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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Atractus
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Atractus

Spindle Snakes, Tellurian Snakes, (Earth Snakes, Ground Snakes)

Spindelnattern

Tensnoge

1828 Atractus Wagler (type species: Atractus trilineatus Wagler 1828)
1843 Urobrachys Fitzinger (type species: Brachyorrhos flammigerus Boie 1827)
1858 Isoscelis Günther (type species: Isoscelis maculata Günther 1858)
1911 Atractopsis Despax (type species: Atractus paucidens Despax 1910)
Contents: 145 species, of which 104 (71.7%) are endemic.
Distribution: Panama, South America.
Reported from: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins), Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Uruguay, Venezuela.

Atractus aboiporu

Serra do Navio Spindle Snake

Serra-do-Navio-Spindelnatter

Serra do Navio-tensnog

2019 Atractus aboiporu Melo-Sampaio, Passos, Fouquet, Costa Prudente & Torres-Carvajal

Distribution: Brazil (Amapa).





Atractus acheronius

Rio Negro Spindle Snake

Rio-Negro-Spindelnatter

Rio Negro-tensnog

2009 Atractus acheronius Passos, Fuenmayor & Barrio-Amoros

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus albuquerquei

Guamá River Spindle Snake, Albuquerque Spindle Snake

Guamá-Spindelnatter

Guamá-tensnog

1983 Atractus albuquerquei Cunha & Nascimento

Distribution: Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Rondonia, Tocantins).


Atractus alphonsehogei

Bela Vista Spindle Snake, (Striped Spindle Snake)

Bela-Vista-Spindelnatter

Bela Vista-tensnog

1983 Atractus alphonsehogei Cunha & Nascimento

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Maranhao, Para).


Atractus altagratiae

Cururú River Spindle Snake

Cururú-Spindelnatter

Cururú-tensnog

2008 Atractus altagratiae Passos & Fernandes

Distribution: Brazil (Para).


Atractus alytogrammus

Pale-striped Spindle Snake

Hellstreifige Spindelnatter

Lysstribet Tensnog

2014 Atractus alytogrammus Köhler & Kieckbusch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus andinus

Andean Spindle Snake, (Antioquia Spindle Snake)

Andes-Spindelnatter

Andes-tensnog

1944 Atractus andinus Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus apophis

Huila Spindle Snake

Huila-Spindelnatter

Huila-tensnog

2010 Atractus apophis Passos & Lynch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus atlas

Atlas Spindle Snake, Atlas Ground Snake

Atlas-Spindelnatter

Atlas-tensnog

2018 Atractus atlas Passos, Scanferla, Melo-Sampaio, Brito & Almendariz

Distribution: Ecuador.





Atractus atratus

Dark-bellied Spindle Snake

Dunkelbauch-Spindelnatter

Mørkbuget Tensnog

2010 Atractus atratus Passos & Lynch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus attenuatus

Rio Cauca Spindle Snake

Rio-Cauca-Spindelnatter

Rio Cauca-tensnog

2006 Atractus attenuatus Myers & Schargel

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus avernus

Caquetá Spindle Snake

Caquetá-Spindelnatter

Caquetá-tensnog

2009 Atractus avernus Passos, Chiesse, Torres-Carvajal & Savage

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus ayeush

Lara-Falcón Spindle Snake

Lara-Falcón-Spindelnatter

Lara-Falcón-tensnog

2011 Atractus ayeush Esqueda

Remarks: Omitted by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014).
Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus badius

Guianan Spindle Snake, Tigrita Spindle Snake

Guiana-Spindelnatter

Guiana-tensnog

1827 Brachyorrhos badius Boie
Calamaria badius Schlegel 1837
Rabdosoma badium Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854
Atractus badius Boulenger 1894
1862 Rabdosoma badium subbicinctum Jan (Hoogmoed 1980)
Atractus subbicinctum Boulenger 1894
1862 Rabdosoma badium rubinianum Jan (status uncertain; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1862 Rabdosoma dubium Jan (status uncertain; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1904 Atractus micheli Mocquard (Hoogmoed 1980)

Remarks: Previously included microrhynchus. Records from Argentina refer to snethlageae (Giraudo & Scrocchi 2002). Dixon & Soini's (1977) Peruvian records of this species represent an undescribed species (Hoogmoed 1980). A record from Manaus, Amazonas (Schmidt & Inger 1951), may have been a misidentification (Cunha & Nascimento 1983; Martins & Oliveira 1993). Presence in Guyana needs confirmation (Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch & Lathrop 2013). Report from Veneziela are erroneous (Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok 2012).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Amapa, Para), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Surinam.


Atractus biseriatus

Two-lined Spindle Snake, Manizales Spindle Snake

Zweistreifige Spindelnatter

Tostribet Tensnog

1941 Atractus biseriatus Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus bocki

Cochabamba Spindle Snake

Cochabamba-Spindelnatter

Cochabamba-tensnog

1909 Atractus bocki Werner
1991 Atractus canedii Scrocchi & Cei (Passos, Aguayo & Scrocchi 2009)

Other common names:
canedii: Argentine Spindle Snake
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia.


