Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

ę Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Amphisbaenidae
Bibliography of the genus Amphisbaena
Biodiversity of the family Amphisbaenidae








Genus
Amphisbaena

Neotropical Worm Lizards

Neotropische Doppelschleichen

Neotropiske Orme°gler

1758 Amphisbaena Linnaeus (type species: Amphisbaena fuliginosa Linnaeus 1758)
1843 Glyptoderma Fitzinger (type species: Amphisbaena vermicularis Wagler 1824; syn. Gans 2005)
1843 Typhloblanus Fitzinger (type species: Amphisbaena coeca [sic] Cuvier 1829; syn. Gans 2005)
1844 Sarea Gray (type species: Amphisbaena caeca Cuvier 1829 [=Amphisbaena ridleyi, see Gans & Alexander 1962]; syn. Gans 2005)
1861 Diphalus Cope (type species: Diphalus fenestratus Cope 1861; syn. Gans 2005)
1885 Aporarchus Cope (type species: Aporarchus prunicolor Cope 1885; syn. Gans 2005)

Contents: 89 species, of which 72 (80.9%) are endemic.
Remarks: Mott & Vieites (2009) synonymized Anops, Aulura, Bronia, Cercolophia, and Leposternon with Amphisbaena. These genera are retained as valid herein, following many subsequent works (e.g., Ribeiro, Nogueira, Cintra, Silva & Zaher 2011; Ribeiro, Santos-Junior & Zaher 2015; Costa & Bernils 2014; Cacciali, Scott, Aquino-Ortiz, Fitzgerald & Smith 2016, Ribeiro, Silveira & Santos-Junior 2018).
Introduced to: Grenada, Saint Lucia.
Distribution: Panama, South America, West Indies.
Reported from: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco [incl. Fernando do Noronha], Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, SŃo Paulo [incl. Ilha de Alcatrazes, Queimada Grande], Sergipe, Tocantins), British Virgin Islands, Colombia, Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud), Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite, Ile de la GonÔve), Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico (incl. Vieques), Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. St. Croix), Uruguay, Venezuela (incl. Margarita).

Amphisbaena acangaoba

Bahia Helmeted Worm Lizard

Bahia-Helm-Doppelschleiche

Braziliansk Hjelm-orme°gle

2020 Amphisbaena acangaoba Ribeiro, Gomides & Costa

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).





Amphisbaena alba

Common Red Worm Lizard, Red Worm Lizard, White-bellied Worm Lizard, White Burrowing Lizard, White Worm Lizard, Pale Worm Lizard, Giant Amphisbaenian

SŘdamerikanische Rote Doppelschleiche

Almindelig R°d Orme°gle

1758 Amphisbaena alba Linnaeus
1791 Amphisbaena rosea Shaw & Nodder (Gans 2005)
1822 Amphisbaena exalbida Wagler (Gans 2005)
1822 Amphisbaena pachyura Wolf (Gans 2005)
1825 Amphisbaena flavescens Wied (Gans 2005)
1885 Amphisbaena alba var. dissecta Cope
1885 Amphisbaena alba var. radiata Cope
1885 Amphisbaena beniensis Cope (Gans 2005)

Remarks: Although listed for Panama by several other authors (Auth 1994; Gans 1962, 2005; Villa, Wilson & Johnson 1988; Ibß˝ez, SolÝs, Jaramillo & Rand 2001; Jaramillo, Wilson, Ibß˝ez & Jaramillo 2010), no vouchers or reported localities have been reported from the country (K÷hler 2001, 2008; Ray, Castillo-H., Himes, Ruback & Knight 2015).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, SŃo Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita).


Amphisbaena albocingulata

Asunciˇn Worm Lizard

Asunciˇn-Doppelschleiche

Asunciˇn-orme°gle

1885 Amphisbaena albocingulata Boettger
Amphisbaena prunicolor albocingulata Gans 1967

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Vanzolini (2002). Validity confirmed by Perez, Ribeiro & Borges-Martins (2012). Records from Argentina refer to darwini heterozonata, and records from Brazil need confirmation (Perez, Ribeiro & Borges-Martins 2012). Based on these authors, Lema's (1994b) listing of the species from Rio Grande do Sul is considered doubtful.
Distribution: Paraguay.


