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İ Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Amphisbaenidae
Bibliography of the genus Cynisca
Biodiversity of the family Amphisbaenidae








Genus
Cynisca

West African Round-headed Worm Lizards

Westafrikanische Doppelschleichen*

Vestafrikanske Ormeĝgler*

1844 Cynisca Gray (type species: Amphisbaena leucura Dumeril & Bibron 1839)
1878 Ophioproctes Boulenger (type species: Ophioproctes liberiensis Boulenger 1878; syn. Gans 2005)
1906 Placogaster Boulenger (type species: Placogaster feae Boulenger 1906; syn. Laurent 1947)

Contents: 20 species, of which 12 (60.0%) are endemic.
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.

Cynisca bifrontalis

Omboue Worm Lizard, (Congo Worm Lizard, French Congo Worm Lizard)

Omboue-Doppelschleiche*

Omboue-ormeĝgle*

1906 Amphisbaena bifrontalis Boulenger
Cynisca bifrontalis Gans 1987

Distribution: Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon.


Cynisca chirioi

Gbélèye Worm Lizard*

Gbélèye-Doppelschleiche*

Gbélèye-ormeĝgle*

2014 Cynisca chirioi Trape, Mané & Baldé

Distribution: Guinea.


Cynisca degrysi

Sierra Leone Worm Lizard

Sierraleonische Doppelschleiche*

Sierraleonsk Ormeĝgle*

1941 Placogaster degrysi Loveridge
Cynisca degrysi Laurent 1947

Remarks: Status uncertain (Gans 1987). The typelocality is 'Lagos, Sierra Leone', but it seems there is no Lagos in the country. Whether it actually refers to Lagos in Nigeria is uncertain.
Distribution: Sierra Leone.


Cynisca feae

Guinea-Bissau Worm Lizard*, (Ugly Worm Lizard)

Guinea-Bissau-Doppelschleiche*

Guinea-Bissau-ormeĝgle*

1906 Placogaster feae Boulenger
Cynisca feae Laurent 1947

Distribution: Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Senegal.


Cynisca gansi

Okoloma Worm Lizard*

Okoloma-Doppelschleiche*

Okoloma-ormeĝgle*

1968 Cynisca gansi Dunger

Distribution: Nigeria.


Cynisca haughi

Lambarene Worm Lizard, (Haugh's Worm Lizard)

Lambarene-Doppelschleiche*

Lambarene-ormeĝgle*

1904 Amphisbaena haughi Mocquard
Cynisca haughi Gans 1987

Distribution: Gabon.


Cynisca ivoirensis

Gaboua Worm Lizard*

Gaboua-Doppelschleiche*

Gaboua-ormeĝgle*

2014 Cynisca ivoirensis Trape & Mané

Distribution: Ivory Coast.


Cynisca kigomensis

Kigom Hills Worm Lizard*

Kigom-Doppelschleiche*

Kigom-ormeĝgle*

1968 Cynisca kigomensis Dunger

Distribution: Nigeria.


Cynisca kraussi

Ghanese Worm Lizard

Ghanesische Doppelschleiche*

Ghanesisk Ormeĝgle*

1878 Amphisbaena kraussi Peters
Cynisca kraussi Gans 1987

Distribution: Ghana.


Cynisca leonina

Los Archipelago Worm Lizard

Los Inseln-Doppelschleiche*

Los-ormeĝgle*

1885 Amphisbaena leonina Müller
Cynisca leonina Gans 1987

Remarks: Doubtfully recorded from Guinea-Bissau (Gans 1987). Not mentioned by Böhme, Rödel, Brede & Wagner (2011).
Distribution: Guinea, Guinea-Bissau.


Cynisca leucura

White-tailed Worm Lizard, Coast Worm Lizard

Weißschwanz-Doppelschleiche*

Hvidhalet Ormeĝgle*

1839 Amphisbaena leucura Dumeril & Bibron
Cynisca leucura Gray 1844
1906 Amphisbaena petersii Boulenger (Gans 2005)

Remarks: Records from Guinea-Bissau (e.g., Loveridge 1941) and Liberia (e.g., Papenfuss 1969) are regarded as doubtful (Gans 1987).
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Togo.


Cynisca liberiensis

Liberian Worm Lizard

Liberianische Doppelschleiche*

Liberiansk Ormeĝgle*

1878 Ophioproctes liberiensis Boulenger
Amphisbaena liberiensis Strauch 1881
Cynisca liberiensis Gans 1987
1943 Amphisbaena lamottei Angel (syn. Ineich 2003)
Amphisbaena liberiensis lamottei Guibe 1954
Cynisca liberiensis lamottei Ineich 2003
Cynisca lamottei Gans 2005

Remarks: Status of lamottei is uncertain. It is regarded herein as a subspecies of liberiensis, following Ineich (2003), although revalidated by Gans (2005), but without discussion.
Distribution: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone.


Cynisca manei

Bamako Samba Worm Lizard*

Bamako Samba-Doppelschleiche*

Bamako Samba-ormeĝgle*

2014 Cynisca manei Trape

Distribution: Guinea-Bissau, Senegal.


Cynisca muelleri

Akropong Worm Lizard*, (Müller's Worm Lizard)

Akropong-Doppelschleiche*

Akropong-ormeĝgle*

1881 Amphisbaena mülleri Strauch
Amphisbaena muelleri Boulenger 1885 [emendation]
Cynisca muelleri Gans 1987

Remarks: Records from Sierra Leone are regarded as doubtful (Gans 1987, 2005).
Distribution: Ghana.


Cynisca nigeriensis

Takwashara Worm Lizard*

Takwashara-Doppelschleiche*

Takwashara-ormeĝgle*

1968 Cynisca nigeriensis Dunger

Distribution: Nigeria.


Cynisca oligopholis

Cassine River Worm Lizard

Cassine-Doppelschleiche*

Cassine-ormeĝgle*

1906 Amphisbaena oligopholis Boulenger
Cynisca oligopholis Gans 1987

Distribution: Guinea, Guinea-Bissau.


Cynisca rouxae

Assacro Worm Lizard*

Assacro-Doppelschleiche*

Assacro-ormeĝgle*

1979 Cynisca rouxae Hahn

Distribution: Ivory Coast.


Cynisca schaeferi

Cameroon Worm Lizard*, (Schaefer's Worm Lizard)

Kamerun-Doppelschleiche*

Camerounsk Ormeĝgle*

1912 Chirindia schaeferi Sternfeld
Amphisbaena schaeferi Loveridge 1941
Cynisca schaeferi Gans 1987

Distribution: Cameroon.


Cynisca senegalensis

Senegal Worm Lizard*

Senegal-Doppelschleiche*

Senegalesisk Ormeĝgle*

1987 Cynisca senegalensis Gans

Distribution: Guinea, Senegal.


Cynisca williamsi

Wenchi Worm Lizard*

Wenchi-Doppelschleiche*

Wenchi-ormeĝgle*

1987 Cynisca williamsi Gans

Distribution: Ghana.