Taxonomy: families
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Snakes (Serpentes)

   Genera


Adenorhinos
Udzungwa Short-headed Viper


Agkistrodon
American Copperheads, Cottonmouths, etc.


Atheris
African Bush Vipers


Atropoides
Costa Rican Jumping Pitviper


Azemiops
Asian Mole Vipers


Bitis
African Adders


Bothriechis
Palm Pitvipers


Bothrocophias
Toad-headed Pitvipers


Bothrops
American Lanceheads


Calloselasma
Malayan Pitviper


Causus
Night Adders


Cerastes
Horned Vipers


Cerrophidion
Central American Montane Pitvipers


Craspedocephalus
Ridge-nosed Tree Pitvipers


Crotalus
Typical Rattlesnakes


Daboia
Daboias


Deinagkistrodon
Sharp-nosed Pitviper


Echis
Carpet Vipers


Eristicophis
Leaf-nosed Viper


Garthius
Kinabalu Brown Pitviper


Gloydius
Mamushis


Himalayophis
Tibetan Bamboo Pitviper


Hypnale
Hump-nosed Pitvipers


Lachesis
Bushmasters


Macrovipera
Giant Vipers


Metlapilcoatlus
Northern Jumping Pitvipers


Mixcoatlus
Mexican Montane Pitvipers


Montatheris
Kenya Montane Viper


Montivipera
Middle East Mountain Vipers


Ophryacus
Mexican Horned Pitvipers


Ovophis
Asian Mountain Pitvipers


Parias
Malay Archipelago Pitvipers


Peltopelor
Large-scaled Pitviper


Popeia
South Asian Bamboo Pitvipers


Porthidium
Hognosed Pitvipers


Proatheris
Lowland Swamp Viper


Protobothrops
Habus & allies


Pseudocerastes
False Horned Vipers


Sinovipera
Sichuan Mountain Pitviper


Sistrurus
Pygmy Rattlesnakes


Trimeresurus
Oriental Pitvipers


Tropidolaemus
Temple Pitvipers


Vipera
Typical Vipers or Adders


Viridovipera
Green Tree Pitvipers


Zhaoermia
Mangshan Pitviper



Biodiversity of the family Viperidae Bibliography of the family Viperidae

Viperidae
Vipers
Vipern     Hugorme




Contents:
  360 species of which 174 (48.3%) are endemic - 44 genera of which 8 (18.2%) are endemic (as of December 31st, 2018).

Remarks: Includes the subfamily Crotalinae (Pitvipers), which was previously regarded as a separate family, Crotalidae (e.g., Golay & al. 1993). The number of recognized genera in this family varies greatly depending on authority (see further remarks under the genus Trimeresurus).

Distribution:  North America, Central America, South America, West Indies, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia, Malay Archipelago.

Reported from:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Finland, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, North Macedonia, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.