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Taxonomy of the family Chamaeleonidae
Bibliography of the genus Rhampholeon
Biodiversity of the family Chamaeleonidae








Genus
Rhampholeon

African Leaf Chameleons

Afrikanische Blattchamäleons

Afrikanske Bladkamæleoner

1874 Rhampholeon Günther (type species: Chamaeleo spectrum Buchholz 1874)
1956 Bicuspis Loveridge (type species: Rhampholeon marshalli Boulenger 1906; syn. Klaver & Böhme 1997)
2004 Rhinodigitum Matthee, Tilbury & Townsend (type species: Rhampholeon platyceps Gunther 1893)
Contents: 19 species, of which 14 (73.7%) are endemic.
Remarks: Previously included in Brookesia (e.g., Mertens 1966), and, as that genus, known as Pygmy Chameleons. Revalidated by Klaver & Böhme (1986).
Distribution: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Gabon, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Rhampholeon acuminatus

Nguru Spiny Leaf Chameleon

Nguru-Blattchamäleon*

Nguru-bladkamæleon*

2006 Rhampholeon acuminatus Mariaux & Tilbury

Distribution: Tanzania.


Rhampholeon beraduccii

Mahenge Leaf Chameleon

Mahenge-Blattchamäleon*

Mahenge-bladkamæleon*

2006 Rhampholeon beraduccii Mariaux & Tilbury

Distribution: Tanzania.


Rhampholeon boulengeri

Central African Leaf Chameleon*, (Boulenger's Leaf Chameleon)

Zentralafrikanische Blattchamäleon*

Centralafrikansk Bladkamæleon*

1911 Rhampholeon boulengeri Steindachner
Brookesia spectrum boulengeri Loveridge 1942
Rhampholeon spectrum goulengeri [lapsus] De Witte 1955
Rhampholeon boulengeri Klaver & Böhme 1997

Remarks: Based on unpublished observations, Klaver & Böhme (1997) stated that boulengeri and spectrum are separate species.
Distribution: Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.


Rhampholeon bruessoworum

Mount Inago Leaf Chameleon

Inago-Blattchamäleon*

Inago-bladkamæleon*

2014 Rhampholeon bruessoworum Branch, Bayliss & Tolley

Distribution: Mozambique.


Rhampholeon chapmanorum

Natundu Hills Leaf Chameleon*, (Chapman's Leaf Chameleon)

Natundu-Blattchamäleon*

Natundu-bladkamæleon*

1992 Rhampholeon chapmani Tilbury
Rhampholeon chapmanorum Klaver & Böhme 1997 [justified emendation]

Distribution: Malawi, Mozambique.


Rhampholeon gorongosae

Gorongoza Leaf Chameleon

Gorongoza-Blattchamäleon*

Gorongoza-bladkamæleon*

1971 Rhampholeon marshalli gorongosae Broadley
Rhampholeon gorongosae Branch 1998

Distribution: Mozambique.


Rhampholeon hattinghi

Mount Nzawa Leaf Chameleon*

Nzawa-Blattchamäleon*

Nzawa-bladkamæleon*

2015 Rhampholeon hattinghi Tilbury & Tolley

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.


Rhampholeon marshalli

Chirinda Leaf Chameleon*, (Marshall's Leaf Chameleon)

Chirinda-Blattchamäleon*, Marshalls Erdchamäleon

Chirinda-bladkamæleon*

1906 Rhampholeon marshalli Boulenger
Chamaeleo marshalli Loveridge 1951

Distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe.


Rhampholeon maspictus

Mount Mabu Leaf Chameleon

Mabu-Blattchamäleon*

Mabu-bladkamæleon*

2014 Rhampholeon maspictus Branch, Bayliss & Tolley

Distribution: Mozambique.


Rhampholeon moyeri

Udzungwa Leaf Chameleon

Udzungwa-Blattchamäleon*

Udzungwa-bladkamæleon*

2002 Rhampholeon moyeri Menegon, Salvidio & Tilbury

Distribution: Tanzania.


Rhampholeon nchisiensis

Pitless Leaf Chameleon, Pitless Short-tailed Chameleon, Nchisi Leaf Chameleon

Nchisi-Blattchamäleon*

Nchisi-bladkamæleon*

1953 Brookesia nchisiensis Loveridge
Rhampholeon nchisiensis Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia.


Rhampholeon nebulauctor

Mount Chiperone Leaf Chameleon

Chiperone-Blattchamäleon*

Chiperone-bladkamæleon*

2014 Rhampholeon nebulauctor Branch, Bayliss & Tolley

Distribution: Mozambique.


Rhampholeon platyceps

Mount Mulanje Leaf Chameleon, Flat-headed Leaf Chameleon

Flachkopf-Blattchamäleon*

Fladhovedet Bladkamæleon*

1893 Rhampholeon platyceps Günther
Brookesia platyceps Loveridge 1933
1953 Brookesia platyceps carri Loveridge
Rhampholeon platyceps carri Klaver & Böhme 1997

Other common names:
carri: Plateau Flat-headed Leaf Chameleon
Distribution: Malawi.


Rhampholeon spectrum

Spectral Leaf Chameleon, Cameroon Leaf Chameleon, Western Leaf Chameleon

Westliche Blattchamäleon*

Vestlig Bladkamæleon*

1874 Chamaeleo spectrum Buchholz
Rhampholeon spectrum Günther 1874
Brookesia spectrum Mertens 1938
1911 Rhampholeon affinis Günther (Klaver & Böhme 1997)

Remarks: Klaver & Böhme (1997) indicated that affinis may prove to be a separate species. See also remarks under boulengeri.
Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Gabon, Nigeria.


Rhampholeon spinosus

Rosette-nosed Dwarf Chameleon, Usambara Spiny Leaf Chameleon

Dornige Blattchamäleon*

Tornet Usambara-bladkamæleon*

1892 Chamaeleon spinosus Matschie
Chamaeleo spinosus Mertens 1966
Bradypodion spinosum Klaver & Böhme 1986
Rhampholeon spinosus Tilbury & Mariaux 2004

Distribution: Tanzania.


Rhampholeon temporalis

Usambara Pitted Leaf Chameleon, East Usambara Leaf Chameleon

Östliche Usambara-Blattchamäleon*

Østlig Usambara-bladkamæleon*

1892 Chamaeleon temporalis Matschie
Brookesia temporalis Loveridge 1933
Rhampholeon temporalis Klaver & Böhme 1986

Distribution: Tanzania.


Rhampholeon tilburyi

Mount Namuli Leaf Chameleon

Namuli-Blattchamäleon*

Namuli-bladkamæleon*

2014 Rhampholeon tilburyi Branch, Bayliss & Tolley

Distribution: Mozambique.


Rhampholeon uluguruensis

Uluguru Leaf Chameleon

Uluguru-Blattchamäleon*

Uluguru-bladkamæleon*

1996 Rhampholeon uluguruensis Tilbury & Emmrich

Distribution: Tanzania.


Rhampholeon viridis

Pare Leaf Chameleon

Grüne Blattchamäleon*

Grøn Bladkamæleon*

2006 Rhampholeon viridis Mariaux & Tilbury

Distribution: Tanzania.