Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Viperidae
Bibliography of the genus Daboia
Biodiversity of the family Viperidae








Genus
Daboia

Daboias

Orientalische Ottern

Kædehugorme*

1842 Daboia Gray (type species: Vipera daboya Daudin 1803)
1843 Chersophis Fitzinger (type species: Vipera elegans Daudin 1803)
Contents: 5 species, none of which are endemic.
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in Vipera and/or Macrovipera, but Daboia was revalidated by Obst (1983). The species deserti and mauritanica were formerly regarded as subspecies of Macrovipera lebetina. Subsequently, they were demonstrated to be distinct species, and most recently, Lenk, Kalayabina, Wink & Joger (2001) showed a closer relationship of the two species to Daboia than to the Macrovipera lebetina group.
Distribution: N. Africa, Middle East, S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi), India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Ende, Flores, Java, Komodo, Lembata, Rinca, Sumbawa), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Western Sahara.

Daboia deserti

North African Desert Viper*, Libyan Desert Viper, Desert Viper

Saharaotter

Nordafrikansk Ørkenhugorm*

1892 Vipera lebetina deserti Anderson
Vipera mauritanica deserti Kramer & Schnurrenberger 1959
Daboia lebetina deserti Obst 1983
Macrovipera deserti Herrmann, Joger & Nilson 1992
Daboia deserti Lenk, Kalayabina, Wink & Joger 2001

Remarks: Status uncertain. Previously regarded as a subspecies of lebetina, and, more recently, of mauritanica. Retained as a synonym of mauritanica by Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco (2013), pending further studies. David & Vogel (2010) retained deserti in the genus Macrovipera.
Distribution: Algeria, Libya, Tunisia.


Daboia mauritanica

Moorish Viper, Mograbin Viper, Algerian Viper, (Atlas Mountain Viper)

Atlasotter, Algerienotter

Maurisk Hugorm*

1849 Clotho ? mauritanica Gray
Bitis mauritanica Günther 1858
Vipera mauritanica Strauch 1869
Vipera euphratica mauritanica Boettger 1883
Vipera lebetina mauritanica Schwarz 1936
Daboia lebetina mauritanica Obst 1983
Macrovipera mauritanica Herrmann, Joger & Nilson 1992
Daboia mauritanica Lenk, Kalayabina, Wink & Joger 2001
1851 Vipera minuta Eichwald (Golay & al. 1993)
1863 Vipera confluenta Cope (Golay & al. 1993)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of Macrovipera lebetina (e.g., Bons 1962). Occurrence in Cyrenaica is erroneous and based on Ribolla (1923), a publication considered unreliable (Zavattari 1930; Venchi & Sindaco 2007). David & Vogel (2010) retained mauritanica in the genus Macrovipera. According to McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré (1999), the spelling of the specific epithet is mauritanica.
Distribution: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara.


Daboia palaestinae

Palestinian Viper

Palästinaviper

Palæstinahugorm

1938 Vipera palaestinae Werner
Vipera xanthina palaestinae Mertens 1952
Daboia palaestinae Obst 1983

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Nilson & Sundberg (1981), Obst (1983), and supported by Herrmann, Joger & Nilson (1992). Allocation in the genus Daboia supported by the results of by Lenk, Kalayabina, Wink & Joger (2001).
Distribution: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.


Daboia russelii

Indian Chain Viper*, Tic-Polonga, Seven-pacer (Daboia, Russell's Viper)

Indische Kettenviper

Indisk Kædehugorm*, (Russells Hugorm)

1797 Coluber Russelii [sic] Shaw & Nodder
Vipera russelii Gray 1831
Daboia russelii Gray 1842
Echidna russellii Steindachner 1869
1801 Coluber daboie Latreille in Sonnini & Latreille (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1802 Coluber trinoculus Bechstein (Golay & al. 1993)
1803 Vipera daboya Daudin [substitute name (?) for Coluber daboie Latreille in Sonnini & Latreille 1801] (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1803 Vipera elegans Daudin (Golay & al. 1993)
Daboia elegans Gray 1842
1804 Coluber triseriatus Hermann (Golay & al. 1993)
1820 Vipera daboia Merrem [substitute name (?) for Vipera daboya Daudin 1803] (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1842 Daboia pulchella Gray (Golay & al. 1993)
Vipera russelli pulchella Deraniyagala 1945
Daboia russelli pulchella Obst 1983
1945 Vipera russelli nordicus Deraniyagala (Golay & al. 1993)
1987 Vipera russelli burmanus Maung Maung Aye in Gopalakrishnakone & Tan (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)

Other common names:
pulchella: Sri Lanka Russell's Viper
russelii: Indian Russell's Viper, Common Russell's Viper
Remarks: Previously included siamensis. Specific epithet is often spelled russelli in older literature. Se discussion regarding spelling in David & Ineich (1999) and Adler, Smith, Prince, David & Chiszar (2000).
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.


Daboia siamensis

Siamese Chain Viper*, (Siamese Russell's Viper, Eastern Russell's Viper)

Thailändische Kettenviper

Siamesisk Kædehugorm*

1917 Vipera russellii siamensis Smith
Coluber russeli siamensis Oshima 1920
Daboia russelli siamensis Obst 1983
Daboia siamensis Thorpe, Pook & Malhotra 2007
1927 Vipera russelii limitis Mertens (Golay & al. 1993)
Daboia russelli limitis Obst 1983
1931 Vipera russelli formosensis Maki (Golay & al. 1993)
1936 Vipera russelii sublimitis Kopstein (Golay & al. 1993)

Other common names:
formosensis: Taiwanese Chain Viper*, (Taiwan Russell's Viper)
limitis: Indonesian Chain Viper*, (Indonesian Russell's Viper)
Distribution: Cambodia, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi), Indonesia (Ende, Flores, Java, Komodo, Lembata, Rinca, Sumbawa), Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand.