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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Eugongylus
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae








Genus
Eugongylus

Short-legged Giant Skinks, Recluse Skinks, Mastiff Skinks

Riesen-Kurzbeinskinke*

Kortbenede Kæmpeskinker*

1843 Eugongylus Fitzinger (type species: Eumeces oppellii Dumeril & Bibron 1839)
Contents: 5 species, of which 3 (60.0%) are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included Geoscincus haraldmeieri, Phoboscincus bocourti, P. garnieri, and Tachygyia microlepis (Böhme 1976).
Distribution: E. Malay Archipelago, NE. Australia, W. Pacific Ocean.
Reported from: Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Halmahera, Morotai, Numfoor, Seram, Sula Islands, Sulawesi, Supiori, Talaud Islands, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Western New Guinea), Marshall Islands, Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei [incl. Ant Atoll]), Palau, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville], Trobriand Islands), Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Rennell, Santa Cruz Islands).

Eugongylus albofasciolatus

White-banded Giant Skink, White-striped Cape Skink, Reclusive Litter Skink

Weißband-Riesen-Kurzbeinskink*

Hvidbåndet Kæmpeskink*

1872 Eumeces albofasciolatus Günther
Lygosoma albofasciolatum Boulenger 1887
Riopa albofasciolatum Barbour 1912
Eugongylus albofasciolatus Mittleman 1952
1890 Lygosoma striato-fasciatum Ogilby (Kinghorn 1928)
1918 Lygosoma albofasciolatus boettgeri Sternfeld [not Lygosoma boettgeri Sternfeld 1918] (Loveridge 1948)
1924 Riopa albofasciolatum poehli Mertens [substitute name for Lygosoma albofasciolatus boettgeri Sternfeld 1918]

Remarks: Records from mainland New Guinea and Australia are based on misidentified rufescens (Allison, Hamilton & Tallowin 2019).
Distribution: Marshall Islands, Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei [incl. Ant Atoll]), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville], Trobriand Islands), Solomon Islands (incl. Taumako, Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz Islands).


Eugongylus mentovarius

Moluccan Recluse Skink*, Odd-chinned Giant Skink

Molukkanischer Riesen-Kurzbeinskink*

Molukkansk Kæmpeskink*

1895 Lygosoma mentovarium Boettger
Riopa mentovaria Smith 1937
Riopa albofasciolata mentovaria Brongersma 1948
Eugongylus mentovarius Mittleman 1952

Other common names:
Eugongylus sp.: Palau Recluse Skink (see remarks)
Remarks: Regarded as a subspecies or a synonym of albofasciolatus by some authors (e.g., Brongersma 1948; Loveridge 1948), but as a separate species by others (e.g., Tanner 1950; Dryden & Taylor 1969). Böhme (1976) did not consider it a valid species. Recorded from Palau by Dryden & Taylor (1969), but Crombie & Pregill (1999) did not consider the Palau population conspecific with mentovarius, although they refrained from trying to identify the species, due to the unresolved taxonomy of the genus.
Distribution: Indonesia (Halmahera, Morotai).


Eugongylus rufescens

Reddish Giant Skink*, Rufescent Shark Skink, Bar-lipped Sheen Skink, Indo-Pacific Mole Skink

Rötlicher Riesen-Kurzbeinskink*

Rødlig Kæmpeskink*

1802 Lacerta rufescens Shaw
Lygosoma rufescens Boulenger 1887
Riopa rufescens Barbour 1912
Eugongylus rufescens Mittleman 1952
1801 Scincus aurata Schneider [part] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1839 Eumeces oppellii Duméril & Bibron (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1867 Mabouia macrura Günther (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1874 Eumeces uniformis Meyer (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1877 Eumeces brunneus Macleay (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1877 Mabouia uniformis Macleay [not Eumeces uniformis Meyer 1874] (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)
1878 Euprepes cingulatus Peters & Doria (Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983)

Remarks: McCoy (2006, p. 70) states that in the Solomon Islands rufescens is found only on Rennell Island, however, in his island checklists (p. 132) he also lists the species for Shortland Islands.
Distribution: Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Halmahera, Numfoor, Seram, Sulawesi, Supiori, Talaud Islands, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands, New Britain, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea), Solomon Islands (Rennell).


Eugongylus sulaensis

Sula Giant Skink

Sula-Riesen-Kurzbeinskink*

Sula-kæmpeskink*

1927 Lygosoma sulaense Kopstein
Riopa sulaense Smith 1937
Eugongylus sulaense Mittleman 1952

Distribution: Indonesia (Sula Islands).


Eugongylus unilineatus

Papuan Single-lined Skink*

Gestreifter Riesen-Kurzbeinskink*

Stribet Kæmpeskink*

1915 Lygosoma unilineatum De Rooij
Sphenomorphus unilineatus Mittleman 1952
Eugongylus unilineatus Greer & Shea 2000
Glaphyromorphus unilineatus Richards, Iskandar & Tjaturadi 2002

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).