Atractus bocourti

Huanuco Spindle Snake

Huanuco-Spindelnatter

Huanuco-tensnog

1894 Atractus bocourti Boulenger

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Atractus boimirim

Jamari River Spindle Snake

Jamari-Spindelnatter

Jamari-tensnog

2016 Atractus boimirim Passos, Prudente & Lynch

Remarks: In the description of boimirim, Passos, Prudente & Lynch (2016) mention a paratype from the state of Amazonas, Brazil, but the locality is in fact in the state of Para.
Distribution: Brazil (Para, Rondonia).


Atractus boulengerii

Common Colombian Spindle Snake

Gewöhnliche Kolumbianische Spindelnatter

Almindelig Colombiansk Tensnog

1896 Atractus boulengerii Peracca

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus caete

Caetê Spindle Snake

Caetê-Spindelnatter

Caetê-tensnog

2010 Atractus caete Passos, Fernandes, Bernils & Moura-Leite

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas).


Atractus careolepis

Magdalena Spindle Snake

Magdalena-Spindelnatter

Magdalena-tensnog

2014 Atractus careolepis Köhler & Kieckbusch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus carrioni

Loja Spindle Snake, Intermontane Valley Spindle Snake

Loja-Spindelnatter

Loja-tensnog

1930 Atractus carrioni Parker

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Atractus caxiuana

Para Spindle Snake

Para-Spindelnatter

Para-tensnog

2006 Atractus caxiuana Da Costa Prudente & Dos Santos-Costa

Distribution: Brazil (Para, Rondonia), Colombia.


Atractus cerberus

Pacoche Spindle Snake, Cerberus Ground Snake

Pacoche-Spindelnatter

Pacoche-tensnog

2017 Atractus cerberus Arteaga, Mebert, Valencia, Cisneros-Heredia, Peñafiel, Reyes-Puig, Vieira-Fernandes & Guayasamin

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus charitoae

Vaupés Spindle Snake

Vaupés-Spindelnatter

Vaupés-tensnog

2004 Atractus charitoae Silva-Haad

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus chthonius

Finca Meremburg Spindle Snake

Finca-Meremburg-Spindelnatter

Finca Meremburg-tensnog

2010 Atractus chthonius Passos & Lynch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus clarki

Santa Cruz de Cana Spindle Snake

Santa-Cruz-de-Cana-Spindelnatter

Santa Cruz de Cana-tensnog

1939 Atractus clarki Dunn & Bailey

Distribution: Colombia, Panama.


Atractus collaris

Collared Spindle Snake, Ring-necked Spindle Snake

Halsband-Spindelnatter

Halsbånd-tensnog

1897 Atractus collaris Peracca
1935 Leptocalamus limitaneus Amaral (Passos, Prudente, Ramos, Caicedo-Portilla & Lynch 2018)
Atractus limitaneus Savage 1960

Remarks: Previously included gaigeae.
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Atractus crassicaudatus

Rough-tailed Spindle Snake, Thick-tailed Spindle Snake

Rauhschwanz-Spindelnatter

Ruhalet Tensnog

1854 Rabdosoma crassicaudatum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Atractus crassicaudatus Boulenger 1894
1914 Atractus fuhrmanni Peracca (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Colombia, Panama.


Atractus dapsilis

Oriximina Spindle Snake

Oriximina-Spindelnatter

Oriximina-tensnog

2019 Atractus dapsilis Melo-Sampaio, Passos, Fouquet, Costa Prudente & Torres-Carvajal

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Para).





Atractus darienensis

Darien Spindle Snake

Darien-Spindelnatter

Darien-tensnog

2003 Atractus darienensis Myers

Distribution: Panama.


Atractus depressiocellus

Small-eyed Spindle Snake

Kleinäugige Spindelnatter

Småøjet Tensnog

2003 Atractus depressiocellus Myers

Distribution: Panama.


Atractus duboisi

Napo Spindle Snake

Napo-Spindelnatter

Napo-tensnog

1880 Rabdosoma Duboisi Boulenger
Atractus duboisi Passos, Chiesse, Torres-Carvajal & Savage 2009

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of occipitoalbus (e.g., Savage 1960; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated by Passos, Chiesse, Torres-Carvajal & Savage (2009).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus duidensis

Mount Duida Spindle Snake

Duida-Spindelnatter

Duida-tensnog

1961 Atractus duidensis Roze

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus dunni

North Ecuadorian Spindle Snake, Sleepy Groundsnake

Nordecuadorianische Spindelnatter

Nordecuadoriansk Tensnog

1883 Rabdosoma maculatum Bocourt [not Isoscelis maculata Günther 1858]
1955 Atractus dunni Savage

Remarks: Records from Peru (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Henle & Ehrl 1991) are erroneous (Cisneros-Heredia 2005).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus echidna

Nariño Spindle Snake

Nariño-Spindelnatter

Nariño-tensnog

2009 Atractus echidna Passos, Mueses-Cisneros, Lynch & Fernandes

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus ecuadorensis

Ecuadorian Spindle Snake

Gewöhnliche Ecuadorianische Spindelnatter

Almindelig Ecuadoriansk Tensnog

1955 Atractus ecuadorensis Savage

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus edioi

Minacu Spindle Snake

Minacu-Spindelnatter

Minacu-tensnog

2005 Atractus edioi Silva, Silva, Ribeiro, Souza & Souza

Distribution: Brazil (Goias).


