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Taxonomy of the family Geoemydidae
Bibliography of the genus Batagur
Biodiversity of the family Geoemydidae








Genus
Batagur

River Terrapins, Painted Terrapin, and Roofed Turtles

Batagurschildkröten

Asiatiske Flodskildpadder & Tagskildpadder

1831 Tetraonyx Gray [not Tetraonyx Latreille 1809 (Coleoptera)] (type species: Trionyx cuvieri Gray 1831; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1856 Batagur Gray (type species: Emys batagur Gray 1831)
1856 Kachuga Gray (type species: Emys lineata Gray in Griffith 1831; syn. Le, McCord & Iverson 2007; Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007)
1869 Batagurella Gray (type species: Kachuga peguensis Gray 1869; syn. Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007)
1869 Dongoka Gray (type species: Kachuga hardwickii Gray 1869; syn. Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007)
1870 Callagur Gray (type species: Batagur picta Gray 1862; syn. Le, McCord & Iverson 2007; Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007)
1870 Cantorella Gray (type species: Tetraonyx affinis Cantor 1847 [based on a specimen of Batagur borneoensis]; syn. Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007)

Contents: 6 species, of which 1 (16.7%) is endemic.
Other common names:
Callagur: Painted Terrapin
Kachuga: Indian Roofed Turtles, Sawback River Turtles
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India (Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia), Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand.

Batagur affinis

Southern River Terrapin

Südliche Batagurschildkröte

Sydlig Flodskildpadde

1847 Tetraonyx affinis Cantor
Batagur affinis Günther 1864
Kachuga affinis Gray 1869
Cantorella affinis Gray 1870
2009 Batagur affinis edwardmolli Prashag, Holloway, Georges, Päckert, Hundsdörfer & Fritz

Other common names:
affinis: Western Malay River Terrapin
edwardmolli: Eastern Malay River Terrapin
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of baska (e.g., Fritz & Havas 2006). Distinctness of affinis was demonstrated by Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz (2007). Revalidated as a separate species by Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz (2008). May previously have occurred in northern Malay Peninsula (see remarks under baska). Records from Singapore (as baska) need confirmation (Lim & Lim 1992).
Extinct in: Singapore, Vietnam.
Distribution: Cambodia, Indonesia (Sumatra), Malaysia (West Malaysia), Thailand.


Batagur baska

Northern River Terrapin, Common Batagur, Four-toed Terrapin, Mangrove Terrapin

Nördliche Batagurschildkröte

Nordlig Flodskildpadde

1831 Emys baska Gray
Tetronyx baska Duméril & Bibron 1835
Batagur baska Gray 1856
1831 Emys batagur Gray (Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008)
Clemmys batagur Fitzinger 1835
Tetraonyx batagur Gray 1844
Batagur batagur Lindholm 1929
1831 Trionyx cuvieri Gray (Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008)
1834 Tetraonyx longicollis Lesson (Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008)
Clemmys longicollis Strauch 1862
1835 Emys tetraonyx Temminck & Schlegel [substitute name for Tetraonyx longicollis Lesson 1834] (Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008)
1835 Tetraonyx lessonii Duméril & Bibron [substitute name for Emys batagur Gray 1831] (Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008)
Hydraspis lessonii Fitzinger 1835
1979 Batagur baska ranongensis Nutaphand (status uncertain; Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008)
Batagur ranongensis Nutaphand 1979

Other common names:
baska: Common River Terrapin
ranongensis: Ranong River Terrapin
Remarks: Records from Sumatra, southern Malay Peninsula, and Cambodia as well as of extinct populations in Vietnam refer to affinis (Praschag, Holloway, Georges, Päckert, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2009). Although baska has been confirmed recently from Myanmar, it is unclear whether these and older records, including sightings, represent affinis or baska (Platt, Platt, Thirakhupt & Rainwater 2008; Moll, Platt, Platt, Praschag & Dijk 2009). The two species may historically have met or overlapped. Taxonomic status of old records from peninsular Thailand is also uncertain, but may represent baska. Regarded as extinct in Thailand (Dijk & Palasuwan 2000), but indications that small numbers survive in the southernmost provinces were presented by Kalyar, Thorbjarnarson & Thirakhupt (2007). A museum specimen suggests that the species historically occurred in the Indus Delta of Pakistan (Praschag, Sommer, McCarthy, Gemel & Fritz 2008).
Extinct in: Pakistan, Thailand.
Distribution: Bangladesh, Myanmar.


