439 species of which 331 (75.4%) are endemic -
8 genera of which 2 (25.0%) are endemic
(as of December 31st, 2018).
The genera contained in this family were previously assigned to the family
Iguanidae (e.g., Barbour 1937; Schmidt 1953; Smith & Taylor 1950; Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970). Family status was given by Frost & Etheridge (1989) as Polychridae, and subsequently corrected by Frost, Etheridge, Janies & Titus (2001) to
Polychrotidae, which both included the genus
Polychrus was assigned to its own family, taking the family name along with it,
thus requiring a new name for the anole family, Dactyloidae (Townsend, Mulcahy, Noonan, Sites, Kuczynski, Wiens & Reeder 2011).
North, Central, and South America, West Indies.
Antigua & Barbuda,
British Virgin Islands,
Saint Kitts & Nevis,
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines,
Trinidad & Tobago,
Turks & Caicos Islands,
U.S. Virgin Islands,