Atractus elaps

Black Spindle Snake, Ornate Spindle Snake

Schwarze Spindelnatter

Sort Tensnog

1858 Rhabdosoma elaps Günther
Atractus elaps Savage 1960
1862 Rabdosoma brevifrenum Jan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1931 Atractus elaps tetrazonus Amaral (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1943 Geophis diplozeugus Schmidt & Walker (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Amazonas, Para, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Atractus emigdioi

Trujilo Spindle Snake

Trujilo-Spindelnatter

Trujilo-tensnog

1971 Atractus emigdioi Sponga

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus emmeli

Bolivian Spindle Snake

Bolivianische Spindelnatter

Boliviansk Tensnog

1888 Geophis emmeli Boettger
Atractus emmeli Boulenger 1894
1896 Atractus boettgeri Boulenger (syn. Passos, Azevedo, Nogueira, Fernandes & Sawaya 2019)
1898 Atractus balzani Boulenger (syn. Passos, Sudre, Doria & Campbell 2018)
1916 Atractus taeniatus Griffin (syn. Passos, Azevedo, Nogueira, Fernandes & Sawaya 2019)
1991 Atractus paravertebralis Henle & Ehrl (syn. Passos, Azevedo, Nogueira, Fernandes & Sawaya 2019)

Other common names:
balzani: Misiones Mosetenes Spindle Snake
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Rondonia), Peru.


Atractus eriki

Escuque Spindle Snake

Escuque-Spindelnatter

Escuque-tensnog

2007 Atractus eriki Esqueda, la Marca & Bazo

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus erythromelas

Red-Black Spindle Snake

Rot-Schwarze Spindelnatter

Rød-sort Tensnog

1903 Atractus erythromelas Boulenger

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Atractus esepe

Caimito Spindle Snake, Indistinct Ground Snake

Caimito-Spindelnatter

Caimito-tensnog

2017 Atractus esepe Arteaga, Mebert, Valencia, Cisneros-Heredia, Peñafiel, Reyes-Puig, Vieira-Fernandes & Guayasamin

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus favae

Surinam Spindle Snake

Surinam-Spindelnatter

Surinam-tensnog

1840 Calamaria favae Filippi
Rabdosoma favae Jan 1862
Atractus favae Boulenger 1894
1854 Rabdosoma longicaudatum Duméril, Bibron & Duméril (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Guyana, Surinam.


Atractus flammigerus

Flaming Spindle Snake, Blotched Spindle Snake

Feuer-Spindelnatter

Flamme-tensnog

1827 Brachyorrhos flammigerus Boie
Atractus flammigerus Hoogmoed 1980
1979 Geophis alasukai Gasc & Rodrigues (Hoogmoed 1983)

Remarks: Previously included snethlageae. Formerly regarded as a synonym of badius (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Hoogmoed (1980). Now restricted to French Guiana, Surinam, and Amapa (Brazil). Records from Peru and western Brazil are based on confusion with other species (snethlageae, torquatus) (Passos, Ramos, Fouquet & Prudente 2017).
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa), French Guiana, Surinam.


Atractus franciscopaivai

La Pedrera Spindle Snake

La-Pedrera-Spindelnatter

La Pedrera-tensnog

2004 Atractus franciscopaivai Silva-Haad

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus francoi

Mangaratiba Spindle Snake

Mangaratiba-Spindelnatter

Mangaratiba-tensnog

2010 Atractus francoi Passos, Fernandes, Bernils & Moura-Leite

Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo).


Atractus fuliginosus

Sooty Spindle Snake, (Dark Spindle Snake)

Aschgraue Spindelnatter

Sodfarvet Tensnog

1845 Coluber fuliginosus Hallowell
Atractus fuliginosus Roze 1958

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus gaigeae

Southeast Ecuadorian Spindle Snake, (Gaige's Spindle Snake, Gaige's Ground Snake)

Südecuadorianische Spindelnatter

Sydøstecuadoriansk Tensnog

1955 Atractus gaigeae Savage
Atractus collaris gaigeae Dixon & Soini 1977

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of collaris (e.g., Dixon & Soini 1977). Almendáriz (1992) and Vigle (2010) regarded gaigeae as a separate species. Validity confirmed by Passos, Prudente, Ramos, Caicedo-Portilla & Lynch (2018).
Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus gigas

Giant Spindle Snake, Giant Ground Snake

Riesen-Spindelnatter

Kæmpe-tensnog

2006 Atractus gigas Myers & Schargel

Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Atractus guentheri

Cañavieras Spindle Snake

Cañavieras-Spindelnatter

Cañavieras-tensnog

1861 Geophis güntheri Wucherer
Atractus guentheri Boulenger 1894

Distribution: Brazil (Bahia).