Amphisbaena anaemariae

Serra da Mesa Worm Lizard

Serra da Mesa-Doppelschleiche

Serra da Mesa-orme°gle

1997 Amphisbaena anaemariae Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Distrito Federal, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, SŃo Paulo, Tocantins).


Amphisbaena angustifrons

Common South American Worm Lizard

Gew÷hnliche SŘdamerikanische Doppelschleiche

Almindelig Sydamerikansk Orme°gle

1861 Amphisbaena angustifrons Cope
1928 Amphisbaena knighti Parker (Gans 2005)

Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay.


Amphisbaena arda

Mocambo do Vento Worm Lizard

Mocambo do Vento-Doppelschleiche

Mocambo do Vento-orme°gle

2002 Amphisbaena arda Rodrigues

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Amphisbaena arenaria

Raso da Catarina Worm Lizard

Raso da Catarina-Doppelschleiche

Raso da Catarina-orme°gle

1991 Amphisbaena arenaria Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Sergipe).


Amphisbaena arenicola

Florianopolis Worm Lizard

Florianopolis-Doppelschleiche

Florianopolis-orme°gle

2019 Amphisbaena arenicola Perez & Borges-Martins

Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina).





Amphisbaena bakeri

Puerto Rican Many-ringed Worm Lizard, (Baker's Worm Lizard)

Puertorikanische Vielringel-Doppelschleiche

Puertoricansk Smalringet Orme°gle

1904 Amphisbaena bakeri Stejneger

Distribution: Puerto Rico.


Amphisbaena barbouri

Cuban Many-ringed Worm Lizard

Kubanische Vielringel-Doppelschleiche

Cubansk Smalringet Orme°gle

1962 Amphisbaena cubana barbouri Gans & Alexander
Amphisbaena barbouri Thomas & Hedges 1998

Distribution: Cuba.


Amphisbaena bolivica

Rio Pilcomayo Worm Lizard

Rio Pilcomayo-Doppelschleiche

Rio Pilcomayo-orme°gle

1929 Amphisbaena camura bolivica Mertens
Amphisbaena bolivica Montero 1996

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of camura (e.g., Gans 1967). Although reported (without exact locality) from Mato Grosso, Brazil, by Montero (1996), presence in the country needs confirmation (e.g., Costa & BÚrnils 2015).
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay.


Amphisbaena brevis

Mato Grosso Short Worm Lizard

Kurze Mato Grosso-Doppelschleiche

Lille Mato Grosso-orme°gle

2009 Amphisbaena brevis StrŘssmann & Mott

Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso).


Amphisbaena caeca

Puerto Rican Common Worm Lizard, Blind Worm Lizard

Gew÷hnliche Puerto Rico-Doppelschleiche

Almindelig Puertoricansk Orme°gle

1829 Amphisbaena caeca Cuvier
Sarea caecas [sic] Gray 1844 (=A. ridleyi, cf. Gans & Alexander 1962)

Distribution: Puerto Rico (incl. Vieques).


Amphisbaena caetitensis

CaetitÚ Worm Lizard

CaetitÚ-Doppelschleiche

CaetitÚ-orme°gle

2018 Amphisbaena caetitensis Almeida, Freitas, Silva, Valverde, Rodrigues, Pires & Mott

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).





Amphisbaena caiari

Rio Madeira Worm Lizard

Rio-Madeira-Doppelschleiche

Rio Madeira-orme°gle

2014 Amphisbaena caiari Teixeira, Vechio, Neto & Rodrigues

Distribution: Brazil (Rondonia).


Amphisbaena camura

Crooked Worm Lizard

Haken-Doppelschleiche

Kroget Orme°gle

1862 Amphisbaena camura Cope
1910 Amphisbaena boliviana Werner (Gans 2005)

Remarks: Argentinian records (e.g., Cei 1986, 1993) refer to bolivica (Montero 1996).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay.


