Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Pseudoxenodon
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Pseudoxenodon

Mock Cobras*, (False Cobras)

Gebirgswassernattern, Falsche Haubennattern

Asiatiske Kobrasnoge*

1830 Xenodon Wagler [not Xenodon Boie 1826 (Serpentes)] (type species: Xenodon inornatus Boie 1827)
1890 Pseudoxenodon Boulenger (type species: Tropidonotus macrops Blyth 1854)
Contents: 7 species, of which 2 (28.6%) are endemic.
Distribution: S. and E. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bhutan, China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal), Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

Pseudoxenodon bambusicola

Bamboo Mock Cobra*, Bamboo Snake, Bamboo False Cobra

Bambus-Haubennatter*

Bambus-kobrasnog*

1922 Pseudoxenodon bambusicola Vogt
Pseudoxenodon dorsalis bambusicola Mell 1931
1922 Pseudoxenodon melli Vogt (Smith 1943)

Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang), Laos, Vietnam.


Pseudoxenodon baramensis

Baram Mock Cobra*, Baram Water Snake, Baram False Cobra

Baram-Haubennatter*

Baram-kobrasnog*

1921 Natrix baramensis Smith
Pseudoxenodon baramensis Malnate 1960
1951 Pseudoxenodon inornatus büttikoferi Brongersma & Helle (Stuebing, Inger & Lardner 2014)
Pseudoxenodon inornatus buettikoferi [emendation] Iskandar & Colijn 2001

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Pseudoxenodon inornatus

Javanese Mock Cobra*, Javanese False Cobra

Javanische Haubennatter*

Javansk Kobrasnog*

1827 Xenodon inornatus Boie
Pseudoxenodon inornatus Boulenger 1893

Remarks: Records from Borneo (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001) refer to the subspecies buettikoferi, now considered a synonym of baramensis (Stuebing, Inger & Lardner 2014).
Distribution: Indonesia (Java).


Pseudoxenodon jacobsonii

Sumatran Mock Cobra*, (Jacobson's False Cobra)

Sumatra-Haubennatter*

Sumatra-kobrasnog*

1922 Pseudoxenodon jacobsonii Jeude
Pseudoxenodon inornatus jacobsonii Brongersma & Helle 1951

Remarks: Status disputed. Regarded as a subspecies or a synonym of inornatus by some (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 201001; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014), but as a separate species by others (e.g., Vogel 2012).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra).


Pseudoxenodon karlschmidti

Common Chinese Mock Cobra*, Chinese Bamboo Snake, (Karl Schmidt's False Cobra, Schmidt's Mountain Keelback)

Gewöhnliche Chinesische Haubennatter*

Almindelig Kinesisk Kobrasnog*

1928 Pseudoxenodon karlschmidti Pope
1931 Pseudoxenodon sinii Fan
Pseudoxenodon karlschmidti sinii Hu, Huang, Xie, Zhao, Jiang, Huang, Zong & Ma 1980
1931 Pseudoxenodon angusticeps sikiangensis Mell (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1936 Pseudoxenodon popei Gressitt
Pseudoxenodon karlschmidti popei Hu, Huang, Xie, Zhao, Jiang, Huang, Zong & Ma 1980

Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Sichuan), Vietnam.


Pseudoxenodon macrops

Common Large-eyed Mock Cobra*, Big-eyed Mountain Keelback, Big-eyed Bamboo Snake, Darjeeling False Cobra, Large-eyed False Cobra

Gewöhnliche Großaugen-Haubennatter*, Großaugen-Gebirgswassernatter

Almindelig Storøjet Kobrasnog*

1854 Tropidonotus macrops Blyth
Pseudoxenodon macrops Boulenger 1890
1858 Xenodon macrophthalmus Günther (part) (Marx & Cochrane 1964)
1871 Tropidonotus sikkimensis Anderson (Smith 1943)
1904 Pseudoxenodon sinensis Boulenger
Pseudoxenodon macrops sinensis Stejneger 1925
1922 Tropidonotus handeli Werner (Iskandar & Colijn 2001)
Natrix handeli Schmidt 1927
1922 Tropidonotus tigrinus niger Vogt (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1928 Pseudoxenodon fukienensis Pope
Pseudoxenodon macrops fukienensis Hu, Huang, Xie, Zhao, Jiang, Huang, Zong & Ma 1980
1935 Pseudoxenodon angusticeps uniformis Bourret (Smith 1943)

Remarks: Iskandar & Colijn (2001) included Sarawak in the distribution of macrops, but the species was not regarded as a Bornean species by Stuebing, Inger & Lardner (2014).
Distribution: Bhutan, China (Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia), Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam.


Pseudoxenodon stejnegeri

Chinese Large-eyed Mock Cobra*

Chinesische Großaugen-Haubennatter*

Kinesisk Storøjet Kobrasnog*

1864 Tropidonotus dorsalis Günther [suppressed; not Tropidonotus sirtalis dorsalis Jan 1865] (Zhao & Adler 1993)
Pseudoxenodon dorsalis Boulenger 1893
1908 Pseudoxenodon stejnegeri Barbour
1913 Pseudoxenodon macrops sauteri Steindachner (Zhao & Adler 1993)
1928 Pseudoxenodon striaticaudatus Pope
Pseudoxenodon dorsalis striaticaudatus Mell 1931
Pseudoxenodon stejnegeri striaticaudatus Toriba 1983
1942 Pseudoxenodon nothus Smith (Zhao & Adler 1993)

Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of macrops. Chen, Zhang & Xu (2009) regarded striaticaudatus as a separate species.
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Vietnam.