Atractus heliobelluomini

La Chorrera Spindle Snake

La-Chorrera-Spindelnatter

La Chorrera-tensnog

2004 Atractus heliobelluomini Silva-Haad

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus heyeri

Yacambú Spindle Snake

Yacambú-Spindelnatter

Yacambú-tensnog

2015 Atractus heyeri Esqueda & McDiarmid in Mumaw, González & Fernández

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus hoogmoedi

Santa Luzia Spindle Snake

Santa-Luzia-Spindelnatter

Santa Luzia-tensnog

2010 Atractus hoogmoedi Prudente & Passos

Remarks: Previously (e.g., Cunha & Nascimento 1984) regarded as a population of zidoki (Prudente & Passos 2010).
Distribution: Brazil (Para).


Atractus hostilitractus

Mortí River Spindle Snake

Mortí-Spindelnatter

Mortí-tensnog

2003 Atractus hostilitractus Myers

Distribution: Panama.


Atractus imperfectus

Piedras-Pacora Spindle Snake, (Imperfect Spindle Snake)

Piedras-Pacora-Spindelnatter

Piedras-Pacora-tensnog

2003 Atractus imperfectus Myers

Distribution: Panama.


Atractus indistinctus

Ocaña Spindle Snake, (Indistinct Spindle Snake)

Ocaña-Spindelnatter

Ocaña-tensnog

1940 Atractus indistinctus Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus insipidus

Uraricapará River Spindle Snake, Border Spindle Snake

Uraricapará-Spindelnatter

Uraricapará-tensnog

1961 Atractus insipidus Roze

Remarks: Reports from Rondonia, Brazil (e.g., Bernarde, Albuquerque, Barros & Turci 2012; Silva 1993), are of uncertain status, but not conspecific with insipidus (Passos, Kok, Albuquerque & Rivas 2013). Reports from Canaima National Park in Venezuela (e.g., Schargel & García-Pérez 2002) were based on misidentified tamessari (Passos, Kok, Albuquerque & Rivas 2013).
Distribution: Brazil (Roraima), Venezuela.


Atractus iridescens

Iridescent Spindle Snake

Irisierende Spindelnatter

Iriserende Tensnog

1896 Atractus iridescens Peracca

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Atractus lancinii

El Junquito Spindle Snake

El-Junquito-Spindelnatter

El Junquito-tensnog

1961 Atractus lancinii Roze

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus lasallei

Yellow-spotted Spindle Snake, Highland Spindle Snake

Gelbflecken-Spindelnatter

Gulplettet Tensnog

1931 Atractus lasallei Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus latifrons

Wedge-tailed Spindle Snake, Broad-headed Spindle Snake

Keilschwanz-Spindelnatter

Kilehalet Tensnog

1868 Geophis latifrons Günther
Atractus latifrons Boulenger 1896
1927 Elaps herthae Ahl (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Remarks: Although reported to occur in Venezuela (Martins & Oliveira 1993; Almeida, Feitosa, Passos & Prudente 2014), these authors did not refer to any vouchers. Presence in the country appears to need verfication, following both Rivas, Molina, Ugueto, Barros, Barrio-Amorós & Kok (2012) and Mumaw, González & Fernández (2015), who did not include latifrons in their checklists for the country, although the latter authors listed it as possibly occurring.
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima), Colombia, French Guiana, Peru, Surinam.


Atractus lehmanni

Azuay Spindle Snake

Azuay-Spindelnatter

Azuay-tensnog

1898 Atractus lehmanni Boettger

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Atractus longimaculatus

Quindío Spindle Snake

Quindío-Spindelnatter

Quindío-tensnog

1940 Atractus longimaculatus Prado

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of werneri (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Regarded as a valid species by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014).
Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus loveridgei

Jericó Spindle Snake

Jericó-Spindelnatter

Jericó-tensnog

1930 Atractus loveridgei Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus macondo

Macondo Spindle Snake

Macondo-Spindelnatter

Macondo-tensnog

2008 Atractus macondo Passos, Lynch & Fernandes

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus maculatus

Spotted Spindle Snake

Gefleckte Spindelnatter

Plettet Tensnog

1858 Isoscelis maculata Günther
Rhabdosoma maculatum Günther 1858
Atractus maculatus Boulenger 1894

Remarks: Previously included zebrinus.
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro), Colombia.


Atractus major

Brown Spindle Snake, (Giant Spindle Snake)

Braune Spindelnatter

Brun Tensnog

1893 Atractus major Boulenger
1939 Atractus arangoi Prado (Schargel, Lamar, Passos, Valencia, Cisneros-Heredia & Campbell 2013)

Other common names:
arangoi: Puerto Asis Spindle Snake
Remarks: Reported from Surinam by Reed & Borowsky (1970), but omitted(?) by Abuys (1983b, 2003).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela.


