Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Boidae
Bibliography of the genus Corallus
Biodiversity of the family Boidae








Genus
Corallus

Tree Boas

Hundskopfboas

Træboaer

1803 Corallus Daudin (type species: Corallus obtusirostris Daudin 1803)
1824 Xiphosoma Wagler in Spix (type species: Boa canina Linnaeus 1758)
1860 Chrysenis Gray (type species: Chrysenis batesi Gray 1860)
1953 Xenoboa Hoge (type species: Xenoboa cropanii Hoge 1953)
Contents: 9 species, of which 2 (22.2%) are endemic.
Distribution: Central America, N. and E. South America.
Reported from: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island, Saint Vincent), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Corallus annulatus

Annulated Tree Boa, Ringed Tree Boa

Ringelboa

Ringboa*

1876 Xiphosoma annulatum Cope
Corallus annulatus Boulenger 1893
Boa annulata Rendahl & Vestergren 1941
1941 Boa annulata colombiana Rendahl & Vestergren
Corallus annulata colombiana Peters 1957

Remarks: Previously included blombergi (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Records of annulatus from Ecuador refer to blombergi (Valencia, Arbeláez, Garzon & Picerno-Toala 2008).
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.


Corallus batesii

Southern Emerald Tree Boa*

Südliche Grüne Hundskopfboa*

Sydlig Smaragdboa*

1860 Chrysenis batesii Gray
Corallus batesii Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of caninus (e.g., Boulenger 1893; Stimson 1969; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999). Revalidated as a separate species by Henderson, Passos & Feitosa (2009).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Corallus blombergi

Ecuadorian Tree Boa*

Ecuadorianische Baumboa*

Ecuadoriansk Træboa*

1941 Boa annulata blombergi Rendahl & Vestergren
Corallus annulata blombergi Peters 1957
Corallus blombergi Henderson, Höggren, Lamar & Porras 2001

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Corallus caninus

Northern Emerald Tree Boa*, Amazonian Tree Boa, Green Tree Boa, Yellow-faced Boa, Dog Boa

Nördliche Grüne Hundskopfboa*, Grüner Hundskopfschlinger

Nordlig Smaragdboa, Grøn Træboa

1758 Boa canina Linnaeus
Xiphosoma caninum Fitzinger 1826
Corallus caninus Boulenger 1893
Boa canina Amaral 1925
1758 Boa hipnale Linnaeus (Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009)
1768 Boa aurantiaca Laurenti (Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009)
1768 Boa exigua Laurenti (Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009)
1768 Boa thalassina Laurenti (Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009)
1824 Xiphosoma araramboya Wagler in Spix (Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009)

Remarks: Previously included batesii. Records from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil, south of Rio Amazonas and west of Rio Negro, refer to batesii (Henderson, Passos & Feitosa 2009).
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Para, Roraima), French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela.


Corallus cookii

St. Vincent Tree Boa, St. Vincent Boa, Brown Tree Boa, Yellow-marbled Tree Boa, (Cook's Tree Boa)

Cooks Boa

Saint Vincent-træboa*

1842 Corallus cookii Gray
Boa cooki Ihering 1911
Boa enydris cooki Stull 1935
Corallus enydris cookii Forcart 1951
Corallus hortulanus cookii Roze 1966

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subspecies of enydris (now hortulanus) (e.g., Stull 1935; Stimson 1969). Revalidated by Henderson (1997). Colston, Grazziotin, Shepard, Vitt, Colli, Henderson, Hedges, Bonatto, Zaher, Noonan & Burbrink (2013) questioned the validity of cooki and grenadensis as separate species.
Distribution: Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (Saint Vincent).


Corallus cropanii

São Paulo Tree Boa*

São Paulo-Boa

São Paulo-træboa*

1953 Xenoboa cropanii Hoge
Corallus cropanii Kluge 1991

Distribution: Brazil (Sao Paulo).


Corallus grenadensis

Grenada Tree Boa, Grenada Bank Tree Boa, Grenada Bank Boa

Grenada-Boa

Grenada-træboa*

1914 Boa grenadensis Barbour
Corallus grenadensis Henderson 1997

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cooki (e.g., Stimson 1969). Revalidated by Henderson (1997). Colston, Grazziotin, Shepard, Vitt, Colli, Henderson, Hedges, Bonatto, Zaher, Noonan & Burbrink (2013) questioned the validity of cooki and grenadensis as separate species.
Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island).


Corallus hortulanus

Amazon Tree Boa, Garden Tree Boa, Common Tree Boa, Dog-headed Boa

Gartenboa

Brun Træboa, Havetræboa

1758 Boa Hortulana Linnaeus
Corallus hortulanus Gray 1842
Xiphosoma hortulanum Fitzinger 1826
1758 Boa enydris Linnaeus (Henderson 1997)
Corallus enydris Forcart 1951
1768 Vipera bitis Laurenti (Henderson 1997)
Coluber bitis Gmelin 1788
1768 Vipera madarensis Laurenti (Henderson 1997)
Coluber maderensis [lapsus] Gmelin 1788
1798 Boa ambleocephala Donndorff (Henderson 1997)
1801 Boa merremi Schneider [not Boa merremii Sentzen in Meyer 1796] (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
Xiphosoma merremii Wagler 1830
1803 Corallus obtusirostris Daudin (Henderson 1997)
1824 Xiphosoma dorsuale Wagler in Spix (Henderson 1997)
1824 Xiphosoma ornatum Wagler in Spix (Henderson 1997)
1834 Boa modesta Reuss (Henderson 1997)
1842 Corallus maculatus Gray (Henderson 1997)

Remarks: Previously included cooki, grenadensis and ruschenbergeri (e.g., Stimson 1969; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970) and referred to as enydris (see McDiarmid, Touré & Savage 1996). Records from Parana (e.g., Henderson 1997) and Santa Catarina (e.g., Henderson 2002) are considered erroneous (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Corallus ruschenbergerii

Mangrove Tree Boa, Caribbean Coastal Tree Boa, Greater Tree Boa

Ruschenbergs Boas

Centralamerikansk Træboa*

1876 Xiphosoma ruschenbergerii Cope
Corallus cookei ruschenbergi [incorrect subsequent spellings] Boettger 1898
Boa ruschenbergii Stejneger 1901 [lapsus]
Corallus ruschenbergerii Henderson 1997
1934 Boa salmonidia Briceño Rossi (Henderson 1997)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cooki (e.g., Stimson 1969). Revalidated by Henderson (1997).
Distribution: Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).