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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: June 24th, 2024.

Taxonomy of the family Gerrhosauridae
Bibliography of the genus Tetradactylus
Biodiversity of the family Gerrhosauridae


Plated Snake Lizards, Long-tailed Snake Lizards, Seps, Whip Lizards



1820 Tetradactylus Merrem (type species: Chalcides tetradactylus Daudin 1802)
1825 Cicigna Gray (type species: Sincus sepiformis [sic] Schneider 1801; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1826 Saurophis Fitzinger (type species: Lacerta seps Linnaeus 1758; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1838 Caitia Gray (type species: Caitia africana Gray 1838; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1843 Homodactylus Fitzinger (type species: Caitia africana Gray 1838; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1845 Pleurostrichus Gray (type species: Sincus sepiformis [sic] Schneider 1801; syn. Wermuth 1968)
1892 Caetia Cope [substitute name for Caitia Gray 1838]
1922 Paratetradactylus Angel (type species: Paratetradactylus ellenbergeri Angel 1922; syn. Wermuth 1968)
Contents: 7 species, of which 5 (71.4%) are endemic. In addition to this, 1 endemic species is considered extinct (eastwoodae).
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: C. and S. Africa.
Reported from: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Mozambique, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, Western Cape), Tanzania, Zambia.

Tetradactylus africanus

African Plated Snake Lizard, Eastern Long-tailed Snake Lizard

Grosse Geisselschildechse

Stor Piskeøgle

1838 Caitia africana Gray
Tetradactylus africanus Boulenger 1887

Remarks: Previously included fitzsimonsi.
Distribution: Eswatini, Mozambique, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal).

Tetradactylus breyeri

Transvaal Plated Snake Lizard, (Breyer's Long-tailed Plated Snake Lizard)



1910 Tetradactylus breyeri Roux

Distribution: South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga).

Tetradactylus eastwoodae

Limpopo Plated Snake Lizard, (Eastwood's Long-tailed Plated Snake Lizard)



1913 Tetradactylus eastwoodae Methuen & Hewitt

Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo).

Tetradactylus ellenbergeri

Zambian Plated Snake Lizard, (Ellenberger's Long-tailed Plated Snake Lizard, Ellenberger's Whip Lizard)

Sambianische Geisselschildechse

Zambiansk Piskeøgle

1922 Paratetradactylus ellenbergeri Angel
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri Laurent 1964
1933 Tetradactylus boulengeri Witte (Wermuth 1968)
Tetradactylus fitzsimonsi boulengeri Loveridge 1942
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri boulengeri Laurent 1964
1937 Tetradactylus lundensis Monard (Laurent 1964)
1950 Tedradactylus fitzsimonsi simplex [sic] Laurent (Broadley & Howell 1991)

Distribution: Angola, Congo-Kinshasa, Tanzania, Zambia.

Tetradactylus fitzsimonsi

Cape Plated Snake Lizard, (FitzSimons Long-tailed Snake Lizard)



1915 Tetradactylus fitzsimonsi Hewitt
Tetradactylus tetradactylus fitzsimonsi Branch 1981
Tetradactylus africanus fitzsimonsi Branch 1988

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of tetradactylus or, more recently, of africanus. Considered a separate species by Bates, Tolley, Edwards, Davids, Silva & Branch (2013). A record from George, Western Cape, needs confirmation (Branch 1998).
Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, Western Cape).

Tetradactylus seps

Short-legged Plated Snake Lizard, Five-toed Whip Lizard

Fünfzehige Geisselschildechse

Kortbenet Piskeøgle

1758 Lacerta seps Linnaeus
Tetradactylus seps Boulenger 1887
1801 Sincus sepiformis [sic] Schneider (Boulenger 1887)
Gerrhosaurus sepiformis Duméril & Bibron 1839
1915 Tetradactylus laevicauda Hewitt (Branch 1990)
Tetradactylus seps laevicauda Loveridge 1942

Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape).

Tetradactylus tetradactylus

Four-toed Plated Snake Lizard, Common Long-tailed Plated Snake Lizard, Cape Long-tailed Plated Snake Lizard

Vierzehige Geisselschildechse

Firtået Piskeøgle

1802 Chalcides tetradactylus Daudin
Saurophis tetradactylus Wagler 1830
Tetradactylus tetradactylus Boulenger 1887
1820 Tetradactylus chalcidicus Merrem (Boulenger 1887)
1839 Saurophis lacepedii Duméril & Bibron (Boulenger 1887)
1926 Tetradactylus bilineatus Hewitt (Branch 1990)
Tetradactylus tetradactylus bilineatus Loveridge 1942

Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Northern Cape, Western Cape).

Tetradactylus udzungwensis

Udzungwa Plated Snake Lizard



2004 Tetradactylus udzungwensis Salvidio, Menegon, Sindaco & Moyer

Distribution: Tanzania.