Atractus manizalesensis

Villmaria Spindle Snake

Villmaria-Spindelnatter

Villmaria-tensnog

1940 Atractus manizalesensis Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus mariselae

Boconó Spindle Snake

Boconó-Spindelnatter

Boconó-tensnog

1969 Atractus mariselae Lancini

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus marthae

Cordillera Oriental Spindle Snake

Oriental-Spindelnatter

Oriental-tensnog

2019 Atractus marthae Meneses-Pelayo & Paulo Passos

Distribution: Colombia.





Atractus matthewi

Anzoátegui Spindle Snake

Anzoátegui-Spindelnatter

Anzoátegui-tensnog

2004 Atractus matthewi Markezich & Barrio-Amoros
2004 Atractus nororientalis Sánchez, De Souza, Esqueda & Manzanilla (Kok, Fuenmayor & Pauwels 2007)

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus medusa

Medusa Spindle Snake

Medusa-Spindelnatter

Medusa-tensnog

2009 Atractus medusa Passos, Mueses-Cisneros, Lynch & Fernandes

Distribution: Colombia (incl. Gorgona Island), Ecuador.


Atractus melanogaster

Tolima Black-bellied Spindle Snake

Tolima-Schwarzbauch-Spindelnatter

Sortbuget Tolima-tensnog

1916 Atractus melanogaster Werner

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus melas

Dark Spindle Snake, Los Mangos Spindle Snake

Dunkle Spindelnatter

Mørk Tensnog

1908 Atractus melas Boulenger

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus meridensis

Mérida Spindle Snake

Mérida-Spindelnatter

Mérida-tensnog

2005 Atractus meridensis Esqueda & la Marca

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus micheleae

Canaguá Spindle Snake

Canaguá-Spindelnatter

Canaguá-tensnog

2005 Atractus micheleae Esqueda & la Marca

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus microrhynchus

Guayaquil Spindle Snake

Guayaquil-Spindelnatter

Guayaquil-tensnog

1868 Rhabdosoma microrhynchum Cope
Atractus microrhynchus Savage 1960

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of badius (e.g., Dixon & Soini 1977). Validity confirmed by Passos, Mueses-Cisneros, Lynch & Fernandes (2009).
Distribution: Ecuador, Peru.


Atractus mijaresi

Mucurubá Spindle Snake

Mucurubá-Spindelnatter

Mucurubá-tensnog

2005 Atractus mijaresi Esqueda & la Marca

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus modestus

West Ecuadorian Spindle Snake, (Modest Spindle Snake, Modest Ground Snake)

Westecuadorianische Spindelnatter

Vestecuadoriansk Tensnog

1894 Atractus modestus Boulenger

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus multicinctus

Many-banded Spindle Snake

Vielbändige Spindelnatter

Mangebåndet Tensnog

1865 Rabdosoma badium multicinctum Jan
Atractus multicinctus Boulenger 1898

Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Atractus multidentatus

Many-toothed Spindle Snake

Vielzähnige Spindelnatter

Mangetandet Tensnog

2009 Atractus multidentatus Passos, Fuenmayor & Barrio-Amoros

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus nasutus

Sharp-nosed Spindle Snake

Spitzschnäuzige Spindelnatter

Spidssnudet Tensnog

2009 Atractus nasutus Passos, Arredondo, Fernandes & Lynch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus natans

Mamirauá Spindle Snake

Mamirauá-Spindelnatter

Mamirauá-tensnog

2003 Atractus natans Hoogmoed & Prudente
2004 Atractus emersoni Silva-Haad (Passos, Cisneros-Heredia, Rivera, Aguilar & Schargel 2012)

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Roraima), Colombia, Peru.


Atractus nicefori

North Colombian Spindle Snake

Nordkolumbianische Spindelnatter

Nordcolombiansk Tensnog

1930 Atractus nicefori Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus nigricaudus

Black-tailed Spindle Snake

Schwarzschwanz-Spindelnatter

Sorthalet Tensnog

1943 Atractus nigricaudus Schmidt & Walker

Distribution: Peru.


Atractus nigriventris

Santander Black-bellied Spindle Snake, Chita Spindle Snake

Santander-Schwarzbauch-Spindelnatter

Sortbuget Santander-tensnog

1933 Atractus nigriventris Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus obesus

Fat Spindle Snake, Santa Barbara Spindle Snake

Dicke Spindelnatter

Tyk Tensnog

1960 Atractus obesus Marx

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus obtusirostris

Big-nosed Spindle Snake

Schnauzen-Spindelnatter

Snude-tensnog

1916 Atractus obtusirostris Werner

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus occidentalis

Mindo Spindle Snake, (Andean Spindle Snake)

Mindo-Spindelnatter

Mindo-tensnog

1955 Atractus occidentalis Savage

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus occipitoalbus

Grey Spindle Snake

Graue Spindelnatter

Grå Tensnog

1862 Rhabdosoma occipitoalbum Jan
Atractus occipitoalbus Boulenger 1894

Remarks: Records from Bolivia (e.g., Fugler 1983; Fugler & Riva 1990; Pincheira-Donoso 2002; Quinteros-Muñoz 2013) refer to emmeli (Passos, Azevedo, Nogueira, Fernandes & Sawayab 2019). Records from Peru (e.g., Henle & Ehrl 1991; Carillo & Icochea 1995) refer to other species (Passos, Chiesse, Torres-Carvajal & Savage 2009).
Distribution: Brazil (Acre), Colombia, Ecuador.