Amphisbaena carlgansi

Cuban Pink Worm Lizard

Kubanische Hellrote Doppelschleiche

Cubansk Lyser°d Orme°gle

1998 Amphisbaena carlgansi Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Cuba.


Amphisbaena carli

Jatobß Worm Lizard

Jatobß-Doppelschleiche

Jatobß-orme°gle

2010 Amphisbaena carli Pinna, Mendonca, Bocchiglieri & Fernandes

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Amphisbaena carvalhoi

Pesqueira Worm Lizard

Pesqueira-Doppelschleiche

Pesqueira-orme°gle

1965 Amphisbaena carvalhoi Gans

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Pernambuco).


Amphisbaena caudalis

Cayemite Long-tailed Worm Lizard

Langschwńnzige Cayemite-Doppelschleiche

Langhalet Cayemite-orme°gle

1928 Amphisbaena caudalis Cochran
1962 Amphisbaena innocens caudalis Gans & Alexander

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Schwartz & Henderson (1988).
Distribution: Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite).


Amphisbaena cayemite

Cayemite Short-tailed Worm Lizard

Kurzschwńnzige Cayemite-Doppelschleiche

Korthalet Cayemite-orme°gle

2006 Amphisbaena cayemite Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Haiti (Grande Cayemite).


Amphisbaena cegei

Santa Cruz Worm Lizard

Santa Cruz-Doppelschleiche

Santa Cruz-orme°gle

1997 Amphisbaena cegei Montero, Sßfadez & ┴lvarez

Remarks: Not mentioned by Pincheira-Donoso (2002).
Distribution: Bolivia.


Amphisbaena crisae

Cafeara Worm Lizard

Cafeara-Doppelschleiche

Cafeara-orme°gle

1997 Amphisbaena crisae Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul).


Amphisbaena cubana

Cuban Brown Worm Lizard

Kubanische Braune Doppelschleiche

Cubansk Brun Orme°gle

1878 Amphisbaena cubana Gundlach & Peters

Remarks: Previously included barbouri.
Distribution: Cuba (incl. Isla de la Juventud).


Amphisbaena cunhai

Rio Jamari Worm Lizard

Rio Jamari-Doppelschleiche

Rio Jamari-orme°gle

1991 Amphisbaena cunhai Hoogmoed & Avila Pires

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Rondonia).


Amphisbaena darwinii

Uruguayan Ringed Worm Lizard, (Darwin's Ringed Worm Lizard)

Uruguayische Ringel-Doppelschleiche

Uruguayisk Ring-orme°gle

1839 Amphisbaena darwinii Dumeril & Bibron
1861 Amphisbaena heterozonata Burmeister (Montero 2016)
Amphisbaena darwini heterozonata Gans 1966
1878 Amphisbaena trachura Cope (Montero 2016)
Amphisbaena darwini trachura Gans 1966

Remarks: Vanzolini (2002) revalidated heterozonata and trachura as a separate species. Montero (2016) synonymized the two forms again with darwinii, treating them as subspecies. Original spelling of the specific epithet is darwinii, not darwini (Costa & BÚrnils 2015).
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, SŃo Paulo), Paraguay, Uruguay.


Amphisbaena dubia

Piracicaba Worm Lizard, (Uncertain Worm Lizard)

Piracicaba-Doppelschleiche

Piracicaba-orme°gle

1924 Amphisbaena dubia MŘller

Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Parana, Santa Catarina, SŃo Paulo).


Amphisbaena fenestrata

Virgin Islands Worm Lizard, (Cope's Worm Lizard)

Jungferninseln-Doppelschleiche

Virgin Islands-orme°gle

1861 Diphalus fenestratus Cope
Amphisbaena fenestrata Strauch 1881
1862 Amphisbaena antillensis Reinhardt & LŘtken (Gans 2005)

Distribution: British Virgin Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. St. Croix).


Amphisbaena filiformis

BabašulÔndia Worm Lizard

BabašulÔndia-Doppelschleiche

BabašulÔndia-orme°gle

2016 Amphisbaena filiformis Ribeiro, Gomes, Silva, Cintra & Silva

Distribution: Brazil (Maranhao, Tocantins).


