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Taxonomy of the family Typhlopidae
Bibliography of the genus Amerotyphlops
Biodiversity of the family Typhlopidae








Genus
Amerotyphlops

American Blind Snakes

Amerikanische Blindschlangen

Amerikanske Ormeslanger

2014 Amerotyphlops Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal (type species: Typhlops brongersmianus Vanzolini 1976)
Contents: 15 species, of which 8 (53.3%) are endemic.
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in the genus Typhlops.
Reported from: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan), Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (incl. Union Island), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.

Amerotyphlops amoipira

Amoipira Blind Snake

Amoipira-Blindschlange

Amoipira-ormeslange

2002 Typhlops amoipira Rodrigues & Juncá
Amerotyphlops amoipira Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Remarks: Records from Minas Gerais refer to arenensis (Graboski, Arredondo, Grazziotin, Silva, Prudente, Rodrigues, Bonatto & Zaher 2019).
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Maranhao, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe).


Amerotyphlops arenensis

Paraiba Blind Snake

Paraiba-Blindschlange

Paraiba-ormeslange

2015 Amerotyphlops arenensis Graboski, Filho, Silva, Prudente & Zaher

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Pernambuco).


Amerotyphlops brongersmianus

Bahia Blind Snake

Bahia-Blindschlange

Bahia-ormeslange

1972 Typhlops brongersmai Vanzolini [not Typhlops florensis brongersmai Mertens 1929]
1976 Typhlops brongersmianus Vanzolini [substitute name for Typhlops brongersmai Vanzolini 1972]
Amerotyphlops brongersmianus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
2012 Altmantyphlops kirnerae Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)
2012 Altmantyphlops kirnerae wellingtoni Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Alagoas, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Amerotyphlops costaricensis

Costa Rican Blind Snake

Costaricanische Blindschlange

Costaricansk Ormeslange

1962 Typhlops costaricensis Jimenez & Savage
Amerotyphlops costaricensis Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua.


Amerotyphlops lehneri

Falcón Blind Snake

Falcón-Blindschlange

Falcón-ormeslange

1926 Typhlops lehneri Roux
Amerotyphlops lehneri Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Venezuela.


Amerotyphlops microstomus

Yucatan Blind Snake, Yucatecan Blind Snake

Yucatan-Blindschlange

Yucatan-ormeslange

1866 Typhlops microstomus Cope
Amerotyphlops microstomus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Belize, Guatemala, Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan).


Amerotyphlops minuisquamus

Amazon Basin Blind Snake

Amazonas-Blindschlange

Amazonas-ormeslange

1979 Typhlops minuisquamus Dixon & Hendricks
Amerotyphlops minuisquamus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Remarks: Not listed for Venezuela by Mumaw, González & Fernández (2015), although reported by many others (e.g., Dixon & Hendricks 1979; Pefaur 1992; Marca 1997; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999; Avila-Pires 2005; Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok 2012).
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Rondonia), Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela.


Amerotyphlops paucisquamus

Small-scaled Blind Snake, Pernambuco Blind Snake

Kleinschuppige Blindschlange

Finskællet Ormeslange

1979 Typhlops paucisquamus Dixon & Hendricks
Amerotyphlops paucisquamus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Ceara, Maranhao, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte).


Amerotyphlops reticulatus

Reticulated Blind Snake, Spine-tailed Blind Snake

Netz-Blindschlange

Net-ormeslange

1758 Anguis reticulata Linnaeus
Typhlops reticulatus Duméril & Bibron 1844
Argyrophis reticulatus Gray 1845
Amerotyphlops reticulatus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
1782 Anguis rostralis Weigel (Hahn 1980)
1788 Anguis nasutus Gmelin (Hahn 1980)
1801 Anguis crocotatus Schneider (Hahn 1980)
1851 Ophthalmidion crassum Duméril (Hahn 1980)
Typhlops reticulatus crassa Jan 1864
1863 Typhlops lumbricalis var. Troscheli Jan (Hahn 1980)
Typhlops reticulatus troscheli Jan 1864
1864 Typhlops reticulatus nigrolactea Jan (Hahn 1980)
2012 Altmantyphlops reticulatus wellsi Hoser

Remarks: Records from Ceara (e.g., Dixon & Hendricks 1979; Guedes, Nogueira & Marques 2014) were based on a misidentification (Roberto & Loebmann 2016).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Ceara, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia, Roraima), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Amerotyphlops stadelmani

Honduran Blind Snake

Honduranische Blindschlange

Honduransk Ormeslange

1936 Typhlops stadelmani Schmidt
Amerotyphlops stadelmani Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of tenuis by Dixon & Hendricks (1979). Revalidated by McCranie & Wilson (2001).
Distribution: Honduras.


Amerotyphlops tasymicris

Grenada Blind Snake

Grenada-Blindschlange

Grenada-ormeslange

1974 Typhlops tasymicris Thomas
Amerotyphlops tasymicris Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Grenada, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines (Union Island).


Amerotyphlops tenuis

Coffee Blind Snake

Kaffee-Blindschlange

Kaffe-ormeslange

1860 Typhlops tenuis Salvin
Amerotyphlops tenuis Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
1867 Typhlops basimaculatus Cope (Hahn 1980)
1869 Typhlops perditus Peters (Hahn 1980)
1885 Typhlops praelongus Müller (Hahn 1980)

Distribution: Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz).


Amerotyphlops trinitatus

Trinidad Blind Snake, Lineated Blind Snake

Trinidad-Blindschlange

Trinidad-ormeslange

1965 Typhlops trinitatus Richmond
Amerotyphlops trinitatus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad).


Amerotyphlops tycherus

Santa Bárbara Blind Snake

Santa-Bárbara-Blindschlange

Santa Bárbara-ormeslange

2008 Typhlops tycherus Townsend, Wilson, Ketzler & Luque-Montes
Amerotyphlops tycherus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Honduras.


Amerotyphlops yonenagae

Santo Inácio Blind Snake

Santo-Inácio-Blindschlange

Santo Inácio-ormeslange

1991 Typhlops yonenagae Rodrigues
Amerotyphlops yonenagae Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).