4-17.

Wiens, J.J.; Hollingsworth, B.D. 2000. War of the iguanas: conflicting molecular and morphological phylogenies and long-branch attraction in iguanid lizards. Systematic Biology 49(1): 143-159.

Wiens, J.J.; Kuczynski, C.A.; Arif, S.; Reeder, T.W. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of phrynosomatid lizards based on nuclear and mitochondrial data, and a revised phylogeny for Sceloporus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54(1): 150-161.

Wiewandt, T.A. 1982. Evolution of nesting patterns in iguanine lizards. pp. 119-141. In: Burghardt, G.M. & Rand, A.S. (eds.). Iguanas of the world: their behaviour, ecology and conservation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 472 pp.

Williams, E.E. 1988. A new look at the Iguania. pp. 429-488. In: Vanzolini, P.E. & Heyer, W.R. (eds.). Proceedings of a Workshop on Neotropical Distribution Patterns, held 12-16 January 1987. Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, Rio de Janeiro. 488 pp.

Wyles, J.S. 1980. Phylogenetic studies of iguanid lizards (Lacertilia: Iguanidae). Dissertation Abstracts International B Sciences and Engineering 41(1): 43.

Zug, G.R. 1971. The distribution and patterns of the major arteries of the iguanids and comments on the intergenetic relationships of iguanids (Reptilia: Lacertilia). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 83: 1-23.