Amphisbaena frontalis

Alagoado Worm Lizard

Alagoado-Doppelschleiche

Alagoado-orme°gle

1991 Amphisbaena frontalis Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Piaui).


Amphisbaena fuliginosa

Spotted Worm Lizard, Speckled Worm Lizard, Black-and-White Worm Lizard, Mottled Amphisbaenian, Banded Amphisbaenian

SŘdamerikanische Gefleckte Doppelschleiche

Sydamerikansk Plettet Orme°gle

1758 Amphisbaena fuliginosa Linnaeus
1768 Amphisbaena flava Laurenti (Gans 2005)
1768 Amphisbaena magnifica Laurenti (Gans 2005)
1768 Amphisbaena vulgaris Laurenti (Gans 2005)
1844 Amphisbaena americana Gray (Gans 2005)
1863 Amphisbaena dubia Rathke [nomen rejectum; not Amphisbaena dubia MŘller 1924] (Smith & Chiszar 1989)
1951 Amphisbaena fuliginosa amazonica Vanzolini
Amphisbaena amazonica Gans 2005
1951 Amphisbaena fuliginosa bassleri Vanzolini
Amphisbaena bassleri Gans 2005
1768 Amphisbaena varia Laurenti
Amphisbaena fuliginosa varia Vanzolini 1951
1951 Amphisbaena fuliginosa wiedi Vanzolini
Amphisbaena wiedi Gans 2005

Other common names:
amazonica: Amazon Worm Lizard
Remarks: Gans (2005) treated amazonica, bassleri, varia, and wiedi as separate species, followed by some authors (e.g., Ray, Castillo-H., Himes, Ruback & Knight 2015), but these forms are retained herein as subspecies of fuliginosa, following Vanzolini (1951, 2002), and because the subspecific identity of many records of fuliginosa is uncertain. Reports (of bassleri) from Argentina (e.g., Gans 1967a, 2005; Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970) are regarded as doubtful, since Avila, Martinez & Morando (2013) did not list this species from the country.
Introduced to: Grenada, Saint Lucia.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Pernambuco, Rondonia, Roraima), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Trinidad), Venezuela.


Amphisbaena gonavensis

GonÔve Worm Lizard

GonÔve-Doppelschleiche

GonÔve-orme°gle

1962 Amphisbaena innocens gonavensis Gans & Alexander
Amphisbaena gonavensis Thomas 1965

Remarks: Previously included hyporissor and leberi (e.g., Schwartz & Henderson 1988).
Distribution: Haiti (Ile de la GonÔve).


Amphisbaena gracilis

Slender Worm Lizard

Grazile Doppelschleiche

Venus-orme°gle

1881 Amphisbaena gracilis Strauch

Remarks: Not listed by Pefaur (1992), implying that he considered gracilis to be a synonym of rozei (according to Gorzula & Se˝aris 1999), however, this would be taxonomically incorrect, since gracilis is the older name, having priority over rozei.
Distribution: Venezuela.


Amphisbaena hastata

Ibiraba Worm Lizard

Ibiraba-Doppelschleiche

Ibiraba-orme°gle

1991 Amphisbaena hastata Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Amphisbaena heathi

Baixa Verde Worm Lizard, (Heath's Worm Lizard)

Baixa-Doppelschleiche

Baixa Verde-orme°gle

1936 Amphisbaena heathi Schmidt

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte).


Amphisbaena hiata

Corrientes Worm Lizard

Corrientes-Doppelschleiche

Corrientes-orme°gle

2002 Amphisbaena hiata Montero & CÚspedez

Distribution: Argentina.


Amphisbaena hogei

Alcatrazes Island Worm Lizard

Alcatrazes-Doppelschleiche

Alcatrazes-orme°gle

1950 Amphisbaena darwini hogei Vanzolini
Amphisbaena hogei Gans 1965

Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, SŃo Paulo [incl. Ilha de Alcatrazes, Queimada Grande]).


Amphisbaena hoogmoedi

Jacareacanga Worm Lizard

Jacareacanga-Doppelschleiche

Jacareacanga-orme°gle

2018 Amphisbaena hoogmoedi Oliveira, Vaz-Silva, Santos-Junior, Graboski, Teixeira, Vechio & Ribeiro

Distribution: Brazil (Para).