Atractus ochrosetrus

Ochre-bellied Spindle Snake

Ockerbauch-Spindelnatter

Okkerbuget Tensnog

2005 Atractus ochrosetrus Esqueda & la Marca

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus oculotemporalis

Antioquia Spindle Snake, Hispanic Spindle Snake

Antioquia-Spindelnatter

Antioquia-tensnog

1932 Atractus oculo-temporalis Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus orcesi

Orellana Spindle Snake

Orellana-Spindelnatter

Orellana-tensnog

1955 Atractus orcesi Savage

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of occipitoalbus (e.g., Savage 1960; Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated by Passos, Chiesse, Torres-Carvajal & Savage (2009).
Distribution: Colombia, Ecuador.


Atractus paisa

Sonsón Spindle Snake

Sonsón-Spindelnatter

Sonsón-tensnog

2009 Atractus paisa Passos, Arredondo, Fernandes & Lynch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus pamplonensis

Pamplona Spindle Snake

Pamplona-Spindelnatter

Pamplona-tensnog

1937 Atractus pamplonensis Amaral

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Atractus pantostictus

São Paulo Spindle Snake, Central Brazil Spindle Snake

São-Paulo-Spindelnatter

São Paulo-tensnog

1993 Atractus pantostictus Fernandes & Puorto

Distribution: Brazil (Distrito Federal, Goias, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Tocantins).


Atractus paraguayensis

Paraguayan Spindle Snake

Paraguayische Spindelnatter

Paraguayisk Tensnog

1924 Atractus paraguayensis Werner
Atractus reticulatus paraguayensis Amaral 1930

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of reticulatus (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Fernandes (1995).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Mato Grosso, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Paraguay.


Atractus paucidens

Pichincha Spindle Snake, Rainforest Spindle Snake

Pichincha-Spindelnatter

Pichincha-tensnog

1910 Atractus paucidens Despax

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus pauciscutatus

Small-scaled Spindle Snake

Kleinschuppige Spindelnatter

Finskællet Tensnog

1943 Atractus pauciscutatus Schmidt & Walker

Distribution: Peru.


Atractus peruvianus

Peruvian Spindle Snake

Peruvianische Spindelnatter

Peruviansk Tensnog

1862 Rabdosoma peruvianum Jan
Atractus peruvianus Boulenger 1894

Distribution: Peru.


Atractus poeppigi

Black-backed Spindle Snake, Basin Spindle Snake

Schwarzrücken-Spindelnatter

Sortrygget Tensnog

1862 Rabdosoma pöppigi Jan
Geophis poeppigi Schmidt & Walker 1943
Atractus poeppigi Dixon, Thomas & Greene 1976

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia, Peru.


Atractus potschi

Alagoas Spindle Snake

Alagoas-Spindelnatter

Alagoas-tensnog

1995 Atractus potschi Fernandes

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Pernambuco, Sergipe).


Atractus punctiventris

Colombian Spot-bellied Spindle Snake, Pointed Spindle Snake, Villavicencio Spindle Snake

Kolumbianische Bauchflecken-Spindelnatter

Colombiansk Bugplettet Tensnog

1933 Atractus punctiventris Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus pyroni

Bolívar Spindle Snake, (Pyron's Ground Snake)

Bolívar-Spindelnatter

Bolívar-tensnog

2017 Atractus pyroni Arteaga, Mebert, Valencia, Cisneros-Heredia, Peñafiel, Reyes-Puig, Vieira-Fernandes & Guayasamin

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus resplendens

Resplendent Spindle Snake

Glanz-Spindelnatter

Glans-tensnog

1901 Atractus torquatus resplendens Werner
Atractus resplendens Savage 1960

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus reticulatus

Reticulated Spindle Snake

Netz-Spindelnatter

Net-tensnog

1885 Geophis reticulatus Boulenger
Atractus reticulatus Boulenger 1894
1992 Atractus reticulatus scrocchii Alvarez, Rey & Cei (Fernandes 1995)

Remarks: Previously included paraguayensis (e.g., Amaral 1930). Not mentioned for Mato Grosso do Sul by Ferreira, Terra, Piatti, Delatorre, Strüssmann, Béda, Kawashita-Ribeiro, Landgref-Filho, Aoki, Campos, Souza, Ávila, Duleba, Martins, Rita & Albuquerque (2017).
Distribution: Argentina, Brazil (Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo), Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay.


Atractus riveroi

Tepui Spindle Snake

Tepui-Spindelnatter

Tepui-tensnog

1961 Atractus riveroi Roze

Distribution: Brazil (Roraima), Venezuela.


Atractus ronnie

Baturité Spindle Snake

Baturité-Spindelnatter

Baturité-tensnog

2007 Atractus ronnie Passos, Fernandes & Borges-Nojosa

Distribution: Brazil (Ceara).


