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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Polychrotidae
Bibliography of the genus Polychrus
Biodiversity of the genus Polychrus








Genus
Polychrus

Monkey Lizards, Bush Anoles

Buntleguane*

Abeleguaner*, Langbenede Leguaner

1817 Polychrus Cuvier (type species: Lacerta marmorata Linnaeus 1758)
1827 Polycrus Gray [emendation]
1843 Ecphymatotes Fitzinger (type species: Polychrus acutirostris Spix 1825; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1845 Sphaerops Gray (type species: Polychrus anomalus Wiegmann 1834; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1870 Chaunolaemus Peters (type species: Polychrus multicarinatus Peters 1870; syn. Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1924 Polychroides Noble (type species: Polychroides peruvianus Noble 1924; syn. Etheridge 1965; Gorman, Huey & Williams 1969)
Contents: 8 species, of which 1 (12.5%) is endemic.
Distribution: Central America, South America, West Indies.
Reported from: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Polychrus acutirostris

Sharp-nosed Monkey Lizard

Spitzschnauzen-Buntleguan*

Spidssnudet Abeleguan*

1825 Polychrus acutirostris Spix
Polychrus marmoratus acutirostris Burt & Burt 1933
1834 Polychrus anomalus Wiegmann (Cei 1993)

Remarks: Presence in Uruguay needs confirmation (Avila-Pires 1995, Vanzolini 1983).
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Paraguay.


Polychrus auduboni

Venezuelan Monkey Lizard

Venezuelanischer Buntleguan*

Venezuelansk Abeleguan*

1845 Leiolepis auduboni Hallowell
Polychrus auduboni Murphy, Lehtinen, Charles, Wasserman, Anton & Brennan 2017

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of marmoratus (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Murphy, Lehtinen, Charles, Wasserman, Anton & Brennan (2017).
Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Polychrus femoralis

Ecuadorian Monkey Lizard*

Ecuadorianischer Buntleguan*

Ecuadoriansk Abeleguan*

1910 Polychrus femoralis Werner

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Polychrus gutturosus

Central American Monkey Lizard*, Central American Bush Anole, Forest Iguana, Neotropical Chameleon

Zentralamerikanischer Buntleguan*

Centralamerikansk Abeleguan*

1846 Polychrus gutturosus Berthold
1870 Polychrus multicarinatus Peters (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1914 Polychrus spurrelli Boulenger (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970; Koch, Venegas, Garcia-Bravo & Böhme 2011)
Polychrus gutturosus spurrelli Parker 1935

Remarks: Torres-Carvajal (2001) regarded spurrelli as a separate species.
Distribution: Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.


Polychrus jacquelinae

Bolivar Monkey Lizard

Bolivar-Buntleguan*

Bolivar-abeleguan*

2011 Polychrus jacquelinae Koch, Venegas, Garcia-Bravo & Böhme

Distribution: Peru.


Polychrus liogaster

Southern Monkey Lizard

Südlicher Buntleguan*

Sydlig Abeleguan*

1908 Polychrus liogaster Boulenger
Polychrus marmoratus liogaster Burt & Burt 1933

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondonia), Ecuador, Peru.


Polychrus marmoratus

Marbled Monkey Lizard*, Marbled Lizard, Common Monkey Lizard, Many-coloured Bush Anole, Many-coloured Tree Lizard, Prehensile-tailed Iguana

Marmor-Buntleguan, (Buntleguan, Falsches Chamäleon)

Marmor-abeleguan*

1758 Lacerta marmorata Linnaeus
Polychrus marmoratus Merrem 1820
1821 Polychrus strigiventris Wagler (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1822 Polychrus virescens Schinz (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1833 Polychrus neovidanus Wagler (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Remarks: Previously included auduboni. Records from Trinidad, Tobago, and northern Venezuela presumably refer to auduboni, but it still needs to be verified if only auduboni or both species occur there. Murphy, Lehtinen, Charles, Wasserman, Anton & Brennan (2017) only documented marmoratus from Guyana and Surinam, however, older literature records of marmoratus are provisionally retained herein, pending further studies that may reveal more cryptic species and clarify species boundaries. Murphy & al. (2017) suggested that neovidanus and virescens may represent valid species.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Polychrus peruvianus

Peruvian Monkey Lizard*

Peruvianischer Buntleguan*

Peruviansk Abeleguan*

1924 Polychroides peruvianus Noble
Polychrus peruvianus Etheridge 1965

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.