Amphisbaena hyporissor

Eastern Barahona Worm Lizard, (Barahona Worm Lizard)

Ístliche Barahona-Doppelschleiche

ěstlig Barahona-orme°gle

1965 Amphisbaena gonavensis hyporissor Thomas
Amphisbaena hyporissor Powell, Ottenwalder & Inchßustegui 1999

Remarks: Some authors regard leberi as a subspecies of hyporissor (e.g., Powell & Henderson (eds.) 2012).
Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Amphisbaena ibijara

Ibijara Worm Lizard

Ibijara-Doppelschleiche

Ibijara-orme°gle

2003 Amphisbaena ibijara Rodrigues, Andrade & Dias Lima

Distribution: Brazil (Maranhao).


Amphisbaena ignatiana

Santo Indicio Worm Lizard

Santo Indicio-Doppelschleiche

Santo Indicio-orme°gle

1991 Amphisbaena ignatiana Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Paraiba).


Amphisbaena innocens

Tiburon Worm Lizard, (Innocent Worm Lizard)

Tiburon-Doppelschleiche

Tiburon-orme°gle

1862 Amphisbaena innocens Weinland
1928 Amphisbaena weinlandi Schmidt [nomen nudum] (Gans 2005; Schwartz & Henderson 1988)

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti (incl. Grande Cayemite).


Amphisbaena kiriri

Campo Formoso Worm Lizard

Campo-Formoso-Doppelschleiche

Campo Formoso-orme°gle

2018 Amphisbaena kiriri Ribeiro, Gomides & Costa

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).





Amphisbaena leali

Pestel Worm Lizard

Pestel-Doppelschleiche

Pestel-orme°gle

2006 Amphisbaena leali Thomas & Hedges

Distribution: Haiti.


Amphisbaena leberi

Western Barahona Worm Lizard

Westliche Barahona-Doppelschleiche

Vestlig Barahona-orme°gle

1965 Amphisbaena gonavensis leberi Thomas
Amphisbaena leberi Gans 2005

Remarks: Listed as a subspecies of hyporissor by Powell & Henderson (eds.) (2012).
Distribution: Dominican Republic.


Amphisbaena leeseri

Urucum Worm Lizard

Urucum-Doppelschleiche

Urucum-orme°gle

1964 Amphisbaena leeseri Gans

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rondonia, Tocantins), Paraguay.


Amphisbaena leucocephala

White-headed Worm Lizard

Wei▀kopf-Doppelschleiche

Hvidhovedet Orme°gle

1878 Amphisbaena leucocephala Peters

Remarks: Status was regarded as uncertain by Gans (1965). Validity confirmed by Vechio, Teixeira, Sena, Arg˘lo, Garcia & Rodrigues (2016).
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Amphisbaena littoralis

GuamarÚ Worm Lizard

GuamarÚ-Doppelschleiche

GuamarÚ-orme°gle

2014 Amphisbaena littoralis Roberto, Brito & ┴vila

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte).


Amphisbaena longinqua

Piatß Worm Lizard

Piatß-Doppelschleiche

Piatß-orme°gle

2019 Amphisbaena longinqua Teixeira Junior, Vechio, Recoder, Cassimiro, Sena & Rodrigues

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).





Amphisbaena lumbricalis

Rio SŃo Francisco Worm Lizard

Rio SŃo Francisco-Doppelschleiche

SŃo Francisco-orme°gle

1996 Amphisbaena lumbricalis Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Sergipe).


Amphisbaena manni

Hispaniolan Dwarf Worm Lizard, (Mann's Worm Lizard)

Hispaniolische Zwerg-Doppelschleiche

Hispaniolansk DvŠrgorme°gle

1914 Amphisbaena manni Barbour

Distribution: Dominican Republic, Haiti.


Amphisbaena maranhensis

Maranhao Worm Lizard

Maranhao-Doppelschleiche

Maranhao-orme°gle

2012 Amphisbaena maranhensis Gomes & Maciel

Distribution: Brazil (Maranhao).