Atractus roulei

Alausi Spindle Snake

Alausi-Spindelnatter

Alausi-tensnog

1910 Atractus roulei Despax

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus sanctaemartae

Santa Marta Spindle Snake

Santa-Marta-Spindelnatter

Santa Marta-tensnog

1946 Atractus sanctaemartae Dunn
1997 Atractus nebularis Bernal-Carol & Roze (Passos, Lynch & Fernandes 2008)

Other common names:
nebularis: Cloud Forest Spindle Snake
Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus sanguineus

Blood Spindle Snake, Yarumal Spindle Snake

Blut-Spindelnatter

Blod-tensnog

1944 Atractus sanguineus Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus savagei

Tulcán Spindle Snake

Tulcán-Spindelnatter

Tulcán-tensnog

2014 Atractus savagei Salazar-Valenzuela, Torres-Carvajal & Passos

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus schach

Amazon Spindle Snake

Amazonas-Spindelnatter

Amazonas-tensnog

1827 Brachyorrhos schach Boie
Atractus schach Hoogmoed 1980

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of badius. Revalidated as a separate species by Hoogmoed (1980).
Distribution: Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Maranhao, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia), French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam.


Atractus serranus

Paranapiacaba Montains Spindle Snake, Serrana Spindle Snake

Paranapiacaba-Spindelnatter

Paranapiacaba-tensnog

1930 Atractus serranus Amaral

Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo).


Atractus snethlageae

Gurupi River Spindle Snake, (Brown Spindle Snake)

Gurupi-Spindelnatter

Gurupi-tensnog

1983 Atractus flammigerus snethlageae Cunha & Nascimento
Atractus snethlageae Vanzolini 1986

Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.


Atractus spinalis

Cipó Mountains Spindle Snake

Cipó-Spindelnatter

Cipó-tensnog

2013 Atractus spinalis Passos, Junior, Recoder, Sena, Vechio, Pinto, Mendonca, Cassimiro & Rodrigues

Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais).


Atractus steyermarki

Chimantá Tepui Spindle Snake

Chimantá-Spindelnatter

Chimantá-tensnog

1958 Atractus steyermarki Roze
2008 Atractus guerreroi Myers & Donnelly (Passos, Kok, Albuquerque & Rivas 2013)

Remarks: Mumaw, González & Fernández (2015) regarded guerreroi as a separate species, although synonymized with steyermarki by Passos, Kok, Albuquerque & Rivas (2013).
Distribution: Guyana, Venezuela.


Atractus stygius

Mato Grosso Spindle Snake

Mato-Grosso-Spindelnatter

Mato Grosso-tensnog

2019 Atractus stygius Passos, Azevedo, Nogueira, Fernandes & Sawaya

Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso).





Atractus surucucu

Surucucu Spindle Snake

Surucucu-Spindelnatter

Surucucu-tensnog

2008 Atractus surucucu Prudente & Passos

Distribution: Brazil (Roraima).


Atractus tamaensis

Tamá Spindle Snake

Tamá-Spindelnatter

Tamá-tensnog

2005 Atractus tamaensis Esqueda & la Marca

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus tamessari

Kaieteur Spindle Snake

Kaieteur-Spindelnatter

Kaieteur-tensnog

2006 Atractus tamessari Kok

Distribution: Guyana, Venezuela.


Atractus taphorni

La Carbonera Spindle Snake

La-Carbonera-Spindelnatter

La Carbonera-tensnog

2002 Atractus taphorni Schargel & García-Pérez

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus tartarus

Vila Palestina Spindle Snake

Vila-Palestina-Spindelnatter

Vila Palestina-tensnog

2016 Atractus tartarus Passos, Prudente & Lynch

Distribution: Brazil (Maranhao, Para).


Atractus thalesdelemai

Passo Fundo Spindle Snake

Passo-Fundo-Spindelnatter

Passo Fundo-tensnog

2005 Atractus thalesdelemai Passos, Fernandes & Zanella
2007 Atractus kangueryensis Cacciali, Villalba & Yanosky (Passos, Fernandes, Bernils & Moura-Leite 2010)

Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay.


Atractus titanicus

Titan Spindle Snake

Titan-Spindelnatter

Titan-tensnog

2009 Atractus titanicus Passos, Arredondo, Fernandes & Lynch

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus torquatus

Rusty Spindle Snake, Neck-banded Spindle Snake, Red Spindle Snake

Rostfarbige Spindelnatter

Rustfarvet Tensnog

1854 Rabdosoma torquatum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Atractus torquatus Boulenger 1894
1862 Rabdosoma varium Jan (Passos & Prudente 2012)
2004 Atractus davidhardi Silva-Haad (Passos & Prudente 2012)
2004 Atractus janethae Silva-Haad (Passos & Prudente 2012)
2004 Atractus lucilae Silva-Haad (Passos & Prudente 2012)

Remarks: Reported from Bolivia (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970; Pincheira-Donoso 2002), but presence in the country was regarded as doubtful by Passos & Prudente (2012).
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Para, Roraima), Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Atractus touzeti

Guacamayos Spindle Snake

Guacamayos-Spindelnatter

Guacamayos-tensnog

2013 Atractus touzeti Schargel, Lamar, Passos, Valencia, Cisneros-Heredia & Campbell

Distribution: Ecuador.


