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Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Stegonotus
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Stegonotus

Indo-Australian Ground Snakes

Indo-Australische Erdnattern

Indo-australske Jordsnoge

1854 Stegonotus Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril (type species: Stegonotus mülleri Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
1863 Lielaphis Günther (type species: Coluber holochrous Günther 1863)
1872 Zamenophis Günther (type species: Zamenophis australis Günther 1872)
1877 Pseudolycodon Peters (type species: Lycodon lividum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
1884 Herbertophis Macleay (type species: Herbertophis plumbeus Macleay 1884)
Contents: 23 species, of which 21 (91.3%) are endemic.
Remarks: Closely related to the genus Lycodon. The taxonomic relationship between the two genera is unclear (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). There is a single record from Bougainville (North Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea) which is considered doubtful (O'Shea 1996). Some records, e.g., East Timor, Misool and Numfoor (Indonesia), and New South Wales (Australia), are unassigned to species level (see Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018).
Distribution: Malay Archipelago, N. Australia.
Reported from: Australia (Northern Territory, New South Wales Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), East Timor, Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Bacan, Batanta, Biak, Buru, Flores, Halmahera, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Kasiruta, Laut (off Seram), Misool, Morotai, Numfoor, Obi, Salawati, Semau, Seram, Sumba, Supiori, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Tidore, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus), Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark), Philippines (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar).

Stegonotus admiraltiensis

Admiralty Islands Ground Snake

Admiralty-Erdnatter

Admiralty-jordsnog

2017 Stegonotus admiraltiensis Ruane, Richards, McVay, Tjaturadi, Krey & Austin

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago: Admiralty Islands [Los Negros Island, Manus, Rambutyo]).


Stegonotus aruensis

Aru Islands Ground Snake

Aru-Erdnatter

Aru-jordsnog

1875 Lycodon aruensis Doria
Stegonotus aruensis Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of modestus (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018).
Distribution: Indonesia (Aru Islands).





Stegonotus australis

Australian Ground Snake, (Slatey-grey Ground Snake, Slate-grey Snake, Hooded Snake)

Australische Erdnatter

Australsk Jordsnog

1872 Zamenophis australis Günther
Stegonotus australis Wells & Wellington 1985
1877 Lycodon darnleyensis Macleay (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)
1884 Herbertophis plumbeus Macleay (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)
Stegonotus plumbeus Boulenger 1893

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cucullatus (e.g., Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018), although regarded as such already by Wells & Wellington (1985).
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]).





Stegonotus ayamaru

Ayamaru Ground Snake

Ayamaru-Erdnatter

Ayamaru-jordsnog

2019 Stegonotus ayamaru Kaiser, O'Shea & Kaiser

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea).





Stegonotus batjanensis

Bacan Ground Snake

Bacan-Erdnatter

Bacan-jordsnog

1865 Coluber batjanensis Günther
Stegonotus batjanensis Boulenger 1893

Distribution: Indonesia (Bacan, Halmahera, Kasiruta, Morotai, Obi, Ternate, Tidore).


Stegonotus borneensis

Bornean Black Ground Snake, Bornean Black Snake, Bornean Red Snake

Schwarze Borneo-Erdnatter

Sort Borneo-jordsnog

1967 Stegonotus borneensis Inger

Remarks: Presence in Thailand needs confirmation, although listed by Nabhitabhata, Chan-ard & Chuaynkern (2004) in their checklist of Thai reptiles (see Pauwels & David 2005; David, Cox, Pauwels, Chanhome & Thirakhupt 2004).
Distribution: Borneo.
Reported from: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).


Stegonotus cucullatus

Doberai Ground Snake, (Slatey-grey Ground Snake, Slate-grey Snake, Hooded Snake)

Doberai-Erdnatter

Doberai-jordsnog

1854 Lycodon cucullatum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Stegonotus cucullatus Boulenger 1893
1874 Lycodon magnus Meyer (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)
Stegonotus magnus Lidth de Jeude 1911

Remarks: Previously included australis, keyensis, and reticulatus. Australian records refer to australis.
Distribution: Indonesia (Biak, Supiori, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark).


Stegonotus derooijae

Salawati Ground Snake

Salawati-Erdnatter

Salawati-jordsnog

2017 Stegonotus derooijae Ruane, Richards, McVay, Tjaturadi, Krey & Austin

Distribution: Indonesia (Batanta, Salawati, Waigeo).


Stegonotus diehli

Madang Ground Snake, (Diehl's Small Ground Snake)

Madang-Erdnatter

Madang-jordsnog

1905 Stegonotus diehli Lindholm
2012 Stegonotus adelynhoserae Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Remarks: Now restricted to # (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). Previously included dorsalis.
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Stegonotus dorsalis

Monumbo Ground Snake

Monumbo-Erdnatter

Monumbo-jordsnog

1924 Stegonotus dorsalis Werner

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of diehli (e.g., Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014). Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).