Amphisbaena mebengokre

Arenˇpolis Worm Lizard

Arenˇpolis-Doppelschleiche

Arenˇpolis-orme°gle

2019 Amphisbaena mebengokre Ribeiro, Sß, Santos-J˙nior., Graboski, Zaher, Guedes, Andrade & Vaz-Silva

Distribution: Brazil (Goias).





Amphisbaena medemi

Atlßntico Worm Lizard

Atlßntico-Doppelschleiche

Atlßntico-orme°gle

1977 Amphisbaena medemi Gans & Mathers

Distribution: Colombia.


Amphisbaena mertensii

SŃo Paulo Worm Lizard, (Mertens' Worm Lizard)

SŃo Paulo-Doppelschleiche

SŃo Paulo-orme°gle

1881 Amphisbaena mertensii Strauch
1894 Amphisbaena bohlsii Boulenger (Gans 1966, 1967)
1898 Amphisbaena mattogrossensis Peracca (Gans 1966, 1967)
1911 Amphisbaena boulengeri Masi (Gans 1966, 1967)
1911 Amphisbaena carruccii Masi (Gans 1966, 1967)
1932 Amphisbaena albissima Amaral (Gans 1966, 1967)

Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Santa Catarina, SŃo Paulo), Paraguay.


Amphisbaena metallurga

Espinhašo Mountains Worm Lizard

Espinhašo-Doppelschleiche

Espinhašo-orme°gle

2015 Amphisbaena metallurga Costa, Resende, Teixeira, Vechio & Clemente

Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais).


Amphisbaena miringoeira

Rio Tapirapes Worm Lizard

Rio Tapirapes-Doppelschleiche

Rio Tapirapes-orme°gle

1971 Amphisbaena miringoeira Vanzolini

Remarks: Included for Mato Grosso do Sul on the basis of Ferreira, Terra, Piatti, Delatorre, StrŘssmann, BÚda, Kawashita-Ribeiro, Landgref-Filho, Aoki, Campos, Souza, ┴vila, Duleba, Martins, Rita & Albuquerque (2017). However, the presence in this state is not mapped herein, since the authors did not mention any exact localities or references. Furthermore, Mato Grosso do Sul is far from the nearest other records of the species, which calls for a verification of the record.
Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para, Piaui, Tocantins).


Amphisbaena mitchelli

Marajˇ Worm Lizard

Marajˇ-Doppelschleiche

Marajˇ-orme°gle

1923 Amphisbaena mitchelli Procter

Distribution: Brazil (Maranhao, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia).


Amphisbaena mongoyo

Vitˇria da Conquista Worm Lizard

Vitˇria-da-Conquista-Doppelschleiche

Vitˇria da Conquista-orme°gle

2019 Amphisbaena mongoyo Teixeira Junior, Vechio, Recoder, Cassimiro, Sena & Rodrigues

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).





Amphisbaena munoai

Munoa Worm Lizard

Munoa-Doppelschleiche

Munoa-orme°gle

1960 Amphisbaena munoai Klappenbach

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Uruguay.


Amphisbaena myersi

Surinam Worm Lizard

Surinam-Doppelschleiche

Surinam-orme°gle

1988 Amphisbaena myersi Hoogmoed

Distribution: Surinam.


Amphisbaena nana

SŃo Jer˘nimo Worm Lizard

SŃo-Jer˘nimo-Doppelschleiche

SŃo Jer˘nimo-orme°gle

2019 Amphisbaena nana Perez & Borges-Martins

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).





Amphisbaena neglecta

Chapada Worm Lizard, Neglected Worm Lizard

Chapada-Doppelschleiche

Chapada-orme°gle

1936 Amphisbaena neglecta Dunn & Piatt

Remarks: Records from Goias are erroneous (Costa & BÚrnils 2018).
Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso).


Amphisbaena nigricauda

Black-tailed Worm Lizard, (Black-headed Worm Lizard)

Schwarzschwńnzige Doppelschleiche

Sorthalet Orme°gle

1966 Amphisbaena nigricauda Gans

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo).


Amphisbaena occidentalis

Western Peruvian Worm Lizard, (Western Worm Lizard)

Westperuvianische Doppelschleiche

Vestperuviansk Orme°gle

1876 Amphisbaena occidentalis Cope

Distribution: Peru.