Batagur borneoensis

Red-crowned Terrapin, Painted Terrapin, Painted Batagur, Malaysian Painted Terrapin, Red-headed Terrapin, Saw-jawed Turtle

Callagurschildkröte

Malet Flodskildpadde

1844 Emys borneoensis Schlegel & Müller
Clemmys borneoensis Strauch 1862
Batagur borneensis [sic] Hubrecht 1881
Callagur borneensis [sic] de Rooij 1915
Batagur borneoensis Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007
1862 Batagur picta Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Callagur picta Gray 1870
Tetraonyx pictus Theobald 1876
Callagur pictus Pritchard 1967
1865 Clemmys grayi Strauch [substitute name for Batagur picta Gray 1862] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1873 Kachuga major Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1895 Kachuga brookei Bartlett (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Remarks: Extinct in the wild in Thailand (Van Dijk & Palasuwan 2000). Present in the past, but not confirmed recently from Singapore (Baker & Lim 2008).
Extinct in: Singapore, Thailand.
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia).


Batagur dhongoka

Three-striped Roofed Turtle, Dhongoka Roofed Turtle, Dhoor

Dreistreifen-Flußschildkröte, Dhongoka-Dachschildkröte

Trestribet Tagskildpadde

1834 Emys dhongoka Gray
Batagur dhongoka Gray 1856
Clemmys dhongoka Strauch 1862
Kachuga dhongoka Boulenger 1889
Batagur dhongoka Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007
1835 Emys duvaucelii Duméril & Bibron (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Batagur duvaucelii Anderson 1879
1869 Kachuga hardwickii Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Dhongoka hardwickii Gray 1870

Remarks: Presence in Nagaland (Dasgupta & Raha 2006) also needs confirmation. Presence in Nepal was regarded as unconfirmed by Kästle, Rai & Schleich (2013), in spite of many reports.
Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal.


Batagur kachuga

Red-crowned Roofed Turtle, Bengal Roofed Turtle, Painted Roofed Turtle, Sail Terrapin

Bengalische Flußschildkröte

Rødkronet Tagskildpadde

1831 Emys kachuga Gray
Batagur kachuga Theobald 1876
Kachuga kachuga Smith 1931
Batagur kachuga Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007
1831 Emys lineata Gray in Griffith (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Clemmys lineata Fitzinger 1835
Batagur lineata Gray 1856
Kachuga lineata Gray 1870
1862 Batagur ellioti Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Clemmys ellioti Strauch 1865
1870 Kachuga fusca Gray [part] (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Remarks: Presence in Himachal Pradesh (Saikia, Sharma & Sharma 2007) also needs confirmation. Presence in Nepal was regarded as unconfirmed by Kästle, Rai & Schleich (2013), in spite of many reports.
Distribution: Bangladesh, India (Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Myanmar, Nepal.


Batagur trivittata

Burmese Roofed Turtle

Burma-Flußschildkröte, Birma-Dachschildkröte

Burmesisk Tagskildpadde

1835 Emys trivittata Dumeril & Bibron
Batagur trivittata Theobald 1868
Kachuga trivittata Boulenger 1889
Batagur trivittata Praschag, Hundsdörfer & Fritz 2007
1869 Kachuga peguensis Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1869 Kachuga trilineata Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1870 Kachuga fusca Gray [part] (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1879 Batagur iravadica Anderson (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Clemmys iravadica Boettger 1888

Distribution: Myanmar.