Stegonotus florensis

Flores Ground Snake

Flores-Erdnatter

Flores-jordsnog

1917 Lycodon florensis De Rooij
Stegonotus florensis Iskandar & Colijn 2001

Remarks: Now restricted to Flores (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). Previously included sutteri.
Distribution: Indonesia (Flores).


Stegonotus guentheri

Milne Bay Ground Snake

Südostpapuanische Erdnatter

Sydøstpapuansk Jordsnog

1895 Stegonotus guentheri Boulenger

Remarks: Although reported by some authors (e.g., McDowell 1972; O'Shea 1996) from Goodenough in the d'Entrecasteaux Islands, there are no confirmed records from this island in the group, only from Fergusson and Normanby (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). There is a single record from the Trobriand Islands (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Trobriand Islands).


Stegonotus heterurus

Bismarck Ground Snake

Bismarck-Erdnatter

Bismarck-jordsnog

1893 Stegonotus heterurus Boulenger

Remarks: Regarded as possibly conspecific with modestus by McDowell (1972).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland]).


Stegonotus iridis

Rainbow Ground Snake

Regenbogen-Erdnatter

Regnbue-jordsnog

2017 Stegonotus iridis Ruane, Richards, McVay, Tjaturadi, Krey & Austin

Distribution: Indonesia (Batanta, Salawati, Waigeo).


Stegonotus keyensis

Kai Islands Ground Snake

Kai-Erdnatter

Kai-jordsnog

1874 Lycodon keyensis Doria
Stegonotus keyensis Wells & Wellington 1985

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cucullatus (e.g., Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018), although regarded as such already by Wells & Wellington (1985).
Distribution: Indonesia (Kai Islands).





Stegonotus lividus

Semau Ground Snake

Semau-Erdnatter

Semau-jordsnog

1854 Lycodon lividum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Stegonotus lividus Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of modestus. Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018).
Distribution: Indonesia (Semau).





Stegonotus melanolabiatus

Black-lipped Ground Snake

Schwarzlippen-Erdnatter

Sortlæbet Jordsnog

2017 Stegonotus melanolabiatus Ruane, Richards, McVay, Tjaturadi, Krey & Austin

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Stegonotus modestus

Ambon Ground Snake, (East Indonesian Ground Snake, Northern New Guinea Ground Snake)

Ambon-Erdnatter

Ambon-jordsnog

1837 Lycodon modestus Schlegel
Brachyrhyton modestum Jan 1870
Lielaphis modestum Günther 1877
Stegonotus modestus Boulenger 1893
1860 Ablabes greineri Bleeker (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)
1860 Coronella Rosenbergii Bleeker (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)
1863 Coluber holochrous Günther (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)
2012 Stegonotus lenhoseri Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Remarks: Previously included aruensis and lividum. Now restricted to Ambon, Buru, and Seram (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). A record from Tanimbar Islands (Lang 2013) is regarded as doubtful (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). Records from Halmahera, Salawati and Ternate (Haas 1950) refer to batjanensis (Iskandar & Colijn 2001).
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Buru, Seram).


Stegonotus muelleri

Philippine Ground Snake, (Müller's Rat Snake)

Philippinische Erdnatter

Filippinsk Jordsnog

1854 Stegonotus mülleri Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
1861 Spilotes samarensis Peters (syn. Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018)

Distribution: Philippines (Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar).


Stegonotus parvus

Yapen Ground Snake, Slatey-brown Ground Snake, Slate-brown Snake, Common Ground Snake

Yapen-Erdnatter

Yapen-jordsnog

1874 Lycodon parvus Meyer
Stegonotus parvus Cogger 1983
2012 Stegonotus sammacdowelli Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Remarks: Now restricted to Yapen and possibly other, nearby islands (Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea 2018). The name has previously been attached to populations in Australia and New Guinea, incl. Bismarck Archipelago.
Distribution: Indonesia (Yapen).


Stegonotus poechi

Pöch's Ground Snake

Pöchs Erdnatter

Pöchs Jordsnog

1924 Stegonotus poechi Werner

Remarks: Reintroduced as a valid species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018) after having been mentioned only once in the literature (Loveridge 1948) since its description.
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).





Stegonotus reticulatus

Reticulated Ground Snake

Netz-Erdnatter

Net-jordsnog

1895 Stegonotus reticulatus Boulenger

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of cucullatus (e.g., Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983). Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018), although regarded as such already by Wells & Wellington (1985).
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson], Eastern New Guinea).





Stegonotus sutteri

Sumba Ground Snake

Sumba-Erdnatter

Sumba-jordsnog

1953 Stegonotus sutteri Forcart

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of florensis (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Revalidated as a separate species by Kaiser, Kaiser & O'Shea (2018).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sumba).