Amphisbaena pericensis

Perico Worm Lizard

Perico-Doppelschleiche

Perico-orme°gle

1921 Amphisbaena pericensis Noble

Distribution: Peru.


Amphisbaena persephone

Jaborandi Worm Lizard

Jaborandi-Doppelschleiche

Jaborandi-orme°gle

2014 Amphisbaena persephone Pinna, Mendonca, Bocchiglieri & Fernandes

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Amphisbaena plumbea

Leaden Worm Lizard

Bleifarbige Doppelschleiche

Blygrň Orme°gle

1872 Amphisbaena plumbea Gray
Amphisbaena angustifrons plumbea Gans & Dieffenbach 1972

Remarks: Revalidated as a distinct species by Vanzolini (2002).
Distribution: Argentina.


Amphisbaena polygrammica

Central Peruvian Worm Lizard, (Werner's Worm Lizard)

Zentralperuvianische Doppelschleiche

Centralperuviansk Orme°gle

1900 Amphisbaena polygrammica Werner

Distribution: Peru.


Amphisbaena pretrei

Rio Grande Worm Lizard

Rio Grande-Doppelschleiche

Rio Grande-orme°gle

1839 Amphisbaena pretrei Dumeril & Bibron
1878 Amphisbaena subocularis Peters (Gans 1965, 1967)
1932 Amphisbaena brachyura Amaral (Gans 1965, 1967)

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe).


Amphisbaena prunicolor

Plum-coloured Worm Lizard

Pflaumenfarbige Doppelschleiche

Blommefarvet Orme°gle

1885 Aporarchus prunicolor Cope
Amphisbaena prunicolor Gans 1966

Remarks: Validity as a separate species confirmed by Perez, Ribeiro & Borges-Martins (2012). Presence in Minas Gerais (e.g., Silveira, Campos-Brites & Valinhas 2012), Rio de Janeiro (e.g., Rocha, Bergallo, Pombal, Geise, Sluys, Fernandes & Caramaschi 2004), and Sao Paulo (e.g., Zaher, Barbo, MartÝnez, Nogueira, Rodrigues & Sawaya 2011) is considered doubtful (Costa & BÚrnils 2018).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Espirito Santo, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Paraguay.


Amphisbaena ridleyi

Fernando do Noronha Worm Lizard, (Ridley's Worm Lizard)

Fernando do Noronha-Doppelschleiche

Fernando do Noronha-orme°gle

1890 Amphisbaena ridleyi Boulenger

Distribution: Brazil (Pernambuco: Fernando do Noronha).


Amphisbaena rozei

Bolivar Worm Lizard, (Roze's Worm Lizard)

Bolivar-Doppelschleiche

Bolivar-orme°gle

1963 Amphisbaena rozei Lancini

Remarks: Erroneously synonymized with spurrelli by Donoso-Barros (1968) (Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amoros & Kok 2012). Validity as a separate species supported by Costa, Se˝aris, Rojas-Runjaic, Zaher & Garcia (2018).
Distribution: Venezuela.


Amphisbaena sanctaeritae

Santa Rita Worm Lizard

Santa Rita-Doppelschleiche

Santa Rita-orme°gle

1994 Amphisbaena sanctaeritae Vanzolini

Distribution: Brazil (SŃo Paulo).


Amphisbaena schmidti

Puerto Rican Dusky Worm Lizard, (Schmidt's Worm Lizard)

Dunkle Puertorikanische Doppelschleiche

Puertoricansk M°rk Orme°gle

1964 Amphisbaena schmidti Gans

Distribution: Puerto Rico.


Amphisbaena silvestrii

Southern Mato Grosso Worm Lizard, (Silvestri's Worm Lizard)

SŘdliche Mato-Grosso-Doppelschleiche

Sydlig Mato Grosso-orme°gle

1902 Amphisbaena silvestrii Boulenger

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, SŃo Paulo, Tocantins).


Amphisbaena slateri

Southern Peruvian Worm Lizard, (Slater's Worm Lizard)

SŘdperuvianische Doppelschleiche

Sydperuviansk Orme°gle

1907 Amphisbaena slateri Boulenger

Distribution: Bolivia, Peru.