Atractus trefauti

Roura Spindle Snake

Roura-Spindelnatter

Roura-tensnog

2019 Atractus trefauti Melo-Sampaio, Passos, Fouquet, Costa Prudente & Torres-Carvajal

Distribution: Brazil (Amapa, Para), French Guiana.





Atractus trihedrurus

South Brazilian Spindle Snake, (False São Paulo Spindle Snake)

Südbrasilianische Spindelnatter

Sydbrasiliansk Tensnog

1926 Atractus trihedrurus Amaral

Remarks: Generic assignment regarded as uncertain by Peters & Donoso-Barros (1970). Revalidated by Fernandes (1996). Records from Rio Grande do Sul are considered erroneous (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Brazil (Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo).


Atractus trilineatus

Venezuelan Three-lined Spindle Snake

Venezuelanische Dreistreifen-Spindelnatter

Venezuelansk Trestribet Tensnog

1826 Brachyorrhos kuhlii Schlegel [suppressed name; International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 2008: Opinion 2210]
1828 Atractus trilineatus Wagler [conserved name; International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 2008: Opinion 2210]
1837 Calamaria brachyorrhos Schlegel (Hoogmoed 1982; Murphy, Mumpuni, Lang, Gower & Sanders 2012)
1862 Rabdosoma punctatovittatum Jan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)
1862 Rabdosoma trivirgatum Jan (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, Roraima), Guyana, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Atractus trivittatus

Colombian Three-lined Spindle Snake, (Three-banded Spindle Snake)

Kolumbianische Dreistreifen-Spindelnatter

Colombiansk Trestribet Tensnog

1933 Atractus trivittatus Amaral

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus turikensis

Turik Mesa Spindle Snake

Turik-Mesa-Spindelnatter

Turik Mesa-tensnog

2000 Atractus turikensis Barros B.

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus typhon

Typhon Spindle Snake

Taifun-Spindelnatter

Tyfon-tensnog

2009 Atractus typhon Passos, Mueses-Cisneros, Lynch & Fernandes

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus univittatus

One-striped Spindle Snake, One-banded Spindle Snake

Einzelstreifige Spindelnatter

Enkeltstribet Tensnog

1862 Rabdosoma univittatum Jan
Atractus univittatus Roze 1961

Remarks: Not listed for Venezuela by Mumaw, González & Fernández (2015).
Distribution: Colombia, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago), Venezuela.


Atractus variegatus

Variegated Spindle Snake

Bunte Spindelnatter

Broget Tensnog

1942 Atractus variegatus Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus ventrimaculatus

Venezuelan Spot-bellied Spindle Snake, Speckled Spindle Snake

Gesprenkelte Spindelnatter

Spættet Tensnog

1905 Atractus ventrimaculatus Boulenger

Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus vertebralis

Puno Spindle Snake, Vertebral Spindle Snake

Puno-Spindelnatter

Puno-tensnog

1904 Atractus vertebralis Boulenger

Distribution: Peru.


Atractus vertebrolineatus

Midline Spindle Snake, (Ocaña Spindle Snake)

Rückenstreifen-Spindelnatter

Rygstribet Tensnog

1941 Atractus vertebrolineatus Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus vittatus

Venezuelan Striped Spindle Snake

Venezuelanische Gestreifte Spindelnatter

Venezuelansk Stribet Tensnog

1894 Atractus vittatus Boulenger

Remarks: Generic position uncertain (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). May belong to the genus Geophis.
Distribution: Venezuela.


Atractus wagleri

Boyacá Spindle Snake

Boyacá-Spindelnatter

Boyacá-tensnog

1945 Atractus wagleri Prado

Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus werneri

Argélia Spindle Snake

Argélia-Spindelnatter

Argélia-tensnog

1914 Atractus werneri Peracca
1940 Atractus colombianus Prado (Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970)

Remarks: Previously included longimaculatus.
Distribution: Colombia.


Atractus zebrinus

Zebra Spindle Snake

Zebra-Spindelnatter

Zebra-tensnog

1862 Rabdosoma zebrinum Jan
Atractus zebrinus Fernandes, Freire & Puorto 2000

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of maculatus (e.g., Peters & Orejas-Miranda 1970). Revalidated by Fernandes, Freire & Puorto (2000). Records from Bahia are considered erroneous (Costa & Bérnils 2018).
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo).


Atractus zidoki

Haut Oyapock Spindle Snake

Haut-Oyapock-Spindelnatter

Haut Oyapock-tensnog

1979 Atractus zidoki Gasc & Rodrigues

Remarks: Records from south of the Amazon River in Para (e.g., Cunha & Nascimento 1984) have subsequently been described as a separate species (hoogmoedi). Means' (2007) records from Colombia and Guyana were apparently overlooked by Prudente & Passos (2010).
Distribution: Brazil (Amapa), Colombia, French Guiana, Surinam.