Taxonomy: families
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Snakes (Serpentes)

   Genera


Acutotyphlops
Sharp-nosed Blind Snakes


Afrotyphlops
African Giant Blind Snakes


Amerotyphlops
American Blind Snakes


Anilios
Australian Blind Snakes


Antillotyphlops
Eastern Antillean Blind Snakes


Argyrophis
Southeast Asian Blind Snakes


Cubatyphlops
Cuban Blind Snakes


Cyclotyphlops
Malawa Blind Snake


Grypotyphlops
Indian Beaked Blind Snake


Indotyphlops
South Asian Blind Snakes


Letheobia
African Gracile Blind Snakes


Madatyphlops
Malagasy Blind Snakes


Malayotyphlops
Malay Archipelago Blind Snakes


Ramphotyphlops
Western Pacific Blind Snakes


Rhinotyphlops
African Beaked Blind Snakes


Sundatyphlops
Lesser Sunda Blind Snakes


Typhlops
Afro-Caribbean Blind Snakes


Virgotyphlops
Brahminy Blind Snake


Xerotyphlops
Desert Blind Snakes



Biodiversity of the family Typhlopidae Bibliography of the family Typhlopidae

Typhlopidae
Typical Blind Snakes
Eigentliche Blindschlangen     Egentlige Ormeslanger




Contents:
  267 species of which 202 (75.7%) are endemic - 18 genera of which 2 (11.1%) are endemic (as of December 31st, 2018).

Remarks: Previously included the species now placed in the families Anomalepididae, Gerrhopilidae and Xenotyphlopidae. Wallach (2003) recommended the restriction of the name Worm Snakes to the family Leptotyphlopidae, whereas the family Typhlopidae should be called Blind Snakes. Although the latter suggestion has been used in most publications, both before and after Wallach's suggestion, the former has not. Most works have retained the name Thread Snakes for the familiy Leptotyphlopidae (e.g., Crother (ed.) 2008; Liner & Casas-Andreu 2008), presumably because the name Thread Snakes has been used only for this family, whereas the name Worm Snakes has been used for all the families mentioned above, as well as for other snake genera (e.g., Carphophis, Trachischium, Gerrhopilus).

Distribution:  Mexico, Central America, South America, West Indies, SE. Europe, Africa, Middle East, S. Asia, Malay Archipelago, Australia.

Reported from:
Afghanistan, Albania, American Samoa, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia, Comoro Islands, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia, Montenegro, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Navassa, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Northern Mariana Islands, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks & Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.