Amphisbaena slevini

Manaus Worm Lizard, (Slevin's Worm Lizard)

Manaus-Doppelschleiche

Manaus-orme°gle

1936 Amphisbaena slevini Schmidt

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Rondonia), French Guiana.


Amphisbaena spurrelli

Chocˇ Worm Lizard, (Spurrell's Worm Lizard)

Chocˇ-Doppelschleiche

Chocˇ-orme°gle

1915 Amphisbaena spurrelli Boulenger

Remarks: Erroneously reported from Venezuela by Donoso-Barros (1968) because the author mistakenly synonymized rozei with spurrelli (Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amoros & Kok 2012). This error was repeated subsequently by several authors (e.g., Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970; PÚfaur 1992; La Marca 1997; PÚfaur & Rivero 2000).
Distribution: Colombia, Panama.


Amphisbaena stejnegeri

Demerara Worm Lizard, (Stejneger's Worm Lizard)

Demerara-Doppelschleiche

Demerara-orme°gle

1922 Amphisbaena stejnegeri Ruthven

Distribution: Guyana.


Amphisbaena supernumeraria

Catimbau Worm Lizard

Catimbau-Doppelschleiche

Catimbau-orme°gle

2009 Amphisbaena supernumeraria Mott, Rodrigues & Santos

Distribution: Brazil (Pernambuco).


Amphisbaena talisiae

Serra da Pitomba Worm Lizard

Serra da Pitomba-Doppelschleiche

Serra da Pitomba-orme°gle

1995 Amphisbaena talisiae Vanzolini
2000 Amphisbaena mensae Castro-Mello (syn. Costa, Grabosky & Zaher 2019)

Distribution: Brazil (Distrito Federal, Goias, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais).


Amphisbaena tiaraju

Cerro Largo Worm Lizard

Cerro-Largo-Doppelschleiche

Cerro Largo-orme°gle

2019 Amphisbaena tiaraju Perez & Borges-Martins

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).





Amphisbaena townsendi

Piura Worm Lizard

Piura-Doppelschleiche

Piura-orme°gle

1911 Amphisbaena townsendi Stejneger
Amphisbaena occidentalis townsendi Gans 1961

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Gans (2005).
Distribution: Peru.


Amphisbaena tragorrhectes

Oriximina Worm Lizard

Oriximina-Doppelschleiche

Oriximina-orme°gle

1971 Amphisbaena tragorrhectes Vanzolini

Remarks: According to Avila-Pires, Hoogmoed & Rocha (2010), tragorrhectes is a synonym of vanzolini.
Distribution: Brazil (Para).


Amphisbaena uroxena

Tubercle-tailed Worm Lizard

Tuberkelschwanz-Doppelschleiche

Tuberkelhalet Orme°gle

2008 Amphisbaena uroxena Mott, Rodrigues, Freitas & Silva

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Amphisbaena vanzolinii

Marudi Worm Lizard, (Vanzolini's Worm Lizard)

Marudi-Doppelschleiche

Marudi-orme°gle

1963 Amphisbaena vanzolinii Gans
1989 Amphisbaena hugoi Vanzolini (Hoogmoed & Mott 2003)

Remarks: Without comments, Gans (2005) ignored Hoogmoed & Mott's (2003) synonymization of hugoi with vanzolinii (retaining both as valid species), although their publication was included in his bibliography. See under tragorrhectes.
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Para), Guyana, Surinam.


Amphisbaena vermicularis

Vermiculate Worm Lizard, (Wagler's Worm Lizard)

Netz-Doppelschleiche

Net-orme°gle

1824 Amphisbaena vermicularis Wagler
1935 Amphisbaena vermicularis centralis Amaral
1936 Amphisbaena spixii Schmidt (Gans 2005)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, SŃo Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins).


Amphisbaena xera

Puerto Rican Xeric Worm Lizard, (Dry Worm Lizard)

Gußnica-Doppelschleiche

Gußnica-orme°gle

1966 Amphisbaena xera Thomas

Distribution: Puerto Rico.